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Politics in America, National Version

by ; ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780131534506

ISBN10:
0131534505
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $122.60
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Summary

"Politics in America, National Version," presents a clear, concise, and stimulating introduction to the American political system. It focuses on the struggle for power, describing the participants, the stakes, the processes, and the institutional arenas. This new edition includes the recent terrorist attacks on America, the " war on terror" , and its impact on the American psyche. The "National Version" of this book describes politics, the Constitution, the participants, the institutions, and the outcomes of our political system. For anyone interested in American politics, as well as those who are involved in the political arena, government, and policy-making.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
About the Authors xxiii
PART I Politics
Politics: Who Gets What, When, and How
2(22)
Politics and Political Science
3(1)
Politics and Government
4(2)
What Do You Think?
Can You Trust the Government?
6(1)
The Purposes of Government
7(1)
A Conflicting View
Sometimes It's Right to Disobey the Law
8(1)
The Meaning of Democracy
9(1)
What Do You Think?
What Government Programs Do You Support?
10(1)
Compared to What?
Freedom and Democracy around the World
11(2)
The Paradox of Democracy
13(2)
Direct Versus Representative Democracy
15(1)
Who Really Governs?
16(2)
Up Close
Terrorism's Threat to Democracy
18(2)
What Do You Think?
Is the American Government ``Of, By and For the People''?
20(1)
Democracy in America
20(1)
Summary Notes
21(1)
Key Terms
21(1)
Suggested Readings
22(1)
Make It Real
23(1)
Political Culture: Ideas in Conflict
24(28)
Political Culture
25(1)
Individual Liberty
26(1)
Dilemmas of Equality
27(3)
What Do You Think?
Beliefs about Fairness
30(1)
Inequality of Income and Wealth
30(1)
Compared to What?
Income and Inequality
31(2)
Social Mobility
33(1)
A Conflicting View
Success Is Determined by the Bell Curve
34(1)
Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration
35(4)
What Do You Think?
Could You Pass the Citizenship Test?
39(1)
Ideologies: Liberalism and Conservatism
40(2)
Across the USA
Liberalism and Conservatism
42(1)
People in Politics
Bill O'Reilly, ``The No Spin Zone?''
43(1)
People in Politics
Barbara Boxer, Defending Liberalism in Congress
44(1)
Dissent in the United States
45(2)
What Do You Think?
Are You a Liberal or a Conservative?
47(3)
Summary Notes
50(1)
Key Terms
51(1)
Suggested Readings
51(1)
Make It Real
51(1)
PART II Constitution
The Constitution: Limiting Governmental Power
52(48)
Constitutional Government
53(1)
The Constitutional Tradition
53(2)
Troubles Confronting a New Nation
55(3)
Consensus in Philadelphia
58(1)
People in Politics
George Washington, Founder of a Nation
59(1)
Conflict in Philadelphia
60(3)
Resolving the Economic Issues
63(1)
A Conflicting View
An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution
64(1)
Protecting National Security
65(2)
The Structure of the Government
67(2)
Up Close
Why the Founders Created an Electoral College to Choose the President
69(1)
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances
69(1)
A Conflicting View
Let the People Vote on National Issues
70(3)
Conflict over Ratification
73(2)
People in Politics
James Madison and the Control of ``Faction''
75(1)
A Bill of Rights
75(1)
Compared to What?
Canada's Parliamentary System
76(1)
A Conflicting View
Objections to the Constitution by an Anti-Federalist
77(2)
Constitutional Change
79(3)
Summary Notes
82(1)
Key Terms
83(1)
Suggested Readings
83(1)
Make It Real
84(1)
The Constitution of the United States
85(15)
Federalism: Dividing Governmental Power
100(30)
Indestructible Union, Indestructible States
101(2)
Why Federalism? The Argument for a ``Compound Republic''
103(1)
Compared to What?
The European Union
104(3)
What Do You Think?
