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Political Ideologies : Their Origins and Impact

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Prentice Hall
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This is the 7th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2000.
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For freshman/senior-level courses in Introduction to Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Government, History of Intellectual Development and International Politics. Using a chronological organization and keeping the student in mind, this text explains the evolution of political thought over the past three centuries and describes political ideologies in the context of the social, economic and political circumstances in which they developed. It provides students with a complete understanding of political ideologies and how these concepts relate to the students' own lives.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
A Note to the Studentp. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Ideologyp. 1
Previewp. 1
The Development of Ideologyp. 1
The Source of Ideologyp. 2
Ideology Definedp. 6
The Origin of the Termp. 6
Contemporary Definitionsp. 7
Questions for Discussionp. 10
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 10
The Spectrum of Political Attitudesp. 12
Previewp. 12
Understanding the Spectrump. 13
Change, or Policy Optionsp. 14
Radicalp. 17
Liberalp. 19
Moderatep. 21
Conservativep. 22
Reactionaryp. 27
Values, or Philosophyp. 28
Motivationp. 33
Specific Policiesp. 34
Foreign Policyp. 34
Domestic Policyp. 36
Questions for Discussionp. 40
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 40
Nationalismp. 42
Previewp. 42
The Importance of Nationalismp. 43
Nation and Statep. 43
Theories of the Origin of the Statep. 47
The History of Nationalismp. 52
The Theory of Nationalismp. 55
Questions for Discussionp. 60
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 60
The Evolution of Democratic Theoryp. 61
Previewp. 61
The Meaning of Democracyp. 62
The Early History of Democracyp. 63
The Social Contractp. 64
Later Social Contract Philosophersp. 65
Thomas Hobbesp. 66
John Lockep. 67
Jean Jacques Rousseaup. 74
Questions for Discussionp. 78
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 78
Liberal Democracy, Capitalism, and Beyondp. 80
Previewp. 80
Capitalismp. 81
Adam Smithp. 81
Neoclassical Liberal Democratic Theoryp. 87
Edmund Burkep. 88
James Madisonp. 91
Jefferson's Alternativep. 96
The Emergence of Social Democratic Liberalismp. 99
Utilitarianism and Positivist Lawp. 99
Democratic Socialismp. 101
Questions for Discussionp. 105
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 106
The Liberal Democratic Processp. 107
Previewp. 107
Processes of Democracyp. 108
Democracy and the Legislative Processp. 108
Elite Theorismp. 113
Systems of Governmentp. 115
The American Systemp. 115
The British Systemp. 118
Electionsp. 122
Electoral Districtsp. 122
Political Party Structuresp. 125
Representationp. 127
Theories of Representationp. 128
Some Criticisms of Democracyp. 128
Questions for Discussionp. 129
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 130
Anarchismp. 131
Previewp. 131
Development of Anarchismp. 131
Definition of Anarchismp. 132
Particular Theories of Anarchismp. 135
The Pacifistsp. 136
The Revolutionariesp. 140
Individualist Anarchistsp. 144
Militant Civilian Militiasp. 145
Questions for Discussionp. 147
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 147
Socialist Theoryp. 148
Previewp. 148
The Development of Socialismp. 149
Communism and Socialismp. 150
The Meaning of Socialismp. 151
Ownership of Productionp. 151
The Welfare Statep. 153
The Socialist Intentp. 155
The History of Socialismp. 156
From the French Revolution to Marxp. 156
Marxismp. 161
The Basic Principles of Marxismp. 162
Marxist Sociological Theoryp. 163
Marxist Historical Theoryp. 166
Marxist Economic Theoryp. 169
Marxist Theory of Revolutionp. 172
The Marxist Political Systemp. 174
Internationalismp. 175
Questions for Discussionp. 176
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 176
Applied Socialismp. 177
Previewp. 177
Socialism after Marxp. 178
Orthodox Marxismp. 178
Revisionismp. 178
Marxism-Leninismp. 180
The Soviet Union and Russiap. 185
Lenin's and Stalin's Policiesp. 185
Soviet Atrophyp. 187
Chinap. 189
The Belligerent Stage of the Revolutionp. 190
The Political Stage of the Revolutionp. 192
The Principles of Maoismp. 196
Cubap. 200
The Cuban Revolutionp. 200
Fidelismop. 205
The Re-emergence of Socialismp. 207
Questions for Discussionp. 209
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 209
Fascism and National Socialismp. 211
Previewp. 211
The Failure of Democracy and Capitalismp. 212
The Development of Fascism and National Socialismp. 212
Mussolinip. 213
Hitlerp. 216
Fascist and Nazi Ideologiesp. 218
Irrationalismp. 219
Racismp. 223
Totalitarianismp. 226
Elitismp. 228
The Corporate Statep. 230
Imperialismp. 230
Militarismp. 232
Contemporary Fascist and Neo-Nazi Movementsp. 233
Right-Wing Extremism in the United Statesp. 234
Questions for Discussionp. 242
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 243
Ideologies in the Developing Worldp. 244
Previewp. 244
Developing World Definedp. 245
Politics of the Developing Worldp. 246
Economics of the Developing Worldp. 252
Developing World Democracies and Dictatorshipsp. 259
Terrorismp. 261
Guided Democraciesp. 263
Questions for Discussionp. 264
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 264
Feminism and Ecologism/Environmentalismp. 266
Previewp. 266
Feminismp. 267
Sexism Is Endemicp. 268
The History of Feminismp. 271
Feminist Thoughtp. 274
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