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Power & Choice With PowerWeb; MP,9780072433913
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Power & Choice With PowerWeb; MP

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780072433913

ISBN10:
0072433914
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/7/2000
Publisher(s):
MCG (Manual)
List Price: $64.31
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Summary

As a concise introduction to politics, this text in and Introduction to Political Science from a comparative perspective, analyzing governmental structures around the world. The text includes country studies, a glossary, and web links to sites on the Internet for each chapter. Updates in this edition discuss the continuing developments in post-communist countries, reflecting the realities of change vs. the early hopes in the west for the domination of democracy and capitalism. The seventh edition also covers the development of the European Union and has a strengthened argument of political economy.

Table of Contents

PART I INTRODUCTION

1 Politics: Setting the Stage

POLITICS

POLITICS AS THE MAKING OF COMMON DECISIONS

POLITICS AS THE EXERCISE OF POWER

IMPLICIT AND MANIFEST POWER

POLITICS AND POWER

POWER AND CHOICE

POLITICS OF THE STATE

POLITICAL SCIENCE

THE PLEASURES OF POLITICS

2 Modern Ideologies and Political Philosophy

AMERICAN IDEOLOGIES

LIBERALISM

THE CONSERVATIVE REACTION

THE SOCIALIST ALTERNATIVE

COMMUNISM AND SOCIALISM

FASCISM

THE GREAT IDEOLOGIES IN THE LATE TWENTIETH CENTURY

POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY IN OTHER HISTORICAL ERAS

PART II THE STATE AND PUBLIC POLICY

3 The Modern State

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODERN STATE

THE ORIGIN OF STATES

“STATE,” “NATION,” AND THE “NATION-STATE”

GOVERNMETN AND THE STATE

CHALLENGES TO THE STATE

ARE STATES LOSING THEIR ABILITY TO MAKE ECONOMIC POLICY?

SOME POSSIBLE ALTERNATIVES

THE WEST, THE EAST, AND THE SOUTH

Example: State building in Nigeria
Example: State building in the European Union

4 Policies of the State

WHAT DO GOVERNMENTS DO?

DEFENSE POLICY

EDUCATION

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

HEALTH AND SOCIAL WELFARE

PART II DEMOCRACY AND PUBLIC POLICY

THE PLACE OF POWER IN POLICY ANALYSIS

Example: Norway’s Program to Encourage Norwegian-Language Publications
Example: Economic Development Compared with “Human Development
Example: Effectiveness of Education Policies

5 Political Economy of the State

POLITICAL ECONOMY

ECONOMIC POLICY I: ECONOMY GROWTH

ECONOMIC POLICY II: CONTROLLING INFLATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT

ECONOMIC POLICY III: MANAGING DISTRIBUTION AND INEQUALITY

INDEPENDENT CENTRAL BANKS

CORRUPTION

CONCLUSION

Example: Political Economy of Germany
Example: Political Economy of Indonesia

6 Political Choices: The Problems of Fairness and Efficiency

FAIRNESS AND THE PROBLEM OF JUSTICE

OTHER ASPECTS OF FAIRNESS

EFFICIENCY

MODES OF DECISION: INCREMENTAL VS. RADICAL

MODES OF DECISION: AUTHORITY VS. THE MARKET

CONCLUSION

Example: Political Choice

PART III THE CITIZEN AND THE REGIME

7 Authority and Legitimacy: The State and the Citizen

LEGITIMACY AND AUTHORITY

SOURCES OF LEGITIMACY

THE “DEMOCRATIC CITIZEN”

HOW WELL ARE THESE REQUIREMENTS MET?

SOCIAL CAPTIAL

POLITICAL CULTURE

POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION

Example: Building Authority and Legitimacy in West Germany After World War II
Example: Declining Democratic Legitimacy in the United States

8 Democracy and Its Recent Surge in the World

THE WAVE OF DEMOCRATIZATION IN THE 1980’S AND 1990’S

POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS

THE END OF HISTORY?

WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?

Example: Democratization in Spain
Example: Fragile democratization in Peru

9 Autocratic Government

MILITARY GOVERNMENT

WHY AREN’T THERE MORE MILITARY GOVERNMENTS?

ONE-PARTY STATES

“COURT” POLITICS

“POWER AND CHOICE” AGAIN

CONCLUSION

Example: Civilian Participation in Nigeria’s First Military Regime
Example: “Court” Politics in Nazi Germany

PART IV THE APPARATUS OF GOVERNANCE

10 Constitutions and the Design of Government

VARIATIONS IN FORMALITY

THE VIRTUE OF VAGUENESS

OTHER PRINCIPLES OF CONSTITUTIONAL DESIGN

THE GEOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATION OF POWER

“FEDERAL” AND “UNITARY” STATES

THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN “UNITARY” AND “CENTRALIZED” STATES

HOW MUCH CENTRALIZATION IS GOOD?

