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Politics and Policy in States and Communities,9780321052674
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Politics and Policy in States and Communities

by ;
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780321052674

ISBN10:
0321052676
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div

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Summary

With a theme of rejuvenation and reform this up-to-date, highly-readable text focuses on twin perspectives: the political economy of state and local politics, and the impact of political reformism on states and communities. This book studies reformism and its consequences as they relate to the legal, cultural, and financial framework of state and community politics, as well as their effect on citizen influence, community politics, and the institutions of state government.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Introduction to State and Community Politics
1(17)
Rejuvenation of State and Local Government
3(1)
What Matters in State and Community Politics
4(9)
The Plan of This Book
13(1)
Summary
14(1)
Study Questions
14(1)
Key Terms
15(1)
The Internet Connection
15(1)
References
15(3)
The Constitutional Environment of State and Local Governments
18(18)
Introduction
18(1)
State Constitutions
19(1)
Criticisms of State Constitutions
20(4)
The Model State Constitution
24(1)
The Politics of Constitutional Reform
25(4)
Constitutional Reform and Social Change
29(3)
Local ``Constitutions''
32(1)
Summary
33(1)
Study Questions
33(1)
Key Terms
33(1)
The Internet Connection
34(1)
References
34(2)
The Intergovernmental Framework for State and Community Politics
36(29)
Introduction
36(2)
The Evolution of Federalism
38(12)
Other Intergovernmental Politics
50(4)
East-West Conflict
54(3)
Intergovernmental Impact on State and Local Political Economies
57(2)
Summary
59(1)
Study Questions
60(1)
Key Terms
60(2)
The Internet Connection
62(1)
References
62(3)
Financial Constraints on State and Local Government
65(30)
Introduction
65(3)
How State and Local Governments Spend Your Money
68(4)
Where State and Local Revenue Comes From
72(11)
Conflicts and Issues in State and Local Finance
83(6)
State-Community Finance and the Political Economy
89(1)
Summary
90(1)
Study Questions
91(1)
Key Terms
91(1)
The Internet Connection
92(1)
References
92(3)
Channels of Citizen Influence: Participation, Public Opinion, and Interest Groups
95(31)
Introduction
95(1)
Political Participation
96(10)
Public Opinion
106(3)
Interest Groups
109(10)
Conclusion: A Comparison of Public Opinion and Interest Groups
119(1)
Summary
120(1)
Study Questions
121(1)
Key Terms
121(1)
The Internet Connection
122(1)
References
122(4)
Channels of Citizen Influence: The Ballot Box, Parties, and Direct Action
126(31)
Introduction
126(1)
The Ballot Box
127(6)
Political Parties
133(9)
Direct Democracy
142(3)
Direct Action
145(3)
Social Change and the Ballot Box
148(2)
Conclusion
150(1)
Summary
150(1)
Study Questions
151(1)
Key Terms
151(1)
The Internet Connection
152(1)
References
152(5)
The Institutions of Local Government
157(32)
Introduction
157(1)
Different Types of Local Government
158(5)
The Organization of Counties and Cities
163(8)
The Evolution of Reform-Style City Policies
171(6)
The Metropolitan Challenge
177(4)
Social Change and Local Government
181(2)
Conclusion
183(1)
Summary
183(1)
Study Questions
184(1)
Key Terms
184(1)
The Internet Connection
185(1)
References
185(4)
The Dynamics of Community Politics
189(32)
Introduction
189(1)
Theories of Community Power
190(5)
Who Governs in the Age of Urban Restructuring?
195(6)
Mayors and the Quest for Leadership
201(5)
Mayors and the Challenge of Social Conflict
206(7)
Mayoral Leadership and the Urban Political Economy
213(1)
Summary
214(1)
Study Questions
215(1)
Key Terms
215(1)
The Internet Connection
216(1)
References
216(5)
