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Physics : Concepts and Connections,9780130953810
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Physics : Concepts and Connections

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780130953810

ISBN10:
0130953814
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/1/1998
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $76.00

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This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 6/1/1998.
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Summary

For one-semester course in Physics for non-majors. Designed to help students achieve the science literacy that is essential for full participation as a citizen of our times, this text explores the grand principles of modern physics and their philosophical and societal connection to our culture and our individual lives. Non-technical and culturally sophisticated, it is a true alternative to standard technical texts and de-mathematized versions of the standard texts.

Table of Contents

PREFACE xiii(8)
FLOW CHART OF TOPICS xxi
PART ONE PRELUDE: OF STARS AND ATOMS 1(62)
CHAPTER 1 The Way of Science: Experience and Ideas
2(34)
1.1 Stardust: an invitation to science (read this section even if Chapter 1 is omitted)
2(2)
1.2 Observing the night sky
4(4)
1.3 Ancient Greek theories: an Earth-centered universe
8(7)
1.4 Copernicus's theory: a sun-centered universe
15(5)
1.5 Kepler's theory: a sun-focused universe
20(3)
1.6 The scientific revolution: a dialogue between nature and mind
23(5)
1.7 The Copernican revolution: dawn of the modern age
28(3)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
31(5)
CHAPTER 2 Atoms: The Nature of Things
36(27)
2.1 The Greek atom: the smallest pieces
36(3)
2.2 Atoms and molecules
39(2)
2.3 Metric distances and powers of 10
41(2)
2.4 The atom's explanatory power: the odor of violets
43(3)
2.5 The smallness of atoms: we all are breathing one another
46(3)
2.6 Atomic materialism: atoms and empty space
49(3)
2.7 Three atomic models: Greek, planetary, and quantum
52(2)
2.8 Chemistry and life: what did atoms ever do for you?
54(3)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
57(6)
PART TWO THE NEWTONIAN UNIVERSE: A CLOCKWORK KINGDOM 63(74)
CHAPTER 3 How Things Move: Galileo Asks the Right Questions
64(22)
3.1 Aristotelian physics: a commonsense view
65(1)
3.2 How do we know? difficulties with Aristotelian physics
66(2)
3.3 The law of inertia: the foundation of Newtonian physics
68(4)
3.4 Measuring motion: speed and velocity
72(3)
3.5 Measuring motion: acceleration
75(2)
3.6 Galileo's law of falling
77(4)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
81(5)
CHAPTER 4 Why Things Move As They Do
86(23)
4.1 Force: why things accelerate
87(2)
4.2 Connecting force and acceleration
89(2)
4.3 Newton's law of motion: centerpiece of Newtonian physics
91(3)
4.4 Weight: gravity's force on a body
94(2)
4.5 The law of force pairs: you can't do just one thing
96(4)
4.6 Newton meets the automobile
100(4)
4.7 Summary, review, projects, exercises, problems
104(5)
CHAPTER 5 The Universe According to Newton
109(28)
5.1 The idea of gravity: the apple and the moon
110(3)
5.2 The law of gravity: moving the farthest star
113(5)
5.3 Gravitational collapse: the birth and death of the solar system
118(4)
5.4 Gravitational collapse: the deaths of more massive stars
122(3)
5.5 The Newtonian worldview: a democratic, mechanical universe
125(5)
5.6 Beyond Newton: limitations of Newtonian physics
130(2)
Summary, review, project, discussion, exercises, problems
132(5)
PART THREE TRANSITION TO THE NEW PHYSICS 137(112)
CHAPTER 6 Conservation of Energy: You Can't Get Ahead-
138(23)
6.1 Work: using a force to move something
139(2)
6.2 Work and energy: a simple example
141(1)
6.3 A quantitative look at energy
142(1)
6.4 Energy: the ability to do work
143(2)
6.5 The law of energy: energy is forever
145(4)
6.6 Transformations of energy
149(2)
6.7 Power: the quickness of energy transformation
151(5)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
156(5)
CHAPTER 7 Second Law of Thermodynamics: And You Can't Even Break Even
161(29)
7.1 Heating
162(1)
7.2 Heat engines: using thermal energy to do work
163(3)
7.3 Energy quality: things run down
166(1)
7.4 The law of entropy: Why you can't break even
167(4)
7.5 The automobile
171(2)
7.6 Transportation efficiency
173(2)
7.7 The steam-electric power plant
175(3)
7.8 Resource use and exponential growth
178(7)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
185(5)
CHAPTER 8 Light and Electromagnetism
190(25)
8.1 Waves: something else that travels
190(3)
8.2 Interference: a behaviour unique to waves
193(3)
8.3 Light: particles or wave?
196(5)
8.4 Electric force: part of the electromagnetic force
201(1)
8.5 Magnetic force: the other part
202(2)
8.6 The electric atom: the planetary model
204(4)
8.7 The planetary atom: a useful theory
208(3)
Summary, review, projects, exercises, problems
211(4)
CHAPTER 9 Electromagnetic Waves
215(34)
9.1 Force fields: a disturbance of space
216(1)
9.2 The electromagnetic wave theory of light
217(5)
9.3 The decline of the Newtonian universe
