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Featuring over 100 readings from a wide range of sources and writers, The Pop, Rock, and Soul Reader, Third Edition, provides a rich and engaging introduction to the development of American popular music and the important social and cultural issues raised by its study. The third edition brings together a vast array of selections from sources that include mainstream and specialized magazines, newspapers, scholarly journals, interviews, and autobiographies of musicians and other music industry insiders, plus ten new readings on timely topics such as:
* The emerging influence of digital technology like autotune and filesharing on popular music * The integration of popular music and reality TV through shows like American Idol * Lady Gaga's meteoric rise to fame and its inextricable link to new media * A retrospective look at and reevaluation of Michael Jackson's long career * The global impact of legendary artist Bob Marley and reggae
Visit the companion website at www.oup.com/us/brackett for additional study resources.
David Brackett is Associate Professor at the Department of Music Research in the Schulich School of Music at McGill University. His publications include Interpreting Popular Music (2000) and articles and reviews in Popular Music, JAMS, and American Music. Professor Brackett is also a consulting editor for the second edition of The Grove Dictionary of American Music (OUP).
Table of Contents
Preface PART 1. Before 1950 1. Irving Berlin in Tin Pan Alley Charles Hamm, "Irving Berlin and the Crucible of God" 2. Technology, the Dawn of Modern Popular Music, and the "King of Jazz" Paul Whiteman and Mary Margaret McBride, "On Wax" 3. Big Band Swing Music: Race and Power in the Music Business Marvin Freedman, "Black Music's on Top; White Jazz Stagnant" Irving Kolodin, "The Dance Band Business: A Study in Black and White" 4. Solo Pop Singers and New Forms of Fandom Martha Weinman Lear, "The Bobby Sox Have Wilted, but the Memory Remains Fresh" 5. Hillbilly and Race Music Kyle Crichton, "Thar's Gold in Them Hillbillies" 6. Blues People and the Classic Blues LeRoi Jones, from Blues People: The Negro Experience in White America and the Music that Developed from It 7. The Empress of the Nat Shapiro and Nat Hentoff, from Hear Me Talkin' to Ya: The Story of Jazz as Told by the Men Who Made It 8. At the Crossroads with Son House Jerry Gilbert, "Son House: Living King of Delta" 9. From Race Music to Rhythm and Blues: T-Bone Walker Kevin Sheridan and Peter Sheridan, "T-Bone Walker: Father of the Blues" 10. Jumpin' the Blues with Louis Jordan Down Beat, "Bands Dug by the Beat: Louis Jordan" Arnold Shaw, from Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues 11. On the Bandstand with Johnny Otis Johnny Otis, from Upside Your Head! Rhythm and Blues on Central Avenue 12. The Producers Answer Back: The Emergence of the "Indie" Record Company Bill Simon , "Indies' Surprise Survival: Small Labels' Ingenuity and Skill Pay Off" Arnold Shaw, from Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues 13. Country Music as Folk Music, Country Music as Novelty Billboard, "American Folk Tunes: Cowboy and Hillbilly Tunes and Tunesters" Newsweek, "Corn of Plenty" PART 2. The 1950s 14. Country Music Approaches the Mainstream Rufus Jarman, "Country Music Goes to Town" 15. Rhythm and Blues in the Early 1950s: B. B. King Arnold Shaw, from Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues 16. "The House that Ruth Brown Built" Ruth Brown (with Andrew Yule), from Miss Rhythm: The Autobiography of Ruth Brown, Rhythm and Blues Legend 17. Ray Charles, or, When Saturday Night Mixed It Up with Sunday Morning Ray Charles and David Ritz, from Brother Ray: Ray Charles' Own Story 18. Jerry Wexler: A Life in R&B Jerry Wexler and David Ritz, from Rhythm and the Blues: A Life in American Music 19. The Growing Threat of Rhythm and Blues Variety, "Top Names Now Singing the Blues as Newcomers Roll on R&B Tide" Variety, "A Warning to the Music Business" 20. From Rhythm and Blues to Rock 'n' Roll: The Songs of Chuck Berry Norman Jopling, "Chuck Berry: Rock Lives!" 