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Patterns for College Writing: A Rhetorical Reader and Guide

by ; ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780312247362

ISBN10:
0312247362
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Macmillan Higher Education

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  • Patterns for College Writing
    Patterns for College Writing
  • Patterns for College Writing : A Rhetorical Reader and Guide
    Patterns for College Writing : A Rhetorical Reader and Guide





Summary

Engaging, accessible readings and thorough rhetorical instruction have made Patterns for College Writing the best-selling reader available. Patterns focuses students on the kinds of writing they will be asked to do throughout their college careers.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Thematic Guide to the Contents xxix
Introduction: Reading to Write 1(1)
Reading Critically
1(1)
Reading Actively
2(1)
Before You Read
2(1)
As You Read
2(1)
Checklist: Reading Actively
2(1)
Highlighting and Annotating
3(1)
Reading the Selections in this Book
4(1)
``What's in a Name?''
5(2)
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Responding to Reading Selections
7(6)
Part One: The Writing Process 13(54)
Invention
15(22)
Understanding the Assignment
15(1)
Setting Limits
15(5)
Length
16(1)
Purpose
16(1)
Audience
17(1)
Occasion
18(1)
Knowledge
18(1)
Checklist: Setting Limits
19(1)
Moving From Subject to Topic
20(4)
Questions for Probing
20(3)
Freewriting
23
Checklist: Questions for Probing
21(3)
A Student Writer: Freewriting
24(1)
Finding Something to Say
24(3)
Brainstorming
25(1)
A Student Writer: Brainstorming
25(1)
Journal Writing
25(2)
A Student Writer: Journal Writing
27(1)
Grouping Ideas
27(2)
Clustering
27(1)
A Student Writer: Clustering
28(1)
Making an Informal Outline
28(1)
A Student Writer: Making an Informal Outline
29(1)
Understanding Thesis and Support
29(1)
Formulating a Thesis
30(7)
Defining the Thesis Statement
30(1)
Deciding on a Thesis
31(1)
Stating Your Thesis
32(1)
Implying a Thesis
33(1)
A Student Writer: Formulating a Thesis
33(4)
Arrangement
37(12)
Recognizing a Pattern
37(1)
Checklist: Recognizing a Pattern
38(1)
Understanding the Parts of the Essay
38(8)
The Introduction
39(1)
The Body Paragraphs
40(4)
The Conclusion
44(2)
Constructing a Formal Outline
46(3)
Checklist: Constructing a Formal Outline
46(1)
A Student Writer: Constructing a Formal Outline
47(2)
Drafting and Revising
49(18)
Writing Your First Draft
49(7)
Checklist: Drafting
49(1)
A Student Writer: Writing a First Draft
50(1)
Revising Your Essay
51(1)
Revising with a Checklist
52(1)
Checklist: Revision
53(1)
Revising with an Outline
53(1)
Revising with a Peer Critique
53(1)
Checklist: Guidelines for Peer Critiques
54(1)
A Student Writer: Revising a First Draft
54(2)
Points for Special Attention: First Draft
56(3)
The Introduction
56(1)
The Body Paragraphs
57(1)
The Conclusion
57(1)
A Student Writer: Revising a Second Draft
58(1)
Points for Special Attention: Second Draft
59(5)
The Title
60(1)
The Introduction
60(1)
The Body Paragraphs
60(1)
The Conclusion
60(1)
A Student Writer: Preparing a Final Draft
61(1)
Sample Student Essay: Laura Bobnak, The Price of Silence
61(3)
A Note on Editing
64(3)
Checklist: Editing
65(2)
Part Two: Readings for Writers 67(604)
Narration
69(50)
What is Narration?
69(1)
Using Narration
70(1)
Planning a Narrative Essay
70(2)
Including Enough Detail
70(1)
Varying Sentence Structure
71(1)
Maintaining Clear Narrative Order
71(1)
Structuring a Narrative Essay
72(47)
Checklist: Narration
73(1)
A Student Writer: Narration
73(1)
Sample Student Essay: Tiffany Forte, My Field of Dreams
73(3)
Points for Special Attention
76(1)
Focus on Revision
77(2)
Homeward Bound
79(4)
Janet Wu
Only Daughter
83(5)
Sandra Cisneros
Finishing School
88(6)
Maya Angelou
My Mother Never Worked
94(5)
Donna Smith-Yackel
Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the Police
99(5)
Martin Gansberg
Shooting an Elephant
104(9)
George Orwell
The Open Window
113(4)
Saki (H.H. Munro)
Writing Assignments for Narration
117(1)
Collaborative Activity for Narration
118(1)
Internet Assignment for Narration
118(1)
Description
119(50)
What Is Description?
