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'Modern European thought' describes a wide range of philosophies, cultural programmes, and political arguments developed in Europe in the period following the French Revolution. Throughout this period, many of the wide range of 'modernisms' (and anti-modernisms) had a distinctly religious and even theological character-not least when religion was subjected to the harshest criticism. Yet for all the breadth and complexity of modern European thought and, in particular, its relations to theology, a distinct body of themes and approaches recurred in each generation. Moreover, many of the issues that took intellectual shape in Europe are now global, rather than narrowly European, and, for good or ill, they form part of Europe's bequest to the world-from colonialism and the economic theories behind globalisation through to democracy to terrorism. This volume attempts to identify and comment on some of the most important of these. The thirty chapters are grouped into six thematic parts, moving from questions of identity and the self, through discussions of the human condition, the age of revolution, the world (both natural and technological), and knowledge methodologies, concluding with a section looking explicitly at how major theological themes have developed in modern European thought. The chapters engage with major thinkers including Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Heidegger, Schleiermacher, Nietzsche, Dostoevsky, Barth, Rahner, Tillich, Bonhoeffer, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Wittgenstein, and Derrida, amongst many others. Taken together, these new essays provide a rich and reflective overview of the interchange between theology, philosophy and critical thought in Europe, over the past two hundred years.
Nicholas Adams is Senior Lecturer in Theology and Ethics, University of Edinburgh.
George Pattison is Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity, University of Oxford.
Graham Ward is Regius Professor of Divinity, University of Oxford.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part I: Identity 1. The Self and the Good life, Clare Carlisle 2. Community (1) The Nation, Stephen Backhouse 3. Community (2): The City, Graham Ward 4. The Other, Pamela Anderson 5. Language, Steven Shakespeare 6. Freedom, Daphne Hampson Part II: The Human Condition 7. Work and Labour, John Hughes 8. Suffering, Paul Fiddes 9. Death, George Pattison 10. Evil, Jennifer Geddes 11. Love, Werner Jeanrond Part III: The Age of Revolution 12. Sovereignty, Luke Bretherton 13. Tradition, Tracey Rowland 14. Messianism, Judith Wolfe 15. Nihilism, Conor Cunningham 16. Sacrifice, Douglas Hedley 17. War and Peace, Stanley Hauerwas Part IV: The World 18. Nature, Gordon Graham 19. The Sublime and the Beautiful, Ross Wilson 20. Time and History, Arne Gron 21. Technology, David Lewin Part V: Ways of Knowing 22. Wissenschaft, Johannes Zachhuber 23. Hermeneutics, Jim Fodor 24. Phenomenology, Merold Westphal 25. The Metaphysics of Modernity, William Desmond Part VI: Theology 26. The Bible, Nicholas Adams 27. Incarnation, David Law 28. Sacramentality, David Brown 29. Atonement, Simeon Zahl 30. Eschatology/ providence, David Fergusson Afterword, Christoph Schwobel