9780199248377

Political Ideologies A Reader and Guide

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780199248377

  • ISBN10:

    0199248370

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-04-14
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Political Ideologies provides an extensive collection of extracts from the texts of major intellectuals, politicians, and writers who represent some of the most important ideological traditions in modern politics. The first volume to provide such an extensive range of texts and to cover both established and newer political ideologies, it illustrates the complex evolution of ideological traditions in various national settings and highlights how these traditions developed. Accompanying editorial commentaries offer a general historical introduction to each thinker and text; highlight key thematic features of the passages; and point out significant overlaps and areas of contention between different authors within and across various traditions.

Author Biography


Matthew Festenstein is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics at the University of Sheffield. His research is in political theory and late nineteenth and early twentieth century political thought.
Michael Kenny is Professor in the Department of Politics at the University of Sheffield. He is a member of the editorial boards of the journals New Political Economy and Contemporary Political Theory.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1(402)
1 The Concept of Ideology
7(44)
Introduction
7(6)
Further Reading
13(38)
1 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The German Ideology
13(4)
2 Karl Mannheim, Ideology and Utopia
17(4)
3 Antonio Gramsci, Selections from the Prison Notebooks
21(2)
4 Louis Althusser, For Marx and Lenin and Philosophy
23(4)
5 Giovanni Sartori, 'Politics, Ideology and Belief Systems'
27(5)
6 Clifford Geertz, 'Ideology as a Cultural System'
32(3)
7 Kenneth Minogue, 'Ideology After the Collapse of Communism'
35(4)
8 Michael Freeden, Ideologies and Political Theory
39(5)
9 Slavoj Žižek, 'Introduction' to Mapping Ideology
44(7)
2 Liberalism
51(68)
Introduction
51(8)
Further Reading
59(60)
10 John Locke, Two Treatises of Government
60(5)
11 Benjamin Constant, 'The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns'
65(4)
12 W. von Humboldt, On the Limits of State Action
69(3)
13 James Mill, 'Government'
72(2)
14 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America
74(4)
15 J.S. Mill, 'On Liberty' and Chapters on Socialism
78(7)
16 T.H. Green, 'Liberal Legislation and Freedom of Contract'
85(5)
17 L.T. Hobhouse, Liberalism
90(3)
18 John Dewey, 'Liberty and Social Control'
93(2)
19 Max Weber, 'Parliament and Government in Germany'
95(4)
20 John Maynard Keynes, 'The End of Laissez-Faire'
99(3)
21 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
102(5)
22 Isaiah Berlin, 'Two Concepts of Liberty'
107(5)
23 John Rawls, A Theory of Justice and 'Justice as Fairness: Political Not Metaphysical'
112(7)
3 Conservatism
119(56)
Introduction
119(9)
Further Reading
128(47)
24 Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
128(3)
25 Joseph de Maistre, Considerations on France
131(3)
26 Friedrich Karl von Savigny, Of the Vocation of our Age for Legislation and Jurisprudence
134(5)
27 William Graham Sumner, Folkways
139(3)
28 Charles Maurras, Les Oeuvres Capitales
142(3)
29 Michael Oakeshott, 'Rationalism in Politics'
145(3)
30 Harold Macmillan, The Middle Way
148(2)
31 Roger Scruton, The Meaning of Conservatism
150(5)
32 Friedrich August von Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty
155(4)
33 Ayn Rand, The Fountainhead
159(6)
34 Margaret Thatcher, In Defence of Freedom
165(3)
35 Allan Bloom, The Closing of the American Mind
168(2)
36 Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia
170(2)
37 William Kristol, 'The Politics of Liberty, the Sociology of Virtue'
172(3)
4 Socialism
175(82)
Introduction
175(8)
Further Reading
183(74)
38 Claude-Henri Saint-Simon, 'On the Industrial System'
183(4)
39 Robert Owen, 'Observations on the Effect of the Manufacturing System'
187(5)
40 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, What is Property?
192(10)