State Legislatures and Public Policy
221(27)
Introduction
221(1)
Legislative Functions
222(7)
Legislative Structure: How Organization Affects Policy Making
229(1)
Parties and Policy Making: The Responsible-Party Model
229(3)
Legislative Process: How Legislators Make Policy
232(3)
Legislative Reform: Improving Legislative Performance
235(5)
Rolling Back Reform: Deinstitutionalization?
240(1)
Summary
241(1)
Study Questions
241(1)
Key Terms
242(1)
The Internet Connection
243(1)
References
243(5)
Governors and The Challenge of Executive Leadership
248(28)
Introduction
248(1)
The Demand for Strong Executives
249(2)
Executive Leadership at the State Level: Making Governors Stronger
251(7)
Exercising Leadership: Governors' Styles
258(3)
Governors' Careers
261(4)
Other State Executives
265(2)
Governors and Public Conflict
267(3)
Summary
270(1)
Study Questions
270(1)
Key Terms
271(1)
The Internet Connection
271(1)
References
272(4)
Administrators and the Implementation of Policy
276(26)
Introduction
276(1)
Tension Between Administrators and Executives
277(1)
Managing Personnel for Better Policy Implementation
278(4)
Social Conflict in the Public Workforce
282(5)
Reconciling Work and Family Concerns
287(1)
Reorganizing and Reengineering Bureaucracy
288(2)
Budgeting as a Device for Improving Executive Management
290(3)
Political Economy and Reengineering for Greater Productivity
293(3)
Summary
296(1)
Study Questions
296(1)
Key Terms
296(1)
The Internet Connection
297(1)
References
297(5)
Courts, Crime, and Corrections in American States
302(33)
Introduction
302(2)
Public Policy and the Courts
304(2)
Court Organization and Procedure
306(2)
Politics in American Courts
308(4)
Courts and Social Conflict: Coping with Crime
312(7)
Political Values and Conflicts Over Criminal Justice Policy
319(9)
Summary
328(1)
Study Questions
329(1)
Key Terms
329(1)
The Internet Connection
330(1)
References
330(5)
Poverty and Social Welfare Policies
335(38)
Introduction
336(2)
Poverty as a Social Problem
338(5)
Political Values and Poverty
343(3)
State, Local, and Federal Roles in Social Welfare Policy
346(4)
The Major Social Welfare Programs
350(6)
Health-Care Policies: The Intergovernmental Systems in Practice
356(2)
Reforming Social Welfare
358(5)
Welfare Reform, Social Conflict, and the Political Economy
363(3)
Summary
366(1)
Study Questions
367(1)
Key Terms
367(1)
The Internet Connection
368(1)
References
368(5)
Education
373(31)
Introduction
374(1)
State, Local, and Federal Roles in Education
375(4)
Political Values and Public Education
379(2)
Education and Social Conflict
381(11)
Reforming Public Education
392(5)
Summary
397(1)
Study Questions
398(1)
Key Terms
398(1)
The Internet Connection
399(1)
References
400(4)
Infrastructure Policies: Transportation, Housing, and Community Development
404(32)
Introduction
404(1)
Transportation
405(10)
Housing and Community Development
415(12)
Political Values and the Social Consequences of Infrastructure Policy
427(2)
Summary
429(1)
Study Questions
430(1)
Key Terms
430(2)
The Internet Connection
432(1)
References
432(4)
Regulating the Environment
436(25)
Introduction
436(2)
Environmental Regulation
438(11)
Does the Pollution Control System Work?
449(1)
Social Conflict and the Environment: Environmental Justice
450(6)
Summary
456(1)
Study Questions
457(1)
Key Terms
457(1)
The Internet Connection
458(1)
References
458(3)
State and Community Economic Development Policies
461(24)
Introduction
461(1)
The Changing Climate for State and Community Economies
462(4)
Strategies for Economic Development
466(8)
Political Combat Strategies
474(2)
Issues in the Search for Economic Development
476(2)
Social Conflict and the Competition for Economic Development
478(2)
Summary
480(1)
Study Questions
480(1)
Key Terms
481(1)
The Internet Connection
481(1)
References
481(4)
Appendix 485(9)
Author Index 494(9)
Subject Index 503


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