9781401825195

Pathology And Microbiology For Mortuary Science

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781401825195

  • ISBN10:

    1401825192

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 9/6/2005
  • Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning

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Summary

Pathology and Microbiology for Mortuary Science is a comprehensive book for the study of pathology and microbiology written for mortuary science students, as a resource for educators, and as a reference for funeral directors and embalmers. The book is designed around the current American Board of Funeral Service Education's Curriculum Outlines for pathology and microbiology. Quick reference appendices provide a review of pertinent anatomy and physiology. Case studies in chapters that discuss specific diseases allow learners to review the postmortem condition of human remains in relation to the disease.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Introduction xix
PART 1 PATHOLOGY
Introduction to Pathology
3(18)
Humors and Disease
3(1)
Humors
4(1)
Cellular Theory of Disease
4(1)
Divisions of Pathology
4(1)
Plan of Study in Pathology
5(1)
The Importance of Lesions
6(1)
Autopsies
6(1)
Trauma-Related Deaths
7(14)
Drug Abuse
7(1)
Cocaine
7(1)
Heroin
8(1)
Gunshot Wounds
8(1)
Ballistics
8(2)
Density and Elasticity of Tissues
10(1)
Guns and Suicide
10(1)
Electrical Injuries
11(1)
Lightning
11(1)
High Voltage
11(1)
Low Voltage
12(1)
Burns
12(1)
Rule of Nines
12(1)
Severity of Burns
12(2)
Frostbite
14(1)
Stabbing
14(1)
Motor Vehicle Accidents
15(6)
Nature of Disease
21(11)
Disease, Disorders, and Illness
22(1)
Descriptive Terminology
23(2)
Lifespan Versus Longevity
25(1)
Predisposing Conditions and Disease
26(2)
Immediate Causes of Disease
28(4)
Cellular Reaction to Injury
32(11)
Cells and Their Environments
32(1)
Potential Causes of Cellular Injury
33(1)
Regressive Cellular Changes
33(3)
Cellular Swelling
34(1)
Fatty Degeneration
34(1)
Amyloid Degeneration
34(1)
Infiltration
34(1)
Exogenous Pigmentation
35(1)
Endogenous Pigmentation
35(1)
Calcification
35(1)
Gout
35(1)
Cellular Death
36(1)
Adaptive Responses to Cellular Injury
37(6)
Atrophy
37(1)
Hypertrophy
38(1)
Hyperplasia
38(1)
Metaplasia
39(1)
Regeneration
40(3)
Structural Abnormalities and Birth Defects
43(9)
Structural Abnormalities and Birth Defects
43(9)
Spina Bifida
44(1)
Limb Deformities
45(1)
Cleft Palate and Lip
45(1)
Color Blindness
46(1)
Vascular Nevus
47(1)
Down Syndrome
47(1)
Cystic Fibrosis
47(1)
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
48(1)
Hernias
49(3)
Inflammation
52(9)
Function of Inflammation
52(1)
Causes of Inflammation
53(1)
Process of Inflammation
54(3)
Inflammatory Lesions
55(2)
Pus
57(1)
Inflammatory Exudates
57(1)
Outcomes of Inflammation
57(4)
Disturbances in Circulation
61(13)
Causes of Edema
62(1)
Hyperemia
62(2)
Ischemia and Hypoxia
64(1)
Thrombosis
64(2)
Embolism
66(1)
Hemorrhage
67(3)
Petechiae
67(1)
Ecchymosis
67(1)
Epistaxis
68(1)
Hemoptysis
68(1)
Hematemesis
68(1)
Melena
69(1)
Hematuria
69(1)
Exsanguination
70(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Disturbances in Circulation
70(4)
Neoplasms and Cysts
74(20)
Cancer
74(1)
Characteristics of Benign and Malignant Tumors
75(1)
Tissue Origins of Tumors
76(1)
Naming Tumors
77(1)
Significant Benign Tumors
78(3)
Benign Tumors of Epithelial Tissue
78(1)
Adenomas
78(1)
Papillomas
79(1)
Polyps
79(1)
Benign Tumors of Connective Tissue
80(1)
Osteomas
80(1)
Chondromas