41 Karl Marx, 'The Paris Manuscripts'; Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, 'The Communist Manifesto'
202(17)
42 Georges Sorel, Reflections on Violence
219(4)
43 Eduard Bernstein, Evolutionary Socialism: A Criticism and Affirmation
223(3)
44 Karl Kautsky, The Dictatorship of the Proletariat
226(3)
45 Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Industrial Democracy
229(4)
46 Vladimir Illich Ulyanov (Lenin), What is to be Done?
233(3)
47 Leon Trotsky, 'Stalin'
236(6)
48 Mao Tse-Tung, 'The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party'
242(4)
49 Anthony Crosland, The Future of Socialism
246(4)
50 Noberto Bobbio, Left and Right: the Significance of a Political Distinction
250(4)
51 Alex Callinicos, Equality
254(3)
5 Nationalism
257(36)
Introduction
257(5)
Further Reading
262(31)
52 J.J. Rousseau, Considerations on the Government of Poland
262(3)
53 J.G. Herder, Yet Another Philosophy of History
265(2)
54 Adam Mickiewicz, Pan Tadeusz, or the Last Foray into Lithuania
267(4)
55 J.S. Mill, Considerations on Representative Government
271(3)
56 H. von Treitschke, Politics
274(2)
57 Max Weber, 'The Nation-State and Economic Policy'
276(3)
58 M.K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj
279(3)
59 Marcus Garvey, 'The Future As I See It'
282(3)
60 Jomo Kenyatta, Facing Mount Kenya
285(3)
61 F. Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth
288(5)
6 Feminism
293(34)
Introduction
293(4)
Further Reading
297(30)
62 Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women
297(3)
63 John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women
300(3)
64 Jane Addams, 'Why Women Should Have the Vote'
303(4)
65 Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex
307(2)
66 Kate Millett, Sexual Politics
309(5)
67 Lynne Segal, Is the Future Female?
314(4)
68 Susan Moller Okin, Justice, Gender, and the Family
318(2)
69 Carol Gilligan, In a Different Voice
320(1)
70 Julia Kristeva, 'Women's Time'
321(2)
71 bell hooks, Feminism is for Everybody
323(4)
7 Ecologism
327(26)
Introduction
327(4)
Further Reading
331(22)
72 Rachel Carson, Silent Spring
332(3)
73 Ernst Schumacher, Small is Beautiful
335(3)
74 Donella Meadows, Dennis Meadows, and Jorgen Randers, Beyond the Limits
338(3)
75 Arne Naess, Ecology, Community and Lifestyle
341(5)
76 Murray Bookchin, Post-Scarcity Anarchism
346(2)
77 Jonathan Porritt, Seeing Green
348(2)
78 Vandana Shiva, Staying Alive
350(3)
8 Anarchism
353(28)
Introduction
353(3)
Further Reading
356(25)
79 Max Stirner, The Ego and Its Own
356(4)
80 Michael Bakunin, Statism and Anarchy
360(3)
81 Peter Kropotkin, Mutual Aid
363(4)
82 Emma Goldman, 'Anarchism'
367(2)
83 Herbert Read, 'The Paradox of Anarchism'
369(4)
84 Paul Goodman, 'Reflections on the Anarchist Principle' and 'Anarchism and Revolution'
373(2)
85 Noam Chomsky, Powers and Prospects
375(6)
9 Fascism
381(22)
Introduction
381(3)
Further Reading
384(19)
86 Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile, 'The Doctrine of Fascism'
384(3)
87 Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf
387(3)
88 Alfred Rosenberg, Der Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts and 'Totaler Staat?'
390(2)
89 José Antonio Primo De Rivera, 'Spain and Barbarism'
392(2)
90 Oswald Mosley, Ten Points of Fascist Policy
394(4)
91 Movimento Sociale Italiano, 'The Programme of the Right for a New Italy'
398(2)
92 Russia's Liberal Democratic Party, 'The New Order: Parallel Civilisations'
400(3)
10 New Forms 403(28)
Introduction
403(3)
Further Reading
406(25)
93 Jeffrey Weeks, Against Nature
407(2)
94 Judith Butler, Gender Trouble
409(3)
95 Bhikhu Parekh, Rethinking Multiculturalism
412(5)
96 James Tully, Strange Multiplicity
417(3)
97 Kenichi Ohmae, The Borderless World
420(4)
98 Naomi Klein, 'Reclaiming the Commons'
424(7)
11 The Ends of Ideology 431(22)
Introduction
431(4)
Further Reading
435(2)
99 Seymour Martin Lipset, Political Man
435(2)
100 Francis Fukuyama, The End of History and the Last Man
437(4)
101 Anthony Giddens, Beyond Left and Right
441(6)
102 Samuel Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Recasting of World Order
447(6)
Name Index 453(4)
Subject Index 457

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