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The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Lawprovides an authoritative and original overview of the origins, concepts, and core issues of international law. The first comprehensive Handbook on the history of international law, it is a truly unique contribution to the literature of international law and relations. Pursuing both a global and an interdisciplinary approach, the Handbook brings together some sixty eminent scholars of international law, legal history, and global history from all parts of the world. Covering international legal developments from the 15th century until the end of World War II, the Handbook consists of over sixty individual chapters which are arranged in six parts. The book opens with an analysis of the principal actors in the history of international law, namely states, peoples and nations, international organisations and courts, and civil society actors. Part Two is devoted to a number of key themes of the history of international law, such as peace and war, the sovereignty of states, hegemony, religion, and the protection of the individual person. Part Three addresses the history of international law in the different regions of the world (Africa and Arabia, Asia, the Americas and the Caribbean, Europe), as well as 'encounters' between non-European legal cultures (like those of China, Japan, and India) and Europe which had a lasting impact on the body of international law. Part Four examines certain forms of 'interaction or imposition' in international law, such as diplomacy (as an example of interaction) or colonization and domination (as an example of imposition of law). The classical juxtaposition of the civilized and the uncivilized is also critically studied. Part Five is concerned with problems of the method and theory of history writing in international law, for instance the periodisation of international law, or Eurocentrism in the traditional historiography of international law. The Handbook concludes with a Part Six, entitled "People in Portrait", which explores the life and work of twenty prominent scholars and thinkers of international law, ranging from Muhammad al-Shaybani to Sir Hersch Lauterpacht. The Handbook will be an invaluable resource for scholars and students of international law. It provides historians with new perspectives on international law, and increases the historical and cultural awareness of scholars of international law. It aims to become the new standard reference work for the global history of international law.
Bardo Fassbender is Professor of International Law at the Bundeswehr University in Munich. He studied law, history and political science at the University of Bonn (Germany) and holds an LL.M from Yale Law School (1992) and a Doctor iuris from the Humboldt University in Berlin (1997), where he also completed his Habilitation in 2004 and became Privatdozent for the disciplines of public law, international law, European law and constitutional history. He was a Ford Foundation Senior Fellow in Public International Law at Yale University and a Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence. His principal fields of research are international law, United Nations law, German constitutional law, comparative constitutional law and theory, and the history of international and constitutional law. He advised the Legal Counsel and Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations on the subject of "Targeted sanctions of the UN Security Council and Due Process of Law".
Anne Peters is Professor of Public International and Constitutional Law at the University of Basel, a position she has held since 2001. She is Dean of Research of the Law Faculty. She is a member of the Council of Europe's Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) in respect of Germany. She currently serves as the president of the European Society of International Law. In 2009, Anne was a visiting professor at Sciences Po, Paris. In the academic year 2004/05 she was Dean of the Basel law faculty. She obtained the Habilitation-qualification at the Walther-Schucking-Institute of Public International Law at the Christian Albrechts University Kiel on the basis of her Habilitation-Thesis "Elemente einer Theorie der Verfassung Europas" (Elements of a Theory of the Constitution of Europe) in 2000. Her research activities cover general public international law, especially its constitutionalization, European constitutional law, constitutional theory, and national and international human rights.
Simone Peter holds a doctoral degree in law (Dr. iur.) and a degree in general history and German language (lic. phil., MA). She worked as a research assistant to the chair of International Law at the University of Basel from 2006 to 2012. Her research covered the field of general public international law and the history of international law. She currently works as a lawyer in the public administration of Basel-Stadt.
Daniel Högger is PhD candidate and works as Research and Teaching Assistant to the Chair of International Law at the University of Basel. He holds a degree (lic phil/MA) in political science, international law, and history from the University of Zurich, and a degree (MA with distinction) in international studies from the University of Birmingham, UK.
