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# Pharmaceutical Calculations

**by**Ansel, Howard C.; Stoklosa, Mitchell J.

11th

### 9780781731720

0781731720

Hardcover

8/17/2001

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

## Related Products

## Summary

The gold standard textbook in its area for sixty years, Pharmaceutical Calculations is now in its Twelfth Edition. Every chapter has been revised and updated to reflect the basic calculations applicable to the contemporary practice of pharmacy. This edition provides expanded coverage of enteral and parenteral nutrition. New features include "Calculations Capsules" -boxed summaries of the type of calculation presented in each chapter, and "A Case in Point" -practical cases with step-by-step solutions to demonstrate each type of calculation. Review exercises at the end of the book are completely updated. This edition includes answers to all practice and review problems.

## Table of Contents

Introduction | |

Some Fundamentals of Measurement and Calculation | |

Numbers and Numerals | |

Kinds of Numbers | |

Arabic Numerals | |

Roman Numerals | |

Common and Decimal Fractions | |

Exponential Notation Fundamental | |

Arithmetic Operations with Exponentials Ratio, Proportion, and Variation Dimensional Analysis | |

Significant Figures | |

Estimation Percentage of Error | |

Measurement of Volume | |

Measurement of Weight | |

Aliquot Method of Weighing and Measuring | |

Least Weighable Quantity Method of Weighing | |

Interpretation of the Prescription or Medication Order | |

Medication Scheduling and Patient Compliance | |

The Metric System | |

Measure of Length | |

Measure of volume | |

Measure of Weight | |

Fundamental Computations | |

Relation of Metric to Other Systems of Measurement | |

Calculation of Doses Calibration of Droppers | |

Calculations in Miscellaneous | |

Dosage Problems Special Dosing | |

Considerations for the Pediatric and Elderly | |

Drug Dosage | |

Based on Age Drug Dosage | |

Based on Body Weight Drug Dosage | |

Based on Body Surface Area | |

Special Dosing Considerations in Cancer Chemotherapy | |

Clinical Laboratory Test Values and Dosage Heparin | |

Dosing Calculations Reducing and Enlarging Formulas | |

Formulas that Specify Amounts of Ingredients | |

Formulas that Specify Proportional Parts Density, Specific Gravity, and Specific volume | |

Density Specific Gravity | |

Density Versus Specific Gravity | |

Calculating the Specific Gravity of Liquids | |

Calculating the Specific Gravity of Solids | |

Calculating the Specific Volume | |

Use of Specific Gravity in Calculations of Weight and Volume Percentage | |

Ratio Strength, and Other Expressions of Concentration Percentage | |

Percentage Preparations | |

Percentage Weight-in-Volume | |

Percentage Volume-in Volume | |

Percentage Weight-Weight | |

Use of Percent in Compendial Standards Ratio | |

Strength Simple Conversions of Concentration to "mg/mL" Milligrams | |

Percent Expressing Clinical Laboratory Test Values | |

Parts per Million (PPM) and Parts per Billion (PPB) | |

Dilution and Concentration | |

Relationship Between Strength and Total Quantity | |

Dilution and Concentration of Liquids Stock Solutions | |

Dilution of Alcohol | |

Dilution of Acids | |

Dilution and Concentration of Solids | |

Triturations Alligation Specific | |

Gravity of Mixtures Isotonic Solutions | |

Preparation of Isotonic Solutions | |

Electrolyte Solutions:Milliequivalents, Millimoles, and Milliosmoles | |

Millimoles Osmolarity Clinical Considerations and Calculations | |

Some Calculations Involving Units, jug/mg, and other Measures of Potency | |

Constituted Solutions, Intravenous Admixtures, and Rate of Flow Calculations | |

Constitution of Dry Powders Intravenous | |

Admixtures Parenteral Nutrition | |

Rate of Flow of Intravenous Fluids | |

Some calculations in Contemporary Compounding | |

Use of Prefabricated Dosage Forms in Compounding | |

Pharmaceutical Formulas | |

Body Mass Index and the Nutrition | |

Label Body Mass index (BMI) | |

The Nutrition Label Some calculations | |

Associated with Drug Availability and Pharmacokinetics Drug Availability from Dosage | |

Forms and Delivery Systems Some introductory | |

Concepts and Calculations | |

Involved in Pharmacokinetics Dosage Calculations | |

Based on Creatinine Clearance Some Calculations | |

Associated with Olant Extractives Calculation of Active | |

Drug Moiety Atomic and Molecular Weights | |

Chemically Equivalent Quantities | |

Active Drug Moiety Equivalence | |

Some Calculations Associated with Plant | |

Exractives Extracts, Fluidextracts and Tinctures Botanic | |

Dietary Supplements Some Calculations | |

Involving Radiopharmaceuticals Radioisotopes | |

Radioactivity Units of Radioactivity | |

Some Pharmacoeconomic Calculations | |

Pharmacoeconomic Methods of Analysis | |

Cost Considerations of Drug and Drug | |

Product Selection | |

Drug Acquisition Costs Markup | |

Prescription Pricing Miscellaneous | |

Pharmaceutics Calculations Solubility | |

Ratios Emulsion Nucleaus | |

Hydrophille-Lipophile-Balance (HLB) | |

System Buffers and Buffers Solutions | |

Thermometry Proof Strength | |

Appendices | |

The Common System of Measurement and Intersystem Conversion | |

Graphical Methods | |

Basic Statistical Concepts | |

Glossary of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery | |

Systems Review | |

Problem | |

Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved. |