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Practical English Handbook

by Unknown
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780618043019

ISBN10:
0618043012
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/31/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

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Table of Contents

Preface xvii
A Memo to Writers xix
Accuracy and Logic
2(12)
Reliable sources
3(1)
Accurate information
3(1)
Sweeping generalizations
4(1)
Exaggeration
5(1)
Circular reasoning
5(1)
False comparisons
6(1)
Sticking to the point
7(1)
Appeals to prejudice
7(1)
Cause and effect
8(1)
The either...or fallacy
9(5)
Writing and Revising
14(46)
Finding a worthy subject
14(4)
Developing your ideas and planning your paper
18(4)
Organizing systematically
22(3)
Adapting to your audience
25(1)
Using an appropriate tone
26(1)
Choosing appropriate tense and number
27(1)
Stating your thesis
28(1)
Writing an appropriate length paper
28(1)
Writing a first draft
29(7)
Revising your draft
36(8)
Model papers
44(12)
Composing and revising on a computer
56(4)
Writing Paragraphs
60(22)
Writing a topic sentence
62(2)
Unifying paragraphs
64(2)
Developing paragraphs
66(3)
Trimming, tightening, or dividing paragraphs
69(1)
Using appropriate development methods
69(9)
Using transitional devices
78(4)
Grammar
82(27)
The Parts of Speech
83(1)
Nouns
83(1)
Pronouns
83(3)
Verbs
86(3)
Adjectives
89(1)
Adverbs
89(2)
Conjunctions
91(2)
Prepositions
93(2)
Interjections
95(1)
The Parts of Sentences
96(1)
Simple subjects, complete subjects, compound subjects
96(2)
Simple predicates, complete predicates, compound predicates
98(1)
Complements
99(2)
Phrases
101(3)
Clauses
104(2)
Kinds of sentences
106(3)
Sentence Errors 109(58)
Sentence Fragments
110(2)
Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
112(5)
Verb Forms
117(6)
Tense and Sequence of Tenses
123(5)
Present tense
123(1)
Past tense
124(1)
Future tense
124(1)
Progressive tenses
124(1)
Perfect tenses
125(1)
Present infinitive
126(1)
Consistency
127(1)
Voice
128(3)
Subjunctive Mood
131(1)
Subject and Verb: Agreement
132(11)
Singular verb with a singular subject
133(1)
Plural verb with a plural subject
133(1)
Compound subject
133(1)
Compound subject with or, nor, etc.
134(1)
Phrases and clauses between a subject and a verb
134(1)
Collective nouns
135(1)
Nouns plural in form, singular in meaning
135(1)
Indefinite pronouns
136(1)
All, some, part, etc.
136(1)
There, here
137(1)
Agreement with subject, not predicate nominative
138(1)
After a relative pronoun
138(1)
With titles or words used as words
138(1)
Expressions of time, money, measurement, etc.
139(4)
Pronouns and Antecedents: Agreement, Reference, and Usage
143(8)
Singular pronoun with a singular antecedent
143(1)
Plural pronoun with a plural antecedent
143(1)
Compound antecedent with and
143(1)
Compound antecedent with or, nor, etc.
144(1)
Collective noun as antecedent
144(1)
Each, either, etc.
144(2)
Vague and ambiguous antecedents
146(3)
Which, who, that
149(1)
Pronouns ending in -self, -selves
150(1)
Case
151(8)
Subjects and subjective complements
152(1)
Direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions
153(1)
Subjects and objects of infinitives
153(1)
Appositives
154(1)
After than or as
154(1)
Who, Whom
154(2)
Apostrophe or of phrase for possession
156(1)
Words preceding a gerund
156(3)
Adjectives and Adverbs
159(8)
Adverbs modifying verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs
160(1)
After linking verbs be, become, seem, etc.
160(1)
After a verb and its object
161(1)
Comparative and superlative degrees
162(1)
Avoiding double comparatives and superlatives
162(1)
Absolute concepts and absolute modifiers
163(1)
Avoiding double negatives
163(4)
Sentence Structure 167(36)
Choppy Sentences and Excessive Coordination
168(2)
Subordination
170(3)
Subordination of less important ideas
170(1)
Avoiding overlapping subordination
171(2)
Completeness
173(1)
Omission of verbs and prepositions
173(1)
Omission of that
174(1)
Comparisons
174(4)
Illogical comparisons
174(1)
Using the word other
175(1)
Awkward and incomplete comparisons
175(3)
Consistency
178(5)
Avoiding shifts in grammatical forms
178(3)
Avoiding faulty predication
181(1)
Avoiding constructions is when, is where, or the reason is because
181(2)
Position of Modifiers
183(6)
Dangling
183(2)
Misplaced
185(1)
Limiting
186(1)
Squinting
186(3)
Separation of Elements
189(3)
Subject and verb, parts of a verb phrase, or verb and object
189(1)
A sentence containing a quotation
190(1)
Split infinitives
190(2)
Parallelism
192(4)
With coordinating conjunctions
192(1)
With correlative conjunctions
193(1)
With and who, and which, or and that
194(2)
Variety
196(7)
Punctuation 203(52)
Commas
204(18)
Between two independent clauses
204(1)
In a series
204(3)
Between coordinate adjectives
207(2)
After introductory phrases and clauses
209(1)
With nonessential elements
210(5)
With sentence modifiers, conjunctive adverbs, and elements out of order
215(1)
With degrees, titles, dates, places, addresses
216(1)
For contrast or emphasis
217(1)
With mild interjections and yes or no
217(1)
With direct address and salutations
217(1)
