9780190254896

Of the People A History of the United States, Volume 2: Since 1865, with Sources

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  • ISBN13:

    9780190254896

  • ISBN10:

    0190254890

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/11/2015
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Of the People: A History of the United States, Third Edition, not only tells the history of America--of its people and places, of its dealings and ideals--but it also unfolds the story of American democracy, carefully marking how this country's evolution has been anything but certain, from its complex beginnings to its modern challenges. This comprehensive survey focuses on the social and political lives of people--some famous, some ordinary--revealing the compelling story of America's democracy from an individual perspective, from across the landscapes of diverse communities, and ultimately from within the larger context of the world.

Author Biography


James Oakes, CUNY Graduate Center
Michael McGerr, Indiana University-Bloomington
Jan Ellen Lewis, Rutgers University, Newark
Nick Cullather, Indiana University-Bloomington
Jeanne Boydston, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Mark Summers, University of Kentucky
Camilla Townsend, Rutgers University
Karen Dunak, Muskingum University

Table of Contents


Chapter 16: The Triumph of Industrial Capitalism, 1850-1890
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Rosa Cassettari
The Political Economy of Global Capitalism
The "Great Depression" of the Late Nineteenth Century
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: The Global Migration of Labor
America Moves to the City
The Rise of Big Business
The Rise of Andrew Carnegie
Carnegie Dominates the Steel Industry
Big Business Consolidates
A New Social Order
Lifestyles of the Very Rich
The Consolidation of the New Middle Class
The Industrial Working Class Comes of Age
STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Within the Reach of All
Sharecropping Becomes Wage Labor
Clearing the West for Capitalism
The Overland Trail
The Origins of Indian Reservations
The Destruction of Indian Subsistence
The Economic Transformation of the West
Cattlemen: From Drovers to Ranchers
Commercial Farmers Subdue the Plains
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Mining Camps in the West
Changes in the Land
Conclusion

Chapter 16 Primary Sources
1. Chief Joseph Describes His Visit to Washington, D.C.
2. A Steel Mill in the Gilded Age
3. Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives
4. A Journalist Visits a Chicago Sweatshop
5. A British Visitor Discovers Wanamaker's Department Store

Chapter 17: Cultural Struggles of Industrial America, 1850-1895
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Anthony Comstock's Crusade Against Vice
The Varieties of Urban Culture
Minstrel Shows as Cultural Nostalgia
The Origins of Vaudeville
Sports Become Professional
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: World's Fairs
The Elusive Boundaries of Male and Female
The Victorian Construction of Male and Female
Victorians Who Questioned Traditional Sexual Boundaries
Immigration as a Cultural Problem
Josiah Strong Attacks Immigration
From Immigrants to Ethnic Americans
STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "The Chinese Must Go"
The Catholic Church and Its Limits in Immigrant Culture
Immigrant Cultures
The Creation of High Culture
High Culture Becomes Moral Crusade
Cultural Establishment Versus Mass Culture
Social Darwinism and the Growth of Scientific Racism
Artistic Realism Finds an American Voice
The Advance of Literary Realism
Painting Reality
Is Photography Art?
Conclusion

Chapter 17 Primary Sources
1. Two Songs of the Metropolis
2. "The New Colossus"
3. Josiah Strong on the Superiority of Anglo-Saxons
4. "Acres of Diamonds"

Chapter 18: The Politics of Industrial America, 1870-1892
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Luna Kellie and the Farmers' Alliance
Two Political Styles
The Triumph of Party Politics
Masculine Partisanship and Feminine Voluntarism
The Women's Christian Temperance Union
STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The "Crusade" Against Alcohol
The Critics of Popular Politics
The Enemy at the Gates
Economic Issues Dominate National Politics
Greenbacks and Greenbackers
Weak Presidents Oversee a Stronger Federal Government
Government Activism and Its Limits
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Foreign Policy: The Limited Significance of Commercial Expansion
States Discover Activism
Cities: Boss Rule and New Responsibilities
Middle-Class Radicalism
Henry George and the Limits of Producers' Ideology
Edward Bellamy and the Nationalist Clubs
Discontent Among Workers
The Knights of Labor and the Haymarket Disaster
Agrarian Revolt
The Rise of the Populists
Conclusion

Chapter 18 Primary Sources
1. A New York City Boss Gets Out the Vote
2. "Big Tim" Sullivan on New York's Campaign Trail
3. "And Reform Moves On"
4. "That We Might All Be Rich"
5. "Address in the Haymarket Trial"