Which Government Seems Closer to You?
107(1)
A Conflicting View
The Dark Side of Federalism
108(1)
The Original Design of Federalism
109(3)
A Conflicting View
Don't Make Everything a Federal Crime!
112(1)
The Evolution of American Federalism
112(2)
Up Close
Historical Markers in the Development of American Federalism
114(4)
Federalism Revived?
118(2)
What Do You Think?
Should Violence Against Women Be a Federal Crime?
120(1)
Money and Power Flow to Washington
120(1)
Up Close
How Congress Set a National Drinking Age
121(2)
A Conflicting View
Liberals, Conservatives, and Federalism
123(2)
Coercive Federalism: Preemptions and Mandates
125(1)
Up Close
Arnold: From Bodybuilder, to Superstar, to Governor
126(2)
Summary Notes
128(1)
Key Terms
128(1)
Suggested Readings
129(1)
PART III Participants
Opinion and Participation: Thinking and Acting in Politics
130(38)
Politics and Public Opinion
131(1)
Up Close
Can We Believe the Polls?
132(2)
Up Close
Abortion: The ``Hot-Button'' Issue
134(3)
Socialization: The Origins of Political Opinions
137(1)
Compared to What?
How ``Exceptional'' Is Opinion in America?
138(2)
What Do You Think?
College Students' Opinions
140(3)
Ideology and Opinion
143(2)
Gender and Opinion
145(1)
Race and Opinion
145(2)
What Do You Think?
Do Gender Stereotypes Affect Voting?
147(1)
Policy and Opinion
147(2)
Individual Participation in Politics
149(1)
Securing the Right to Vote
149(1)
What Do You Think?
Should Government Leaders Pay More Attention to Public Opinion in Policy in Making?
150(4)
Why Vote?
154(2)
The Politics of Voter Turnout
156(2)
Voters and Nonvoters
158(1)
Compared to What?
Voter Turnout in Western Democracies
159(1)
Nonvoting: What Difference Does It Make?
160(1)
Protest as Political Participation
161(1)
Up Close
How to Run for Office
162(3)
Summary Notes
165(1)
Key Terms
166(1)
Suggested Readings
166(1)
Make It Real
167(1)
Mass Media: Setting the Political Agenda
168(30)
The Power of the Media
169(2)
Up Close
The Generation Gap in News
171(1)
Sources of Media Power
172(2)
People in Politics
Stars of the Network News
174(2)
The Business of the Media
176(2)
The Politics of the News
178(3)
What Do You Think?
Are the Media Biased?
181(1)
A Conflicting View
Fox News: ``Fair and balanced''?
182(1)
Mediated Elections
182(4)
Freedom versus Fairness
186(1)
Libel and Slander
187(1)
People in Politics
Larry King Live
188(1)
Politics and the Internet
188(1)
Compared to What?
America's TV Culture in Perspective
189(2)
Media Effects: Shaping Political Life
191(1)
Up Close
The Media Age
192(4)
Summary Notes
196(1)
Key Terms
196(1)
Suggested Readings
197(1)
Political Parties: Organizing Politics
198(40)
The Power of Organization
199(1)
American Parties: A Historical Perspective
199(5)
Up Close
The Donkey and the Elephant
204(6)
Political Parties and Democratic Government
210(2)
What Do You Think?
Which Party Does a Better Job?
212(3)
Party Finances
215(1)
Parties as Organizers of Elections
216(3)
Up Close
Primaries 2004: Democrats Seek ``Electability''
219(1)
Where's the Party?
220(2)
National Party Conventions
222(3)
Up Close
Democratic and Republican Platforms: Can You Tell the Difference?
225(1)
Party Voters
226(2)
Third Parties in the U.S. System
228(2)
Across the USA
Democratic and Republican Party Strength in the States
230(1)
Up Close
The Libertarian Party: A Dissenting Voice
231(1)
Why the Two-Party System Persists
232(1)
Up Close
The Rise and Fall of the Reform Party
233(1)
Compared to What?