120(1)
Using Description
120(4)
Understanding Objective and Subjective Description
120(2)
Using Objective and Subjective Language
122(1)
Selecting Details
123(1)
Planning a Descriptive Essay
124(1)
Structuring a Descriptive Essay
124(45)
Checklist: Description
125(1)
Student Writers: Description
126(1)
Sample Student Essay: Joseph Tessari, The Light Microscope
126(2)
Points for Special Attention
128(1)
Focus on Revision
129(1)
Sample Student Essay: Mary Lim, The Valley of Windmills
129(2)
Points for Special Attention
131(1)
Focus on Revision
132(1)
Words Left Unspoken
133(5)
Leah Hager Cohen
Reading the River
138(4)
Mark Twain
More Than Just a Shrine: Paying Homage to the Ghosts of Ellis Island
142(6)
Mary Gordon
The Way to Rainy Mountain
148(6)
N. Scott Momaday
Once More to the Lake
154(7)
E. B. White
The Grave
161(6)
Katherine Anne Porter
Writing Assignments for Description
167(1)
Collaborative Activity for Description
167(1)
Internet Assignment for Description
168(1)
Exemplification
169(48)
What is Exemplification?
169(1)
Using Exemplification
169(3)
Using Examples to Explain and Clarify
170(1)
Using Examples to Add Interest
170(1)
Using Examples to Persuade
171(1)
Using Examples to Test Your Thesis
171(1)
Planning an Exemplification Essay
172(1)
Providing Enough Examples
172(1)
Choosing Representative Examples
172(1)
Structuring an Exemplification Essay
173(44)
Checklist: Exemplification
174(1)
Student Writers: Exemplification
174(1)
Sample Student Essay: Elizabeth Bensley, Job Application Letter
175(1)
Points for Special Attention
176(1)
Focus on Revision
177(1)
Sample Student Essay: Grace Ku, Midnight
177(2)
Points for Special Attention
179(1)
Focus on Revision
180(1)
The Peter Principle
181(7)
Laurence J. Peter
Raymond Hull
The Great Campus Goof-Off Machine
188(4)
Nate Stulman
English Is a Crazy Language
192(5)
Richard Lederer
Just Walk On By: A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space
197(6)
Brent Staples
The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society
203(9)
Jonathan Kozol
Samuel
212(3)
Grace Paley
Writing Assignments for Exemplification
215(1)
Collaborative Activity for Exemplification
215(1)
Internet Assignment for Exemplification
216(1)
Process
217(48)
What is Process?
217(1)
Understanding Instructions
218(1)
Understanding Process Explanations
218(1)
Using Process
218(1)
Planning a Process Essay
219(1)
Structuring a Process Essay
220(45)
Checklist: Process
221(1)
Student Writers: Process
221(1)
Sample Student Essay: Joseph Miksitz, Pumping Iron
221(2)
Points for Special Attention
223(1)
Focus on Revision
223(1)
Sample Student Essay: Melany Hunt, Medium Ash Brown
224(2)
Points for Special Attention
226(1)
Focus on Revision
227(1)
My First Conk
228(5)
Malcom X
Anatomy of a Joke
233(5)
Garry Trudeau
Smile
238(5)
Alan Lightman
On Fire
243(5)
Larry Brown
The Embalming of Mr Jones
248(7)
Jessica Mitford
The Lottery
255(8)
Shirley Jackson
Writing Assignments for Process
263(1)
Collaborative Activity for Process
263(1)
Internet Assignment for Process
264(1)
Cause and Effect
265(56)
What is Cause and Effect?