Chapter 19: Industry and Empire, 1890-1900
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: J.P. Morgan
The Crisis of the 1890s
Hard Times
The Overseas Frontier
The Drive for Efficiency
Progress and Force
Corporate Consolidation
A Modern Economy
Currency and the Tariff
The Cross of Gold
The Battle of the Standards
The Retreat from Politics
The Lure of the Cities
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Galveston, Texas, 1900
Inventing Jim Crow
The Atlanta Compromise
Disfranchisement and the Decline of Popular Politics
DEMOCRACY: The Wilmington Race Riot
Organized Labor Retreats from Politics
American Diplomacy Enters the Modern World
Sea Power and the Imperial Urge
The Scramble for Empire
War with Spain
The Anti-Imperialists
The Philippine-American War
The Open Door
Conclusion

Chapter 19 Primary Sources
1. The Cross of Gold
2. The Atlanta Compromise
3. Theodore Roosevelt, "The Strenuous Life"
4. The Anti-Imperialists

Chapter 20: A United Body of Action, 1900-1916
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Alice Hamilton
Toward a New Politics
The Insecurity of Modern Life
The Decline of Partisan Politics
Social Housekeeping
Evolution or Revolution?
The Progressives
Social Workers and Muckrakers
DEMOCRACY: Public Response to The Jungle
Dictatorship of the Experts
Progressives on the Color Line
Progressives in State and Local Politics
Redesigning the City
Reform Mayors and City Services
Progressivism and the States
The President Becomes "The Administration"
The Executive Branch Against the Trusts
The Square Deal
Conserving Water, Land, and Forests
TR and Big Stick Diplomacy
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Hetch Hetchy Valley
Taft and Dollar Diplomacy
Rival Visions of the Industrial Future
The New Nationalism
The 1912 Election
The New Freedom
Conclusion

Chapter 20 Primary Sources
1. The Progressives and Motivation for Reform
2. The Misconduct of Packingtown
3. Shedding Light on Child Labor
4. The New Freedom

Chapter 21: A Global Power, 1914-1919
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Walter Lippman
The Challenge of Revolution
The Mexican Revolution
Bringing Order to the Caribbean
A One-Sided Neutrality
The Lusitania's Last Voyage
The Drift to War
The Election of 1916
The Last Attempts at Peace
War Aims
The Fight in Congress
Mobilizing the Nation and the Economy
Enforcing Patriotism
DEMOCRACY: Eugene Debs Speaks Out Against the War
Regimenting the Economy
The Great Migration
Reforms Become "War Measures"
Over There
Citizens into Soldiers
The Fourteen Points
The Final Offensive
Revolutionary Anxieties
Wilson in Paris
The Senate Rejects the League
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: The Influenza Pandemic of 1918
Red Scare
Conclusion

Chapter 21 Primary Sources
1. Challenging the War
2. Selling the War
3. Uncle Sam's Call to Arms
4. The Fourteen Points

Chapter 22: The Modern Nation, 1919-1928
AMERICA PORTRAIT: "America's Sweetheart"
A Dynamic Economy
The Development of Industry
The Trend Toward Large-Scale Organization
The Transformation of Work and the Workforce
The Defeat of Organized Labor
The Decline of Agriculture
The Urban Nation
A Modern Culture
The Spread of Consumerism
New Pleasures
A Sexual Revolution
Changing Gender Ideals
DEMOCRACY: Flappers and Feminists
The Family and Youth
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: "Flaming Youth" on Campus
The Celebration of the Individual
The Limits of the Modern Culture
The Limits of Prosperity
The "Lost Generation" of Intellectuals
Fundamentalist Christians and "Old-Time Religion"
Nativists and Immigration Restriction
The Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan
Mexican Americans
African Americans and the "New Negro"
A "New Era" in Politics and Government
The Modern Political System
The Republican Ascendancy
The Politics of Individualism
Republican Foreign Policy
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: "Jazz-band partout!"
Extending the "New Era"
Conclusion

Chapter 22 Primary Sources
1. Return to Normalcy
2. Faith and Business
3. The Advertising Age
4. Car Culture

Chapter 23: A Great Depression and a New Deal, 1929-1940
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Dorothea Lange
The Great Depression
Causes
Descending into Depression
Hoover Responds
The First New Deal
The Election of 1932
FDR Takes Command
Federal Relief
DEMOCRACY: The Civilian Conservation Corps and a New Brand of Environmentalism
The Farm Crisis
The Blue Eagle
The Second New Deal
Critics Attack from All Sides
The Second Hundred Days
Social Security for Some
Labor and the New Deal
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: The Global Depression
The New Deal Coalition
Crisis of the New Deal
Conservatives Counterattack
The Liberal Crisis of Confidence
Conclusion

