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Encouraging a broad-based understanding of continuity, change, and innovation in human history, Patterns of World History presents the global past in a comprehensive, even-handed, and open-ended fashion
Patterns of World History offers a distinct framework for understanding the global past through the study of origins, interactions, and adaptations. Authors Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers, and George Stow--each specialists in their respective fields--examine the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, even-handed, and critical fashion.
The book helps students to see and understand patterns through: ORIGINS - INTERACTIONS - ADAPTATIONS
These key features show the O-I-A framework in action:
* Seeing Patterns, a list of key questions at the beginning of each chapter, focuses students on the 3-5 over-arching patterns, which are revisited, considered, and synthesized at the end of the chapter in Thinking Through Patterns
* Each chapter includes a Patterns Up Close case study that brings into sharp relief the O-I-A pattern using a specific idea or thing that has developed in human history (and helped, in turn, develop human history), like the innovation of the Chinese writing system or religious syncretism in India. Each case study clearly shows how an innovation originated either in one geographical center or independently in several different centers. It demonstrates how, as people in the centers interacted with their neighbors, the neighbors adapted to--and in many cases were transformed by--the idea, object, or event. Adaptations include the entire spectrum of human responses, ranging from outright rejection to creative borrowing and, at times, forced acceptance.
Peter von Sivers is Associate Professor of History at the University of Utah.
Charles A. Desnoyers is Professor of History and Director of Asian Studies at La Salle University.
George B. Stow is Professor of History and the Director of the Graduate Program in History at La Salle University.
Table of Contents
Maps Studying with Maps Preface Note on Dates and Spellings About the Authors
Part One: From Human Origins to Early Agricultural Centers, Prehistory-600 BCE
Chapter 1: Prehistory-10,000 BCE The African Origins of Humanity The Origins of Humanity Hominins: No Longer Apes but Not Yet Human Human Adaptations: From Africa to Eurasia and Australia The African Origins of Human Culture Migration from South Asia to Australia Migration from South Asia to Europe The Ice Age Crisis and Human Migration to the Americas The Ice Age Migration to the Americas Patterns Up Close: The Disappearance of Neanderthals Against the Grain: The Hobbits of Flores Island Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 1 1.1 Shell bead jewelry from the Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt, Morocco 1.2 Python-shaped, ornamented rock found in the Rhino Cave, Botswana 1.3 Paintings in the Cave of Altamira, Santillana del Mar, Spain 1.4 Flax fibers found at the Dzudzuana Cave, Republic of Georgia, Caucasus Mountains
Chapter 2: Agrarian-Urban Centers of the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean, 11,500-600 BCE Agrarian Origins in the Fertile Crescent, ca. 11,500-1500 BCE Sedentary Foragers and Foraging Farmers The Origin of Urban Centers in Mesopotamia and Egypt Kingdoms in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Crete Interactions Among Multiethnic and Multireligious Empires, ca. 1500-600 BCE The Hittite and Assyrian Empires, 1600-600 BCE Small Kingdoms on the Imperial Margins, 1600-600 BCE Religious Experience and Cultural Achievements Patterns Up Close: Babylonian Law Codes Against the Grain: Akhenaten The Transgressor Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 2 2.1 Law Code of Hammurabi 2.2 Babylonian Poem of the Righteous Sufferer 2.3 Advice from a royal scribe to his apprentice, Middle Kingdom Egypt, Twelfth Dynasty 2.4 Sketch of the palace complex at Knossos, Minoan Crete 2.5 The Great Hymn to the Aten