265(1)
Using Cause and Effect
266(5)
Understanding Main and Contributory Causes
267(1)
Understanding Immediate and Remote Causes
268(1)
Understanding Causal Chains
268(1)
Avoiding Post Hoc Reasoning
269(2)
Planning a Cause-and-Effect Essay
271(1)
Structuring a Cause-and-Effect Essay
272(49)
Finding Causes
272(1)
Describing or Predicting Effects
273(1)
Checklist: Cause and Effect
274(1)
A Student Writer: Cause and Effect
274(1)
Sample Student Essay: Evelyn Pellicane, The Irish Famine, 1845-1849
274(3)
Points for Special Attention
277(1)
Focus on Revision
278(1)
Who Killed Benny Paret?
279(4)
Norman Cousins
Television: The Plug-In Drug
283(11)
Marie Winn
The ``Black Table'' Is Still There
294(4)
Lawrence Otis Graham
A Peaceful Woman Explains Why She Carries a Gun
298(6)
Linda M. Hasselstrom
It's Just Too Late
304(11)
Calvin Trillin
Suicide Note
315(3)
Janice Mirikitani
Writing Assignments for Cause and Effect
318(1)
Collaborative Activity for Cause and Effect
319(1)
Internet Assignment for Cause and Effect
319(2)
Comparison and Contrast
321(58)
What is Comparison and Contrast?
321(1)
Using Comparison and Contrast
322(1)
Planning a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay
322(3)
Recognizing Comparison-and-Contrast Assignments
323(1)
Establishing a Basis for Comparison
323(1)
Selecting Points for Discussion
324(1)
Formulating a Thesis Statement
324(1)
Structuring a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay
325(54)
Using Subject-by-Subject Comparison
325(1)
Using Point-by-Point Comparison
326(1)
Supplying Clear Transitions
327(1)
Checklist: Comparison and Contrast
327(1)
Student Writers: Comparison and Contrast
328(1)
Sample Student Essay: Mark Cotharn, Brains versus Brawn
328(4)
Points for Special Attention
332(1)
Focus on Revision
333(1)
Sample Student Essay: Margaret Depner, The Big Move
334(4)
Points for Special Attention
338(1)
Focus on Revision
339(1)
Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts
340(5)
Bruce Catton
Never Do That to a Book
345(6)
Anne Fadiman
The Victorian Internet
351(6)
Tom Standage
Two Ways to Belong in America
357(5)
Bharati Mukherjee
How the Lawyers Stole Winter
362(5)
Christopher B. Daly
Sex, Lies, and Conversation
367(7)
Deborah Tannen
Ex-Basketball Player
374(2)
John Updike
Writing Assignments for Comparison and Contrast
376(1)
Collaborative Activity for Comparison and Contrast
376(1)
Internet Assignment for Comparison and Contrast
377(2)
Classification and Division
379(76)
What is Classification and Division?
379(1)
Understanding Classification
380(1)
Understanding Division
380(1)
Using Classification and Division
380(1)
Planning a Classification-and-Division Essay
381(1)
Selecting and Arranging Categories
382(1)
Formulating a Thesis Statement
382(1)
Structuring a Classification-and-Division Essay
382(73)
Checklist: Classification and Division
384(1)
A Student Writer: Classification and Division
384(1)
Sample Student Essay: Roger Bauer, The Western: More Than Just ``Popular'' Literature
385(3)
Points for Special Attention
388(1)
Focus on Revision
389(1)
College Pressures
390(9)
William Zinsser
The Men We Carry in Our Minds
399(6)
Scott Russell Sanders
Mother Tongue
405(8)
Amy Tan
Sexism in English: Embodiment and Language
413(13)
Alleen Pace Nilsen
The Ways We Lie
426(10)
Stephanie Ericsson
Revelation
436(17)
Flannery O'Connor
Writing Assignments for Classification and Division
453(1)
Collaborative Activity for Classification and Division
453(1)
Internet Assignment for Classification and Division
454(1)
Definition
455(38)
What is Definition?
455(1)
Understanding Formal Definitions
455(1)
Understanding Extended Definitions
456(1)
Using Definition
456(1)
Planning a Definition Essay
457(2)
Using Patterns of Development
457(2)
Using Other Strategies
459(1)
Structuring a Definition Essay
459(34)
Checklist: Definition
460(1)
A Student Writer: Definition
461(1)
Sample Student Essay: Ajoy Mahtab, The Untouchable
461(3)
Points for Special Attention
464(1)
Focus on Revision
465(1)
Burdens
466(4)
John Kenneth Galbraith
Tortillas
470(4)
Jose Antonio Burciaga
I Want a Wife
474(4)
Judy Brady
The Company Man
478(4)
Ellen Goodman
Does America Still Exist?
