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The Philosopher's Toolkit A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods



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This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 4/26/2010.

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  • The Philosophers Toolkit: A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods
    The Philosophers Toolkit: A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods

Customer Reviews

Excellent Resource  August 11, 2011

This is a great textbook. It gives you snippets of information about various tools employed by philosophers. Everything is explained very clearly, referencing the relevant concepts after each explanation, great textbook recommendations, even some great online references. This one does just about everything right.

The Philosopher's Toolkit A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods: 5 out of 5 stars based on 1 user reviews.


The second edition of this popular compendium provides the necessary intellectual equipment to engage with and participate in effective philosophical argument, reading, and reflection Features significantly revised, updated and expanded entries, and an entirely new section drawn from methods in the history of philosophy This edition has a broad, pluralistic approach--appealing to readers in both continental philosophy and the history of philosophy, as well as analytic philosophy Explains difficult concepts in an easily accessible manner, and addresses the use and application of these concepts Proven useful to philosophy students at both beginning and advanced levels

Author Biography

Peter Fosi is Professor of Philosophy at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky.
Julian Baggini ( is a freelance writer and co-founding editor of The Philosophers' Magazine.

Table of Contents

Alphabetical Table of Contentsp. xi
Prefacep. xiv
Acknowledgementsp. xvi
Basic Tools for Argumentp. 1
Arguments, premises and conclusionsp. 1
Deductionp. 6
Inductionp. 8
Validity and soundnessp. 13
Invalidityp. 17
Consistencyp. 19
Fallaciesp. 23
Refutationp. 26
Axiomsp. 28
Definitionsp. 31
Certainty and probabilityp. 34
Tautologies, self-contradictions and the law of non-contradictionp. 38
More Advanced Toolsp. 42
Abductionp. 42
Hypothetico-deductive methodp. 46
Dialecticp. 49
Analogiesp. 52
Anomalies and exceptions that prove the rulep. 55
Intuition pumpsp. 58
Logical constructionsp. 60
Reductionp. 62
Thought experimentsp. 65
Useful fictionsp. 68
Tools for Assessmentp. 71
Alternative explanationsp. 72
Ambiguityp. 74
Bivalence and the excluded middlep. 77
Category mistakesp. 79
Ceteris paribusp. 81
Circularityp. 84
Conceptual incoherencep. 87
Counterexamplesp. 90
Criteriap. 93
Error theoryp. 95
False dichotomyp. 97
False causep. 99
Genetic fallacyp. 101
Horned dilemmasp. 105
Is/ought gapp. 108
Masked man fallacyp. 110
Partners in guiltp. 113
Principle of charityp. 114
Question-beggingp. 118
Reductiosp. 121
Redundancyp. 123
Regressesp. 125
Saving the phenomenap. 127
Self-defeating argumentsp. 130
Sufficient reasonp. 133
Testabilityp. 136
Tools for Conceptual Distinctionsp. 140
A priori/a posteriorip. 141
Absolute/relativep. 144
Analytic/syntheticp. 147
Categorical/modalp. 150
Conditional/biconditionalp. 151
De re/de dictop. 153
Defeasible/indefeasiblep. 156
Entailment/implicationp. 158
Essence/accidentp. 161
Internalism/externalismp. 164
Knowledge by acquaintance/descriptionp. 167
Necessary/contingentp. 170
Necessary/sufficientp. 173
Objective/subjectivep. 176
Realist/non-realistp. 178
Sense/referencep. 181
Syntax/semanticsp. 182
Thick/thin conceptsp. 185
Types/tokensp. 187
Tools of Historical Schools and Philosophersp. 190
Aphorism, fragment, remarkp. 190
Categories and specific differencesp. 193
Elenchus and aporiap. 196
Hume's forkp. 199
Indirect discoursep. 202
Leibniz's law of identityp. 204
Ockham's razorp. 209
Phenomenological method(s)p. 211
Signs and signifiersp. 214
Transcendental argumentp. 218
Tools for Radical Critiquep. 222
Class critiquep. 222
Deconstruction and the critique of presencep. 225
Empiricist critique of metaphysicsp. 227
Feminist critiquep. 229
Foucaultion critique of powerp. 231
Heideggerian critique of metaphysicsp. 234
Lacanian critiquep. 237
Critiques of naturalismp. 239
Nietzschean critique of Christian-Platonic culturep. 241
Pragmatist critiquep. 244
Sartrean critique of 'bad faith'p. 246
Tools at the Limitp. 249
Basic beliefsp. 249
Gödel and incompletenessp. 252
Philosophy and/as artp. 254
Mystical experience and revelationp. 257
Paradoxesp. 259
Possibility and impossibilityp. 262
Primitivesp. 265
Self-evident truthsp. 267
Scepticismp. 270
Underdeterminationp. 273
Internet Resources for Philosophersp. 276
Indexp. 277
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