Chapter 3: Shifting Agrarian Centers in India, 3000-600 BCE The Vanished Origins of Harappa, 3000-1500 BCE The Region and People Adapting to Urban Life in the Indus Valley The Collapse of the Cities Interactions in Northern India, 1500-600 BCE The Vedic World, 1750-800 BCE Statecraft and the Ideology of Power, 800-600 BCE Indian Society, Culture, and Religion, 1500-600 BCE Society and Family in Ancient India Cultural Interactions to 600 BCE Patterns Up Close: The Caste System Against the Grain: A Merchants' Empire? Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 3 3.1 Hymns to Agni, from the Rig-Veda, Book 2 3.2 The Bhagavad Gita 3.3 The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 3.4 The Code of Manu 3.5 Image of Draupadi and the Pandava, from the Dashavatara Temple, Deogarh, India
Chapter 4: Agrarian Centers and the Mandate of Heaven in Ancient China, 5000-481 BCE The Origins of Yellow River Cultures, 5000-1766 BCE Geography and Climate The Origins of Neolithic Cultures The Age of Myth and the Xia Dynasty, 2852-1766 BCE The Interactions of Shang and Zhou History and Politics, 1766-481 BCE The Shang Dynasty, 1766-1122 BCE The Mandate of Heaven: The Zhou Dynasty to 481 BCE Economy, Society, and Family Adaptation in Ancient China Shang Society Interactions of Zhou Economy and Society Gender and the Family Interactions of Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life in Ancient China Oracle Bones and Early Chinese Writing Adaptations of Zhou Religion, Technology, and Culture Patterns Up Close: The Chinese Writing System Against The Grain: Women's Voices Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 4 4.1 The Zuo Commentary (Zuozhuan) 4.2 Excerpts from The Book of Odes (Shijing) 4.3 The Book of Lord Shang (Shangjun Shu) 4.4 The Canon of Shun 4.5 Iron sword with jade handle, earliest cast-iron object (Western Zhou), from Henan Museum, Guo state, Sanmenxia city
Chapter 5: Origins Apart: The Americas and Oceania, 30,000-600 BCE The Americas: Hunters and Foragers, 30,000-600 BCE The Environment Human Migrations Agriculture, Villages, and Urban Life The Neolithic Revolution in the New World The Origins of Urban Life The First Mesoamerican Settlements Foraging and Farming Societies Outside the Andes and Mesoamerica The Origins of Pacific Island Migrations, 6000-600 BCE Lapita and Cultural Origins Creating Polynesia Patterns Up Close: The Origin of Corn Against the Grain: Thor Heyerdahl Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 5 5.1 Quipú from the Caral-Supé Culture, Peru 5.2 Textile fragment from Chavín de Huántar, Peru 5.3 Burial Mound at L'Anse Amour, Labrador, Canada 5.4 Lapita Pot Shards, found in Vanuatu, Western Pacific
Part Two: The Age of Empires and Visionaries, 600 BCE-600 CE
Chapter 6: Chiefdoms and Early States in Africa and the Americas, 600 BCE-600 CE Agriculture and Early African Kingdoms Saharan Villages, Towns, and Kingdoms The Kingdom of Aksum The Spread of Villages in Sub-Saharan Africa West African Savanna and Rain-Forest Agriculture The Spread of Village Life to East and South Africa Patterns of African History, 600 BCE-600 CE Early States in Mesoamerica: Maya Kingdoms and Teotihuacán The Maya Kingdoms in Southern Mesoamerica The Kingdom of Teotihuacán in the Mexican Basin The Andes: Moche and Nazca The Moche in Northern Peru Paracas and the Nazca in Southern Peru Patterns Up Close: The Mayan Ball Game Against the Grain: Nazca Lines and Speculation Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 6 6.1 Relief sculpture from Meroë, Sudan 6.2 Cosmas Indicopleustes (Cosmas the India-Voyager), Christian Topography 6.3 The market at Jenné-jeno, Mali 6.4 Limestone panel from a Mayan temple, Palenque
Chapter 7: Persia, Greece, and Rome, 550 BCE-600 CE Interactions Between Persia and Greece The Origins of the Achaemenid Persian Empire Greek City-States in the Persian Shadow Alexander's Empire and Its Successor Kingdoms Interactions Between the Persian and Roman Empires Parthian Persia and Rome The Sasanid Persian and Late Roman Empires Adaptations to Monotheism and Monism in the Middle East Challenge to Polytheism: The Origins of Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and Greek Philosophy Toward Religious Communities and Philosophical Schools The Beginnings of Science and the Cultures of Kings and Citizens The Sciences at the Museum of Alexandria Royal Persian Culture and Arts Greek and Roman Civic Culture and Arts Patterns Up Close: The Plague of Justinian Against the Grain: Women in Democratic Athens Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 7 7.1 The Cyrus Cylinder 7.2 Herodotus, Histories 7.3 1 Maccabees 7.4 Graffiti from the walls of Pompeii 7.5 The murder of the philosopher Hypatia, Alexandria, Egypt