Table of Contents
Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters: Introduction: Towards a Global History of International Law Part One: Actors 1: Jörg Fisch: Peoples and Nations 2: Antonio Cassese: States 3: Randall Lesaffer: Peace Treaties and the Formation of International Law 4: Janne Elisabeth Nijman: Minorities and Majorities 5: Joaquín Alcáide Fernandez: Hostes humani generis: Pirates, Slavers, and other Criminals 6: Cornelis G. Roelofsen: International Arbitration and Courts 7: Anne Peters and Simone Peter: International Organizations: Between Technocracy and Democracy 8: Cecelia M. Lynch: Peace Movements, Civil Society, and the Development of International Law Part Two: Themes 9: Daniel-Erasmus Khan: Territory and Boundaries 10: Dominique Gaurier: Cosmopolis and Utopia 11: Mary Ellen O'Connell: Peace and War 12: Antje von Ungern-Sternberg: Religion and Religious Intervention 13: Robert Kolb: The Protection of the Individual in Times of War and Peace 14: Koen Stapelbroek: Trade, Chartered Companies, and Mercantile Associations 15: David J. Bederman: The Sea Part Three: Regions I. Africa and Arabia 16: Fatiha Sahli and Abdelmalek El Ouazzani: Africa North of the Sahara and Arab Countries 17: James Thuo Gathii: Africa 18: Umut Özsu: The Ottoman Empire and the Abode of Islam II. Asia 19: Shin Kawashima: China 20: Masaharu Yanagihara: Japan 21: Bimal N. Patel: India III. The Americas and the Caribbean 22: Mark W. Janis: North America: American Exceptionalism in International Law 23: Jorge L. Esquirol: Latin America 24: David Berry: The Caribbean IV. Europe 25: Martin Kintzinger: From the Late Middle Ages to the Peace of Westphalia 26: Heinz Duchhardt: From the Peace of Westphalia to the Congress of Vienna 27: Milos Vec: From the Congress of Vienna to the Paris Peace Treaties of 1919 28: Peter Krüger: From the Paris Peace Treaties to the End of the Second World War V. Encounters 29: Chi-Hua Tang: China - Europe 30: Kinji Akashi: Japan - Europe 31: Upendra Baxi: India - Europe 32: Lauri Mälksoo: Russia - Europe 33: Kenneth Coates: North American Indigenous Peoples' Encounters Part Four: Interaction or Imposition 34: Arthur Eyffinger: Diplomacy 35: Andrew Fitzmaurice: Discovery, Conquest, and Occupation of Territory 36: Matthew Craven: Colonialism and Domination 37: Seymour Drescher: Slavery 38: Liliana Obregón Tarazona: The Civilized and the Uncivilized Part Five: Methodology and Theory 39: Martti Koskenniemi: A History of International Law Histories 40: Anthony Carty: Doctrine versus State Practice 41: Oliver Diggelmann: The Periodization of the History of International Law 42: Kaius Tuori: The Reception of Ancient Legal Th ought in Early Modern International Law 43: Arnulf Becker Lorca: Eurocentrism in the History of International Law 44: Antony Anghie: Identifying Regions and Sub-Regions in the History of International Law Part Six: People in Portrait 45: Mashood A. Baderin: Muhammad al-Shaybani (749/50-805) 46: Annabel Brett: Francisco de Vitoria (1480-1546) and Francisco Suárez (1548-1617) 47: Merio Scattola: Alberico Gentili (1552-1608) 48: Peter Haggenmacher: Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) 49: Knud Haakonssen: Samuel Pufendorf (1632-1694) 50: Knud Haakonssen: Christian Wolff (1679-1754) 51: Kinji Akashi: Cornelius van Bynkershoek (1673-1743) 52: Georg Cavallar: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 53: Emmanuelle Jouannet: Emer de Vattel (1714-1767) 54: Pauline Kleingeld: Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) 55: Armin von Bogdandy and Sergio Dellavalle: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) 56: Lydia H. Liu: Henry Wheaton (1785-1848) 57: Silja Vöneky: Francis Lieber (1798-1872) 58: Simone Peter: Bertha von Suttner (1843-1914) 59: Lauri Mälksoo: Friedrich Fromhold von Martens (Fyodor Fyodorovich Martens) (1845-1909) 60: Mathias Schmoeckel: Lassa Oppenheim (1858-1919) 61: Oliver Diggelmann: Max Huber (1874-1960) 62: Oliver Diggelmann: Georges Scelle (1878-1961) 63: Bardo Fassbender: Hans Kelsen (1881-1973) 64: Bardo Fassbender: Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) 65: Iain G.M. Scobbie: Sir Hersch Lauterpacht (1897-1960)