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Physics Future Presidents Pa,9780393337112

Physics Future Presidents Pa

by
Edition:
00
ISBN13:

9780393337112

ISBN10:
0393337111
Format:
Trade Paper
Pub. Date:
9/17/2009
Publisher(s):
W W NORTON
List Price: $16.95

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Summary

This is "must-have" information for all presidents-- and citizens -- of the twenty-first century: Is Iran's nascent nuclear capability a genuine threat to the West? Are biochemical weapons likely to be developed by terrorists? Are there viable alternatives to fossil fuels that should be nurtured and supported by the government? Should nuclear power be encouraged? Can global warming be stopped?

Author Biography

Richard A. Muller is professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is a past winner of the MacArthur Fellowship, often called the "Genius Award." This book is based on his renowned course for non-science students.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 13
Terrorism
Nine-Elevenp. 19
Inspecting Passengersp. 22
Taking Controlp. 25
Flying and Navigating the Airplanep. 25
Impactp. 27
Terrorist Nukesp. 32
Big Nukesp. 36
The Terrorist Dirty Bombp. 37
Rogue Nukesp. 41
Uranium Bombsp. 42
Plutonium Bombsp. 43
The Next Terrorist Attackp. 45
Future Airplane Gasoline Attacksp. 45
Bombs on Airplanesp. 47
Biological Terrorismp. 53
The Anthrax Attackp. 55
Terrorism: Presidential Summaryp. 60
Energy
Key Energy Surprisesp. 65
Why We Love Oilp. 66
Powerp. 71
Energy Alternativesp. 74
The Bottom Line: The Cost of Energyp. 75
Solar Powerp. 77
An Anecdotep. 77
Basic Factsp. 78
Solar Power Plantsp. 82
Solar Airplanesp. 84
The End of Oilp. 86
Oil From Coal: Fischer-Tropschp. 88
The Price of Oilp. 90
Energy: Presidential Summaryp. 91
Nukes
Radioactivity and Deathp. 95
Radiation and Cancerp. 98
The Linear Effectp. 100
The Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor Disasterp. 102
The Linear Hypothesisp. 106
Radioactive Decayp. 111
Dangers of Short Versus Long Half-Livesp. 113
Environmental Radioactivityp. 116
Horrific Mutationsp. 117
X-Rays and Microwavesp. 119
Is Radioactivity Contagious?p. 121
Nuclear Weaponsp. 123
The Key to an Explosion: The Nuclear Chain Reactionp. 125
World War II and the Manhattan Projectp. 128
Critical Mass-The First Atomic Secretp. 128
Hiroshima-The Simple Bomb Designp. 130
The Hard Part: Purifying Uranium-235p. 132
Centrifugesp. 135
The Plutonium Bomb-An Implosion Designp. 136
The Hydrogen Bombp. 139
Falloutp. 142
Big Bombsp. 143
Smaller Weapons, More Destructionp. 144
Nuclear Madnessp. 146
The Neutron Bomb and the Weapons Paradoxp. 148
Nuclear Proliferationp. 149
How Worried Should We Be?p. 151
Nukular Weaponsp. 152
Nuclear Powerp. 154
Can a Nuclear Reactor Explode Like an Atomic Bomb?p. 158
Manufacturing Plutoniump. 160
Fast Breeder Reactorsp. 162
The China Syndromep. 163
Three Mile Island-Fuel Meltdownp. 165
Chernobyl-A Runaway Chain Reactionp. 167
Pebble Bed Reactorsp. 169
Nuclear Wastep. 171
My Confessionp. 173
Plutoniump. 177
Depleted Uraniump. 179
Controlled Fusionp. 180
Tokamakp. 182
Laser Fusionp. 184
Cold Fusionp. 186
Nukes: Presidential Summaryp. 188
Space
Space and Satellitesp. 195
Satellite Orbits: LEO, GEO, and MEOp. 199
GPS: A Set of Medium-Earth-Orbit Satellitesp. 202
Spy Satellitesp. 204
Rocket Sciencep. 207
Gravity Applicationsp. 210
g'sp. 212
Using Gravity to Search for Ice, Oil, Hidden Craters, and Secret Tunnelsp. 213
Space Industry: Manufacturing in a Weightless Environmentp. 216
Gravity on the Moon and Asteroidsp. 217
Artificial Gravityp. 218
The X Prizep. 219
Humans in Spacep. 222
Spying With Invisible Lightp. 228
Infrared Radiationp. 230
Remote Sensing of the Earthp. 232
Military Special Opsp. 233
Stinger Missilesp. 235
Radar and Stealthp. 236
Radar Imagingp. 240
X-Ray Backscatterp. 242
Space: Presidential Summaryp. 244
Global Warming
A Brief History of Climatep. 251
The Climate of the Past 14,000 Yearsp. 258
The Greenhouse Effectp. 261
Carbon Dioxidep. 264
Calculating Greenhouse Warmingp. 266
Another Danger: Acid Oceansp. 268
The Ozone Holep. 269
A Very Likely Causep. 273
Doing Something About It: Alaskap. 276
Evidencep. 278
Distortionp. 281
Exaggerationp. 284
Cherry Pickingp. 287
News Biasp. 291
The Hockey Stickp. 292
Carbon Dioxide and Ancient Climatep. 296
Science and Propagandap. 299
Nonsolutionsp. 300
Hydrogen Hypep. 302
Electric Automobilesp. 304
Fusionp. 307
Solar Powerp. 308
Recyclingp. 309
Kyotop. 310
The Fruit on the Groundp. 314
Comfortable Conservationp. 314
Compact Fluorescent Lightsp. 316
Cool Colors: When Brown Paint Is Whitep. 318
Reason for Optimism: Rosenfeld's Lawp. 319
The Fizzling Population Bombp. 320
Automobile Efficiencyp. 323
New Technologiesp. 328
Biofuelsp. 328
Concentrating Solarp. 331
Safe Nukesp. 333
Clean Coalp. 335
Carbon Creditsp. 337
Renewable Energyp. 339
Global Warming: Presidential Summary-The Buck Stops Herep. 344
Notesp. 347
Indexp. 361
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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