9780521065542

Physiology and Form of Fish Circulation

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521065542

  • ISBN10:

    0521065542

  • Edition: Revised
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-06-19
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

This book provides a clear and concise account of the physiology and form of the fish circulatory system. Emphasis is primarily placed on the function of the system although details of structure have been included. Following some revisionary ideas on haemodynamics, attention is focused on the heart as the primary pump in the fish circulatory system. The fine structure and the electrical and ionic myocytes are described and the major events of the cardiac system are outlined. This is followed by a description of the structure of the peripheral vessels and of circulation in certain special areas such as the gills, the renal portal system and the secondary blood system. Further chapters are devoted to the blood and the haemopoetic tissues and include an account of the different types of retial system that concentrate oxygen or heat in various parts of the body. This book is well illustrated and written in a style comprehensible to anyone with a basic knowledge of the biological and physical sciences. Both undergraduate and graduate students of physiology, zoology and marine science will find this an invaluable reference text.

Table of Contents

Introduction
The heart Introduction
The structure of cardiac muscle
Electrical properties of fish cardiac muscle
The events of the cardiac cycle
The myocardium and its blood supply
The output of the heart
The peripheral circulation Introduction
Blood pressure in fish
Reactive hyperaemia
The principal blood vessels of the fish circulatory system
The blood Haemoglobin
Acclimation and adaptation in haemoglobins
The carriage of CO2 in the blood
The plasma proteins
Blood viscosity
The leucocytes
Haemopoesis and phagocytosis - the mononuclear phagocytic system The phagocytic cells of the MPS system
Haemopoetic and phagocytic organs and tissues
Circulation through special regions
The microcirculation of the gill
The secondary blood system
The renal portal circulation iv Red and white muscle
Retial counter current systems: flow-diffusion- concentration Introduction
Retia that concentrate oxygen and nitrogen
Retia that concentrate heat
Venous return and venous pumps
The autonomic nervous system Introduction
The parasympathetic and sympatho-adrenal systems
Atrial natriuretic peptide ANP
Vascular receptors
The response to exercise Introduction
The response of the heart
The response of the gill vasculature
The response of the peripheral vessels
The response to hypoxia Introduction
Reflex responses (A), the heart
Reflex responses (B), the peripheral circulation
The intrinsic response of the gill vessels
The central liberation of catecholamines
Myxine, a speculative conclusion Introduction
The heart
The blood
The peripheral circulation
Some final speculations
References
Appendix of popular and scientific names
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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