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The Politics of Congressional Elections

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780321070692

ISBN10:
0321070690
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Longman

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Summary

Jacobson's classic work offers readers a systematic and engaging account of what goes on in congressional elections and demonstrates how electoral politics reflect and shape other basic components of our political system. The Fifth Edition brings everything up to date through the 1998 elections, analyzing new electoral trends that have appeared in the 1990sincluding the Republicans' rise to majority status and their current precarious hold on Congresswhile also offering a thorough consideration of impeachment politics in 1998 and 1999.

Table of Contents

List of Tables
vii
List of Figures
ix
Preface xi
Introduction
1(4)
The Context
5(16)
The Constitutional Framework
5(6)
Cogressional Districts
6(2)
Partisan Gerrymandering
8(1)
Racial Gerrymandering
9(1)
States as Electoral Units
10(1)
Election Laws
11(1)
Political Parties
12(3)
Social and Political Contexts
15(6)
Congressional Candidates
21(36)
The Incumbency Factor
21(9)
Measuring the Value of Incumbency
24(3)
The Vanishing Marginals
27(3)
Sources of the Incumbency Advantage
30(10)
The Institutional Characteristics of Congress
30(2)
Changes in Voting Behavior
32(1)
Constituency Service
33(2)
The Variability of the Incumbency Advantage
35(1)
Discouraging the Opposition
36(4)
Money in Congressional Elections
40(6)
The Connection between Money and Success
41(3)
Why Campaign Money Is More Important to Challengers
44(2)
The Career in the District
46(2)
Motivating Challengers
48(9)
Congressional Campaigns
57(44)
Campaign Money
59(20)
Political Action Committees
59(12)
Party Money
71(6)
Self-Financing by Candidates
77(1)
Fundraising Tactics
78(1)
Campaign Organizations
79(1)
Campaign Strategies
80(4)
Campaign Media
81(2)
Personal Campaigning
83(1)
Campaign Messages
84(8)
Challengers' Campaigns
85(1)
Going Negative
86(2)
Incumbents' Campaigns
88(3)
Candidates for Open Seats
91(1)
Senate Campaigns
92(1)
``Voter Education'' and ``Issue Advocacy'' Campaigns
93(1)
Concluding Observations
94(7)
Congressional Voters
101(40)
Turnout in Congressional Elections
101(1)
Who Votes?
102(3)
Partisanship in Congressional Elections
105(5)
Alternative Interpretations of Party Identification
105(2)
Partisanship and Voting
107(3)
Information and Voting
110(13)
Recall and Recognition of Candidates
111(5)
Contacting Voters
116(5)
The Effects of Campaign Spending
121(2)
Models of Voting Behavior
123(2)
Evaluating Incumbents
125(7)
Winning Challengers
132(2)
Issues in Congressional Elections
134(7)
National Politics and Congressional Elections
141(70)
Political Interpretations of Congressional Elections
142(4)
Models of Aggregate Congressional Election Results
143(3)
Presidential Coattails
146(7)
National Conditions and Strategic Politics
153(7)
Campaign Themes
159(1)
House Election, 1980-1998
160(35)
1980
160(1)
1982
161(2)
1984
163(3)
1986
166(1)
1988
167(2)
1990
169(2)
1992
171(7)
1994
178(2)
The Clinton Problem
180(2)
Nationalizing the Vote
182(3)
1996
185(2)
The Campaigns
187(2)
1998
189(1)
The Scandal and the Campaigns
190(5)
House Election Patterns, 1980-1998
195(1)
Senate Elections, 1980-1998
196(15)
Elections and the Politics of Congress
211(26)
The Congressional Parties
213(2)
The Committee Systems
215(2)
Making Policy
217(10)
Particularism
217(3)
Serving the Organized
220(2)
Immobility
222(1)
Symbolism
223(1)
Doing the Right Thing
223(2)
Building Coalitions
225(2)
The Budgetary Process
227(10)
Representation, Responsibility, Impeachment Politics, and the Future of Congressional Elections
237(34)
Representation
237(4)
Policy Congreuence
239(1)
Beyond Policy Congruence
239(1)
Descriptive Representation
240(1)
Responsiveness without Responsibility
241(1)
The Revival of Party Cohesion
242(12)
Ideological Polarization in Congress and the Electorate
245(3)
Party Polarization: The Electoral Connection
248(2)
Diverging Electoral Constituencies
250(1)
Chicken or Egg?
251(3)
Party Polarization and the Politics of Impeachment
254(5)
Divided Government in the 1990s
259(2)
Reforming Congress
261(3)
Term Limits
262(2)
The Public's Evaluations of Congress
264(1)
Toward the Millennium
265(6)
Bibliography 271(17)
Index 288


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