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Physiology of Sport and Exercise,9780736044899
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Physiology of Sport and Exercise

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780736044899

ISBN10:
0736044892
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
HUMAN KINETICS PUBLISHERS

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Summary

Texas A & M Univ., College Station. Introductory textbook applies the principles of human anatomy and physiology to how the body performs and responds to physical activity. Presents an historical overview and presents the basics of anatomy and physiology. Discusses how the basic energy systems works, and more. Previous edition: c1999. DNLM: Exercise--physiology.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Student and Instructor Resources xiii
Acknowledgments xv
Photo Credits xvi
An Introduction to Exercise and Sport Physiology xviii
Focus of Exercise and Sport Physiology
3(1)
Historical Events
3(10)
Acute Physiological Responses to Exercise
13(7)
Chronic Physiological Adaptations to Training
20(1)
Research: Foundation of Understanding
21(11)
PART I ESSENTIALS OF MOVEMENT
Chapter 1 Muscles and How They Move
32(26)
Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle
35(9)
Skeletal Muscle and Exercise
44(14)
Chapter 2 Neurological Control of Movement
58(26)
An Overview of the Nervous System
60(1)
Structure and Function of the Nervous System
61(8)
Central Nervous System
69(2)
Peripheral Nervous System
71(2)
Sensory-Motor Integration
73(8)
Motor Response
81(3)
Chapter 3 Neuromuscular Adaptations to Resistance Training
84(34)
Terminology
87(2)
Resistance training and Gains in Muscular Fitness
89(1)
Mechanisms of Gains in Muscle Strength
90(9)
Muscle Soreness
99(5)
Beginning Resistance Training Programs
104(6)
Resistance Training for Special Populations
110(8)
PART II ENERGY FOR MOVEMENT
Chapter 4 Metabolism, Energy, and the Basic Energy Systems
118(40)
Energy Sources
120(2)
Bioenergetics: The Basic Energy Systems
122(11)
Measuring Energy Use During Exercise
133(6)
Energy Expenditure at Rest and During Exercise
139(9)
Fatigue and Its Causes
148(10)
Chapter 5 Hormonal Regulation of Exercise
158(26)
Nature of Hormones
161(3)
Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
164(9)
Hormonal Response to Exercise
173(1)
Hormonal Effects on Metabolism and Energy
173(5)
Hormonal Effects on Fluid and Electrolyte Balance During Exercise
178(6)
Chapter 6 Metabolic Adaptations to Training
184(22)
Adaptations to Aerobic Training
186(8)
Training the Aerobic System
194(2)
Adaptations to Anaerobic Training
196(10)
PART III CARDIOVASCULAR AND RESPIRATORY FUNCTION AND PERFORMANCE
Chapter 7 Cardiovascular Control During Exercise
206(36)
Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
208(15)
Cardiovascular Response to Exercise
223(19)
Chapter 8 Respiratory Regulation During Exercise
242(28)
Pulmonary Ventilation
244(3)
Pulmonary Diffusion
247(3)
Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
250(3)
Gas Exchange at the Muscles
253(3)
Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
256(5)
Ventilation and Energy Metabolism
261(2)
Respiratory Limitations to Performance
263(1)
Respiratory Regulation of Acid-Base Balance
264(6)
Chapter 9 Cardiovascular and Respiratory
Adaptations to Training
270(3)
Endurance: Muscular and Cardiorespiratory
273(1)
Evaluating Cardiorespiratory Endurance Capacity
273(1)
Cardiovascular Adaptations to Training
274(13)
Respiratory Adaptations to Training
287(1)
Metabolic Adaptations to Training
288(3)
Long-Term Improvement in Cardiorespiratory Endurance
291(1)
Factors Affecting the Response to Aerobic Training
291(7)
Cardiorespiratory Endurance and Performance
298(8)
PART IV ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON PERFORMANCE
Chapter 10 Exercise in Hot and Cold
Environments: Thermoregulation
306(2)
Mechanisms of Body Temperature Regulation
308(7)
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Heat
315(4)
Health Risks During Exercise in the Heat
319(5)
Acclimatization to Exercise in the Heat
324(2)
Exercise in the Cold
326(3)
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold
329(2)
Health Risks During Exercise in the Cold
331(1)
Acclimatization to Exercise in the Cold
332(4)
Chapter 11 Exercise in Hypobaric, Hyperbaric, and Microgravity Environments
336(38)
Hypobaric Environments: Exercising at Altitude
338(14)
Hyperbaric Environments: Exercising Underwater
352(8)
Microgravity Environments: Exercising in Space
360(14)
PART V OPTIMIZING PERFORMANCE IN SPORT
Chapter 12 Training for Sport
374(30)
Optimizing Training-A Model
377(1)
Excessive Training
378(3)
Overreaching
381(1)
Overtraining
381(9)
Tapering for Peak Performance
390(2)
Detraining
392(7)
Retraining
399(5)
Chapter 13 Nutrition and Sport
404(42)
Six Nutrient Classes
406(19)
Water and Electrolyte Balance
425(7)
The Athlete's Diet
432(6)
Designing Sport Drinks
438(8)
Chapter 14 Body Weight, Body Composition, and Sport
446(24)
Body Build, Body Size, and Body Composition
448(2)
Assessing Body Composition
450(6)
Body Composition and Sport Performance
456(2)
Weight Standards
458(6)
Achieving Optimal Weight
464(6)
Chapter 15 Ergogenic Aids and Sport
470(42)
Researching Ergogenic Aids
474(2)
Pharmacological Agents
476(10)
Hormonal Agents
486(8)
Physiological Agents
494(8)
Nutritional Agents
502(10)
PART VI AGE AND SEX CONSIDERATIONS IN SPORT AND EXERCISE
Chapter 16 Children and Adolescents in Sport and Exercise
512(26)
Body Composition: Growth and Development of Tissues
514(4)
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
518(8)
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
526(4)
Motor Ability and Sport Performance
530(3)
Special Issues
533(5)
Chapter 17 Aging in Sport and Exercise
538(28)
Body Size and Composition
540(2)
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
542(12)
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
554(2)
Sport Performance
556(3)
Special Issues
559(7)
Chapter 18 Sex Differences in Sport and Exercise
566(38)
Body Size and Composition
569(4)
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
573(6)
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
579(3)
Sport Performance
582(1)
Special Issues
582(22)
PART VII PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR HEALTH AND FITNESS
Chapter 19 Prescription of Exercise for Health and Fitness
604(30)
Medical Clearance
608(6)
Exercise Prescription
614(4)
Monitoring Exercise Intensity
618(6)
Exercise Program
624(6)
Exercise and Rehabilitation of People With Diseases
630(4)
Chapter 20 Cardiovascular Disease and Physical Activity
634(30)
Forms of Cardiovascular Disease
637(5)
Understanding the Disease Process
642(2)
Determining Individual Risk
644(6)
Reducing Risk Through Physical Activity
650(8)
Risk of Heart Attack and Death During Exercise
658(6)
Chapter 21 Obesity, Diabetes, and Physical Activity
664(34)
Obesity
666(22)
Diabetes
688(10)
Glossary 698(18)
Index 716(9)
Common Scientific Abbreviations and Units and Conversions 725


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