222(1)
9.4 The complete spectrum
223(4)
9.5 Solar radiation: the light from our star
227(2)
9.6 Global ozone depletion
229(7)
9.7 Global warming
236(9)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
245(4)
PART FOUR THE POST-NEWTONIAN UNIVERSE: THE OBSERVER INTRUDES 249(140)
CHAPTER 10 Relativity Theory
250(24)
10.1 Einstein: rebel with a cause
251(1)
10.2 Galilean relativity: relativity according to Newtonian physics
252(3)
10.3 The principle of relativity: relativity according to Einstein
255(1)
10.4 The constancy of lightspeed: strange but true
256(3)
10.5 Einstein's logic, materialism, and the logic of science
259(3)
10.6 The relativity of time: time is what humans measures on clocks
262(5)
10.7 Time travel: you can't go home again
267(3)
10.8 Summary, review, project, discussion, exercises, problems
270(4)
CHAPTER 11 The Universe According to Einstein
274(30)
11.1 The relativity of space: space is what humans measure with rulers
275(2)
11.2 The relativity of velocity according to Einstein
277(1)
11.3 The relativity of mass: inertia is relative
278(4)
11.4 E=mc(2): energy has mass, and mass has energy
282(4)
11.5 Relativity and the Newtonian worldview
286(1)
11.6 Einstein's gravity
287(6)
11.7 The shape and fate of the universe
293(6)
Summary, review, project, discussion, exercises, problems
299(5)
CHAPTER 12 Are We Alone? The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence
304(26)
12.1 Are there other "good" places for life?
305(5)
12.2 Does life develop on "good" planets? how did life develop on Earth?
310(3)
12.3 Is intelligence a characteristic feature of life?
313(2)
12.4 Does intelligent life develop technology?
315(1)
12.5 Interstellar communication and travel: might we make contact?
316(3)
12.6 Where is everybody? do technological civilizations endure?
319(3)
12.7 Have we been visited? UFOs and pseudoscience
322(4)
Summary, review, project, discussion, exercises, problems
326(4)
CHAPTER 13 Quantum Theory
330(26)
13.1 The post-Newtonian revolution
330(2)
13.2 Quantization: the photoelectric effect
332(4)
13.3 Radiation: waves or particles? the duality of nature
336(3)
13.4 The electron wave interference effect
339(6)
13.5 Matter: particles or waves? the quantum mystery
345(2)
13.6 The psi field: nature doesn't know what she will do next
347(3)
13.7 The quantum theory of matter and radiation
350(2)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
352(4)
CHAPTER 14 The Universe According to Quantum Theory
356(33)
14.1 How do we know? observing atomic spectra
357(2)
14.2 The quantum atom
359(7)
14.3 The uncertainty principle: a particle's realm of possibilities
366(3)
14.4 Quantum jumps
369(5)
14.5 The interconnectedness principle: spooky action at a distance
374(4)
14.6 *What does it mean? quantum theory and reality
378(3)
14.7 Toward a post-Newtonian worldview
381(2)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
383(6)
PART FIVE WITHIN THE ATOM: FIRE OF THE NUCLEUS, FIRE OF THE SUN 389(110)
CHAPTER 15 The Nucleus and Radioactivity: A New Force
390(26)
15.1 Nuclear forces: the third glue
391(1)
15.2 Nuclear energy and nuclear structure
392(2)
15.3 Radioactive decay: spontaneous nuclear disintegration
394(4)
15.4 Half-life: when does a nucleus decay?
398(2)
15.5 *Radioactive dating: when did we come from?
400(4)
15.6 *Human exposure to ionizing radiation
404(3)
15.7 *Risk assessment: dealing with risk in a technological society
407(4)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
411(5)
CHAPTER 16 Fusion and Fission: And A New Energy
416(29)
16.1 Fusion: the fire in the sun
417(3)
16.2 The nuclear energy curve
420(2)
16.3 Creation of the universe and the atoms: we are star dust
422(4)
16.4 *The discovery of fission: passage to a new age
426(3)
16.5 The chain reaction: unlocking the strong force
429(3)
16.6 *The Manhattan Project and fission weapons
432(6)
16.7 Fusion weapons: star fire on Earth
438(3)
Summary, review, project, discussion, exercises, problems
441(4)
CHAPTER 17 The Energy Future
445(27)
17.1 A brief history of energy
446(2)
17.2 Energy use today and future possibilities
448(4)
17.3 Nuclear power: how it works
452(2)
17.4 Technology assessment: assessing the nonrenewables
454(2)
17.5 Issues for nuclear power
456(3)
17.6 Future energy options: renewables
459(6)
17.7 Future energy options: conservation
465(2)
Summary, review, projects, discussion, exercises, problems
467(5)
CHAPTER 18 Quantum Fields: Relativity Meets the Quantum
472(27)
18.1 Quantized fields: the reason there are particles
472(2)
18.2 Quantum electrodynamics: the strange theory of electrons and light
474(3)
18.3 Antimatter
477(5)
18.4 Electroweak unification: neutrinos
482(4)
18.5 Grand unification: quarks
486(5)
18.6 Grander unification: gravity and the inflationary universe
491(5)
Summary, review, discussion, exercises, problems
496(3)
Epilogue: Summing Up 499(3)
ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED EXERCISES AND PROBLEMS 502(11)
GLOSSARY 513(13)
PHOTO CREDITS 526(3)
INDEX 529
Chapters and sections marked by asterisks can be skipped without destroying the continuity of the remaining material


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