Canada's Multiparty System
234(1)
Summary Notes
235(1)
Key Terms
236(1)
Suggested Readings
237(1)
Make It Real
237(1)
Campaigns and Elections: Deciding Who Governs
238(44)
Elections in a Democracy
239(2)
Power and Ambition
241(1)
The Advantages of Incumbency
242(2)
Campaign Strategies
244(2)
Up Close
Dirty Politics
246(2)
How Much Does It Cost to Get Elected?
248(2)
Up Close
A Brief History of Money in Politics
250(1)
Raising Campaign Cash
251(2)
What Do Contributors ``Buy''?
253(2)
What Do You Think?
Does Money Buy Influence in Washington?
255(3)
Regulating Campaign Finance
258(2)
The Presidential Campaign: The Primary Race
260(1)
Up Close
New Ways to Evade Campaign Finance Reform
261(5)
Up Close
Bush v. Gore, 2000
266(1)
The Presidential Campaign: The General Election Battle
267
Up Close
Bush v. Kerry, 2004
258(11)
The Voter Decides
269(1)
What Do You Think?
Should We Scrap the Electoral College?
270(2)
Across the USA
How the States Voted
272(2)
Up Close
The Presidential Debates
274(6)
Summary Notes
280(1)
Key Terms
280(1)
Suggested Readings
281(1)
Make It Real
281(1)
Interest Groups: Getting Their Share and More
282(34)
Interest-Group Power
283(1)
Origins of Interest Groups
284(1)
Up Close
Superlobby: The Business Roundtable
285(2)
People in Politics
Marian Wright Edelman, Lobbying for the Poor
287(1)
The Organized Interests in Washington
287(5)
Up Close
The Christian Coalition: Organizing the Faithful
292(1)
People in Politics
Ralph Nader, People's Lobbyist
293(2)
Leaders and Followers
295(1)
The Washington Lobbyists
296(2)
Up Close
Washington's Most Powerful Lobbies
298(1)
The Fine Art of Lobbying
299(4)
Up Close
AARP: The Nation's Most Powerful Interest Group
303(2)
PAC Power
305(1)
Up Close
Emily's List
306(1)
Up Close
Payback: Money and Medicare
307(1)
Lobbying the Bureaucracy
307(3)
Lobbying the Courts
310(1)
Politics as Interest-Group Conflict
311(2)
Summary Notes
313(1)
Key Terms
314(1)
Suggested Readings
315(1)
Make It Real
315(1)
PART IV Institutions
Congress: Politics on Capitol Hill
316(54)
The Powers of Congress
317(5)
Congressional Apportionment and Redistricting
322(2)
Across the USA
Reapportionment, 2000
324(4)
Getting to Capitol Hill
328(4)
What Do You Think?
Why Do Voters Reelect Members of an Unpopular Congress?
332(1)
Party Fortunes in Congress
333(3)
Life in Congress
336(3)
People in Politics
Hillary Rodham Clinton in the Senate
339(2)
Home Style
341(1)
Organizing Congress: Party and Leadership
342(4)
People in Politics
Nancy Pelosi, Leading House Democrats
346(1)
In Committee
347(3)
People in Politics
``Ted'' Kennedy: Keeping Liberalism Alive in the U.S. Senate
350(2)
On the Floor
352(2)
Decision Making in Congress
354(3)
Up Close
Polarization on Capitol Hill
357(3)
Up Close
Tips on Lobbying Congress
360(2)
A Conflicting View
Congress Can Act Responsibly on Occasion
362(2)
People in Politics
Bill Frist, M.D., Leading the Senate
364(1)
Congressional Ethics
365(2)
Summary Notes
367(1)
Key Terms
368(1)
Suggested Readings
369(1)
Make It Real
369(1)
The President: White House Politics
370(46)
Presidential Power
371(1)
What Do You Think?
