9789774245725

People and Pollution Cultural Constructions and Social Action in Egypt

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9789774245725

  • ISBN10:

    9774245725

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-05-01
  • Publisher: The American University in Cairo Press

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Summary

With a population approaching 65 million (15 million in Cairo alone), environmental pollution is a concern of many people in Egypt and the world in general. People and Pollution is a study of how Egyptians in particular understand environmental problems and what their roles are in the solutions. This original study is based on extensive field research with both academic and policy relevance. The uniqueness of the book comes from its focus: instead of the usual approach of analyzing policy and measurements, this highly readable text seeks to understand how the people themselves, often the objects of policy, understand their environment and their own actions. An interesting finding from the research lies in the focus of Egyptian concerns. Rather than the global perspective (the depletion of the ozone layer, protection of coral reefs and rainforests, and so on) that is common in the West, Egyptians are mainly concerned with matters of immediate environmental degradation, such as gargage, sewage, dirty streets, and noise pollution. In addition, the researchers have found that people are often able to effect changes themselves through coopetation with neighbors, thus bypassing the 'official' channels of redress such as NGOs and local government officials. The difference in focus of concern and courses of action may be extrapolated to many Third World or developing nations, and leads to provocative questions regarding policymaking for public participation in future environmental campaigns. People and Pollution is a pioneering and important work that should be consulted by environmentally concerned readers, students, and policymakers alike.

Table of Contents

List of Tables
ix
List of Illustrations
xi
Foreword xiii
H.E. Nadia Makram Ebeid
Preface xv
Maps
Greater Cairo and the lower Delta xix
Kafr al-Elow xx
Dar al-Salam xxi
Sayyida Zeinab xxii
Abkhas xxiii
Environmental Change and Social Response in Egypt
1(21)
The Research Problem
1(6)
Theorietical and Conceptual Approaches
7(11)
Conclusion: Lessons from the 'Black Cloud'
18(4)
Methodology
22(15)
Research Questions
23(1)
Research Sites
23(5)
Discovery Procedures
28(1)
Description of the Samples
29(6)
Data Analysis
35(2)
Measuring Pollution
37(9)
Measurements
38(6)
Comparison
44(2)
Environmental Conditions in the Research Localities
46(25)
Standard of Living
47(5)
Domestic Conditions
52(15)
Other Problems
67(3)
Quality of Life in the Research Sites
70(1)
Cultural Construction of the Environment and Pollution
71(36)
Definitions and General Attitudes
72(4)
Ranking of Concerns
76(6)
Causes of Pollution
82(7)
Contrasts
89(6)
Opinions (1995 and 1997)
95(3)
Choices
98(7)
Conclusion
105(2)
Health
107(11)
Evaluations
108(2)
Reported Illnesses in 1997
110(5)
Sports and Smoking
115(1)
Health Care and Insurance
116(1)
Conclusion
116(2)
The Politics of Environmental Action
118(35)
The Role of the Government
119(7)
Knowledge and Responsibility
126(5)
Taking Action
131(21)
Conclusion
152(1)
Sustainability and a Cultural Model of the Environment in Egypt
153(15)
The Study
154(4)
Effect of Independent Variables on the Data
158(3)
Construction of the Social Dimension of the Environment
161(1)
Frames and Action
162(2)
Culture and Theory in Environmental Change
164(1)
Achieving Sustainability
165(3)
God Bless the Chimneys 168(1)
Shahira Elmusa
Notes 169(9)
Works Cited 178

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