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Politics and Policy in States and Communities,9780321354846
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Politics and Policy in States and Communities

by ;
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780321354846

ISBN10:
0321354842
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2008
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $124.40
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Summary

This up-to-date, highly-readable text focuses on twin perspectives: the political economy of state and local politics and the impact of political reformism on states and communities.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
CHAPTER 1 Introduction to State and Community Politics 1(16)
Introduction
1(1)
All Levels of Government Are Important in the United States
2(1)
The Growth of State and Local Governments
3(1)
Rejuvenation of State and Local Government
4(1)
What Matters in State and Community Politics
5(8)
The Plan of this Book
13(1)
Summary
13(1)
Study Questions
14(1)
Key Terms
14(1)
The Internet Connection
14(1)
References
15(2)
CHAPTER 2 The Constitutional Environment of State and Local Governments 17(19)
Introduction
17(1)
State Constitutions
18(1)
Criticisms of State Constitutions
19(5)
The Model State Constitution
24(1)
The Politics of Constitutional Reform
24(5)
Constitutional Reform and Social Change
29(3)
Local "Constitutions"
32(1)
Summary
32(1)
Study Questions
33(1)
Key Terms
33(1)
The Internet Connection
33(1)
References
34(2)
CHAPTER 3 The Intergovernmental Framework for State and Community Politics 36(28)
Introduction
36(2)
The Evolution of Federalism
38(12)
Other Intergovernmental Politics
50(4)
Regional Conflict
54(2)
Intergovernmental Impact on State and Local Political Economies
56(3)
Summary
59(1)
Study Questions
59(1)
Key Terms
60(1)
The Internet Connection
61(1)
References
61(3)
CHAPTER 4 Channels of Citizen Influence: Participation, Public Opinion, and Interest Groups 64(29)
Introduction
64(1)
Political Participation
65(10)
Public Opinion
75(2)
Interest Groups
77(9)
Conclusion
86(1)
Summary
87(1)
Study Questions
87(1)
Key Terms
87(1)
The Internet Connection
88(1)
References
88(5)
CHAPTER 5 Channels of Citizen Influence: The Ballot Box, Parties, and Direct Action 93(30)
Introduction
93(1)
The Ballot Box
94(6)
Getting the Votes Counted
100(2)
Political Parties
102(8)
Direct Democracy
110(2)
Direct Action
112(3)
Social Change and the Ballot Box
115(1)
Conclusion
116(1)
Summary
116(1)
Study Questions
117(1)
Key Terms
117(2)
The Internet Connection
119(1)
References
119(4)
CHAPTER 6 The Institutions of Local Government 123(27)
Introduction
123(1)
Different Types of Local Government
124(4)
The Organization of Counties and Cities
128(6)
The Evolution of Reform-Style City Politics
134(2)
The Progressive Reform Movement
136(3)
The Metropolitan Challenge
139(4)
Social Change and Local Government
143(1)
Conclusion
144(1)
Summary
144(1)
Study Questions
145(1)
Key Terms
145(1)
The Internet Connection
146(1)
References
147(3)
CHAPTER 7 The Dynamics of Community Politics 150(30)
Introduction
150(1)
Theories of Community Power
151(7)
Who Governs in the Age of Urban Restructuring?
158(5)
The Quest for Local Leadership
163(5)
Mayors and the Challenge of Social Conflict
168(4)
Mayoral Leadership and the Urban Political Economy
172(2)
Conclusion
174(1)
Summary
174(1)
Study Questions
175(1)
Key Terms
175(1)
The Internet Connection
176(1)
References
176(4)
CHAPTER 8 State Legislatures and Public Policy 180(28)
Introduction
180(1)
Legislative Functions
181(8)
Legislative Structure: How Organization Affects Policy Making
189(1)
Parties and Policy Making: The Responsible-Party Model
190(3)
Legislative Process: How Legislators Make Policy
193(3)
Legislative Reform: Improving Legislative Performance
196(5)
Rolling Back Reform: Deinstitutionalization?
201(1)
Conclusion
201(1)
Summary
201(1)
Study Questions
202(1)
Key Terms
202(1)
The Internet Connection
203(1)
References
204(4)
CHAPTER 9 Governors and the Challenge of Executive Leadership 208(28)