Chapter 8: Empires and Visionaries in India, 600 BCE-600 CE Patterns of State Formation in India: Republics, Kingdoms, and Empires The Road to Empire: The Mauryas The Classical Age: The Gupta Empire The Southern Kingdoms, ca. 300-600 CE The Vedic Tradition and Its Visionary Reformers Reforming the Vedic Tradition The Maturity of Hinduism: From the Abstract to the Devotional Stability Amid Disorder: Economics, Family, and Society Tax and Spend: Economics and Society Caste, Family Life, and Gender Strength In Numbers: Art, Literature, and Science Patterns Up Close: The Global Trade of Indian Pepper Against the Grain: India's Ancient Republics Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 8 8.1 The Seven Pillar Edicts of King Ashoka 8.2 The Questions of King Milinda (The Milindapanha) 8.3 Bamiyan Buddhas, Afghanistan 8.4 Seated Buddha, from the Gandhara culture, Afghanistan-Pakistan 8.5 Kalidasa, The Cloud Messenger
Chapter 9: China: Imperial Unification and Perfecting the Moral Order, 722 BCE-618 CE Visionaries and Empire Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism The Qin Dynasty The Han Dynasty The Domestic Economy: Society, Family, and Gender Industry and Commerce Gender Roles Intellectual Trends, Aesthetics, Science, and Technology Confucianism, Education, and History During the Han Buddhism in China Intellectual Life Patterns Up Close: The Stirrup Against the Grain: Yang Zhu and Mo Di Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 9 9.1 Analects (Lunyu) of Confucius 9.2 Book of Mencius (Mengzi) 9.3 Li Si, "Memorial on the Burning of Books," from the Shiji 9.4 Han Shu (History of the Former Han Dynasty) 9.5 Ban Zhao, Admonitions for Women (Nüjie)
Part Three: The Formation of Religious Civilizations, 600-1450 CE
Chapter10: Islamic Civilization and Byzantium, 600-1300 CE The Formation of Islamic Religious Civilization The Beginnings of Islam Islamic Theology, Law, and Politics Eastern Christian Civilization in Byzantium Byzantium's Difficult Beginnings The Seljuk Invasion and the Crusades Islamic and Eastern Christian Civilizations at Their Height State and Society in Mamluk Egypt Byzantine Provincial and Central Organization Commercial Relations from the Atlantic to the South China Sea Religion, Sciences, and the Arts in Two Religious Civilizations Islamic Culture: Intellectual and Scientific Expressions Artistic Expressions in Islamic Civilization Patterns Up Close: Byzantine Icons and Islamic Miniatures Against the Grain: Did Ibn Taymiyya "Have a Screw Loose"? Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 10 10.1 Excerpts from the Quran, Sura 2 "The Cow" 10.2 Documents related to the iconoclasm controversy 10.3 Memoirs of Usamah Ibn Munqidh 10.4 A Jewish engagement contract from Fustat (Old Cairo) 10.5 The Alchemy of Happiness, by Abd al-Hamid al-Ghazali
Chapter 11: Innovation and Adaptation in the Western Christian World, 600-1450 CE The Formation of Christian Europe, 600-1000 Frankish Gaul and Latin Christianity Recovery, Reform, and Innovation, 1000-1300 The Political Recovery of Europe The Economic and Social Recovery of Europe Religious Reform and Expansion Intellectual and Cultural Developments Crisis and Creativity, 1300-1415 The Calamitous Fourteenth Century Signs of a New Era in the Fifteenth Century Patterns Up Close: The Gothic Cathedral Against the Grain: The Cathar Heresy Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 11 11.1 Einhard's Life of Charlemagne 11.2 Feudal contracts and the swearing of fealty 11.3 Peter Abelard, The Story of My Misfortunes 11.4 Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron, "Putting the Devil Back in Hell" 11.5 Flagellants attempt to ward off the Black Death in Germany and in England
