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Philosophical ethics consists in the human endeavour to answer rationally the fundamental question of how we should live.The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethicsexplores the history of philosophical ethics in the western tradition from Homer until the present day. It provides a broad overview of the views of many of the main thinkers, schools, and periods, and includes in addition essays on topics such as autonomy and impartiality. The authors are international leaders in their field, and use their expertise and specialist knowledge to illuminate the relevance of their work to discussions in contemporary ethics. The essays are specially written for this volume, and in each case introduce the reader to the main lines of interpretation and criticism that have arisen in the professional history of philosophy over the past two or three decades.
Roger Crisp is Uehiro Fellow and Tutor in Philosophy at St Anne's College, Oxford, and Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Oxford. He was trained in classics and philosophy at the University of Oxford, where he has spent all of his academic career except for the academic year 2010-11, when he was Findlay Visiting Professor at Boston University. He is an associate editor of Ethics, and a member of the Analysis Committee. He is currently working on a book on Henry Sidgwick's Methods of Ethics.
Table of Contents
Preface List of Contributors 1. Homeric Ethics, Roger Crisp 2. Plato's Ethics, Nicholas White 3. Aristotle's Ethics, Paula Gottlieb 4. Epicurus: Freedom, Death, and Hedonism, Phillip Mitsis 5. Cynicism and Stoicism, Christopher Gill 6. Ancient Scepticism, Richard Bett 7. Platonic Ethics in Later Antiquity, Lloyd P. Gerson 8. Thomism, Colleen McCluskey 9. The Franciscans, Thomas Williams 10. Later Christian Ethics, T. H. Irwin 11. Nature, Law, and Natural Law, T. H. Irwin 12. Seventeenth Century Moral Philosophy: Self-Help, Self-Knowledge, and the Devil's Mountain, Aaron Garrett 13. Rousseau and Ethics, Christopher Bertram 14. Utilitarianism: Bentham and Rashdall, Robert Shaver 15. Rationalism, Maria Rosa Antognazza 16. Rational Intuitionism, Philip Stratton-Lake 17. Moral Sense and Sentimentalism, Julia Driver 18. Butler's Ethics, David McNaughton 19. Hume's Place in the History of Ethics, Annette Baier 20. Adam Smith, James Otteson 21. Kant's Moral Philosophy, Andrews Reath 22. Kantian Ethics, Otfried Hoffe 23. Post-Kantianism, Raymond Geuss 24. Hegel and Marx, Terry Pinkard 25. J. S. Mill, Henry R. West 26. Sidgwick, Bart Schultz 27. British Idealist Ethics, W. J. Mander 28. Ethics in the Analytic Tradition, John Deigh 29. Free Will, Derk Pereboom 30. Emotion and the Emotions, Susan Sauve Meyer and Adrienne M. Martin 31. Happiness, Suffering, and Death, Richard Kraut 32. Autonomy, John Christman 33. Egoism, Partiality, and Impartiality, Brad Hooker 34. Conscience, Guilt, and Shame, John Cottingham 35. Moral Psychology and Virtue, Nancy Sherman 36. Justice, Equality, and Rights, John Tasioulas 37. Styles of Moral Relativism: A Critical Family Tree, Miranda Fricker 38. Moral Metaphysics, Daniel Star 39. Constructing Practical Ethics, Dale Jamieson Index