Chapter 23 Primary Sources
1. Descending into Depression
2. The Election of 1932: Restoring Faith in Government
3. Surviving the Depression
4. Dear Mrs. Roosevelt

Chapter 24: The Second World War, 1941-1945
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: A. Philip Randolph
Island in a Totalitarian Sea
A World of Hostile Blocs
The Good Neighbor
America First?
Means Short of War
Turning the Tide
Midway and Coral Sea
Gone with the Draft
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Carrier
The Winning Weapons
The Second Front
Organizing for Production
A Mixed Economy
Industry Moves South and West
New Jobs in New Places
Women in Industry
Between Idealism and Fear
Japanese Internment
DEMOCRACY: Manzanar
No Shelter from the Holocaust
Closing with the Enemy
Taking the War to Europe
Island Hopping in the Pacific
Building a New World
The Fruits of Victory
Conclusion

Chapter 24 Primary Sources
1. The Four Freedoms
2. Illustrating American Freedoms
3. Victory Abroad and at Home
4. Women in Industry: Changes on the Home Front

Chapter 25: The Cold War, 1945-1952
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Matt Cvetic
Origins of the Cold War
Ideological Competition
Uneasy Allies
From Allies to Enemies
National Security
The Truman Doctrine
Containment
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Nevada Test Site
Taking Risks
Global Revolutions
Korea
NSC-68
The Reconversion of American Society
The Postwar Economy
The Challenge of Organized Labor
Opportunities for Women
Civil Rights for African Americans
The Frustrations of Liberalism
The Democrats' Troubles
Truman's Comeback
Fighting the Cold War at Home
Doubts and Fears in the Atomic Age
The Anti-Communist Crusade
DEMOCRACY: The Hollywood Ten
The Hunt for Spies
The Rise of McCarthyism
Conclusion

Chapter 25 Primary Sources
1. Churchill and Stalin Trade Accusations
2. George Kennan Argues for Containment
3. The United Auto Workers versus General Motors
4. President Truman Proposes National Health Insurance
5. McCarthyism in Action

Chapter 26: The Consumer Society, 1945-1961
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: The Ricardos
Living the Good Life
Economic Prosperity
The Suburban Dream
The Pursuit of Pleasure
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Eisenhower's Interstate Highway System
A Homogeneous Society?
The Discovery of Conformity
The Decline of Class and Ethnicity
The Resurgence of Religion and Family
Maintaining Gender Roles
Persisting Racial Differences
The Survival of Diversity
The Eisenhower Era at Home and Abroad
"Ike" and 1950s America
Modern Republicanism
DEMOCRACY: "The Fantastic, Real-Life, Dream-Come-True Adventure of the Barstow Family of Wethersfield, Connecticut"
An Aggressive Cold War Strategy
Avoiding War with the Communist Powers
Crises in the Third World
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Consumerism and the Cold War
Challenges to the Consumer Society
Rebellious Youth
The Beat Movement
The Rebirth of Environmentalism
The Struggle for Civil Rights
The Crisis of "Misplaced Power"
Conclusion

Chapter 26 Primary Sources
1. The New Suburbs
2. Teenagers in the Age of Conformity
3. Preparing for Nuclear War
4. "Misplaced Power"

CHAPTER 27: "The Table of Democracy", 1960-1968
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: The A&T Four
New Approaches to Power
Grassroots Activism for Civil Rights
The New Liberalism
The New Conservatism
The New Left
The Presidential Election of 1960
The New Frontier
Style and Substance
Civil Rights
Flexible Response and the Third World
Two Confrontations with the Soviets
Kennedy and Vietnam
The Great Society
Lyndon Johnson's Mandate
"Success Without Squalor"
Preserving Personal Freedom
The Death of Jim Crow
DEMOCRACY: "The Long Cool Summer" of Greenville, Mississippi
The American War in Vietnam
Johnson's Decision for War
Fighting a Limited War
The War at Home
The Great Society Comes Apart
The Emergence of Black Power
The Youth Rebellion
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: International Student Protest, 1968
The Rebirth of the Women's Movement
Conservative Backlash
1968: A Tumultuous Year
Conclusion

Chapter 27 Primary Sources
1. Non-Violence, Love, and Civil Rights
2. John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address
3. The War on Poverty
4. Justifying the Vietnam War
5. The Great Society Comes Apart