80(1)
Lipomas
80(1)
Angiomas
80(1)
Fibromas
80(1)
Benign Tumors of Muscle Tissue
81(1)
Rhabdomyomas
81(1)
Leiomyomas
81(1)
Benign Tumor of Nervous Tissue
81(1)
Neuromas
81(1)
Significant Malignant Tumors
81(5)
Malignant Tumors of Epithelial Tissue
82(1)
Melanomas
82(1)
Squamous Cell Carcinomas
82(1)
Adenocarcinomas
82(1)
Transitional Cell Carcinomas
83(1)
Basal Cell Carcinomas
83(1)
Malignant Tumors of Connective Tissue
84(1)
Osteosarcomas
84(1)
Chondrosarcomas
84(1)
Liposarcomas
84(1)
Angiosarcomas
84(1)
Fibrosarcomas
85(1)
Lymphomas
85(1)
Malignant Tumors of Muscle Tissue
85(1)
Rhabdomyosarcomas
85(1)
Leiomyosarcomas
86(1)
Malignant Tumor of Nervous Tissue
86(1)
Gliomas
86(1)
Cysts
86(1)
Ovarian Cysts
87(1)
Sebaceous Cysts
87(1)
Nonneoplastic Changes
87(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Neoplasms
88(6)
Diseases of the Blood
94(8)
Disorders of the Blood
94(8)
Leukocytosis
95(1)
Leukopenia
95(1)
Anemia
95(1)
Aplastic Anemia
95(1)
Hemolytic Anemia
96(1)
Pernicious Anemia
96(1)
Sickle Cell Anemia
96(1)
Leukemia
96(1)
Polycythemia Vera
97(1)
Hemophilia
98(1)
Thrombocytopenia
98(1)
Purpura
99(1)
Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn
99(3)
Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels
102(17)
Disorders of the Heart
103(6)
Congestive Heart Failure
103(1)
Hypertrophy and Dilatation
104(1)
Myocardial Infarction
105(1)
Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels
106(1)
Endocarditis
106(1)
Pericarditis
107(1)
Cardiomyopathy
107(1)
Valvular Defects
108(1)
Rheumatic Heart Disease
108(1)
Hypertensive Heart Disease
108(1)
Atrial Septal Defect
109(1)
Vascular Disorders
109(6)
Coronary Artery Disease
109(1)
Arteriosclerosis
109(2)
Atherosclerosis
111(1)
Aneurysm
111(1)
Hypertension
112(1)
Arteritis
113(1)
Takayasu's Arteritis
113(1)
Temporal Arteritis
114(1)
Phlebitis
114(1)
Varicose Veins
115(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels
115(4)
Diseases of the Digestive System
119(23)
Disorders of the Digestive System
119(17)
Gingivitis
120(1)
Pharyngitis
120(1)
Esophagitis
120(1)
Gastritis
121(1)
Ulcerative Colitis
121(1)
Peptic Ulcers
122(2)
Crohn's Disease
124(1)
Enteritis
125(1)
Colitis
125(1)
Appendicitis
125(1)
Hemorrhoids
126(1)
Hepatitis
127(1)
Jaundice
128(1)
Cirrhosis
128(1)
Cholelithiasis and Cholecystitis
129(1)
Cholangitis
130(1)
Pancreatitis
130(1)
Peritonitis
131(1)
Diverticulosis
131(1)
Bronze Diabetes
131(1)
Hernia
132(1)
Stomach Cancer
132(1)
Liver Cancer
133(1)
Colorectal Cancer
134(1)
Polyps
134(1)
Obstructions
134(2)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Digestive Disorders
136(6)
Diseases of the Respiratory System
142(21)
Disorders of the Respiratory System
143(15)
Rhinitis and Sinusitis
143(1)
Pharyngitis and Laryngitis
144(1)
Common Cold
144(1)
Tracheitis
144(1)
Bronchitis
145(1)
Asthma
145(1)
Pneumonia
145(1)
Pleurisy
145(1)
Tuberculosis
146(1)
Pneumoconiosis
147(1)
Coal Worker's Pneumoconiosis
147(1)
Silicosis
147(1)
Asbestosis
148(1)
Berylliosis
148(1)
Atelectasis
149(1)
Emphysema
149(1)
Lung Abscess
149(1)
Fungal Diseases
150(1)
Cystic Fibrosis
151(1)
Respiratory Polyps
151(1)
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
151(1)
Flail Chest
152(2)
Lung Cancer
154(1)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
155(1)
Hanging and Strangulation
155(1)
Drowning
156(2)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Respiratory Disorders
158(5)
Diseases of the Urinary System
163(14)
Disorders of the Urinary System
163(10)
Uremia
164(1)
Bright's Disease
