9780078458132

Physics: Principles and Problems

by Unknown
  • ISBN13:

    9780078458132

  • ISBN10:

    0078458137

  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 5/14/2004
  • Publisher: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill School Pub
  • View Upgraded Edition

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Summary

Give your class new momentum with conceptual understanding, valuable math support, and problem-solving activities.

Table of Contents

A Physics Toolkitp. 2
Launch Lab: Do all objects fall at the same rate?p. 3
Mathematics and Physicsp. 3
Mini Lab: Measuring Changep. 8
Measurementp. 11
Graphing Datap. 15
Physics Lab: Exploring Objects in Motionp. 20
Mechanics
Representing Motionp. 30
Launch Lab: Which car is faster?p. 31
Picturing Motionp. 31
Where and When?p. 34
Position-Time Graphsp. 38
How Fast?p. 43
Mini Lab: Instantaneous Velocity Vectorsp. 46
Physics Lab: Creating Motion Diagramsp. 48
Accelerated Motionp. 56
Launch Lab: Do all types of motion look the same when graphed?p. 57
Accelerationp. 57
Mini Lab: A Steel Ball Racep. 58
Motion with Constant Accelerationp. 65
Free Fallp. 72
Physics Lab: Acceleration Due to Gravityp. 76
Forces in One Dimensionp. 86
Launch Lab: Which force is stronger?p. 87
Force and Motionp. 87
Using Newton's Lawsp. 96
Interaction Forcesp. 102
Mini Lab: Tug-of-War Challengep. 103
Physics Lab: Forces in an Elevatorp. 108
Forces in Two Dimensionsp. 118
Launch Lab: Can 2 N + 2 N = 2 N?p. 119
Vectorsp. 119
Frictionp. 126
Force and Motion in Two Dimensionsp. 131
Mini Lab: What's Your Angle?p. 135
Physics Lab: The Coefficient of Frictionp. 136
Motion in Two Dimensionsp. 146
Launch Lab: How can the motion of a projectile be described?p. 147
Projectile Motionp. 147
Mini Lab: Over the Edgep. 148
Circular Motionp. 153
Relative Velocityp. 157
Physics Lab: On Targetp. 160
Gravitationp. 170
Launch Lab: Can you model Mercury's motion?p. 171
Planetary Motion and Gravitationp. 171
Using the Law of Universal Gravitationp. 179
Mini Lab: Weightless Waterp. 182
Physics Lab: Modeling the Orbits of Planets and Satellitesp. 186
Rotational Motionp. 196
Launch Lab: How do different objects rotate as they roll?p. 197
Describing Rotational Motionp. 197
Rotational Dynamicsp. 201
Equilibriump. 211
Mini Lab: Spinning Topsp. 213
Physics Lab: Translational and Rotational Equilibriump. 218
Momentum and Its Conservationp. 228
Launch Lab: What happens when a hollow plastic ball strikes a bocce ball?p. 229
Impulse and Momentump. 229
Conservation of Momentump. 236
Mini Lab: Rebound Heightp. 239
Physics Lab: Sticky Collisionsp. 246
Energy, Work, and Simple Machinesp. 256
Launch Lab: What factors affect energy?p. 257
Energy and Workp. 257
Machinesp. 266
Mini Lab: Wheel and Axlep. 270
Physics Lab: Stair Climbing and Powerp. 274
Energy and Its Conservationp. 284
Launch Lab: How can you analyze a bouncing basketball?p. 285
The Many Forms of Energyp. 285
Conservation of Energyp. 293
Mini Lab: Energy Exchangep. 301
Physics Lab: Conservation of Energyp. 302
States of Matter
Thermal Energyp. 312
Launch Lab: What happens when you provide thermal energy by holding a glass of water?p. 313
Temperature and Thermal Energyp. 313
Changes of State and the Laws of Thermodynamicsp. 323
Mini Lab: Meltingp. 324
Physics Lab: Heating and Coolingp. 332
States of Matterp. 340
Launch Lab: Does it float or sink?p. 341
Properties of Fluidsp. 341
Mini Lab: Pressurep. 345
Forces Within Liquidsp. 349
Fluids at Rest and in Motionp. 352
Solidsp. 359
Physics Lab: Evaporative Coolingp. 364
Waves and Light
Vibrations and Wavesp. 374
Launch Lab: How do waves behave in a coiled spring?p. 375
Periodic Motionp. 375
Wave Propertiesp. 381
Wave Behaviorp. 387
Mini Lab: Wave Interactionp. 389
Physics Lab: Pendulum Vibrationsp. 392
Soundp. 402
Launch Lab: How can glasses produce musical notes?p. 403