Introduction
208(2)
The Demand for Strong Executives
210(2)
Executive Leadership at the State Level: Making Governors Stronger
212(7)
Exercising Leadership: Governors' Styles
219(2)
Governors' Careers
221(4)
Other State Executives
225(3)
Governors and Public Conflict
228(2)
Conclusion
230(1)
Summary
230(1)
Study Questions
231(1)
Key Terms
231(1)
The Internet Connection
232(1)
References
232(4)
CHAPTER 10 Administrators and the Implementation of Policy 236(25)
Introduction
236(1)
Tension Between Administrators and Elected Officials
237(1)
Managing Personnel for Better Policy Implementation
238(4)
Social Conflict in the Public Workforce
242(2)
Reconciling Work and Family Concerns
244(1)
Reorganizing and Reengineering Bureaucracy to Improve Performance
245(3)
Budgeting as a Device for Improving Executive Management
248(3)
Political Economy and Reengineering for Greater Productivity
251(4)
Conclusion
255(1)
Summary
255(1)
Study Questions
256(1)
Key Terms
256(1)
The Internet Connection
257(1)
References
257(4)
CHAPTER 11 Courts, Crime, and Corrections in American States 261(32)
Introduction
261(2)
Public Policy and the Courts
263(2)
Court Organization and Procedure
265(2)
Politics in American Courts
267(4)
Courts and Social Conflict: Coping with Crime
271(8)
Political Values and Conflicts over Criminal Justice Policy
279(6)
Courts and Corrections in the Aftermath of September 11
285(1)
Summary
286(1)
Study Questions
287(1)
Key Terms
287(1)
The Internet Connection
288(1)
References
288(5)
CHAPTER 12 Financing State and Local Governments 293(25)
Introduction
293(2)
How State and Local Governments Spend Your Money
295(3)
Where State and Local Revenues Come From
298(10)
Conflicts and Issues in State and Local Finance
308(4)
State-Community Finance and the Political Economy
312(2)
Summary
314(1)
Study Questions
315(1)
Key Terms
315(1)
The Internet Connection
316(1)
References
316(2)
CHAPTER 13 Poverty and Social Welfare Policies 318(36)
Introduction
318(1)
Poverty as a Social Problem
319(6)
Political Values and Poverty
325(3)
State, Local, and Federal Roles in Social Welfare Policy
328(2)
The Major Social Welfare Programs
330(5)
Health Care Policies: The Intergovernmental System in Practice
335(4)
Reforming Social Welfare
339(5)
Welfare Reform, Social Conflict, and the Political Economy
344(3)
Summary
347(1)
Study Questions
347(1)
Key Terms
348(1)
The Internet Connection
349(1)
References
349(5)
CHAPTER 14 Education 354(30)
Introduction
355(1)
State, Local, and Federal Roles in Education
356(5)
Political Values and Public Education
361(1)
Struggles over Values
362(1)
Education and Social Conflict
362(10)
Reforming Public Education
372(5)
Summary
377(1)
Study Questions
378(1)
Key Terms
378(1)
The Internet Connection
379(1)
References
379(5)
CHAPTER 15 Infrastructure Policies: Transportation and Housing and Community Development 384(31)
Introduction
384(1)
Transportation
385(1)
The Rise to Dominance of the Highway System
386(10)
Housing and Community Development
396(10)
Political Values and the Social Consequences of Infrastructure Policy
406(3)
Summary
409(1)
Study Questions
409(1)
Key Terms
410(1)
The Internet Connection
411(1)
References
411(4)
CHAPTER 16 Regulating the Environment 415(26)
Introduction
415(2)
Environmental Regulation
417(12)
Does the Pollution Control System Work?
429(1)
Social Conflict and the Environment: Environmental Justice
430(6)
Summary
436(1)
Study Questions
436(1)
Key Terms
437(1)
The Internet Connection
438(1)
References
438(3)
CHAPTER 17 State and Community Economic Development Policies 441(24)
Introduction
441(1)
The Changing Climate for State and Community Economies
442(3)
Strategies for Economic Development
445(9)
More Active Strategies
454(2)
Issues in the Search for Economic Development
456(2)
Social Conflict and the Competition for Economic Development
458(2)
Summary
460(1)
Study Questions
461(1)
Key Terms
461(1)
The Internet Connection
462(1)
References
462(3)
Appendix: Career Prospects in State and Local Government 465(10)
Name Index 475(12)
Subject Index 487


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