9780520224032

Plato's Parmenides

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780520224032

  • ISBN10:

    0520224035

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-06-01
  • Publisher: Univ of California Pr

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Summary

Of all Plato's dialogues, the Parmenides is notoriously the most difficult to interpret. Scholars of all periods have disagreed about its aims and subject matter. The interpretations have ranged from reading the dialogue as an introduction to the whole of Platonic metaphysics to seeing it as a collection of sophisticated tricks, or even as an elaborate joke. This work presents an illuminating new translation of the dialogue together with an extensive introduction and running commentary, giving a unified explanation of the Parmenides and integrating it firmly within the context of Plato's metaphysics and methodology. Scolnicov shows that in the Parmenides Plato addresses the most serious challenge to his own philosophy: the monism of Parmenides and the Eleatics. In addition to providing a serious rebuttal to Parmenides, Plato here re-formulates his own theory of forms and participation, arguments that are central to the whole of Platonic thought, and provides these concepts with a rigorous logical and philosophical foundation. In Scolnicov's analysis, the Parmenides emerges as an extension of ideas from Plato's middle dialogues and as an opening to the later dialogues. Scolnicov's analysis is crisp and lucid, offering a persuasive approach to a complicated dialogue. This translation follows the Greek closely, and the commentary affords the Greekless reader a clear understanding of how Scolnicov's interpretation emerges from the text. This volume will provide a valuable introduction and framework for understanding a dialogue that continues to generate lively discussion today.

Author Biography

Samuel Scolnicov is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Table of Contents

LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES vii
ABBREVIATIONS ix
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xi
Introduction 1(42)
Plato Versus Parmenides
1(2)
The Problem of Method
3(3)
Elenchus
6 (2)
Aporia and Euporia
8(1)
The Method of Hypothesis
9(3)
Two Principles of Noncontradiction
12 (4)
The Verb 'to be'
16(2)
Parmenidean Being and Platonic Being
18(4)
The Dialogue
22(17)
A Note on the Translation
39 (4)
PARMENIDES
Proem
43(10)
The Frame Story
43(2)
The Problem: The many cannot be
45 (3)
The Thesis: Forms Participate in Each Other, and Sensible Things Participate in Forms
48(5)
Part I: Aporia 53(26)
The Dilemma
55(18)
The Necessity of Positing Forms
73 (1)
The Method
74(5)
Part II: Euporia 79 (88)
Hypothesis: The One Is
80(67)
Argument I
80 (14)
Argument II
94 (45)
Argument III
139 (5)
Argument IV
144(3)
Hypothesis: The One Is Not
147(19)
Argument V
147 (10)
Argument VI
157 (2)
Argument VII
159 (4)
Argument VIII
163(3)
General Conclusion
166(1)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 167 (8)
INDEX LOCORUM 175(8)
INDEX NOMINUM 183(4)
INDEX OF GREEK WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS 187 (2)
GENERAL INDEX 189

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