9780618116324

A Practical Guide To Crisis Intervention

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780618116324

  • ISBN10:

    061811632X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2/1/2005
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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Summary

Designed for students in counseling, psychology, social work, human services, and crisis workers in-training, this text combines a general introduction to crisis theory and intervention with practical strategies for counseling crisis victims. The L-A-P-C model--a simple yet effective set of intervention techniques applicable to any type of crisis situation by crisis workers at any level of experience--is introduced in Chapter 2. Characteristics of effective crisis counseling and an overview of other theoretical intervention models are also presented throughout the text. Types of crises are examined in Chapters 3 through 9. Topics include child abuse and neglect, family violence, drug addiction, suicide, rape or sexual assault, and loss of a loved one. Large-scale crises and interventions are addressed in Chapter 10. The text looks at how communities, government, and professional organizations respond to events like natural disasters--special consideration is given to the strategies employed following the terrorist attacks of 9/11.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
About the Authors xv
1 Understanding Crisis
1(18)
Defining Crisis
3(1)
Types of Crises
4(5)
Developmental Crises
5(2)
Traumatic Event Crises
7(1)
Existential Crises
8(1)
Psychiatric Crises
8(1)
Crisis Reactions: A Continuum of Response
9(6)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
10(2)
Acute Stress Disorder
12(1)
Adjustment Disorder
12(3)
Multicultural Awareness and Crisis Intervention
15(4)
Awareness of Cultural Diversity
15(1)
Cultural Competence
16(4)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
17(2)
2 Crisis Intervention Skills
19(28)
Responses to Crisis
20(3)
The Physical Response
21(1)
The Emotional Response
22(1)
The Cognitive Response
22(1)
Characteristics of Effective Crisis Intervention
23(4)
Empowerment-Focused Crisis Intervention
24(1)
Flexible Crisis Intervention
25(2)
Characteristics of Effective Crisis Counselors
27(4)
Empathy, Genuineness, and Acceptance and Positive Regard
30(1)
Crisis Intervention Techniques: The LAPC Model
31(16)
Step 1: Listen
32(10)
Putting Empathy, Genuineness, and Acceptance Into Practice
35(7)
Step 2: Assess
42(1)
Step 3: Plan
43(1)
Step 4: Commit
44(9)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
45(2)
3 Child Abuse and Neglect
47(26)
Definitional Issues
48(3)
Incidence of Child Abuse and Neglect
51(2)
Factors Contributing to Child Abuse and Neglect
53(3)
Family Income
54(1)
Family Structure
55(1)
Family Size
55(1)
Other Factors
56(1)
Types of Abuse
56(2)
Physical Abuse
56(1)
Physical Neglect
57(1)
Sexual Abuse
57(1)
Emotional Abuse
58(1)
Symptoms and Warning Signs
58(1)
Psychological and Behavioral Consequences of Abuse
59(3)
Mitigating Factors
61(1)
Reporting Suspected Abuse
62(2)
Disclosure of Abuse
63(1)
Intervening After a Report of Abuse
64(9)
Be Clear About the Limits of Confidentiality
65(1)
Respect the Child's Privacy
65(1)
Begin the Interview with Informal Conversation
66(1)
Maintain a Calm Demeanor
66(1)
Use Good Listening and Child-Oriented Communication Skills
66(1)
Validate the Child's Feelings
67(1)
Avoid Questions That Imply Blame or Guilt
67(1)
Tell the Child What Will Happen Next
68(1)
Crisis Intervention Case Example
69(5)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
71(2)
4 Intimate Partner Violence and Domestic Violence
73(26)
Scope of the Problem
74(8)
The Battered Woman
76(2)
Characteristics Common to Batterers
78(3)
The Cycle of Violence
81(1)
Multicultural Considerations
82(1)
Crisis Intervention
83(10)
Survivor Therapy with Battered Women
86(1)
Programs for Batterers
87(6)
Intervening With Domestic Violence Cases
93(6)
Crisis Intervention Case Example 1
93(1)
Crisis Intervention Case Example 2
94(7)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
97(2)
5 Alcohol and Drug Crises
99(26)
The Scope of Drug and Alcohol Problems
100(1)
Defining Substance Use Disorders: Diagnostic Issues
101(6)
The Need for Diagnoses
102(1)
Substance Dependence
103(1)
Substance Abuse
104(1)
Substance Intoxication and Substance Withdrawal
105(2)
Crisis Intervention and Case Management