How Would You Rate the Presidents?
372(2)
Constitutional Powers of the President
374(2)
People in Politics
George Bush and the War on Terrorism
376(2)
Compared to What?
Mexican President Vicente Fox
378(2)
Up Close
Sex, Lies, and Impeachment
380(2)
Up Close
Watergate and the Limits of Presidential Power
382(2)
Political Resources of the President
384(3)
What Do You Think?
Should We Judge Presidents on Private Character or Performance in Office?
387(1)
Personality Versus Policy
388(1)
Chief Executive
389(1)
People in Politics
John Kerry, War Hero, Anti-War Leader
390(2)
Up Close
Contrasting Presidential Styles
392(5)
Chief Legislator and Lobbyist
397(4)
Global Leader
401(5)
Commander-In-Chief
406(2)
Up Close
George Bush and ``Operation Iraqi Freedom''
408(2)
The Vice Presidential Waiting Game
410(2)
People in Politics
Dick Cheney, Presidential Confidant
412(1)
Summary Notes
413(1)
Key Terms
414(1)
Suggested Readings
414(1)
Make It Real
415(1)
The Bureaucracy: Bureaucratic Politics
416(40)
Bureaucratic Power
417(3)
What Do You Think?
How Would You Rate These Federal Agencies?
420(2)
The Federal Bureaucracy
422(1)
Up Close
Why Government Grows, and Grows, and Grows
423(2)
Compared to What?
The Size of Government in Other Nations
425(3)
Up Close
The Department of Homeland Security
428(4)
People in Politics
Alan Greenspan, Managing the Nation's Economy
432(1)
Bureaucracy and Democracy
433(3)
Bureaucratic Politics
436(2)
The Budgetary Process
438(4)
The Politics of Budgeting
442(1)
Up Close
Bureaucratic Budget Strategies
443(1)
What Do You Think?
How Much Money Does the Government Waste?
444(1)
Regulatory Battles
444(2)
A Conflicting View
Bureaucratic Regulations Are Suffocating America
446(2)
Regulating America
448(1)
Congressional Constraints on the Bureaucracy
449(1)
Up Close
How to Use the Freedom of Information Act
450(2)
Interest Groups and Bureaucratic Decision Making
452(1)
Judicial Constraints on the Bureaucracy
452(1)
Summary Notes
453(1)
Key Terms
454(1)
Suggested Readings
455(1)
Make It Real
455(1)
Courts: Judicial Politics
456(36)
Judicial Power
457(2)
People in Politics
John Marshall and Early Supreme Court Politics
459(2)
Up Close
William Jefferson Clinton Versus Paula Corbin Jones
461(1)
Activism Versus Self-Restraint
462(1)
People in Politics
Sandra Day O'Connor, Holding the Middle Ground
463(2)
Structure and Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
465(3)
Across the USA
Geographic Boundaries of Federal Courts
468(1)
A Conflicting View
America Is Drowning Itself in a Sea of Lawsuits
469(1)
The Special Rules of Judicial Decision Making
470(3)
The Politics of Selecting Judges
473(3)
Who Is Selected?
476(1)
Up Close
The Confirmation of Clarence Thomas
477(1)
Up Close
Women and the Courts
478(1)
Supreme Court Decision Making
479(2)
Politics and the Supreme Court
481(3)
Up Close
Bush v. Gore, Majority and Dissenting Opinions
484(1)
Bush v. Gore in the U.S. Supreme Court
485(1)
Checking Court Power
486(1)
What Do You Think?
Do You Have Confidence in the Supreme Court?
