9780231130899

Political Liberalism

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780231130899

  • ISBN10:

    0231130899

  • Edition: Revised
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2/28/2005
  • Publisher: Columbia Univ Pr

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Summary

This book continues and revises the ideas of justice as fairness that John Rawls presented in A Theory of Justice but changes its philosophical interpretation in a fundamental way. That previous work assumed what Rawls calls a "well-ordered society," one that is stable and relatively homogenous in its basic moral beliefs and in which there is broad agreement about what constitutes the good life. Yet in modern democratic society a plurality of incompatible and irreconcilable doctrines -- religious, philosophical, and moral -- coexist within the framework of democratic institutions. Recognizing this as a permanent condition of democracy, Rawls asks how a stable and just society of free and equal citizens can live in concord when divided by reasonable but incompatible doctrines? This edition includes the essay "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited," which outlines Rawls' plans to revise Political Liberalism, which were cut short by his death. "An extraordinary well-reasoned commentary on A Theory of Justice...a decisive turn towards political philosophy." -- Times Literary Supplement

Table of Contents

Introduction xiii
Introduction to the Paperback Edition xxxv
PART ONE Political Liberalism: Basic Elements 1(130)
LECTURE 1. Fundamental Ideas
3(44)
1. Addressing Two Fundamental Questions
4(7)
2. The Idea of a Political Conception of Justice
11(4)
3. The Idea of Society as a Fair System of Cooperation
15(7)
4. The Idea of the Original Position
22(7)
5. The Political Conception of the Person
29(6)
6. The Idea of a Well-Ordered Society
35(5)
7. Neither a Community nor an Association
40(3)
8. The Use of Abstract Conceptions
43(4)
LECTURE II. The Powers of Citizens and Their Representation
47(42)
1. The Reasonable and the Rational
48(6)
2. The Burdens of Judgment
54(4)
3. Reasonable Comprehensive Doctrines
58(8)
4. The Publicity Condition: Its Three Levels
66(6)
5. Rational Autonomy: Artificial not Political
72(5)
6. Full Autonomy: Political not Ethical
77(4)
7. The Basis of Motivation in the Person
81(5)
8. Moral Psychology: Philosophical not Psychological
86(3)
LECTURE III. Political Constructivism
89(42)
1. The Idea of a Constructivist Conception
90(9)
2. Kant's Moral Constructivism
99(3)
3. Justice as Fairness as a Constructivist View
102(5)
4. The Role of Conceptions of Society and Person
107(3)
5. Three Conceptions of Objectivity
110(6)
6. Objectivity Independent of the Causal View of Knowledge
116(3)
7. When Do Objective Reasons Exist, Politically Speaking?
119(6)
8. The Scope of Political Constructivism
125(6)
PART TWO Political Liberalism: Three Main Ideas 131(124)
LECTURE IV. The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus
133(40)
1. How is Political Liberalism Possible?
134(6)
2. The Question of Stability
140(4)
3. Three Features of an Overlapping Consensus
144(6)
4. An Overlapping Consensus not Indifferent or Skeptical
150(4)
5. A Political Conception Need not Be Comprehensive
154(4)
6. Steps to Constitutional Consensus
158(6)
7. Steps to Overlapping Consensus
164(4)
8. Conception and Doctrines: How Related
168(5)
LECTURE V. Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good
173(39)
1. How a Political Conception Limits Conceptions of the Good
174(2)
2. Goodness as Rationality
176(2)
3. Primary Goods and Interpersonal Comparisons
178(9)
4. Primary Goods as Citizens' Needs
187(3)
5. Permissible Conceptions of the Good and Political Virtues
190(5)
6. Is Justice as Fairness Fair to Conceptions of the Good?
195(6)
7. The Good of Political Society
201(6)
8. That Justice as Fairness is Complete
207(5)
LECTURE VI. The Idea of Public Reason
212(43)
1. The Questions and Forums of Public Reason
213(3)
2. Public Reason and the Ideal of Democratic Citizenship
216(4)
3. Nonpublic Reasons
220(3)
4. The Content of Public Reason
223(4)
5. The Idea of Constitutional Essentials
227(4)
6. The Supreme Court as Exemplar of Public Reason
231(9)
7. Apparent Difficulties with Public Reason
240(7)
8. The Limits of Public Reason
247(8)
PART THREE Institutional Framework 255(180)
LECTURE VII. The Basic Structure as Subject
257(32)
1. First Subject of Justice
257(2)
2. Unity by Appropriate Sequence
259(3)
3. Libertarianism Has No Special Role for the Basic Structure
262(3)
4. The Importance of Background Justice
265(4)
5. How the Basic Structure Affects Individuals
269(2)
6. Initial Agreement as Hypothetical and Nonhistorical
271(4)
7. Special Features of the Initial Agreement
275(3)
8. The Social Nature of Human Relationships
278(3)
9. Ideal Form for the Basic Structure
281(4)
10. Reply to Hegel's Criticism
285(4)
LECTURE VIII. The Basic Liberties and Their Priority
289(83)
1. The Initial Aim of Justice as Fairness
291(3)
2. The Special Status of Basic Liberties
294(5)
3. Conceptions of Person and Social Cooperation
299(5)
4. The Original Position
304(6)
5. Priority of Liberties, I: Second Moral Power
310(5)
6. Priority of Liberties, II: First Moral Power
315(9)
7. Basic Liberties not Merely Formal
324(7)
8. A Fully Adequate Scheme of Basic Liberties
331(3)
9. How Liberties Fit into One Coherent Scheme
334(6)
10. Free Political Speech
340(8)
11. The Clear and Present Danger Rule
348(8)
12. Maintaining the Fair Value of Political Liberties
356(7)
13. Liberties Connected with the Second Principle
363(5)
14. The Role of Justice as Fairness
368(4)
LECTURE IX. Reply to Habermas
372(63)
1. Two Main Differences
373(12)
2. Overlapping Consensus and Justification
385(11)
3. Liberties of the Moderns Versus the Will of the People
396(13)
4. The Roots of the Liberties
409(12)
5. Procedural Versus Substantive Justice
421(12)
6. Conclusion
433(2)
PART FOUR The Idea of Public Reason Revisited 435(56)
Introduction to "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited"
437(3)
The Idea of Public Reason Revisited (1997)
440(51)
Original Index 491(30)
Index to the New Material 521

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