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Now greatly expanded in its third edition, Political Philosophy: The Essential Texts is ideal for survey courses in political philosophy. Offering unprecedented coverage from antiquity to the present, this historically organized collection presents the most significant works from nearly 2,500 years of political philosophy. The readings are substantial or complete texts, not fragments. An especially valuable feature of this volume is that the works of each author are introduced with an engaging essay by a leading contemporary authority.
Political Philosophy moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Cicero) through the medieval period (Augustine, Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant, Hamilton and Madison, Burke, Bentham, Tocqueville). The book includes work from major nineteenth-century thinkers (Hegel, Marx and Engels, Mill, Nietzsche) and twentieth-century theorists (Arendt, Hayek, Berlin, Taylor, Rawls, Sandel, Nozick, Foucault, Habermas, Held, Nussbaum, Young, Appiah) and also presents a variety of notable documents and addresses, including The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, and speeches by Abraham Lincoln, John Dewey, and Martin Luther King, Jr. In addition to the new selections noted above in bold, the third edition also includes the complete text of Mill's On Liberty, an excerpt from Rawls's Political Liberalism, and expanded selections from Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and The Federalist Papers.
Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of fifty books. Most recently, he wrote From Student to Scholar: A Candid Guide to Becoming a Professor (2008) and coauthored Polishing Your Prose: How to Turn First Drafts intoFinished Work (2013). Dr. Cahn is the editor of Exploring Philosophy, Fifth Edition (2014) and Exploring Ethics, Third Edition (2013), and the coeditor of Ethics, Fifth Edition (2011), all published by Oxford University Press.
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition PLATO Introduction, Richard Kraut Defense of Socrates Crito Republic ARISTOTLE Introduction, Richard Kraut Nicomachean Ethics Politics * CICERO * Introduction, Richard Kraut * On the Republic * On the Laws AUGUSTINE Introduction, Paul J. Weithman The City of God ST. THOMAS AQUINAS Introduction, Paul J. Weithman Summa Theologiae NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI Introduction, Steven B. Smith The Prince Discourses THOMAS HOBBES Introduction, Jean Hampton Leviathan * BARUCH SPINOZA * Introduction, Steven B. Smith * Theologico-Political Treatise JOHN LOCKE Introduction, A. John Simmons, Second Treatise of Government Letter Concerning Toleration * MONTESQUIEU * Introduction, Mark Hulliung * The Spirit of the Laws JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU Introduction, Joshua Cohen Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Of the Social Contract DAVID HUME Introduction, Arthur Kuflik An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals Of Parties in General Of the Original Contract Of the Origin of Government ADAM SMITH Introduction, Charles L. Griswold, Jr. The Wealth of Nations IMMANUEL KANT Introduction, Paul Guyer Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals On the Old Saw: That May Be Right in Theory, but It Won't Work in Practice Perpetual Peace ALEXANDER HAMILTON and JAMES MADISON Introduction, Bernard E. Brown The Federalist Papers * EDMUND BURKE * Introduction, Burleigh T. Wilkins * Reflections on the Revolution in France Speech to the Electors of Bristol * JEREMY BENTHAM * Introduction, Jeremy Waldron * Principles of Legislation * ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE * Introduction, Steven B. Smith * Democracy in America G. W. F. HEGEL Introduction, Steven B. Smith The Philosophy of Right The Philosophy of History KARL MARX and FRIEDRICH ENGELS Introduction, Richard Miller Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 The German Ideology Manifesto of the Communist Party A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy Value, Price, and Profit JOHN STUART MILL Introduction, Jeremy Waldron Utilitarianism On Liberty The Subjection of Women * FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE * Introduction, Richard Schacht * Beyond Good and Evil * HANNAH ARENDT * Introduction, Michael McCarthy * The Origins of Totalitarianism * F. A. HAYEK * Introduction, David Schmidtz * The Road to Serfdom * ISAIAH BERLIN * Introduction, Robert B. Talisse * Two Concepts of Liberty CHARLES TAYLOR Introduction, Robert B. Talisse What's Wrong with Negative Liberty? JOHN RAWLS Introduction, Joshua Cohen A Theory of Justice Political Liberalism * MICHAEL J. SANDEL * Introduction, Robert B. Talisse * The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self ROBERT NOZICK Introduction, Thomas Christiano Anarchy, State, and Utopia MICHAEL FOUCAULT Introduction, Thomas A. McCarthy Power/Knowledge JURGEN HABERMAS Introduction, Thomas A. McCarthy Three Normative Models of Democracy On the Internal Relation Between the Rule of Law and Democracy VIRGINIA HELD Introduction, Cheshire Calhoun Non-contractual Society: A Feminist View * MARTHA C. NUSSBAUM * Introduction, Eva Feder Kittay * The Feminist Critique of Liberalism * IRIS MARION YOUNG * Introduction, Ann Cudd * The Five Faces of Oppression * KWAME ANTHONY APPIAH * Introduction, Tommie Shelby * The Ethics of Identity DOCUMENTS AND ADDRESSES PERICLES Funeral Oration THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES THE DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND OF THE CITIZEN ABRAHAM LINCOLN Gettysburg Address Second Inaugural Address * JOHN DEWEY * Democracy THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. Letter from a Birmingham City Jail The March on Washington Address