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Plant Propagation : Principles and Practices,9780132061032
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Plant Propagation : Principles and Practices

by ; ; ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780132061032

ISBN10:
0132061031
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/1997
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

Intended for students and readers having some background in biology, the latest edition of Plant Propagation represents an extensive reorganization and revision. While special attention is paid to introducing specific new material, these adept authors were careful to retain the main objectives of the previous editions. Scientific evidence still provides the theoretical framework upon which propagation is based. The detailed description of procedures and techniques are reworked to include necessary updates, and descriptions of current propagation methods for important plants are maintained.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
PART I GENERAL ASPECTS OF PROPAGATION
Introduction
1(8)
The Role of Plant Propagation in Human History
1(1)
Evolution of Plant Propagation
1(3)
The Development of Nurseries
4(1)
The Modern Plant Propagation Industry
5(1)
Plant Propagation Organizations
6(3)
Biology of Propagation
9(31)
Genetic Control in Propagation: Sexual Versus Asexual
10(7)
Plant Development, Gene Expression, and Epigenetic Variation
17(3)
The Concept of Hormonal Control of Plant Growth and Development
20(6)
Life Cycles in Plants
26(5)
Plant Nomenclature and the Concept of the Cultivar
31(9)
Environmental Factors of Propagation
40(65)
Fundamental Microclimatic and Edaphic Factors in the Propagation Environment
41(4)
Managing the Propagation Environment
45(17)
Containers for Propagating and Growing Young Liner Plants
62(6)
Management of Edaphic Factors in Propagation and Liner Production
68(10)
Management of Microclimatic Factors in Propagation and Liner Production
78(5)
Biotic Factors---Pathogen and Pest Management in Plant Propagation
83(11)
Post-Propagation Care of Liners
94(11)
PART II SEED PROPAGATION
Principles and Practices of Seed Selection
105(20)
Uses of Seeds in Propagation
106(1)
Seed Selection in Herbaceous Plant Species
106(1)
Seed Selection in Woody Plant Species
106(11)
Categories of Seed-Propagated Woody Plants
117(1)
Seed Selection and Production Systems
118(2)
Legal Controls to Genetic Purity
120(1)
Summary
121(4)
The Development of Seeds
125(22)
Introduction
125(1)
What is a Seed?
126(2)
Formation of the Fruit, Seed, and Embryo
128(6)
Polyembryony and Apomixis
134(7)
Plant Hormones and Seed Development
141(2)
Ripening and Dissemination
143(4)
Techniques of Seed Production and Handling
147(30)
Sources of Seed
147(2)
Harvesting and Processing Seeds
149(4)
Seed Testing
153(14)
Seed Storage
167(10)
Principles of Propagation by Seed
177(39)
The Germination Process
177(17)
Dormancy: Regulation of Germination
194(22)
Techniques of Propagation by Seed
216(23)
Seed Propagation Systems
216(8)
Field Nurseries for Transplant Production
224(3)
Production of Transplants Under Protected Conditions
227(12)
PART III VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION
Selection and Management of Clones in Vegetative Propagation
239(37)
History
239(1)
Reasons for Using Clonal Cultivars
240(2)
Genetic Basis of Clones
242(8)
Nongenetic Variation Within Clones
250(8)
Pathogens and Plant Propagation
258(1)
Management of Sources for Vegetative Propagation
259(7)
Propagation Sources and their Management
266(4)
Summary
270(6)
The Biology of Propagation by Cuttings
276(53)
Descriptive Observations of Adventitious Root and Bud Formation
277(10)
Correlative Effects: How Hormonal Control Affects Adventitious Root and Bud Formation
287(5)
The Biochemical Basis for Adventitious Root Formation
292(3)