Chapter 28: Living With Less, 1968-1980
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: "Fighting Shirley Chisholm"
A New Crisis: Economic Decline
Weakness at Home
The Energy Crisis
Competition Abroad
The Multinationals
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Carl Gerstacker's Dream
The Impact of Decline
Confronting Decline: Nixon's Strategy
A New Foreign Policy
Ending the Vietnam War
Chile and the Middle East
Taming Big Government
An Uncertain Economic Policy
Refusing to Settle for Less: Struggles for Rights
African Americans' Struggle for Racial Justice
Women's Liberation
DEMOCRACY: "ROAR"!
Mexican Americans and "Brown Power"
Asian American Activism
The Struggle for Native American Rights
Homosexuals and Gay Power
Backlash: From Radical Action to Conservative Reaction
"The Movement" and the "Me Decade"
The Plight of the White Ethnics
The Republican Counterattack
Political Crisis: Three Troubled Presidencies
Watergate: The Fall of Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford and a Skeptical Nation
"Why Not the Best?": Jimmy Carter
Conclusion

Chapter 28 Primary Sources
1. Deindustrialization in Youngstown, Ohio
2. The Nixon Doctrine
3. Radical Feminism and Gay Liberation
4. The "White Ethnics"
5. A "Crisis of the American Spirit"

Chapter 29: The Triumph of Conservatism, 1980-1991
AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Linda Chavez
Creating a Conservative Majority
The New Economy
The Rehabilitation of Business
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Silicon Valley
The Rise of the Religious Right
The 1980 Presidential Election
The Reagan Revolution at Home
The Reagan Style
Shrinking Government
Reaganomics
The 1984 Presidential Election
The Reagan Revolution Abroad
Restoring American Power
Confronting the "Evil Empire"
The Reagan Doctrine in the Third World
The Middle East and Terrorism
The United States and the World Economy
AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Japanese Management, American Workers
The Battle Over Conservative Social Values
Attacking the Legacy of the 1960s
Women's Rights and Abortion
Gays and the AIDS Crisis
African Americans and Racial Inequality
"The Decade of the Hispanic"
From Scandal to Triumph
Business and Religious Scandals
Political Scandals
Setbacks for the Conservative Agenda
A Vulnerable Economy
Reagan's Comeback
DEMOCRACY: Reagan at the Berlin Wall
Conclusion

Chapter 29 Primary Sources
1. Evangelical Activism
2. Reaganomics
3. The Anti-Nuclear Movement
4. The Parties' Battle for the Family
5. "Homeless in America"

Chapter 30: The Globalized Nation, 1989-2001
American Portrait: James Sharlow
The Age of Globalization
The Cold War and Globalization
New Communications Technologies
Multinationals and NGOs
Expanding Trade
Moving People
Contesting Globalization
A New Economy
From Industry to Information
A Second Economic Revolution?
Downsizing America
Boom and Insecurity
American Landscape: Seattle
Democratic Deadlock
George H. W. Bush and the End of the Reagan Revolution
The Rebellion Against Politics as Usual
Clinton's Compromise with Conservatism
Domestic Dissent and Terrorism
Scandal
The Presidential Election of 2000
Democracy: "Temporarily Closed," 1995-1996
Culture Wars
African-Americans in the Post-Civil Rights Era
"Family Values"
Multiculturalism
Women in the Postfeminist Era
Contesting Gay and Lesbian Rights
Redefining Foreign Policy in the Global Age
The New World Order
The Persian Gulf War
Retreating from the New World Order
A New Threat
Conclusion

Chapter 30 Primary Sources
1. Two Sides of Globalization
2. "Technology, the Great Equalizer"
3. "The Era of Big Government Is Over"
4. The Law and the LGBT Community
5. George H.W. Bush and the New World Order

Epilogue: "A Nation Transformed", 2001-2014
American Portrait: Lt. Craig Mullaney
Twin Crises
Bush 43
9/11
The Global War on Terror
The Iraq War
Iraq and Afghanistan in Turmoil
Financial Crisis
Democracy: "Gitmo"
Obama and the Promise of Change
The Presidential Election of 2008
Confronting Economic Crisis
Ending the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq
The Politics of Frustration
A Second Term
A Government and a Nation "Of the People"?
A Diverse Society of Color
LGBT Rights
The Return of Economic Inequality
Unending War?
Conclusion

Epilogue Primary Sources
1. Declaring War on Terror
2. Debating Inequality

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