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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us.
The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives.
Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.
Michael Freeden's books include The New Liberalism: An Ideology of Social Reform (Oxford, 1978); Liberalism Divided (Oxford, 1986); Rights (Milton Keynes, 1991); Ideologies and Political Theory: A Conceptual Approach (Oxford, 1996); Ideology: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford, 2003); LiberalLanguages: Ideological Imaginations and 20th Century Progressive Thought (Princeton, 2005); The Meaning of Ideology: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives (ed.) (London, 2007). He is the founder editor of the Journal of Political Ideologies. He is Emeritus Professor of Politics at the University of Oxford and Honorary Professor in Political Ideology at the University of Nottingham.
Lyman Tower Sargent has been a visiting professor and fellow at universities in New Zealand and the UK. He is the author or editor of a number of books on ideologies, American political thought, and utopianism. He is the recipient of the Distinguished Scholar Award of both the Society for Utopian Studies and the Communal Studies Association. The Society for Utopian Studies has named this award the Lyman Tower Sargent Distinguished Scholar Award. He is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Missouri-St. Louis.
Marc Stears is the author of Demanding Democracy: American Radicals in Search of a New Politics (Princeton, 2010) and Progressives, Pluralists and the Problems of the State (Oxford, 2002), as well as the joint editor of Political Philosophy versus History? (Cambridge, 2012), Liberalism as Ideology (Oxford, 2012) and Political Theory: Methods and Approaches (Oxford, 2008). His own research concentrates on ideologies of democratic radicalism and social reform, especially in United States and Britain. He is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Oxford and Fellow of University College, Oxford.
Table of Contents
Preface Part I: The History of Ideology and of Ideology Studies 1. Ideology and Conceptual History, Bo Strath 2. Marxism and Ideology: From Marx to Althusser, David Leopold 3. Karl Mannheim and Political Ideology, Peter Breiner 4. Total and Totalitarian Ideologies, Emilio Gentile 5. Social Science and Ideology: The Case of Behavioralism in American Political Science, John G. Gunnell 6. The End of Ideology Thesis, Howard Brick Part II: Contemporary Theories of Ideology 7. The Morphological Analysis of Ideology, Michael Freeden 8. Contemporary Critical Theory, Lois McNay 9. Poststructuralist Conceptions of Ideology, Aletta Norval 10. Ideology and Discourse, Teun A. Van Dijk 11. Ideology and Political Rhetoric, Alan Finlayson 12. Political Ideologies in the Age of Globalization, Manfred B. Steger 13. Political Ideologies and their Social Psychological Functions, John T. Jost, Christoper M. Federico, and Jaime L. Napier 14. Ideology and the Intellectuals, Craig Berry and Michael Kenny 15. Postcolonialism, Rahul Rao Part III: Ideological Families and Traditions 16. Conservatism, Noel O'Sullivan 17. Christian Democracy, Paolo Pombeni 18. Liberalism, Michael Freeden and Marc Stears 19. Social Democracy, Ben Jackson 20. Communism, Archie Brown 21. Anarchism, Benjamin Franks 22. Economic Libertarianism, Andrew Gamble 23. Green Ideology, Mathew Humphrey 24. Ideology and Utopia, Lyman Tower Sargent 25. Nationalism, Andrew Vincent 26. Fascism, Roger Eatwell 27. Populism, Cas Mudde and Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser 28. Republicanism, Cecile Laborde 29. Ideologies of Empire, Duncan Bell 30. Feminism, Clare Chambers 31. Latin American Political Ideologies, Jose Antonio Aguilar Rivera 32. Modern African Ideologies, Joy Hendrickson and Hoda Zaki 33. Islamic Political Ideologies, Michaelle Browers 34. Chinese Political Ideologies, Leigh Jenco 35. South Asian and Southeast Asian Ideologies, Rochana Bajpai and Carlo Bonura