Chapter 12: Contrasting Patterns in India and China, 600-1600 CE India: The Clash of Cultures India After the Guptas Islam in India, 711-1398 Toward the Mughal Era, 1398-1450 Interactions and Adaptations: From Buddhism to Neo-Confucian Synthesis in China Creating a Religious Civilization Under the Tang The Song and Yuan Dynasties, 960-1368 The Ming to 1450: The Quest for Stability Society, Family, and Gender Perceptions of Perfection: Intellectual, Scientific, and Cultural Life Patterns Up Close: Gunpowder Against the Grain: Empress Wu Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 12 12.1 The Chachnamah 12.2 Harsha Vardhana, The Lady of the Jewel Necklace 12.3 Poetry of the Tang Dynasty 12.4 Marco Polo, "Kubilai Khan at War" 12.5 Model of a Ming ship in the flotilla of Zheng He
Chapter 13: Religious Civilizations Interacting: Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, 550-1500 CE Korea to 1450: Innovation from Above People and Place: The Korean Environment Conquest and Competition: History and Politics to 1598 Economy, Society, and Family Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life Japan to 1450: Selective Interaction and Adaptation The Island Refuge Adaptation at Arm's Length: History and Politics Economy, Society, and Family Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life Vietnam: Human Agency and State Building The Setting and Neolithic Cultures Economy, Society, and Family Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life Patterns Up Close: Printing Against the Grain: Zen and Bushido Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 13 13.1 Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji 13.2 Haedong kosung chon, on Buddhism in Korea 13.3 Nihongi (Chronicles of Japan) 13.4 P'i Jih-hsiu, "Three Poems of Shame" 13.5 Copper head of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, Vietnam
Chapter 14: Patterns of State Formation in Africa, 600-1450 CE Christians and Muslims in the Northeast Nubia in the Middle Nile Valley Ethiopia in the Eastern Highlands Adaptation to Islam: City-States and Kingdoms in East and South Africa The Swahili City-States on the East African Coast Traditional Kingdoms in South and Central Africa Central African Chiefdoms and Kingdoms Cultural Encounters: West African Traditions and Islam The Kingdom of Ancient Ghana The Empire of Mali Rain-Forest Kingdoms Patterns Up Close: The Sculptures of Ife Against the Grain: Sundiata's Rise to Power Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 14 14.1 The Fetha Nagast, Ethiopia 14.2 Ibn Battuta On Mali, from the Rihla 14.3 Golden Bracelets from the "Lost City" of Mapungubwe, South Africa 14.4 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Bakri?, Description of West Africa 14.5 Walls and moats at Sungbo's Eredo, Nigeria
Chapter 15: The Rise of Empires in the Americas, 600-1550 CE The Legacy of Teotihuacán and the Toltecs in Mesoamerica Militarism in the Valley of Mexico Late Maya States in Yucatán The Legacy of Tiwanaku and Wari in the Andes The Expanding State of Tiwanaku The Expanding City-State of Wari American Empires: Aztec and Inca Origins and Dominance The Aztec Empire of Mesoamerica The Inca Empire of the Andes Imperial Society and Culture Imperial Capitals: Tenochtitlán and Cuzco Power and Its Cultural Expressions Patterns Up Close: Human Sacrifice and Propaganda Against the Grain: Amazon Rainforest Civilizations Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 15 15.1 The Temple of the Jaguars, Chichén Itzá 15.2 Skeletons in a Wari royal tomb site, El Castillo de Huarmey, Peru 15.3 Bernal Díaz, The Conquest of New Spain 15.4 Pedro Cieza de León on Incan roads 15.5 Garcilaso de la Vega, "The Walls and Gates of Cuzco"
Part Four: Interactions Across the Globe, 1450-1750
Chapter 16: Western European Overseas Expansion and the Ottoman-Habsburg Struggle, 1450-1650 The Muslim-Christian Competition in the East and West, 1450-1600 Iberian-Christian Expansion, 1415-1498 Rise of the Ottomans and Struggle with the Habsburgs for Dominance, 1300-1609 The Centralizing State: Origins and Interactions State Transformation, Money, and Firearms Imperial Courts, Urban Festivities, and the Arts The Ottoman Empire: Palaces, Festivities, and the Arts The Spanish Habsburg Empire: Popular Festivities and the Arts Patterns Up Close: Shipbuilding Against the Grain: Tilting at Windmills Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 16 16.1 Christopher Columbus, The Book of Prophecies 16.2 Thomas the Eparch and Joshua Diplovatatzes, "The Fall of Constantinople" 16.3 Evliya Çelebi, "A Procession of Artisans at Istanbul" 16.4 Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, "The Court of Suleiman the Magnificent 16.5 Janissary musket