487(3)
Summary Notes
490(1)
Key Terms
491(1)
Suggested Readings
491(1)
PART V Outcomes
Politics and Personal Liberty
492(44)
Power and Individual Liberty
493(1)
Freedom of Religion
494(8)
Freedom of Speech
502(1)
Up Close
The American Civil Liberties Union
503(3)
Up Close
We Can Burn the Flag But Not the Cross
506(1)
Up Close
Political Correctness Versus Free Speech on Campus
507(1)
Privacy, Abortion, and the Constitution
508(3)
What Do You Think?
Should We Amend the Constitution to Ban Gay Marriages?
511(1)
Obscenity and the Law
512(1)
Up Close
Child Pornography
513(1)
Freedom of the Press
514(2)
Freedom of Assembly and Petition
516(2)
The Right to Bear Arms
518(1)
Rights of Criminal Defendants
519(2)
What Do You Think?
Should Victims' Rights Be Added to the Constitution?
521(1)
What Do You Think?
Are Persons Captured on the Battlefields of Afghanistan and Iraq Entitled to the Protections of the U.S. Constitution?
522(3)
A Conflicting View
Terrorism Requires Restrictions on Civil Liberties
525(5)
A Conflicting View
The War on Drugs Threatens Individual Liberty
530(1)
The Death Penalty
531(3)
Summary Notes
534(1)
Key Terms
535(1)
Suggested Readings
535(1)
Make It Real
535(1)
Politics and Civil Rights
536(40)
The Politics of Equality
537(1)
Slavery, Segregation, and the Constitution
537(4)
Equal Protection of the Laws
541(1)
Up Close
African American Politics in Historical Perspective
542(3)
The Civil Rights Acts
545(1)
People in Politics
Martin Luther King, Jr., ``I Have a Dream''
546(2)
Equality: Opportunity Versus Results
548(3)
Affirmative Action in the Courts
551(2)
Affirmative Action and ``Diversity'' in Higher Education
553(3)
A Conflicting View
The Constitution Should Be Color-Blind
556(1)
Hispanics in America
557(2)
Hispanic Politics
559(1)
Native Americans: Trails of Tears
560(2)
Across the USA
Native American Peoples
562(2)
The Rights of Disabled Americans
564(2)
Gender Equality and the Fourteenth Amendment
566(2)
Gender Equality in the Economy
568(2)
Inequality and the Constitution
570(2)
What Do You Think?
What Constitutes Sexual Harassment?
572(1)
Summary Notes
573(1)
Key Terms
574(1)
Suggested Readings
575(1)
Make It Real
575(1)
Politics and the Economy
576(28)
Politics and Economics
577(1)
Economic Decision Making
577(1)
People in Politics
Milton Friedman, In Defense of Free Markets
578(3)
The Performance of the American Economy
581(2)
Economic Globalization
583(4)
What Do You Think?
Does Globalization Help or Hurt America?
587(1)
Government Spending, Budget Priorities, and Debt
588(1)
Up Close
Transfers and Entitlements Drive Government Spending
589(3)
The Tax Burden
592(1)
What Do You Think?
Should We Increase Government Services or Reduce Taxes?
593(1)
Compared to What?
Tax Burdens in Advanced Democracies
594(3)
Tax Politics
597(1)
A Conflicting View
We Should Enact a Flat Tax
598(4)
Summary Notes
602(1)
Key Terms
602(1)
Suggested Readings
603(1)
Make It Real
603(1)
Politics and Social Welfare
604(16)
Power and Social Welfare
605(1)
Poverty in the United States
605(3)
Up Close
Who Are the Poor?
608(1)
Social Welfare Policy
608(1)
Up Close
Homelessness in America
609(3)
Senior Power
612(3)
Politics and Welfare Reform
615(1)
What Do You Think?
How Should We Reform Social Security?
616(3)
Up Close
Is Welfare Reform Working?
619(1)
Health Care in America
620(1)
Compared to What?
Health and Health Care Costs in Advanced Democracies
621(3)
Politics and Health Care Reform
624(1)
What Do You Think?
Should We Enact a National Health Care System Covering All Americans?