“CONSTITUTIONALISM”

Example: Constitutional Government in Great Britain
Example: Constitutional Government in Russia

11 Elections

ELECTIONS AS A MEANS OF BUILDING SUPPORT

ELECTIONS AS A MEANS OF SELECTING LEADERS AND POLICIES

ELECTORAL SYSTEMS

REFERENDUMS

ELECTORAL PARTICIPATION

THE PARADOX OF PARTICIPATION

THE BASES OF INDIVIDUALS’ ELECTORAL CHOICES

Example: Proportional Representation Elections in Israel
Example: Elections in Nigeria

12 Parties: A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politics

THE POLITICAL PARTY

ORIGINS OF THE MODERN PARTY

POLITICAL PARTIES AND THE MOBILIZATION OF THE MASSES

POLITICAL PARTIES AND THE RECRUITMENT AND SOCIALIZATION OF LEADERS

POLITICAL PARTIES AS A SOURCE OF POLITICAL IDENTITY

POLITICAL PARTIES AS A CHANNEL OF CONTROL

PARTY ORGANIZATION

PARTY FINANCE

POLITICAL PARTY SYSTEMS

CONCLUSION

Example: The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1917-1991)
Example: Mexico’s Dominant Pary System

13 Structured Conflict: Interest Groups and Politics

INTEREST GROUPS AND REPRESENTATION

TYPES OF INTEREST GROUPS

TACTICS OF INTEREST GROUPS

SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

PATTERN OF ORGANIZED INTEREST-GROUP ACTIVITY

PLURALISM

NEOCORPORATISM

POWER AND CHOICE

Example: Interest Groups in France
Example: Interest Groups in Japan: Attenuated Neocorporatism

14 National Decision-Making Institutions: Parliamentary Government

CABINET CONTROL

WHAT DOES A PARLIAMENT DO?

THE LIFE OF A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT

PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEES

EXCEPTIONS TO PARLIAMENTARY SUPREMACY

PARLIAMENTS IN AUTOCRATIC SYSTEMS

CONCLUSION

Example: Parliamentary Government in India
Example: Parliamentary Government in Germany

15 National Decision-Making Institutions: Presidential Government

PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEMS COMPARED

GOVERNMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY

PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS AND COMPREGENSIVE POLICY

RECRUITMENT OF EXECUTIVE LEADERS

REVIEW AND CONTROL OF THE EXECUTIVE

THE SPLIT EXECUTIVE OF PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEMS

WHY AREN’T ALL DEMOCRACIES PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEMS?

CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW AND THE FRAGMENTATION OF POWER

A NOTE ON CONSTITUTIONS AND POWER

Example: Presidential Government in France
Example: Presidential Government in Mexico

16 Bureaucracy and the Public Sector

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AS A POLITICAL PROBLEM

CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

“BUREAUCRACY:” A REFORM OF THE 19TH CENTURY

BUREAUCRACY VERSUS FLEXIBILITY

THE PROBLEM OF PROTECTED INCOMPETENCE

ADJUSTMENTS TO BUREAUCRACY

SOCIAL REPRESENTATIVES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

CONCLUSION

Example: The French Bureaucracy
Example the Saudi Arabian Bureaucracy
Example: The Battling Bureaucracy in Brazil

17 Laws and the Courts

ANGLO-SAXON CASE LAW

CONTINENTAL EUROPEAN CODE LAW

RELIGIOUS LAW: THE SHARIA

THE BLENDING OF CASE LAW AND CODE LAW

COURTS

Example: The Law in China
Example: The European Court of Justice

Part V International Politics

18 Global Politics: Politics Among States (and Others)

THE EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM SINCE WORLD WAR II

THE NEW WORLD ORDER

INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

THE ABSENCE OF CENTRAL AUTHORITY

FIDUCIARY POLITICAL ROLES AND INTERNATIONAL MORALITY

IMPEDIMENTS TO INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION

POWER AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

THE PROCESS OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

POWER AND CHOICE IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

CONCLUSION

Example: A Failure of the New Order: Ethnic Conflict in Rwanda
Example: The United NationsA Personal Note

Appendix: Principles of Political Analysis

FALSIFIABILITY

WHAT MAKES A STATEMENT INTERESTING?

CAUSATION AND EXPLANATION

HISTORICAL EXPLANATION

A FEW COMMON PITFALLS IN ANALYSIS

Glossary
Bibliography
Index


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