Chapter 17: The Renaissance, New Sciences, and Religious Wars in Europe, 1450-1750 Cultural Transformations: Renaissance, New Science, and Early Enlightenment The Renaissance and Baroque Arts The New Sciences The New Sciences and Their Social Impact The New Sciences: Philosophical Interpretations Centralizing States and Religious Upheavals The Rise of Centralized Kingdoms The Protestant Reformation, State Churches, and Independent Congregations Religious Wars and Political Restoration Patterns Up Close: Mapping the World Against the Grain: The Digger Movement Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 17 17.1 Examination of Lady Jane Grey, London 17.2 Sebastian Castellio, Concerning Whether Heretics Should Be Persecuted 17.3 Duc de Saint-Simon, "The Daily Habits of Louis XIV at Versailles" 17.4 Giorgio Vasari, The Life of Michelangelo Buonarotti 17.5 Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina de' Medici
Chapter 18: New Patterns in New Worlds: Colonialism and Indigenous Responses in the Americas, 1500-1800 The Colonial Americas: Europe's Warm-Weather Extension The Conquest of Mexico and Peru The Establishment of Colonial Institutions The Making of American Societies: Origins and Transformations Exploitation of Mineral and Tropical Resources Social Strata, Castes, and Ethnic Groups The Adaptation of the Americas to European Culture Patterns Up Close: The Columbian Exchange Against the Grain: Juana Inés de la Cruz: Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 18 18.1 Hernán Cortés, Second Letter from Mexico to Emperor Charles V 18.2 Marina de San Miguel's Confessions before the Inquisition, Mexico City 18.3 Nahuatl Land Sale Documents, Mexico 18.4 The Jesuit Relations, French North America 18.5 The Salem Witch Trials, British North America
Chapter 19: African Kingdoms, the Atlantic Slave Trade, and the Origins of Black America, 1450-1800 African States and the Slave Trade The End of Empires in the North and the Rise of States in the Center Portugal's Explorations Along the African Coast and Contacts with Ethiopia Coastal Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade American Plantation Slavery and Atlantic Mercantilism The Special Case of Plantation Slavery in the Americas Slavery in British North America The Fatal Triangle: The Economic Patterns of the Atlantic Slave Trade Culture and Identity in the African Diaspora A New Society: Creolization of the Early Atlantic World Patterns Up Close:Voodoo and Other New World Slave Religions Against the Grain: Oglethorpe's Free Colony Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 19 19.1 Abd al-Rahman al-Saadi on the Scholars of Timbuktu 19.2 Letter of Nzinga Mbemba (Afonso I) of Kongo to the King of Portugal 19.3 Documents concerning the slave ship Sally, Rhode Island 19.4 The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano 19.5 Castas Paintings, Mexico
Chapter 20: The Mughal Empire: Muslim Rulers and Hindu Subjects,1400-1750 History and Political Life of the Mughals From Samarkand to Hindustan The Summer and Autumn of Empire Administration, Society, and Economics Mansabdars and Bureaucracy The Mughals and Early Modern Economics Society, Family, and Gender Science, Religion, and the Arts Science and Technology Religion: In Search of Balance Literature and Art Patterns Up Close: Akbar's Attempt at Religious Synthesis Against the Grain: Sikhism in Transition Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 20 20.1 Babur, The Baburnama 20.2 Muhammad Dara Shikuh, The Mingling of Two Oceans 20.3 Edicts of Aurangzeb 20.4 Muhammad Ghawth Gwaliori, The Five Jewels 20.5 Calico textile
Chapter 21: Regulating the "Inner" and "Outer" Domains: China and Japan, 1500-1800 Late Ming and Qing China to 1750 From Expansion to Exclusion The Spring and Summer of Power: The Qing to 1750 Village and Family Life Science, Culture, and Intellectual Life The Long War and Longer Peace: Japan, 1450-1750 The Struggle for Unification The Tokugawa Bakufu to 1750 Growth and Stagnation: Economy and Society Hothousing "Japaneseness": Culture, Science, and Intellectual Life Patterns Up Close: The "China" Trade Against the Grain: Seclusion's Exceptions Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 21 21.1 Treaty between Koxinga and the Dutch government, Formosa 21.2 Matteo Ricci, China in the Sixteenth Century 21.3 Emperor Qianlong's Imperial Edict to King George III 21.4 Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Goban Taiheiki 21.5 Honda Toshiaki, "Secret Plan for Managing the Country"