Properties and Detection of Soundp. 403
The Physics of Musicp. 411
Mini Lab: Sounds Goodp. 418
Physics Lab: Speed of Soundp. 420
Fundamentals of Lightp. 430
Launch Lab: How can you determine the path of light through air?p. 431
Illuminationp. 431
The Wave Nature of Lightp. 439
Mini Lab: Color by Temperaturep. 441
Physics Lab: Polarization of Lightp. 448
Reflection and Mirrorsp. 456
Launch Lab: How is an image shown on a screen?p. 457
Reflection from Plane Mirrorsp. 457
Mini Lab: Virtual Image Positionp. 462
Curved Mirrorsp. 464
Physics Lab: Concave Mirror Imagesp. 474
Refraction and Lensesp. 484
Launch Lab: What does a straw in a liquid look like from the side view?p. 485
Refraction of Lightp. 485
Convex and Concave Lensesp. 493
Mini Lab: Lens Masking Effectsp. 495
Applications of Lensesp. 500
Physics Lab: Convex Lenses and Focal Lengthp. 504
Interference and Diffractionp. 514
Launch Lab: Why does a compact disc reflect a rainbow of light?p. 515
Interferencep. 515
Diffractionp. 524
Mini Lab: Retinal Projection Screenp. 531
Physics Lab: Double-Slit Interference of Lightp. 532
Electricity and Magnetism
Static Electricityp. 540
Launch Lab: Which forces act over a distance?p. 541
Electric Chargep. 541
Electric Forcep. 546
Mini Lab: Investigating Induction and Conductionp. 549
Physics Lab: Charged Objectsp. 554
Electric Fieldsp. 562
Launch Lab: How do charged objects interact at a distance?p. 563
Creating and Measuring Electric Fieldsp. 563
Applications of Electric Fieldsp. 569
Mini Lab: Electric Fieldsp. 573
Physics Lab: Charging of Capacitorsp. 580
Current Electricityp. 590
Launch Lab: Can you get a lightbulb to light?p. 591
Current and Circuitsp. 591
Mini Lab: Current Affairsp. 599
Using Electric Energyp. 601
Physics Lab: Voltage, Current, and Resistancep. 606
Series and Parallel Circuitsp. 616
Launch Lab: How do fuses protect electric circuits?p. 617
Simple Circuitsp. 617
Mini Lab: Parallel Resistancep. 623
Applications of Circuitsp. 627
Physics Lab: Series and Parallel Circuitsp. 632
Magnetic Fieldsp. 642
Launch Lab: In which direction do magnetic fields act?p. 643
Magnets: Permanent and Temporaryp. 643
Mini Lab: 3-D Magnetic Fieldsp. 650
Forces Caused by Magnetic Fieldsp. 652
Physics Lab: Creating an Electromagnetp. 660
Electromagnetic Inductionp. 670
Launch Lab: What happens in a changing magnetic field?p. 671
Electric Current from Changing Magnetic Fieldsp. 671
Changing Magnetic Fields Induce EMFp. 679
Mini Lab: Motor and Generatorp. 682
Physics Lab: Induction and Transformersp. 686
Electromagnetismp. 696
Launch Lab: From where do radio stations broadcast?p. 697
Interactions of Electric and Magnetic Fields and Matterp. 697
Mini Lab: Modeling a Mass Spectrometerp. 702
Electric and Magnetic Fields in Spacep. 705
Physics Lab: Electromagnetic Wave Shieldingp. 714
Modern Physics
Quantum Theoryp. 722
Launch Lab: What does the spectrum of a glowing lightbulb look like?p. 723
A Particle Model of Wavesp. 723
Mini Lab: Glows in the Darkp. 724
Matter Wavesp. 735
Physics Lab: Modeling the Photoelectric Effectp. 738
The Atomp. 746
Launch Lab: How can identifying different spinning coins model types of atoms?p. 747
The Bohr Model of the Atomp. 747
Mini Lab: Bright-Line Spectrap. 755
The Quantum Model of the Atomp. 760
Physics Lab: Finding the Size of an Atomp. 766
Solid-State Electronicsp. 774
Launch Lab: How can you show conduction in a diode?p. 775
Conduction in Solidsp. 775
Electronic Devicesp. 784
Mini Lab: Red Lightp. 788
Physics Lab: Diode Current and Voltagep. 790
Nuclear Physicsp. 798
Launch Lab: How can you model the nucleus?p. 799
The Nucleusp. 799
Nuclear Decay and Reactionsp. 806
Mini Lab: Modeling Radioactive Decayp. 813
The Building Blocks of Matterp. 815
Physics Lab: Exploring Radiationp. 824
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