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Photography : The Concise Guide,9781401887452
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Photography : The Concise Guide

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9781401887452

ISBN10:
1401887457
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/6/2002
Publisher(s):
CENGAGE Delmar Learning

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Summary

Turn your enthusiasm into striking photographs! From composing the shot to applying special techniques and developing the film, this information-packed manual covers everything readers need to become successful black-and-white and/or color photographers. Ideal for first-year students, as well as anyone who wishes to explore the ins and outs of contemporary photography processes and state-of-the-art techniques, Photography: The Concise Guide is a fast-paced, all-around introduction to the technical aspects of making photographs. Lavishly illustrated, this full-color manual outlines essential information on film exposure and development, printing black-and-white photographs, plus methods for troubleshooting contrast, printing, sharpness, and other common problems. Clear, easy-to-follow instructions to help aspiring photographers "see" and compose better shots, and make creative use of light meters, shutter speeds, filters, and other special darkroom and digital photography processes. Assistance in choosing a camera, lenses, and accessories is also offered.

Author Biography

Bruce Warren taught Photography at the college level for more than 25 years. His participation in the Fulbright Teacher Exchange program took him to the London College of Printing in England. Warren earned a Master of Fine Arts in Photography from Ohio University and his work has been exhibited at galleries throughout the U.S.