107(11)
Substance Intoxication: Crisis Intervention Case Example 1
109(3)
Substance Withdrawal: Crisis Intervention Case Example 2
112(2)
Substance Abuse: Crisis Intervention Case Example 3
114(1)
Substance Dependence: Crisis Intervention Case Example 4
115(1)
Family Intervention: Crisis Intervention Case Example 5
116(2)
Treatment Options
118(7)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
122(3)
6 Threats of Suicide, Homicide, and Other Violent Acts
125(28)
Suicidal Crises
126(15)
Scope and Definition of the Problem
126(3)
Assessing Suicidal Risk
129(5)
Crisis Intervention With Suicidal Individuals
134(7)
The Aftermath of Suicide: Helping the Family and Significant Others
141(1)
Homicidal and Violent Crises
141(7)
Scope of the Problem
141(1)
Assessing Homicidal and Violence Risk
142(1)
Crisis Intervention With Homicidal or Violent Individuals
143(5)
Issues of Confidentiality and Duty to Warn
148(5)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
151(2)
7 Rape and Sexual Assault
153(22)
Definitional Issues
154(3)
Incidence of Rape And Sexual Assault
157(1)
Unreported Rapes: The Confounding of the Statistics
157(1)
Why Men Rape
158(3)
Social-Cultural Explanations
158(1)
Cognitive-Behavioral Explanations
159(1)
Interpersonal Explanations
160(1)
Social Learning Theory Explanations
160(1)
Psychopathology Explanations
161(1)
The Aftermath of Rape
161(2)
Treatment and Intervention
163(12)
Long-Term Therapeutic Options
163(2)
Crisis Intervention: The LAPC Model in the Immediate Aftermath of the Assault
165(11)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
172(3)
8 Loss and Bereavement
175(26)
Defining Grief and Crises of Bereavement
176(3)
Types of Grief Reactions
176(1)
Pathological Reactions to Grief
177(2)
Determinants of Grief Reactions
179(4)
The Grieving Process
183(3)
Grieving and the Terminally Ill
183(1)
Phases of Mourning
184(1)
The Tasks of Mourning
185(1)
Crisis Intervention in Bereavement and Loss
186(11)
Terminal Illness: Crisis Intervention Case Example 1
190(2)
Traumatic Death: Crisis Intervention Case Example 2
192(1)
Bereavement in Children: Crisis Intervention Case Example 3
193(2)
Death of an Infant: Crisis Intervention Case Example 4
195(1)
Death of a Pet: Crisis Intervention Case Example 5
196(1)
Grief and Divorce
197(4)
Scope of the Divorce Problem
198(1)
Crisis Intervention in Cases of Divorce
199(3)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
199(2)
9 Crisis Intervention in the Schools: When Teamwork Counts
201(32)
Defining School Crises
202(2)
Crises of Violence
202(1)
Crises of Suicide and Sudden Death
203(1)
Crises in Our Schools Today: Causal Factors
204(1)
National and Community Responses to School Crises
205(1)
A Model of Crisis Intervention for the Schools
206(1)
Primary Prevention
206(1)
Secondary Prevention
207(1)
Tertiary Intervention
207(1)
Applying the Model: Prevention
207(12)
Developing a School Crisis Plan
208(3)
Developing a School Crisis Team
211(2)
Roles of Crisis Team Members
213(3)
Training the Crisis Team
216(3)
Applying the Model: Secondary Prevention (Intervention)
219(9)
School Crisis Intervention Case Example 1
219(4)
School Crisis Intervention Case Example 2
223(2)
School Crisis Intervention Case Example 3
225(3)
Applying the Model: Tertiary Prevention (Postvention)
228(7)
A Postvention Ritual: Memorials
228(1)
A Caveat: When the Death Is a Suicide
229(6)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
230(3)
10 Community Responses to Crisis 233(24)
A Light Among the Rubble
235(1)
Volunteers: Grassroots Response to Crisis
235(6)
Who Volunteers?
237(2)
The Government's Role in the Volunteer Effort
239(2)
Crisis Services of Volunteer Organizations
241(4)
American Red Cross
242(1)
National Organization for Victim Assistance
243(2)
Governmental Crisis Services
245(3)
Federal Emergency Management Agency
245(2)
National Institute of Mental Health
247(1)
Center for Mental Health Services
247(1)
Crisis Services of Professional Organizations
248(2)
American Psychological Association
248(1)
American Counseling Association
249(1)
National Association of Social Workers
249(1)
National Association of School Psychologists
250(1)
Crisis Intervention With Groups
250(7)
Critical Incident Stress Management
251(2)
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
253(4)
Sources of Chapter Enrichment
255(2)
References 257(14)
Name Index 271(6)
Subject Index 277

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