21. Little Richard: Boldly Going Where No Man Had Gone Before Charles White, from The Life and Times of Little Richard: The Quasar of Rock 22. Elvis Presley, Sam Phillips, and Rockabilly Elizabeth Kaye, "Sam Phillips Interview" 23. Rock 'n' Roll Meets the Popular Press 24. The Chicago Defender Defends Rock 'n' Roll Rob Roy, "Bias Against 'Rock 'n' Roll' Latest Bombshell in Dixie" 25. The Music Industry Fight Against Rock 'n' Roll: Dick Clark's Teen-Pop Empire and the Payola Scandal Peter Bunzel, "Music Biz Goes Round and Round: It Comes Out Clarkola" New York Age, "Mr. Clark and Colored Payola" PART 3. The 1960s 26. The Brill Building and the Girl Groups Charlotte Greig, from Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow? Girl Groups from the 50s On 27. From Surf to Smile Richard Cromelin, "Interview with Brian Wilson" 28. Urban Folk Revival Gene Bluestein, "Songs of the Silent Generation" Time, "Folk Singing: Sibyl with Guitar" 29. Bringing It All Back Home: Dylan at Newport Irwin Silber, "Newport Folk Festival, 1965" Paul Nelson, "Newport Folk Festival, 1965" 30. "For a Man to Be At Ease, He Must Not Tell All He Knows, Nor Say All He Sees" John Cohen and Happy Traum, "Bob Dylan Interview" 31. From R&B to Soul Jerry Wexler and David Ritz, from Rhythm and the Blues: A Life in American Music 32. No Town Like Motown Harvey Kubernik, "Berry Gordy: A Conversation with Mr. Motown" 33. The Godfather of Soul and the Beginnings of Funk James Brown (with Bruce Tucker), from The Godfather of Soul 34. "The Blues Changes from Day to Day" Jim Delehant, "Otis Redding Interview" 35. Aretha Franklin Earns Respect Phyl Garland, "Aretha Franklin-'Sister Soul': Eclipsed Singer Gains New Heights" 36. The Beatles, the "British Invasion," and Cultural Respectability William Mann, "What Songs the Beatles Sang . . ." Theodore Strongin, "Musicologically . . ." 37. A Hard Day's Night and Beatlemania Andrew Sarris, "Bravo Beatles!" Barbara Ehrenreich, Elizabeth Hess, and Gloria Jacobs, "Beatlemania: Girls Just Want to Have Fun" 38. England Swings, and the Beatles Evolve on Revolver and Sgt. Pepper Richard Goldstein, "Pop Eye: On 'Revolver'" Jack Kroll, "It's Getting Better . . ." 39. The British Art School Blues Ray Coleman, "Rebels with a Beat" 40. The Stones versus the Beatles Ellen Willis, "Records: Rock, Etc.-the Big Ones" 41. If You're Goin' to San Francisco Ralph J. Gleason, "Dead Like Live Thunder" 42. The Kozmic Blues of Janis Joplin Nat Hentoff, "We Look at Our Parents and . . ." 43. Jimi Hendrix and the Electronic Guitar Bob Dawbarn, "Second Dimension: Jimi Hendrix in Action" 44. Rock Meets the Avant-Garde: Frank Zappa Sally Kempton, "Zappa and the Mothers: Ugly Can Be Beautiful" 45. The Aesthetics of Rock Richard Goldstein, "Pop Eye: Evaluating Media" 46. Festivals: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly J. R. Young, "Review of Various Artists, Woodstock" George Paul Csicsery, "Altamont, California, December 6, 1969" PART 4. The 1970s 47. The Sound of Autobiography: Singer-Songwriters, Carole King Robert Windeler, "Carole King: 'You Can Get to Know Me through My Music' 48. Joni Mitchell Journeys Within Penny Valentine, "Joni Mitchell: An Interview (part 1)" 49. Sly Stone: "The Myth of Staggerlee" Greil Marcus, from Mystery Train: Images of America in Rock 'n' Roll Music 50. Not-So-"Little" Stevie Wonder Ben Fong-Torres, "The Formerly Little Stevie Wonder" 51. Parliament Drops the Bomb W. A. Brower, "George Clinton: Ultimate Liberator of Constipated Notions" 52. Heavy Metal Meets the Counterculture John Mendelsohn, "Review of Led Zeppelin" Ed Kelleher, "Black Sabbath Don't Scare Nobody" 53. Led Zeppelin Speaks! Dave Schulps, "The Crunge: Jimmy Page Gives a History Lesson" 54. "I Have No Message Whatsoever" Cameron Crowe, "David Bowie Interview" 55. Rock Me Amadeus Domenic Milano, "Keith