Table of Contents

Preface viii
Getting Started
2(8)
Equipment and Materials
3(1)
Film
3(1)
Camera
3(1)
Camera Exposure Controls
4(1)
Light Meter
4(1)
A Procedure for Taking Photographs
4(6)
Locating Camera Parts
5(1)
Loading the Film into the Camera
6(1)
Setting the Film ISO
6(1)
Ideas for Photographs
6(1)
Framing and Composing Your Photograph
6(1)
Evaluating the Light on Your Subject
7(1)
Metering and Setting Camera Controls
7(1)
Focusing the Camera
8(1)
Exposing the Photograph
9(1)
Rewinding the Film
9(1)
Removing the Film from the Camera
9(1)
Processing and Printing the Exposed Film
9(1)
Evaluating your First Results
9(1)
Film and Exposure
10(28)
Light-Sensitive Materials
11(1)
Black-and-White films
12(2)
Structure of Black-and-White Films
12(1)
Characteristics of Black-and-White Films
12(2)
Special Films
14(1)
Color Films
15(1)
Positive and Negative Color Film
15(1)
Color Balance
15(1)
Characteristic of Color Film
15(1)
Film Formats and Packaging
16(1)
Film Selection
17(1)
Color versus Black-and-White
17(1)
Color Negative versus Color Positive
17(1)
Film Speed
17(1)
Film Care and Handling
18(2)
Film Storage
18(1)
Film Handling
19(1)
Film Exposure
20(4)
Camera Settings and Exposure
20(2)
Effects of Film Exposure Changes
22(1)
Film Sensitivity and Exposure
23(1)
Light Meters
24(6)
In-Camera and Hand-Held Light Meters
24(1)
Incident- and Reflected-Light Meters
24(1)
Angle of View
25(1)
Light Meter Design
26(2)
Choosing a Light Meter
28(1)
Care and Handling of Meters
29(1)
Operation of Reflected-Light Meters
30(8)
Meter Response to Subject Tone
30(2)
Metering Methods
32(3)
Creative Use of Exposure
35(1)
Determining Exposure Without a Meter
35(1)
Exposure in Low Light
36(2)
Camera and Lens
38(22)
The Camera
39(9)
Format Size
39(1)
Camera Types
40(2)
Specialized Cameras
42(1)
Focusing Methods
42(1)
Shutter
43(1)
Motion Blur
44(4)
The Lens
48(8)
Image Formation
48(1)
Focus
49(1)
Lens Focal Length
50(3)
Perspective
53(1)
Aperture
54(1)
Depth of Field
54(2)
Equipment Purchase and Care
56(4)
Camera Selection
56(1)
Lens Selection
57(1)
Camera Equipment Purchase
58(1)
Camera and Lens Care and Maintenance
58(2)
Developing Film
60(18)
Developing Black-and-White Film
61(11)
Equipment, Facilities, and Materials
61(2)
Suggestions for Success
63(1)
Health and Environmental Concerns
63(1)
Photographic Chemicals
64(2)
Loading Film into the Developing Tank
66(1)
Film Processing
67(5)
Commercial Labs for Film Processing
72(1)
Effect of Development on the Negative
72(6)
Amount of Development
72(1)
Negative Contrast
73(1)
Summary of Film Exposure and Development Effects
74(3)
Control of Negative Quality through Exposure and Development
77(1)
Printing Photographs
78(28)
Black-and-White Printing papers
79(3)
Characteristics
79(3)
Storing and Handling Photographic Paper
82(1)
Printing Paper Selection
82(1)
Printing Equipment and Facilities
82(3)
Darkroom
82(1)
Enlarger
82(1)
Other Darkroom Equipment
83(2)
Black-and-White Chemistry
85(13)
Developers
85(1)
Stop Bath
85(1)
Fixer
85(1)
Washing Aids
85(1)
Handling and Storage of Photographic Chemicals
85(1)
Black-and-White Negative Printing
86(1)
Enlarger Preparation
86(1)
Contact Printing
87(3)
Projection Printing
90(8)
Black-and-White Print Processing
98(3)
Print Processing Steps
98(3)
Commercial Print Processing Labs
101(1)
Print Finishing
102(1)
Spotting Equipment and Supplies
102(1)
Black-and-White Print Spotting Procedures
102(1)
Print Presentation
103(3)
Presentation Styles
103(1)
Mounting Methods
104(2)
Troubleshooting
106(16)
Troubleshooting Charts
107(13)
Film Exposure Problems
107(4)
Film Handling Problems
111(1)
Contrast Problems
112(1)
Other Film Developing Problems
113(2)
Printing Problems
115(3)
Sharpness Problems
118(1)
Grain Structure Problems
119(1)
Testing Procedures
120(2)
Visual Shutter and Aperture Check
120(1)
Shutter Speed and Aperture Test
120(1)
Camera Focus and Lens Sharpness Test
120(1)
Enlarger Sharpness Test
121(1)
Light Meter Testing
121(1)
Professional Testing
121(1)
Standard Negative
121(1)
Light and Subject
122(26)
Qualities of Light
124(6)
Direction of Light
124(2)
Lighting Contrast
126(1)
Color of Light
127(1)
Intensity of a Light Source
127(1)
Specularity
128(2)
Working with Light
130(6)
Daylight Photography
131(3)
Available-Light Photography
134(2)
Controlled Artificial Lighting Techniques
136(8)
Lighting Equipment
136(1)
Portrait Lighting
137(5)
Still Life Lighting
142(2)
Lighting with Small On-Camera Electronic Flash Units
144(4)
Connecting the lash to the Camera
144(1)
Synchronizing the Flash with the Shutter
144(1)
Determining the lash Exposure
145(1)
Positioning and Modifying Flash
146(1)
Stopping Motion with ElectronicFlash
147(1)
Seeing Better Photographs
148(24)
Nature of the Photographic Medium
150(4)
Feeling of Reality
150(1)
Time
151(1)
Two-Dimensionality
151(1)
Continuous Tonality
151(1)
Reproducibility
151(1)
Framing
151(3)
Composition and Visual Selection
154(16)
Visual Elements
154(2)
Associations
156(1)
Symbolism and Metaphor
156(1)
Visual Attraction
157(1)
Visual and Psychological Contrasts
158(1)
Subjected Emphasis
159(1)
Visual Structure
160(4)
Perception of Depth
164(1)
Photographs in Groups
165(1)
Style
166(1)
Purpose of a Photograph
167(1)
Craft and Idea
168(2)
Better Photographic Seeing
170(2)
Practicing Photographic Seeing
170(1)
Learning by Example
171(1)
Presenting Your Work to Others
171(1)
History of Photography
172(24)
Technical History of Photography
173(8)
The First Photograph
173(1)
The Daguerreotype
174(1)
The Calotype
175(1)
Credit for the Invention of Photography
176(1)
The Collodion Wet-Plate Process
177(1)
Nonsilver Processes
178(1)
The Evolution of Modern Film Processes
179(2)
Electronic Imaging
181(1)
Functional History of Photography
181(8)
Portraiture and Social Photography
182(1)
Travel, Exploration, and Nature Photography
183(1)
Architectural Photography
184(1)
Photojournalism and Documentary Photography
184(2)
Snapshot Photography
186(1)
Advertising and Fashion Photography
186(1)
Industrial and Scientific Photography
187(1)
Photography as Art
188(1)
Aesthetic History of Photography
189(7)
Pictorialism
190(1)
Straight Photography
191(2)
Bauhaus Movement
193(1)
Social Landscape Photography
194(1)
Conceptual Photography
194(1)
Current Directions
194(2)
Special Techniques
196(16)
Special Shooting Techniques
197(11)
Filters
197(7)
Close-Up Photography
204(2)
Special Films
206(2)
Special Darkroom Techniques
208(4)
Reticulation
208(1)
Sabattier Effect
208(1)
Photomontage
209(1)
Continuous Tone Negative Printing
210(1)
Photograms
210(1)
Toning
210(1)
Hand Coloring Black-and-White Prints
210(2)
Digital Photography
212(18)
What You Need to Get Started
213(1)
Digital Image Production
214(12)
Creating Digital Images
214(1)
Storing Digital Images
215(1)
Viewing Digital Images
216(1)
Editing Digital Images
216(8)
Outputting Digital Images
224(2)
Electronic Distribution of Digital Images
226(2)
Image Disks
226(1)
Using the World Wide Web
226(2)
Ethics and the Law in Digital Imaging
228(2)
Truth and Photography
228(1)
Copyright Law and Digital Imaging
229(1)
Glossary 230(7)
Bibliography 237(2)
Index 239


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