With expressions like he said, she remarked
217(1)
With absolute phrases
218(1)
To prevent misreading or to mark an omission
218(4)
Unnecessary Commas
222(7)
Between subject and verb, verb and object, adjective and word it modifies
223(1)
Before coordinating conjunctions
224(1)
Not with essential clauses, phrases, or appositives
224(1)
After coordinating conjunctions
224(1)
Before subordinating conjunctions
225(1)
After the opening phrase of an inverted sentence
225(1)
Before the first or after the last item in a series
225(1)
Before than
225(1)
After like or such as
226(1)
With period, question mark, dash, exclamation point
226(1)
Before parentheses
226(3)
Semicolons
229(5)
Between independent clauses not connected by a coordinating conjunction
230(1)
To separate independent clauses
231(1)
In a series between items that have internal punctuation
231(1)
Not between elements that are not grammatically equal
231(3)
Colons
234(3)
After formal introduction of a quotation
234(1)
After formal introduction of a series of items
234(1)
After formal introduction of an appositive
234(1)
Between two independent clauses
235(1)
In salutations, times, bibliographical entries
235(1)
Not after linking verbs or prepositions
235(2)
Dashes
237(1)
Parentheses
238(1)
Brackets
239(1)
Quotation Marks
240(9)
Direct quotations and dialogue
240(1)
Quotation within a quotation
241(1)
Titles of short works
241(1)
Not with titles of your own papers
241(1)
Not for emphasis, slang, irony, humor
242(1)
Not with block quotations
242(1)
With other punctuation marks
243(6)
End Punctuation
249(6)
Period at end of a sentence
250(1)
Periods after abbreviations
250(1)
Ellipsis points for omission
250(1)
Punctuation of titles
251(1)
Question mark after direct question
251(1)
No question mark within parentheses or exclamation point for humor
252(1)
Exclamation point
252(3)
Mechanics 255(36)
Manuscript Forms, Business Letters, and Resumes
256(8)
Manuscripts
256(4)
Business letters and applications
260(1)
Resumes
260(4)
Italics
264(4)
Titles
264(1)
Names of ships and trains
265(1)
Foreign words
265(1)
Words, letters, figures
266(1)
Rarely use for emphasis
266(1)
Not for titles of your own papers
266(2)
Spelling
268(8)
Spell-checking
268(1)
Proofreading
269(1)
Distinguishing homonyms
269(1)
Spelling strategies
270(6)
Hyphenation and Syllabication
276(2)
Compound words
276(1)
Compound adjectives
276(1)
Compound numbers
276(1)
Dividing a word at the end of a line
277(1)
Apostrophes
278(3)
For possessive nouns not ending in s
278(1)
For possessive of singular nouns ending in s
279(1)
Without s for possessive of plural nouns ending in s
279(1)
For possessive of indefinite pronouns
279(1)
For joint possession
279(1)
For omissions and contractions
279(1)
For acronyms and words being named
280(1)
Capital Letters
281(5)
First word of sentence
281(1)
In titles
281(1)
First word of direct quotations
281(1)
Titles with names
282(1)
Title of head of nation
282(1)
Proper nouns
282(1)
Family names
283(1)
The pronoun I and the interjection O
283(1)
Months, days of the week, holidays
283(1)
B.C., A.D., deities, religions, sacred books
284(1)
Specific courses
284(2)
Abbreviations and Symbols
286(1)
Days, months, measurement, states, countries
286(1)
Acceptable abbreviations
286(1)
Acceptable symbols
287(1)
Numbers
287(4)
Spelled out
287(1)
Consistency
288(1)
For complete dates, addresses, page and chapter references, percentages, hours
288(3)
Diction and Style 291(32)
Diction
292(17)
Frequently using a dictionary
293(3)
Precise meaning
296(2)
Connotation
298(2)
Colloquialisms and contractions
300(1)
Slang
301(1)
Dialect
302(1)
Words used as the wrong part of speech
302(1)
Idioms
303(3)
Specialized vocabulary
306(1)
Building your vocabulary
307(2)
Style
309(14)
Conciseness
309(4)
Repetition
313(3)
Flowery language
316(1)
Clarity
317(2)
Triteness and cliches
319(1)
Figures of speech
320(3)
Literature 323(20)
Writing About Literature
324(19)
Choosing a subject
324(4)
Kinds of literary papers
Using a precise paper title
328(1)
Not beginning with broad philosophical statements
329(1)
Appropriate development
329(1)
Paraphrasing and plot summary
330(1)
Original thinking
330(1)
Not writing about yourself of ``the reader''
331(1)
Providing sufficient evidence
331(1)
Using quotations
332(1)
Not moralizing
332(1)
Acknowledging sources
333(1)
Writing about a story
333(3)
Writing about a poem
336(7)
Model Paper
337(6)
Research 343(104)
Writing a Research Paper
344(103)
Choosing a subject
344(4)
Major research tools
348(4)
General reference aids
352(1)
Specialized reference aids
353(3)
Evaluating sources
356(1)
Taking notes
357(6)
Quoting and paraphrasing accurately; avoiding plagiarism
363(5)
Producing an outline
368(1)
Following a system of documentation
369(1)
MLA style of documentation
370(14)
Model research paper, MLA style
384(27)
APA style of documentation
411(9)
Model research paper, APA style
420(27)
Glossary of Usage 447(14)
Glossary of Exactness and Usage
448(13)
English as a Second Language (ESL) 461(8)
English as a Second Language (ESL)
462(7)
ESL checklist
462(2)
ESL lists
464(5)
Glossary of Terms 469(16)
Glossary of Terms
470(15)
Index 485


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