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Policing Gangs and Youth Violence,9780534598419
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Policing Gangs and Youth Violence

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780534598419

ISBN10:
0534598412
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/21/2002
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $107.95

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Summary

This title is part of The Wadsworth Professionalism in Policing Series, edited by Samuel Walker. This reader is a descriptive presentation of current practices within policing and juvenile justice (focusing on gangs) that utilize the community-policing model. By looking at specific strategies and their efficacy, the authors attempt to combat a major perceived problem with community policing; that the methodology of community policing can be subjective and nebulous, using ill-defined and misinterpreted practices. This book shows what is working for agencies across the country and how these best practices can be employed.

Table of Contents

Foreword x
Preface xiii
I INTRODUCTION 1(50)
Gangs, Community Policing, and Problem Solving
3(14)
Jack R. Greene
Community Policing and Problem Solving: From Individuals to Organizations
4(1)
Suppression or Prevention: What's the Mix?
5(1)
The Shifting Nature of Youth/Crime Problems---Root and Proximate Cause
6(3)
Clearly Specifying and Measuring Police and Community ``Treatments''
9(2)
Mobilizing External Others for Effective Interventions
11(2)
Organizational Issues Confronting Problem Solving for Gangs
13(2)
Concluding Remarks
15(2)
Policing Gangs in an Era of Community Policing
17(34)
Vincent J. Webb
Charles M. Katz
Introduction
17(2)
Theoretical and Policy Rationales for the Establishment of Specialized Police Gang Units
19(6)
Police Gang Unit Functions and Specialization
25(5)
Gang Units as Loosely Coupled Organizations
30(5)
Police Gang Units in a Time of Community--Oriented Policing
35(7)
Two Models of Police Gang Units
42(1)
Toward Improving the Effectiveness of Police Gang Units
43(8)
II PROBLEM-SOLVING APPROACHES TO GANGS AND YOUTH VIOLENCE 51(138)
Boston's Youth Violence Prevention Program: A Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach
53(24)
Jack McDevitt
Anthony A. Braga
Dana Nurge
Michael Buerger
Description of Study Site
54(1)
A Short History of Gangs in Boston
54(2)
Contemporary Boston Gang Problems
56(2)
Boston Policy Initiatives and Programs to Reduce Youth Violence
58(9)
The Impact of Operation Ceasefire on Youth Violence in Boston
67(2)
The Changing Face of Gangs in Boston
69(4)
Conclusion
73(4)
Problem Solving to Reduce Gang and Drug-Related Violence in Indianapolis
77(25)
Edmund F. McGarrell
Steven Chermak
Background---Indianapolis
77(3)
Intervention: Multiagency Problem Solving
80(2)
Multiagency Problem-Solving Approach
82(7)
Initial Assessment of Impact
89(8)
Feedback to the Working Group
97(1)
Conclusion
98(4)
From Boston to Boyle Heights: The Process and Prospects of a ``Pulling Levers'' Strategy in a Los Angeles Barrio
102(29)
George Tita
K. Jack Riley
Peter Greenwood
Introduction
102(2)
Describing the Los Angeles Experience
104(1)
The Boston Gun Project
104(1)
The Los Angeles Replication
105(10)
Response: Developing the ``Stick''
115(5)
Initiating the Intervention: Defining a Trigger Event
120(2)
Response: Developing the ``Carrot''
122(1)
Potential Community Responses
123(1)
Formulating Responses
124(1)
Concluding Observations
124(7)
Evaluating Nuisance Abatement at Gang and Drug Houses in Chicago
131(36)
James R. ``Chip'' Coldren Jr.
Daniel F. Higgins
Introduction: Enhancing Chicago's Community-Policing Strategy
131(1)
Backdrop of Gang and Drug Problems in Chicago
132(2)
The Municipal Drug and Gang Enforcement Strategy
134(3)
Evaluation Design
137(1)
Planned Inspection and Enforcement Process
138(3)
Actions Taken by MDGE
141(1)
Process Evaluation
142(1)
Changes in MDGE Goals and Objectives
143(5)
Impact Evaluation
148(6)
Impact Analysis Results
154(6)
Summary and Recommendations
160(7)
Beyond Curfews and Crackdowns: An Overview of the Mountlake Terrace Neutral Zone--Americorps Program
167(22)
Quint C. Thurman
David G. Mueller
Introduction
167(1)
Literature Review
168(3)
Descriptions of the Study Site and Intervention
171(2)
Methods
173(11)
Conclusions
184(5)
III SUPPRESSION-BASED APPROACHES TO GANGS AND YOUTH VIOLENCE 189(96)
Suppression without Prevention, Prevention without Suppression: Gang Intervention in St. Louis
191(23)
Scott H. Decker
G. David Curry
Introduction
191(1)
Responding to Gang-Related Crime and Delinquency
192(1)
The St. Louis Context
193(3)
Study Methodology
196(1)
The St. Louis Anti-Gang Initiative Intensive Case Study
196(1)
AGI Activities
196(2)
Outcome Measures
198(8)
The Anti-Gang Initiative in Review
206(1)
The Application of the SafeFutures Model in St. Louis
207(4)
Concluding Thoughts on Gang Intervention
211(3)
The Anti-Gang Initiative in Detroit: An Aggressive Enforcement Approach to Gangs
214(25)
Timothy S. Bynum
Sean P. Varano
Site Description
214(1)
Crime Patterns
215(1)
Brief History of Detroit
215(2)
Gangs in Detroit
217(5)
Initiation of Detroit's Anti--Gang Initiative
222(7)
Methodology
229(1)
Findings
230(4)
Conclusions
234(5)
For the Sake of the Neighborhood?: Civil Gang Injunctions as a Gang Intervention Tool in Southern California
239(28)
Cheryl L. Maxson
Karen Hennigan
David C. Sloane
Introduction
239(3)
Conceptual Underpinnings of Gang Injunctions
242(3)
The Injunction Mechanism Described
245(9)
What Is the Evidence of Success?
254(3)
Legal Issues Raised by CGIs
257(3)
Conclusion
260(7)
Gang Suppression through Saturation Patrol and Aggressive Curfew and Truancy Enforcement: A Quasi-Experimental Test of the Dallas Anti-Gang Initiative
267(18)
Eric J. Fritsch
Tory J. Caeti
Robert W. Taylor
Introduction
267(1)
Literature Review
268(3)
The Police Role in Dealing with Gangs
271(3)
Methodology
274(2)
Findings
276(3)
Discussion and Conclusions
279(6)
IV CONCLUSION 285(9)
Policing Gangs and Youth Violence: Where Do We Stand, Where Do We Go from Here?
287(7)
Scott H. Decker
Responding to Gangs and Youth Violence
288(1)
Contemporary Responses to Gangs and Youth Violence
289(5)
Index 294


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