Part Five: The Origins of Modernity, 1750-1900
Chapter 22: Patterns of Nation-States and Culture in Europe and North America, 1750-1871 Origins of the Nation-State: 1750-1815 The American, French, and Haitian Revolutions Enlightenment Culture: Radicalism and Moderation The Enlightenment and Its many Expressions The Other Enlightenment: The Ideology of Ethnolinguistic Nationalism The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815-1871 Restoration Monarchies, 1815-1848 Nation-State Building in Anglo-America, 1783-1865 Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850 Romanticism Realism Patterns Up Close: The Guillotine Against the Grain: Defying the Third Republic Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 22 22.1 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen 22.2 Olympe de Gouges, The Declaration of the Rights of Woman 22.3 Voltaire, "Torture" from the Philosophical Dictionary 22.4 Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France 22.5 Thomas Paine, Rights of Man
Chapter 23: Creoles and Caudillos: Latin America and the Caribbean in the Nineteenth Century, 1790-1917 Independence, Authoritarianism, and Landed Elites Independence and Southern and Western South American Politics Independence and Development in Northern South America Independence and Political Development in the North: Mexico Brazil: From Kingdom to Republic Latin American Society and Economy in the Nineteenth Century Rebuilding Societies and Economies Export-Led Growth Culture, Family, and the Status of Women Patterns Up Close: Slave Rebellions in Cuba and Brazil Against the Grain: Early Industrialization in Chile? Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 23 23.1 Memoirs of General Antonio López de Santa Anna 23.2 Simón Bolívar, "The Jamaica Letter" 23.3 Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Travels in the United States in 1847 23.4 Amulet containing passages from the Qur'an, worn by Muslim slaves who rioted in Bahia, Brazil 23.5 Photograph of a Chinese coolie, Peru
Chapter 24: The Challenge of Modernity: East Asia, 1750-1910 China and Japan in the Age of Imperialism China and Maritime Trade, 1750-1839 The Opium Wars and the Treaty Port Era Toward Revolution: Reform and Reaction to 1900 In Search of Security Through Empire: Japan in the Meiji Era Economics and Society in Late Qing China The Seeds of Modernity and the New Economic Order Culture, Arts, and Science Zaibatsu and Political Parties: Economics and Society in Meiji Japan Commerce and Cartels "Enlightenment and Progress": Science, Culture, and the Arts Patterns Up Close: Interaction and Adaptation: "Self-Strengthening" and "Western Science and Eastern Ethics" Against the Grain: Reaction to Modernity Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 24 24.1 Lin Zexu's Letter to Queen Victoria of Great Britain 24.2 Narrative of the British ship Nemesis during the First Opium War 24.3 LA Boxer rebel and a British family killed during the Boxer Rebellion 24.4 The Meiji Constitution of the Empire of Japan 24.5 Natsume Soseki, Kokoro
Chapter 25: Adaptation and Resistance: The Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1683-1908 Decentralization and Reforms in the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Imperialism in the 1600s and 1700s The Western Challenge and Ottoman Responses Iran's Effort to Cope with the Western Challenge Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia Russia and Westernization Russia in the Early Nineteenth Century The Great Reforms Russian Industrialization The Abortive Russian Revolution of 1905 Patterns Up Close: From Constitutional to Ethnic Nationalism Against the Grain: Precursor to Lenin Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 25 25.1 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Letters from the Levant 25.2 Imperial Edict of the Rose Garden 25.3 Writings of Bahá'u'lláh 25.4 Tsar Alexander's Abolition of Serfdom 25.5 Nikolai Chernyshevsky, What Is to Be Done?