Emerson" Tim Morse, from Yesstories: Yes in Their Own Words 56. The Global Phenomenon of Reggae Robert Hilburn, "Third-World Theme of Bob Marley" 57. Get On Up Disco Andrew Kopkind, "The Dialectic of Disco: Gay Music Goes Straight" 58. Punk: The Sound of Criticism? James Wolcott, "A Conservative Impulse in the New Rock Underground" 59. Punk Crosses the Atlantic Caroline Coon, "Rebels Against the System" 60. Punk to New Wave? Stephen Holden, "The B-52s' American Graffiti" 61. UK New Wave Allan Jones, "The Elvis (Costello, That Is) Interview" PART 5. The 1980s 62. Thriller Begets the "King of Pop" Greg Tate, "I'm White! What's Wrong with Michael Jackson" Daryl Easlea, "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough: Bruce Swedien Remembers the Times with Michael Jackson" 63. Madonna and the Performance of Identity Camille Paglia, "Venus of the Radio Waves" 64. Bruce Springsteen: Reborn in the USA David Marsh, "Little Egypt from Asbury Park-and Bruce Springsteen Don't Crawl on His Belly, Neither" Simon Frith, "The Real Thing-Bruce Springsteen" 65. R&B in the 1980s: To Cross Over or Not to Cross Over? Nelson George, from The Death of Rhythm and Blues 66. Heavy Metal Thunders On! J. D. Considine, "Purity and Power-Total, Unswerving Devotion to Heavy Metal Form: Judas Priest and the Scorpions" 67. Metal in the Late Eighties: Glam or Thrash? Richard Gehr, "Metallica" 68. Parents Want to Know: Heavy Metal, the PMRC, and the Public Debate over Decency "Record Labeling: Hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, 99th Congress, September 19, 1985" 69. Postpunk Goes Indie Al Flipside, "What Is This Thing Called Hardcore?" 70. Hip-Hop, Don't Stop Robert Ford, Jr. , "B-Beats Bombarding Bronx: Mobile DJ Starts Something with Oldie R&B Disks" Robert Ford, Jr. , "Jive Talking N.Y. DJs Rapping Away in Black Discos" 71. "The Music Is a Mirror" Harry Allen, "Hip Hop Madness: From Def Jams to Cold Lampin', Rap Is Our Music" Carol Cooper, "Girls Ain't Nothin' but Trouble" 72. Where Rap and Heavy Metal Converge Jon Pareles, "There's a New Sound in Pop Music: Bigotry" PART 6. The 1990s and Beyond 73. Hip-Hop into the 1990s: Gangstas, Fly Girls, and the Big Bling-Bling J. D. Considine, "Fear of a Rap Planet" 74. Nuthin' but a "G" Thang Touré, "Snoop Dogg's Gentle Hip Hop Growl" 75. Keeping It a Little Too Real Sam Gideon Anso and Charles Rappleye, "Rap Sheet" Selwyn Seyfu Hinds, "Party Over" Natasha Stovall, "Town Criers" 76. Women in Rap Christopher John Farley, "Hip-Hop Nation" 77. The Beat Goes On Renee Graham, "Eminem's Old Words Aren't Hip-Hop's Biggest Problem" 78. From Indie to Alternative to Seattle? Dave DiMartino, "A Seattle Slew" 79. Grunge Turns to Scrunge Eric Weisbard, "Over and Out: Indie Rock Values in the Age of Alternative Million Sellers" 80. "We Are the World"? George Lipsitz, "Immigration and Assimilation: Rai, Reggae, and Bhangramuffin" 81. Genre or Gender? The Resurgence of the Singer-Songwriter Robert L. Doerschuk, "Tori Amos: Pain for Sale" 82. Public Policy and Pop Music History Collide Jenny Toomey, "Empire of the Air" 83. Electronica Is in the House Simon Reynolds, "Historia Electronica Preface" 84. R&B Divas Go Retro Ann Powers, "The New Conscience of Pop Music" 85. Country in the Post-Urban Cowboy Era Mark Cooper, "Garth Brooks: Meet Nashville's New Breed Of Generously Stetsoned Crooner" Charles Taylor, "Chicks Against the Machine" 86. Performance as Simulacrum, Boy Bands, and Other 21st-Century Epiphanies Joshua Clover, "Jukebox Culture: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Boy Band" Nina C. Ayoub, "Idol Pursuits" 87. Lady Gaga and the Triumph of Camp Sasha Frere-Jones, "Ladies Wild: How Not Dumb Is Gaga?" 88. The End of History, the Mass-Marketing of Trivia, and a World of Copies without Originals Jay Babcock, "The Kids Aren't All Right They're Amazing" Robert Everett-Green, "Ruled by Frankenmusic" Eliot Van Buskirk, "Why File Sharing Will Save Hollywood, Music" Selected Bibliography Index