482(6)
Richard Rodriguez
The Secretary Chant
488(2)
Marge Piercy
Writing Assignments for Definition
490(1)
Collaborative Activity for Definition
491(1)
Internet Assignment for Definition
491(2)
Argumentation
493(132)
What is Argumentation?
493(1)
Understanding Argumentation and Persuasion
494(1)
Planning an Argumentative Essay
495(6)
Choosing a Topic
495(1)
Taking a Stand
495(1)
Analyzing Your Audience
496(1)
Gathering and Documenting Evidence
496(3)
Dealing with the Opposition
499(1)
Understanding Rogerian Argument
500(1)
Checklist: Guidelines for Using Rogerian Argument
500(1)
Using Deductive and Inductive Arguments
501(7)
Using Deductive Arguments
501(2)
Using Inductive Arguments
503(1)
Using Toulmin Logic
504(1)
Recognizing Fallacies
505(3)
Structuring an Argumentative Essay
508(117)
Checklist: Argumentation
509(1)
A Student Writer: Argumentation
510(1)
Sample Student Essay: Matt Daniels, An Argument against the Anna Todd Jennings Scholarship
510(3)
Points for Special Attention
513(1)
Focus on Revision
514(2)
The Declaration of Independence
516(6)
Thomas Jefferson
Letter from Birmingham Jail
522(15)
Martin Luther King Jr.
Debate: Is Date Rape Really Rape?
537(1)
It's a Jungle Out There
538(6)
Camille Paglia
Common Decency
544(5)
Susan Jacoby
Debate: Should We Live Together or Apart?
549(2)
Why Special Housing for Ethnic Students Makes Sense
551(7)
Rebecca Lee Parker
College Housing Policies Should Avoid Ethnic and Religious Balkanization
558(6)
Dena S. Davis
Debate Casebook: Does Media Violence Cause Societal Violence?
564(2)
Unnatural Killers
566(10)
John Grisham
Memo to John Grisham: What's Next --- ``A Movie Made Me Do It''?
576(5)
Oliver Stone
Violent Films Cry ``Fire'' in Crowded Theaters
581(6)
Michael Zimecki
Games as a Scapegoat
587(5)
Steve Bauman
Debate Casebook: Is the Internet Good for Society?
592(2)
Bards of the Internet
594(5)
Philip Elmer-DeWitt
One Internet, Two Nations
599(5)
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
The End of Serendipity
604(6)
Ted Gup
How the Web Destroys the Quality of Students' Research Papers
610(5)
David Rothenberg
An Age of Optimism
615(5)
Nicholas Negroponte
Writing Assignments for Argumentation
620(1)
Collaborative Activity for Argumentation
620(1)
Internet Assignments for Argumentation
621(4)
Combining the Patterns
625(46)
Structuring an Essay by Combining the Patterns
625(46)
A Student Writer: Combining the Patterns
626(1)
Sample Student Essay: Michael Huu Truong, The Park
626(4)
Points for Special Attention
630(1)
Focus on Revision
631(1)
On Dumpster Diving
632(16)
Lars Eighner
A Modest Proposal
648(10)
Jonathan Swift
In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens
658(11)
Alice Walker
Writing Assignments for Combining the Patterns
669(1)
Collaborative Activity for Combining the Patterns
669(1)
Internet Assignment for Combining the Patterns
669(2)
APPENDIX: WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER 671(20)
STEP 1: Choosing a Topic
671(1)
STEP 2: Looking for Sources
672(1)
STEP 3: Narrowing Your Topic
672(1)
STEP 4: Doing Research
672(1)
STEP 5: Taking Notes
673(1)
STEP 6: Watching Out for Plagiarism
674(3)
STEP 7: Drafting a Thesis Statement
677(1)
STEP 8: Making an Outline
677(1)
STEP 9: Writing Your Paper
678(1)
STEP 10: Documenting Your Sources
679(6)
Sample Student Research Paper in MLA Style
685(6)
Sample Student Essay: Allison Rogers, Violence in the Media
686(5)
Glossary 691(10)
Index of Terms, Authors, and Titles 701


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