Chapter 26: Industrialization and Its Discontents, 1750-1914 Origins and Growth of Industrialism, 1750-1914 Early Industrialism, 1750-1870 The Spread of Early Industrialism Later Industrialism, 1871-1914 The Social and Economic Impact of Industrialism, 1750-1914 Demographic Changes Industrial Society Critics of Industrialism Improved Standards of Living Improved Urban Living Big Business Intellectual and Cultural Responses to Industrialism Scientific and Intellectual Developments Toward Modernity in Philosophy and Religion Toward Modernity in Literature and the Arts Patterns Up Close: "The Age of Steam" Against the Grain: The Luddites Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 26 26.1 Charles Dickens, Hard Times 26.2 The Death of William Huskisson, First Casualty of a Railroad Accident 26.3 Young Miners Testify to the Ashley Commission 26.4 Karl Marx, "Wage Labour and Capital" 26.5 Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species
Chapter 27: The New Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century, 1750-1914 The British Colonies of India, Australia, and New Zealand The British East India Company Direct British Rule British Settler Colonies: Australia European Imperialism in the Middle East and Africa The Rising Appeal of Imperialism in the West The Scramble for Africa Western Imperialism and Colonialism in Southeast Asia The Dutch in Indonesia Spain in the Philippines The French in Vietnam Patterns Up Close: Military Transformations and the New Imperialism Against the Grain: An Anti-Imperial Perspective Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 27 27.1 The Azamgarh Proclamation 27.2 Ismail ibn'Abd al-Qadir, The Life of the Sudanese Mahdi 27.3 Edward Wilmot Blyden, Liberian Independence Day Address 27.4 Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden" 27.5 Mark Twain, "To the Person Sitting in Darkness"
Part Six: From Three Modernities to One, 1914-Present
Chapter 28: World War and Competing Visions of Modernity, 1900-1945 The Great War and Its Aftermath A Savage War and a Flawed Peace America First: The Beginnings of a Consumer Culture and the Great Depression Great Britain and France: Slow Recovery and Troubled Empires Latin America: Independent Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes New Variations on Modernity: The Soviet Union and Communism The Communist Party and Regime in the Soviet Union The Collectivization of Agriculture and Industrialization New Variations on Modernity: Supremacist Nationalism in Italy, Germany, and Japan From Fascism in Italy to Nazism in the Third Reich Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" and China's Struggle for Unity Patterns Up Close: The Harlem Renaissance and the African Diaspora Against the Grain: Righteous among the Nations Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 28 28.1 ANZAC troops at Gallipoli in August 1915 28.2 Vera Brittain, "Perhaps" and Testament of Youth 28.3 Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile, "Foundations and Doctrine of Fascism" 28.4 Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf 28.5 Franklin D. Roosevelt, undelivered address planned for Jefferson Day
Chapter 29: Reconstruction, Cold War, and Decolonization, 1945-1962 Superpower Confrontation: Capitalist Democracy and Communism The Cold War Era, 1945-1962 Society and Culture in Postwar North America, Europe, and Japan Populism and Industrialization in Latin America Slow Social Change Populist Guided Democracy The End of Colonialism and the Rise of New Nations "China Has Stood Up" Decolonization, Israel, and Arab Nationalism in the Middle East Decolonization and the Cold War in Asia Decolonization and Cold War in Africa Patterns Up Close: Bandung and the Origins of the Non-Aligned Movement Against the Grain: Postwar Counterculture Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 29 29.1 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 29.2 Winston Churchill, The Iron Curtain Speech 29.3 Letters on the Cuban Missile Crisis, between Fidel Castro and Nikita Khrushchev 29.4 Ho Chi Minh, "The Path Which Led Me to Leninism" 29.5 Indira Gandhi, "What Educated Women Can Do"
Chapter 30: The End of the Cold War, Western Social Transformation, and the Developing World, 1963-1991 The Climax of the Cold War The Soviet Superpower in Slow Decline Transforming the West Civil Rights Movements From "Underdeveloped" to "Developing" World, 1963-1991 China: Cultural Revolution to Four Modernizations Vietnam: War and Unification The Middle East Africa: From Independence to Development Latin America: Proxy Wars Patterns Up Close: From Women's Liberation to Feminism Against the Grain: The African National Congress Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 30 30.1 Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World 30.2 Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have a Dream" 30.3 Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex 30.4 Coverage of the Tiananmen Square Protests 30.5 Salvador Allende, "Last Words to the Nation"
Chapter 31: A Fragile Capitalist-Democratic World Order, 1991-2011 Capitalist Democracy: The Dominant Pattern of Modernity A Decade of Global Expansion: The United States and the World in the 1990s Two Communist Holdouts: China, and Vietnam A Decade of Global Shifts: Twenty-First-Century Currents and Cross-Currents The Environmental Limits of Modernity Patterns Up Close: Social Networking Against the Grain: North Korea, Lone Holdout Putting It All Together
(with Sources) Patterns of Evidence: Sources for Chapter 31 31.1 Osama bin Laden, "Declaration of War against the Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Places" 31.2 Vladimir Putin, Address to the Duma concerning the annexation of Crimea 31.3 Mohammed Bouazizi triggers the Arab Spring, Tunisia 31.4 Arundhati Roy, "Capitalism: A Ghost Story" 31.5 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Copenhagen
Further Resources Credits Source Index Subject Index