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Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal,9780321159762
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Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780321159762

ISBN10:
0321159764
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $86.00
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Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Edition ix
To the Reader xi
About the Authors xii
PART ONE Ideology and Democracy
Chapter 1 Ideology and Ideologies
1(18)
A Working Definition of "Ideology"
4(4)
Human Nature and Freedom
8(4)
Human Nature
9(1)
Freedom
9(3)
Ideology and Revolution
12(1)
Nationalism and Anarchism
13(3)
Nationalism
14(1)
Anarchism
15(1)
Conclusion
16(1)
Notes
16(1)
For Further Reading
16(3)
Chapter 2 The Democratic Ideal
19(24)
The Origins of Democracy
20(4)
Democracy and Republic
24(6)
The Republic and Mixed Government
24(1)
Christianity and Democracy
25(2)
Renaissance and Republicanism
27(3)
The Atlantic Republican Tradition
30(1)
The Return of Democracy
30(6)
Seventeenth-Century Democrats
31(1)
The United States as Democratic Republic
32(2)
De Tocqueville on Democracy
34(2)
The Growth of Democracy
36(1)
Democracy as an Ideal
37(1)
Three Conceptions of Democracy
38(2)
Conclusion
40(1)
Notes
40(1)
For Further Reading
41(2)
PART TWO The Development of Political Ideologies
Chapter 3 Liberalism
43(44)
Liberalism, Human Nature, and Freedom
44(1)
Historical Background
45(5)
Medieval Origins
45(3)
The Protestant Reformation
48(2)
Liberalism and Revolution
50(10)
England
50(4)
The American Revolution
54(3)
The French Revolution
57(3)
Liberalism and Capitalism
60(3)
Liberalism in the Nineteenth Century
63(5)
Utilitarianism
64(4)
Liberalism Divided
68(4)
Neoclassical Liberalism
68(2)
Welfare Liberalism
70(2)
Liberalism in the Twentieth Century
72(4)
Historical Developments
72(1)
Philosophical Considerations
73(3)
Libertarian Anarchism
76(1)
Liberalism Today
76(3)
Conclusion
79(3)
Liberalism as an Ideology
79(2)
Liberalism and the Democratic Ideal
81(1)
Notes
82(2)
For Further Reading
84(3)
Chapter 4 Conservatism
87(28)
The Politics of Imperfection
88(1)
The Conservatism of Edmund Burke
89(7)
Human Nature and Society
90(1)
Freedom
91(1)
Revolution and Reform
92(1)
Burke on Government
93(2)
Burke's Legacy
95(1)
Conservatism in the Nineteenth Century
96(5)
Conservatism and Reaction
96(2)
Cultural Conservatism
98(1)
Tory Democracy
98(1)
Conservatism in the United States
99(2)
Conservatism in the Twentieth Century
101(4)
Conservatism Versus Mass Society
101(2)
Levelling
103(1)
Conservatives and Communism
104(1)
Conservatism Today: A House Divided
105(5)
Traditional Conservatism
106(1)
Individualist Conservatism
106(1)
Neoconservatism
107(2)
The Religious Right
109(1)
Conclusion
110(2)
Conservatism as an Ideology
111(1)
Conservatism and Democracy
112(1)
Notes
112(1)
For Further Reading
113(2)
Chapter 5 Socialism and Communism: More to Marx
115(24)
Human Nature and Freedom
116(1)
Socialism: The Precursors
117(5)
Saint-Simon
119(1)
Fourier
120(1)
Owen
121(1)
The Socialism of Karl Marx
122(14)
The Young Marx
122(1)
The Influence of Hegel
123(2)
Marx's Theory of History
125(4)
Marx's Critique of Capitalism
129(3)
The Dialectic of Change
132(1)
The Revolutionary Sequence
133(3)
Notes
136(2)
Further Reading
138(1)
Chapter 6 Socialism and Communism After Marx
139(34)
Marxism After Marx
140(19)
Engels's Marxism
140(4)
The Revisionists
144(3)
Soviet Marxism-Leninism
147(8)
Chinese Communism
155(4)
Non-Marxist Socialism
159(5)
Anarcho-Communism
160(2)
Fabian Socialism
162(1)
American Socialism
162(2)
Socialism Today
164(4)
Conclusion
168(2)
Socialism as an Ideology
168(1)
Socialism and the Democratic Ideal
169(1)
Notes
170(1)
For Further Reading
171(2)
Chapter 7 Fascism
173(28)
Fascism: The Background
174(6)
The Counter-Enlightenment
175(1)
Nationalism
176(2)
Elitism
178(1)
Irrationalism
179(1)
Fascism in Italy
180(5)
Mussolini and Italian Fascism
180(3)
Fascism in Theory and Practice
183(2)
Fascism in Germany: Nazism
185(7)
Hitler and Nazism
185(2)
Nazism in Theory and Practice
187(5)
Fascism Elsewhere
192(1)
Fascism Today
193(4)
Conclusion
197(1)
Fascism as an Ideology
197(1)
Fascism and the Democratic Ideal
198(1)
Notes
198(1)
For Further Reading
199(2)
PART THREE Political Ideologies Today and Tomorrow
Chapter 8 Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity
201(32)
Liberation Ideologies: Common Characteristics
201(2)
Black Liberation
203(5)
Women's Liberation (Feminism)
208(4)
Gay Liberation
212(2)
Native People's Liberation
214(4)
Liberation Theology
218(2)
Animal Liberation
220(5)
Conclusion
225(3)
Liberty, Identity, and Ideology
225(1)
Liberation, Identity, and the Democratic Ideal
226(2)
Notes
228(2)
For Further Reading
230(3)
Chapter 9 "Green" Politics: Ecology as Ideology
233(18)
The Green Critique of Other Ideologies
234(2)
Toward an Ecological Ethic
236(5)
Unresolved Differences
241(4)
Conclusion
245(2)
Ecology as Ideology
245(1)
Ecology, Freedom, and the Democratic Ideal
246(1)
Notes
247(1)
For Further Reading
248(3)
Chapter 10 Postscript: The Future of Ideology
251(18)
Political Ideologies: Continuing Forces
252(7)
Nationalism and Ideology
253(1)
Religion and Ideology
254(5)
Ideology, the Environment, and Globalization
259(3)
Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal
262(3)
The End of Ideology?
265(2)
Notes
267(1)
For Further Reading
268(1)
Glossary 269(8)
Photo Acknowledgments 277(1)
Name Index 278(4)
Subject Index 282


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