165(1)
Glomerulonephritis
165(1)
Urinary Tract Infections
166(1)
Pyelitis and Pyelonephritis
166(1)
Ureteritis
166(1)
Cystitis
166(1)
Urethritis
167(1)
Hydronephrosis
168(1)
Nephrolithiasis
169(1)
Polycystic Kidney
169(1)
Kidney Malformations
170(1)
Renal Cell Carcinoma
171(1)
Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder
171(1)
Renal Failure
171(2)
Dialysis
173(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Urinary Disorders
173(4)
Diseases of the Nervous System
177(18)
Disorders of the Nervous System
178(8)
Meningitis
178(1)
Hydrocephalus
178(1)
Encephalitis
178(2)
Myelitis
180(1)
Neuritis
180(1)
Epilepsy
180(1)
Rabies
181(1)
Multiple Sclerosis
182(1)
Parkinson's Disease
182(1)
Alzheimer's Disease
182(2)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
184(1)
Glioma
184(1)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
185(1)
Cerebral Palsy
185(1)
Spina Bifida
185(1)
Strokes
185(1)
Trauma of the Nervous System
186(4)
Concussion and Contusion
187(1)
Hematoma
188(2)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Nervous Disorders
190(5)
Diseases of the Female Reproductive System
195(12)
Disorders of the Female Reproductive System
195(7)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
196(1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
196(1)
Ectopic Pregnancy
196(1)
Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia
197(1)
Endometriosis
198(1)
Ovarian Cysts
198(2)
Cervical Cancer
200(1)
Breast Cancer
200(2)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Female Reproductive System Disorders
202(5)
Diseases of the Male Reproductive System
207(9)
Disorders of the Male Reproductive System
207(5)
Orchitis
208(1)
Prostatitis
208(1)
Hydrocele
209(1)
Cryptorchism
209(1)
Inguinal Hernia
210(1)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Prostate Cancer
210(1)
Testicular Cancer
211(1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
212(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Male Reproductive System Disorders
212(4)
Diseases of the Bones and Joints
216(14)
Disorders of the Bones and Joints
216(10)
Osteoporosis
217(1)
Osteomyelitis
218(1)
Osteomalacia and Rickets
219(1)
Arthritis
220(1)
Osteoarthritis
220(1)
Rheumatoid Arthritis
221(1)
Psoriatic Arthritis
221(1)
Bursitis
222(1)
Fractures
222(2)
Scoliosis
224(1)
Achondroplasia
225(1)
Paget's Disease
226(1)
Osteosarcoma
226(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Diseases of the Bones and Joints
226(4)
Diseases of the Endocrine System
230(12)
Diseases of the Pancreas
231(1)
Diabetes Mellitus
231(1)
Cancer of the Pancreas
232(1)
Diseases of the Pituitary Gland
232(2)
Acromegaly
232(1)
Giantism and Dwarfism
233(1)
Diabetes Insipidus
233(1)
Diseases of the Thyroid Gland
234(2)
Cretinism/Myxedema and Hypothyroidism
234(1)
Graves' Disease and Hyperthyroidism
234(1)
Goiter
235(1)
Diseases of the Parathyroid
236(1)
Hyperparathyroidism and Hypoparathyroidism
236(1)
Diseases of the Adrenal Glands
236(2)
Addison's Disease
236(1)
Cushing's Syndrome
237(1)
Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome
238(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Endocrine Gland Disorders
238(4)
Diseases of the Integument
242(8)
Disorders of the Integument
242(5)
Acne
243(1)
Abscess
243(1)
Syphilis
244(1)
Seborrheic Dermatitis
244(1)
Psoriasis
244(1)
Eczema
245(1)
Vitiligo
245(1)
Skin Cancer
245(1)
Bedsores
245(2)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Disorders of the Integument
247(3)
Diseases of the Lymphatic System
