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Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal,9780321390158
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Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780321390158

ISBN10:
0321390156
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $92.20
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Summary

The aggressively revised new edition of this best-seller provides a clear, concise, and comprehensive introduction to the ideas and ideals that shake and shape our political world. Written with the firm belief that ideology is the driving force of nation-states, history, and politics, this innovative text covers the range of contemporary political ideologies, from the standard categories of liberalism, conservatism, and socialism to newly emerging ideological alternatives.Political Ideologies and the Democratic Idealprovides an accessible overview of the origin and development of these ideologies, and illustrates how each interprets democracy and freedom.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
To the Reader xv
About the Authors xvii
PART ONE Ideology and Democracy
Ideology and Ideologies
1(18)
A Working Definition of ``Ideology''
4(5)
Human Nature and Freedom
9(3)
Human Nature
9(1)
Freedom
10(2)
Ideology and Revolution
12(1)
Nationalism and Anarchism
13(3)
Nationalism
14(1)
Anarchism
15(1)
Conclusion
16(1)
Notes
16(1)
For Further Reading
17(2)
The Democratic Ideal
19(24)
The Origins of Democracy
20(4)
Democracy and Republic
24(6)
The Republic and Mixed Government
24(1)
Christianity and Democracy
25(2)
Renaissance and Republicanism
27(3)
The Atlantic Republican Tradition
30(1)
The Return of Democracy
30(6)
Seventeenth-Century Democrats
31(1)
The United States as Democratic Republic
32(2)
Tocqueville on Democracy
34(2)
The Growth of Democracy
36(1)
Democracy as an Ideal
37(2)
Three Conceptions of Democracy
39(1)
Conclusion
40(1)
Notes
40(1)
For Further Reading
41(2)
PART TWO The Development of Political Ideologies
Liberalism
43(44)
Liberalism, Human Nature, and Freedom
44(1)
Historical Background
45(5)
Medieval Origins
45(3)
The Protestant Reformation
48(2)
Liberalism and Revolution
50(10)
England
50(5)
The American Revolution
55(2)
The French Revolution
57(3)
Liberalism and Capitalism
60(4)
Liberalism in the Nineteenth Century
64(4)
Utilitarianism
65(3)
Liberalism Divided
68(4)
Neoclassical Liberalism
69(1)
Welfare Liberalism
70(2)
Liberalism in the Twentieth Century
72(5)
Historical Developments
72(2)
Philosophical Considerations
74(2)
Libertarian Anarchism
76(1)
Liberalism Today: Divisions and Differences
77(3)
Conclusion
80(3)
Liberalism as an Ideology
80(1)
Liberalism and the Democratic Ideal
81(2)
Notes
83(1)
For Further Reading
84(3)
Conservatism
87(28)
The Politics of Imperfection
88(1)
The Conservatism of Edmund Burke
89(7)
Human Nature and Society
90(1)
Freedom
91(1)
Revolution and Reform
92(1)
Burke on Government
93(2)
Burke's Legacy
95(1)
Conservatism in the Nineteenth Century
96(5)
Conservatism and Reaction
96(2)
Cultural Conservatism
98(1)
Tory Democracy
98(1)
Conservatism in the United States
99(2)
Conservatism in the Twentieth Century
101(4)
Conservatism Versus Mass Society
101(2)
Levelling
103(1)
Conservatives and Communism
104(1)
Conservatism Today: A House Divided
105(5)
Traditional Conservatism
106(1)
Individualist Conservatism
106(1)
Neoconservatism
107(2)
The Religious Right
109(1)
Conclusion
110(2)
Conservatism as an Ideology
111(1)
Conservatism and Democracy
112(1)
Notes
112(1)
For Further Reading
113(2)
Socialism and Communism: More to Marx
115(26)
Human Nature and Freedom
116(2)
Socialism: The Precursors
118(4)
Saint-Simon
120(1)
Fourier
121(1)
Owen
121(1)
The Socialism of Karl Marx
122(15)
The Young Marx
122(2)
The Influence of Hegel
124(2)
Marx's Theory of History
126(4)
Marx's Critique of Capitalism
130(3)
The Dialectic of Change
133(1)
The Revolutionary Sequence
134(3)
Notes
137(2)
For Further Reading
139(2)
Socialism and Communism After Marx
141(36)
Marxism After Marx
142(20)
Engels's Marxism
142(4)
The Revisionists
146(3)
Soviet Marxism-Leninism
149(9)
Chinese Communism
158(4)
Non-Marxist Socialism
162(6)
Anarcho-Communism
162(3)
Fabian Socialism
165(1)
American Socialism
165(3)
Socialism Today
168(3)
Conclusion
171(2)
Socialism as an Ideology
171(2)
Socialism and the Democratic Ideal
173(1)
Notes
173(2)
For Further Reading
175(2)
Fascism
177(30)
Fascism: The Background
178(6)
The Counter-Enlightenment
179(1)
Nationalism
180(2)
Elitism
182(1)
Irrationalism
183(1)
Fascism in Italy
184(5)
Mussolini and Italian Fascism
185(2)
Fascism in Theory and Practice
187(2)
Fascism in Germany: Nazism
189(8)
Hitler and Nazism
189(2)
Nazism in Theory and Practice
191(6)
Fascism Elsewhere
197(1)
Fascism Today
198(4)
Conclusion
202(1)
Fascism as an Ideology
202(1)
Fascism and the Democratic Ideal
203(1)
Notes
203(1)
For Further Reading
204(3)
PART 3 Political Ideologies Today and Tomorrow
Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity
207(34)
Liberation Ideologies: Common Characteristics
207(2)
Black Liberation
209(6)
Women's Liberation (Feminism)
215(4)
Gay Liberation
219(2)
Native People's Liberation (Indigenism)
221(4)
Liberation Theology
225(2)
Animal Liberation
227(4)
Conclusion
231(3)
Liberty, Identity, and Ideology
231(2)
Liberation, Identity, and the Democratic Ideal
233(1)
Notes
234(3)
For Further Reading
237(4)
``Green'' Politics: Ecology as Ideology
241(18)
The Green Critique of Other Ideologies
242(2)
Toward an Ecological Ethic
244(5)
Unresolved Differences
249(4)
Conclusion
253(2)
Ecology as Ideology
253(1)
Ecology, Freedom, and the Democratic Ideal
253(2)
Notes
255(1)
For Further Reading
256(3)
Islam and Radical Islam
259(14)
Islam: A Short History
259(3)
Radical Islam
262(3)
Conclusion
265(5)
Radical Islam as an Ideology
265(1)
Four Functions of Radical Islamist Ideology
266(2)
Radical Islam and the Democratic Ideal
268(2)
Notes
270(1)
For Further Reading
271(2)
Postscript: The Future of Ideology
273(16)
Political Ideologies: Continuing Forces
274(3)
Nationalism and Ideology
274(2)
Religion and Ideology
276(1)
Ideology and Public Policy
277(2)
Ideology, the Environment, and Globalization
279(3)
Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal
282(3)
The End of Ideology?
285(2)
Notes
287(1)
For Further Reading
288(1)
Glossary 289(8)
Photo Credits 297(2)
Name Index 299(6)
Subject Index 305


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