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A portable and affordable reference tool, A Pocket Guide to Writing in History provides reading, writing, and research advice useful to students in all history courses. Concise yet comprehensive advice on approaching typical history assignments, developing critical reading skills, writing effective history papers, conducting research, using and documenting sources, and avoiding plagiarism enhanced with practical tips and examples throughout have made this slim reference a best-seller. Now in its sixth edition, the book offers more coverage of working with sources than ever before.
MARY LYNN RAMPOLLA (Ph.D., University of Toronto) is associate professor of history at Trinity Washington University in Washington, D.C. Her scholarly work focuses on medieval and early modern Europe, and her publications include articles in Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies and entries in the Dictionary of the Middle Ages. She is active in the fields of history and composition.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Why Study History? Historical questions How this manual can help you
2. Working with Sources Identifying historical sources Primary sources Secondary sources Primary or secondary? Uses of primary and secondary sources Evaluating sources Evaluating primary sources Tips for Writers: Evaluating Text-based Primary Sources Tips for Writers: Evaluating Nonwritten Primary Sources Evaluating secondary sources Tips for Writers: Evaluating Secondary Sources Evaluating online sources Tips for Writers: Evaluating Web Sources
3. Reading and Writing in History: Some Typical Assignments Reading actively in history Tips for Writers: Writing as You Read Writing about reading Summaries Annotated bibliographies Critiques and Book Reviews Film reviews Single-source Analysis Historiographic essays Taking history exams Preparing for an exam Answering identification questions Taking an essay exam
4. Writing History Papers Approaching a history assignment Thinking like a historian Developing a thesis Tips for Writers: Testing your Thesis Constructing an argument Supporting your thesis Responding to counterevidence and anticipating
opposing viewpoints Organizing your paper Drafting an introduction Writing clear and connected paragraphs Writing an effective conclusion Revising for content and organization Tips for Writers: Questions for Revising: Content
and Organization Editing for style and grammar Choosing appropriate language Choosing the appropriate tense Using active voice Knowing when to use the pronouns I, me, and you
5. Writing a Research Paper Moving from topic to research question Choosing a topic Focusing on a research question Developing a research plan and a working thesis Gathering and managing sources Developing a working thesis Conducting research
Consulting human resources
Locating primary sources
Using the library’s online catalog
Using print and electronic reference sources
Using print and electronic periodical databases
Tips for Writers: Electronic Databases
Finding Internet sources
Distinguishing among electronic sources Taking effective research notes Making an outline Revising and editing your paper
6. Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Avoid It What is plagiarism? Avoiding plagiarism
Citing sources to avoid plagiarism
Paraphrasing to avoid plagiarism
Tips for Writers: Avoiding Plagiarism
Downloading Internet sources carefully Plagiarism and the Internet
7. Quoting and Documenting Sources Using quotations
When to quote
How to quote Documenting sources
Footnotes and endnotes
Documenting nonwritten materials Documentation models Directory to Documentation Models
Formatting bibliography entries
Models for notes and bibliography entries Sample pages from a student research paper
Appendix A. Writing Guides of Interest to Historians Appendix B. Selected Print and Online Resources