250(9)
Disorders of the Lymphatic System
250(2)
Tonsillitis
251(1)
Lymphangitis
251(1)
Splenomegaly
251(1)
Lymphadenopathy
251(1)
Lymphoma
252(1)
Postmortem Conditions Associated with Diseases of the Lymphatic System
252(7)
PART 2 MICROBIOLOGY
Introduction to Microbiology
259(19)
Spontaneous Generation
260(1)
Vaccination
261(1)
Germ Theory of Disease
262(1)
The Magic Bullet
263(3)
Naming Microorganisms
266(1)
Eukaryotic Cells Versus Prokaryotic Cells
267(1)
Kingdoms
268(1)
Divisions of Microbiology
269(1)
Pathogenic Microorganisms
269(9)
Bacteria
269(1)
Mycoplasmas
270(1)
Rickettsias
270(1)
Chlamydia
270(1)
Protozoa
271(1)
Fungi
271(1)
Viruses, Viroids, and Prions
272(6)
Anatomy of Bacteria
278(13)
Bacteria
278(9)
Binary Fission
279(1)
Morphology
279(2)
Cell Wall Versus Cell Membrane
281(1)
Cytoplasm
282(1)
Glycocalyx and Capsules
282(1)
Motility
282(2)
Endospores
284(3)
Microscopy
287(4)
Fluid Suspensions
287(1)
Smearing
287(1)
Staining
288(3)
Physiology of Bacteria
291(9)
Requirements for the Survival of Microorganisms
291(5)
Nutrients
292(1)
Oxygen
293(1)
Moisture Requirements
293(1)
Temperature
294(1)
pH
295(1)
Light
295(1)
Osmotic Pressure
295(1)
Microbial Associations
296(4)
Control of Microorganisms
300(13)
Levels of Control
300(1)
Physical Methods of Controlling Microorganisms
301(4)
Scrubbing
301(1)
Temperature
302(1)
Incineration
302(1)
Cremation
302(1)
Dry Heat
302(1)
Moist Heat
303(1)
Cold
303(1)
Light
304(1)
Chemical Methods of Controlling Microorganisms
305(8)
Factors Influencing Chemical Agents
305(1)
Halogens
306(1)
Chlorine
306(1)
Iodine
307(1)
Alcohols
308(1)
Aldehydes
308(1)
Phenolic Compounds
309(1)
Carbolic Acid
309(1)
Cresols
309(1)
Hexachlorophene
309(1)
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
310(3)
Microbe Virulence and Human Resistance
313(25)
Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Disease
314(1)
Virulence, Resistance, and Infection
314(5)
Exogenous and Endogenous Infections
315(1)
Communicable Diseases
315(1)
Local, Focal, and General Infections
316(1)
Primary, Secondary, and Mixed Infections
316(1)
Blood Infections
316(2)
Factors Influencing the Virulence of Microorganisms
318(1)
Sources of the Spread of Disease
319(4)
Human Reservoirs
319(1)
Universal Precautions
320(2)
Nonhuman Animal Reservoirs
322(1)
Environmental Reservoirs
323(1)
Modes of Transmission of Disease
323(4)
Direct Transmission of Infection
323(1)
Indirect Contact
324(1)
Food and Water
324(1)
Air
325(1)
Zoonoses
325(1)
Vectors
326(1)
Portals of Entry and Exit for Pathogens
327(2)
Skin and Mucous Membranes
327(1)
Respiratory Tract
328(1)
Digestive Tract
328(1)
Genitourinary Tract
328(1)
Placenta
329(1)
Vehicles of Exit of Pathogens
329(1)
Resistance of the Host Against Infection
329(4)
Mechanical Defenses Against Infection
329(2)
Physiological Defenses Against Infection
331(1)
Chemical Defenses Against Infection
331(1)
Lysozyme
332(1)
Gastric Juice
332(1)
Interferon
333(1)
Human Immune System
333(5)
Antigens and Antibodies
333(1)
Types of Immunity
334(1)
Innate Immunity
334(1)
Acquired Immunity
334(4)
Diseases Caused by Bacteria
338(36)
Staphylococci
342(3)
Food Poisoning Caused by Staphylococci
343(1)
Skin and Wound Infections
344(1)
Toxic Shock Syndrome
344(1)
Nosocomial Infections
345(1)
Streptococcus
345(4)
Streptococcus agalactiae
345(1)
Pneumococcal Meningitis
345(1)
Otitis Media
346(1)
Lobar Pneumonia
346(1)
Strep Throat
347(1)
Impetigo
348(1)
Scarlet Fever
348(1)
Rheumatic Fever
348(1)
Childbirth Fever
