9780940898608

Positive Behavior Support in People With Developmental Disabilities: A Research Synthesis

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780940898608

  • ISBN10:

    0940898608

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-03-01
  • Publisher: American Association of Mental Retardation

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Table of Contents

List of Tablesp. vi
List of Figuresp. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Forewordp. xi
Forewordp. xv
Overviewp. 1
Introductionp. 3
Positive Behavioral Support: Overview and Definitionp. 3
Need for a Review of Positive Behavior Supportp. 6
Research Questions Posed: Contributions of the Reviewp. 7
Elaboration of Defining Characteristics of PBSp. 7
Research Questionsp. 8
How Widely Applicable Is PBS?p. 8
In What Ways Is the Field Evolving?p. 8
How Effective Is PBS?p. 9
What Factors Modulate the Effectiveness of PBS?p. 9
How Responsive Is the PBS Literature to the Needs of Consumers (Nonresearchers)?p. 9
The Structure of the Research Synthesisp. 9
Methodsp. 11
Operational Definitionsp. 11
Demographicsp. 11
Assessment Practicesp. 11
Summaryp. 12
Intervention Strategiesp. 12
Intervention Categoriesp. 12
Systems Changep. 15
Ecological Validityp. 16
Summaryp. 17
Outcome Measuresp. 18
Positive Behaviorp. 18
Problem Behaviorp. 18
Stimulus Generalizationp. 18
Response Generalizationp. 18
Maintenancep. 19
Lifestyle Changep. 19
Social Validityp. 19
Summaryp. 20
Literature Search and Eligibility Criteriap. 20
Initial Selection Criteriap. 20
Literature Searchp. 21
Exclusion Criteriap. 21
Data Collection Methodsp. 24
How Intervention Effects Were Measuredp. 24
How Reliability Was Measuredp. 26
Resultsp. 27
How Widely Applicable Is PBS?p. 27
In What Ways Is the Field Evolving?p. 27
Size of the Databasep. 29
Demographicsp. 29
Assessmentp. 35
Interventionp. 38
Outcomesp. 41
How Effective Is PBS?p. 43
Changes in Positive Behaviorp. 43
Distribution of Outcome Effectiveness for PBS Interventionsp. 44
Success Rates for PBS Interventions Pooled Across Outcomesp. 45
Stimulus and Response Generalizationp. 47
Maintenancep. 48
Lifestyle Changep. 48
Social Validityp. 48
What Factors Modulate the Effectiveness of PBS?p. 50
Influence of Demographic Variablesp. 50
Influence of Assessment Variablesp. 53
Systems Changep. 53
Ecological Validityp. 54
Medicationp. 54
Discussionp. 57
Potential Biases in the Retrieved Literaturep. 57
Rigor Versus Relevance?p. 57
Rigor Over Reliance?p. 58
Is Rigor Over Relevance the Only Choice?p. 59
External Validity of Excluded Studiesp. 59
Drawing Inferences From the Resultsp. 61
How Widely Applicable Is PBS?p. 61
In What Ways Is the Field Evolving?p. 61
General Status of PBSp. 61
Demographicsp. 62
Assessmentp. 62
Interventionp. 64
Outcomesp. 66
How Effective Is PBS?p. 66
Changes in Positive Behaviorp. 66
Distribution of Outcome Effectiveness: What Constitutes a Success?p. 67
Success Rates Pooled Across Outcomesp. 67
Stimulus Generalization, Response Generalization, and Maintenancep. 70
Lifestyle Change and Social Validityp. 70
What Factors Modulate the Effectiveness of PBS?p. 71
Demographic Variablesp. 71
Influence of Assessment Variablesp. 72
Systems Changep. 73
Ecological Validityp. 74
Implications for Future Researchp. 74
How Responsive Is the PBS Literature to the Needs of Consumers (Nonresearchers)?p. 75
Comprehensive Lifestyle Supportp. 75
Long-Term Changep. 76
Practicality and Relevancep. 76
Consumers Want Support, Toop. 78
Summaryp. 81
How Widely Applicable Is PBS?p. 81
In What Ways Is the Field Evolving?p. 81
How Effective Is PBS?p. 82
What Factors Modulate the Effectiveness of PBS?p. 82
How Responsive Is the PBS Literature to the Needs of Consumers (Nonresearchers)?p. 82
Recommendationsp. 85
For Researchersp. 85
For Service Providersp. 85
For Social Policy Advocatesp. 86
For the Governmentp. 86
Referencesp. 87
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