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Now in its fourth edition,Politics of Latin Americaexplores both the evolution and the current state of the political scene in Latin America. Distinguishing itself from more traditional works on the subject, this unique text demonstrates a nuanced sensitivity to the use and abuse of power and the importance of social conditions, gender, race, globalization, and political economy throughout Latin America. The first part of the text is composed of thematic chapters that outline the region's geographic setting, history, economics, society, gender, race, and religion, setting the stage for a more detailed analysis of the politics, democratization, political culture, political movements, and revolution in Latin America. The second part of the book consists of carefully constructed case studies of ten representative Latin American nations: Guatemala, Mexico, Cuba, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Venezuela, Colombia, Nicaragua, and Bolivia. Each case study traces the historical and political development of key actors and institutions, analyzing contemporary power configurations. FEATURES OF THE FOURTH EDITION: * Focuses on contemporary developments in the region, especially the election and reelection (from 2002 on) of several progressive governments that provide an alternative to the neoliberal policies of the 1990s * Incorporates recent political events (from 2007-2010) including the presidential and legislative elections in Brazil, Venezuela, Uruguay, El Salvador, and Paraguay * Analyzes critical new legislative developments, including the legalization of gay marriage in Argentina in 2010 * Updates all tables and charts with the latest census and economic data * Includes an entirely new chapter (11) on the relationship between the United States and Latin America, which offers an in-depth look at Obama's policies toward the region and places his administration in the context of long-standing themes in this complex relationship * Restructures, expands, and adds statistical tables to the chapter on democracy and authoritarianism * Is supplemented by a Companion Website that includes chapters on additional countries
Harry E. Vanden is Professor of Political Science and International Studies at the University of South Florida.
Gary Prevost is Professor of Political Science at St. John's University and the College of St. Benedict.
Table of Contents
Maps Frequently Cited Acronyms Preface Introduction: Notes on Studying Politics in Latin America 1. An Introduction to Twenty-First Century Latin America Geography Once There Were Rain Forests The People The Land The Cities Explode: Urbanization 2. Early History People in the Americas before the Conquest The Conquest How Could They Do It? Early Colony Production, Trade, and Extraction of Riches The Church Colonial State Organization Governmental Organization The Bourbon Reforms 3. A Historical Overview from Independence to the Present Day Independence Early Drive for Independence in Hispanic America Brazilian Independence Early Years of Independence The Aftermath of Independence and the Monroe Doctrine 1850-1880 1880-1910 Post-1910 The Cold War and Change 4. The Other Americans European Justification The Role of Sugar and Slavery Resistance to Slavery Concept of Race Contemporary Struggle of the Indigenous People 5. Society, Family, and Gender Family and Gender Roles Class, Gender, Race, and Mobility Homosexuality and Transgenderism 6. Religion in Latin America Indigenous Religious Practice Colonial Catholic Church The Church in Modern Latin America A New Political Role Impact of Liberation Theology Protestantism and Pentecostalism African-Inspired Religions Judaism 7. The Political Economy of Latin America On Economics and Political Economy The Latin American Economy Agrarian Production Foreign Investment and Enclave Production Dependency and Underdevelopment Raúl Prebisch and the ECLA Dependency Theory Import Substitution Industrialization Export Orientation Increasing Foreign Debt and the Debt Crisis Structural Adjustment and the Move to Neoliberalism Privatization and Neoliberalism Regional Integration, NAFTA, and the Globalization Process Economic Legacy Twenty-First-Century Prospects 8. Democracy and Authoritarianism: Latin American Political Culture Authoritarian Legacy and Weak Democratic Tradition Democratization 9. Politics, Power, Institutions, and Actors Constitutions Institutions Political Actors Rural Poor 10. Struggling for Change: Revolution, Social and Political Movements in Latin America Cuba Nicaragua El Salvador Guatemala Columbia Peru Argentine Manifestation Chiapas: Regional Victory Ecuador New Social Movements and New Politics: The MST 11. U.S.-Latin American Relations Territorial Expansion: Confrontation with Mexico Dreams of Cuba Economic Transformation Gunboat Diplomacy, the Big Stick, and Dollar Diplomacy Democracy and World War II The Rio Treaty and the Organization of American States Guatemalan Case Alliance for Progress National Security Doctrine September 11 Coup in Chile Counterinsurgency Cold War in Central America Latin America and the Post-Cold War World Latin American Initiatives Prospects for the Future 12. Guatemala, Susanne Jonas Precolonial, Colonial, and Neocolonial History The Revolution of 1944-1954 and the 1954 CIA Intervention Aftermath: Chronic Crisis Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the 1970s-1980s Transistion to Restricted Civilian Rule Social Crisis and Reemergence of Social Movements Guatemala's Peace Process (1990-1996) Postwar Guatemala (1997-2007) 13. Mexico, Nora Hamilton Historical Trajectory Economic Development and the "Perfect Dictatorship": 1940-1982 Economic Liberalization and Political Transition: 1982-2000 Toward an Uncertain Future: 2000-2010 14. Cuba, Gary Prevost History Revolution Revolution in Power Decade of the 1970s: Economic Changes Political Process International Relations Cuban Response to the Collapse of the Soviet Union 15. Brazil, Wilber Albert Chaffee A Brief Political History Democratic Interlude Military Rule The "New Republic" Political Economy Foreign Policy Geography of Inequality A Culture of Discrimination The Political System The President The Legislature The Courts Political Parties Interest Groups The Amazon Brazil Today 16. Argentina, Aldo C. Vacs Political Evolution Economic Crisis, Political Upheaval, and the Return of Populism Politics and Power Looking Forward: Argentina's Political Prospects 17. Chile, Eduardo Silva Political Economy Political History Military Government Power and Politics Chilean Government Structures Interest Groups 18. Venezuela, Daniel Hellinger Geography and People Race and Gender Venezuela's History and Its Uses Today Oil Changes Everything The Punto Fijo Regime and the Rise and Fall of "Partyarchy" From Decay to Collapse of the Punto Fijo System Survival Politics Venezuela's "Bolivarian" Constitution and Institutional Framework Political Actors in Bolivarian Venezuela Economic and Development Strategies in Bolivarian Venezuela 19. Colombia, John C. Dugas Economic and Social Context Political History The Colombian Political Regime: Constitutional Structure and Actual Practice 20. Nicaragua, Gary Prevost and Harry E. Vanden The Modern Era Carlos Fonseca and the Roots of the FSLN Turning Point for Revolution The FSLN in Power Consolidating Political Institutions The 1990 Election and After The Chamorro Years, Alemán and Bolanos The 1996 Elections and the Evolving Party System Neoliberalism and the Economy Social Conditions Nicaraguan Government Structures Interest Groups Liberal Parties 21. Bolivia, Waltraud Q. Morales Geopolitical Overview Early History Colonial Rule (1532-1809) Independence and Caudillo Rule (1809-1879) The War of the Pacific (1879-1884) Republican Government (1880-1932) The Chaco War and the Coming of Revolution (1932-1951) From Revolution to Military Dictatorship (1952-1982) Transition to Democratic Rule Indigenous Resurgence and Populist Democracy Crisis of Reform and Autonomy Bolivian Government Appendix 1. Presidential Elections Appendix 2. Recent Legislative Elections Authors and Contributors Index