349(1)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
349(1)
Neisseria meningitidis
350(1)
Clostridium
351(2)
Botulism
351(1)
Food Intoxication
352(1)
Tetanus
352(1)
Gas Gangrene
352(1)
Tissue Gas
353(1)
Corynebacteria
353(1)
Diphtheria
354(1)
Francisella tularensis
354(1)
Mycobacterium avium
355(1)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
355(1)
Spirochetes
356(4)
Leptospira interrogans
357(1)
Borrelia burgdorferi
357(1)
Treponema pallidum
358(1)
Primary Stage
359(1)
Secondary Stage
360(1)
Tertiary Stage
360(1)
Vibrio cholerae
360(1)
Bacillus anthracis
361(1)
Cutaneous Anthrax
361(1)
Inhalation Anthrax
362(1)
Gastrointestinal Anthrax
362(1)
Bordetella
362(1)
Whooping Cough
362(1)
DTaP Vaccine
363(1)
Enterics
363(3)
Escherichia coli
363(1)
Klebsiella pneumoniae
364(1)
Proteus Species
364(1)
Food Infection
365(1)
Typhoid Fever
365(1)
Shigella Species
366(1)
Yersinia pestis
366(1)
Haemophilus influenzae
367(1)
Gastroenteritis and Stomach Ulcers
367(2)
Legionella pneumophilia
369(1)
Listeria monocytogenes
369(5)
Diseases Caused by Mycoplasmas, Rickettsias, or Chlamydias
374(10)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
376(1)
Rickettsia
377(2)
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
377(1)
Typhus
377(1)
Q Fever
378(1)
Chlamydia
379(5)
Chlamydial Pneumonia
379(1)
Chlamydia trachomatis
380(1)
Parrot Fever
380(4)
Diseases Caused by Prions or Viruses
384(25)
Prions
384(2)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
385(1)
Prion-Suspected Diseases
386(1)
Viruses
386(23)
Dermatropic (Skin) Diseases
387(1)
Smallpox
387(2)
Monkeypox
389(1)
Measles
390(1)
German Measles
390(2)
Chickenpox and Shingles
392(1)
Herpes
392(1)
Cold Sores
392(1)
Genital Herpes
392(2)
Pneumotropic (Respiratory Tract) Diseases
394(1)
Influenza
394(1)
Common Cold
394(1)
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
395(1)
SARS
395(1)
Neurotropic (Central Nervous System) Diseases
396(1)
Rabies
396(1)
Polio
396(1)
Encephalitis
397(1)
West Nile
397(1)
Viscerotropic (Visceral) Diseases
397(1)
Hepatitis
397(1)
Hepatitis A
398(1)
Hepatitis B
398(1)
Hepatitis C
399(1)
Mononucleosis
400(1)
Inclusion Disease
400(1)
Mumps
400(1)
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
401(1)
Immunological Disease
402(1)
AIDS
402(7)
Diseases of Fungi and Protozoa
409(16)
Fungi
409(7)
Dermatomycoses
411(1)
Coccidioidomycosis
412(1)
Histoplasmosis
412(1)
Candidiasis
412(1)
Fungal Meningitis
413(1)
Aspergillosis
414(1)
Pneumocystis Pneumonia
415(1)
Protozoa
416(9)
Amebiasis
416(1)
Malaria
417(1)
Toxoplasmosis
418(1)
African Sleeping Sickness
419(1)
East African Sleeping Disease
419(1)
West African Sleeping Disease
420(1)
Giardiasis
420(1)
Cryptosporidiosis
421(4)
Appendix A The Autopsy 425(3)
Appendix B Cellular Anatomy 428(5)
Appendix C Blood 433(8)
Appendix D Anatomy of the Heart and Blood Vessels 441(9)
Appendix E Anatomy of the Digestive System 450(9)
Appendix F Anatomy of the Respiratory System 459(4)
Appendix G Anatomy of the Urinary System 463(6)
Appendix H Anatomy of the Nervous System 469(10)
Appendix I Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System 479(6)
Appendix J Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System 485(4)
Appendix K Anatomy of the Skeletal System 489(6)
Appendix L Anatomy of the Endocrine System 495(4)
Appendix M Anatomy of the Integumentary System 499(4)
Appendix N Anatomy of the Lymphatic System 503(6)
Appendix O Answers to Review Questions 509(8)
Glossary 517(10)
Index 527

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