625(3)
Summary Notes
628(1)
Key Terms
629(1)
Suggested Readings
629
Politics and National Security
620
Power among Nations
631(2)
The Legacy of the Cold War
633(5)
Nuclear Threats
638(4)
When to Use Military Force?
642(1)
A Conflicting View
We Should Defend Ourselves against a Ballistic Missile Attack
643(2)
Up Close
The Use of Force: Operation Desert Storm
645(1)
People in Politics
Colin Powell, An American Journey
646(1)
The War on Terrorism
647(4)
Compared to What?
World Opinion about America's War against Terrorism
651(1)
Military Force Levels
651(3)
Summary Notes
654(1)
Key Terms
655(1)
Suggested Readings
655(1)
Make It Real
655
Appendix
The Declaration of Independence
1(1)
The Federalist, No. 10, James Madison
2(3)
The Federalist, No. 51, James Madison
5(3)
Presidents and Vice Presidents
8(1)
Supreme Court Justices
9(2)
Presidential Elections and Voting
11(4)
Party Control of Congress
15
Glossary 1(1)
Notes 1(1)
Photo Credits 1(1)
Index 1

Excerpts

Politics is an activity by which people try to get more of whatever there is to get. It is not about the pursuit of liberty as much as it is about the struggle over the allocation of values in society. Simply put, it is about "who gets what, when, and how." By using Lasswell's classic definition of politics as the unifying framework,Politics in America, Sixth Edition,strives to present a clear, concise, and stimulating introduction to the American political system. Politics consists of all of the activities--reasonable discussion, impassioned oratory, campaigning, balloting, fund raising, advertising, lobbying, demonstrating, rioting, street fighting, and waging war--by which conflict is carried on. Managing conflict is the principal function of the political system and power is the ultimate goal. By examining the struggle for power--the participants, the stakes, the processes, and the institutional arenas--Politics in America, Sixth Edition,introduces students to the politics that is the basis for our democracy. Why Politics in America? Instructors teaching the Introductory American Government course find engaging their students to be the most difficult task facing them.Politics in America, Sixth Edition,is written to be lively and absorbing, reflecting the teaching philosophy thatstimulating students' interest in politics and public affairs is the most important goal of an introductory course.Interesting examples and controversial debates spark students' interest and keep them connected to the material. The struggle for power in society is not a dull topic, and textbooks should not make it so. Politics in America, Sixth Edition,strives for a balanced presentation, but "balanced" does not mean boring. It does not mean the avoidance of controversy. Liberal and conservative arguments are set forth clearly and forcefully. Race and gender are given particular attention, not because it is currently fashionable to do so, but because American politics has long been driven by these factors. As in previous editions, the trademark of this book continues to be its desire to pull students into the debate that is our political system. Organization Part I, "Politics," begins with Lasswell's classic definition of politics and proceeds to describe the nature and functions of government and the meaning of democracy. It poses the question. How democratic is the American political system? It describes the American political culture: its contradictions between liberty and conformity, political equality and economic inequality, equality of opportunity and inequality of results, the role of ideology--liberalism and conservatism, thus laying the groundwork for understanding the struggle over who gets what. Part II, "Constitution," describes the politics of constitution making--deciding how to decide. It describes how the struggle over the U.S. Constitution reflected the distribution of power in the new nation. It focuses on the classic arguments of the Founders for limiting and dividing governmental power and the structural arrangements designed to accomplish this end. Part III, "Participants," begins by examining individual participation in politics--the way people acquire and hold political opinions and act on them through voting and protest activity. It examines the influences of family, school, gender, race, and the role of media in shaping political opinion. It describes how organization concentrates power--to win public office in the case of party organizations, and to influence policy in the case of interest groups. It assesses the role of personal ambition in politics and the role of money. Part IV, "Institutions," describes the various governmental arenas in which the struggle for power takes place--the Congress, the presidency, the bureaucracy, the courts. More import


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