Molecular/Biotechnological Advances in Asexual Propagation
295(3)
Factors Affecting Regeneration of Plants From Cuttings
298(10)
Treatment of Cuttings
308(4)
Environmental Manipulation of Cuttings
312(17)
Techniques of Propagation by Cuttings
329(63)
The Importance and Advantages of Propagation by Cuttings
329(1)
Types of Cuttings
330(14)
Stock Plants: Sources of Cutting Material
344(5)
Rooting Media
349(4)
Wounding
353(2)
Treating Cuttings With Auxins
355(7)
Preventive Disease Control
362(1)
Environmental Conditions for Rooting Leafy Cuttings
363(10)
Preparing the Propagation Bed, Bench, Rooting Flats, and Containers and Inserting the Cuttings
373(1)
Preventing Operation Problems with Mist Propagation
373(1)
Management Practices
374(3)
Cutting Nutrition
377(1)
Care of Cuttings During Rooting
378(2)
Cold Storage of Rooted and Unrooted Cuttings
380(3)
Handling Field-Propagated Plants
383(2)
Container-Grown Plants and Alternative Field Production Systems
385(7)
The Biology of Grafting
392(45)
The History of Grafting
393(1)
Terminology
393(2)
Reasons for Grafting and Budding
395(5)
Natural Grafting
400(1)
Formation of the Graft Union
401(5)
Graft Union Formation in T-and Chip Budding
406(3)
Factors Influencing Graft Union Success
409(4)
Polarity in Grafting
413(1)
Genetic Limits of Grafting
414(2)
Graft Incompatibility
416(9)
Scion-Rootstock (Shoot-Root) Relationships
425(12)
Techniques of Grafting
437(44)
Types of Grafts
438(1)
Detached Scion Graftage
439(18)
Approach Graftage
457(1)
Repair Graftage
458(3)
Production Processes of Graftage
461(8)
The Craftmanship of Grafting
469(1)
Aftercare of Grafted Plants
470(2)
Grafting Systems
472(9)
Techniques of Budding
481(21)
Rootstocks for Budding
482(1)
Time of Budding---Fall, Spring, or June
482(5)
Types of Budding
487(11)
Top-Budding (Topworking)
498(1)
Double-Working by Budding
498(2)
Microbudding
500(2)
Layering and its Natural Modifications
502(18)
Physiology of Regeneration by Layering
503(1)
Management of Plants During Layering
503(1)
Procedures in Layering
503(10)
Plant Modifications Resulting in Natural Layering
513(7)
Propagation by Specialized Stems and Roots
520(29)
Bulbs
520(14)
Corms
534(2)
Tubers
536(2)
Tuberous Roots and Stems
538(2)
Rhizomes
540(3)
Pseudobulbs
543(6)
PART IV METHODS OF MICROPROPAGATION
Principles of Tissue Culture for Micropropagation
549(41)
Introduction
549(3)
Reproduction of Seedling Plants in Tissue Culture
552(4)
Micropropagation of Plantlets from Tissue Culture
556(7)
Types of Systems Used to Regenerate Plantlets by Micropropagation (Table 17-1)
563(4)
Callus, Cell, and Protoplast Culture Systems
567(5)
Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed Production
572(4)
Control of the Tissue Culture Environment
576(1)
Special Problems Encountered by In Vitro Culture
577(1)
Variation in Micropropagated Plants
578(12)
Techniques of In Vitro Culture for Micropropagation and Biotechnology
590(35)
Introduction
590(1)
Characteristics of Micropropagation
590(2)
Disadvantages of Micropropagation
592(1)
General Laboratory Facilities and Procedures
592(9)
Micropropagation Procedures
601(1)
Stage I---Establishment and Stabilization
601(3)
Stage II---Shoot Multiplication
604(1)
Stage III---Root Formation
605(3)
Stage IV---Acclimatization to Greenhouse Conditions
608(1)
Specific Protocols for Aseptic Culture
608(1)
Somatic Embryogenesis and the Production of Synthetic Seeds
609(2)
Methods for Micropropagating Representative Horticulture Crops
611(14)
PART V PROPAGATION OF SELECTED PLANTS
Propagation Methods and Rootstocks for Important Fruit and Nut Species
625(42)
Propagation of Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines
667(58)
Propagation of Selected Annuals and Herbaceous Perennials Used as Ornamentals
725(33)
Indexes 758(1)
Subject Index
758
Plant Index, Scientific Names
765(2)
Plant Index, Common
768


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