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Practical Guide to Early Childhood Curriculum, A

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780136855385

ISBN10:
0136855385
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This popular text stresses the importance of a child-centered curriculum that encompasses the child's physical, social, emotional, creative, and cognitive development. Designed for future and current teachers and others involved with young children, it contains meaningful teaching ideas to meet the needs, interests, and developmental levels of children from three to eight years of age. This text contains lesson plans, activities, recipes, and lists of resources and organizations to help readers with planning and implementing a fully integrated, developmentally appropriate early childhood curriculum.

Table of Contents

PART ONE INTRODUCTION TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION 1(112)
1 Early Childhood Education
3(19)
A Historical Look at Early Childhood Education
3(4)
Highlights of the 17th and 18th Centuries
3(1)
Development of Kindergarten and Nursery School
3(1)
Other Historical Contributors to Early Childhood Education
4(2)
Early Childhood Education in the 1990s
6(1)
Social Concerns Impacting Early Childhood Education
7(4)
Early Childhood Perspective for a New Century
11(4)
Development of the Whole Child
11(2)
Goals for Early Childhood Education
13(2)
Importance of Early Childhood Education
15(5)
Factors Influencing the Need for Early Childhood Education
15(1)
Developmental Need for Early Childhood Education
16(2)
The Early Childhood Teacher
18(1)
Summary
20(1)
Student Learning Activities
21(1)
2 A Developmentally Appropriate Early Childhood Program
22(30)
The Inappropriateness of Early Academics
23(1)
Developmentally Appropriate Assessment
24(23)
Play
26(4)
Values of Play
26(3)
Developmental Play Stages
29(1)
Fostering Positive and Meaningful Play Experiences
29(1)
The Teacher's Role in Play Experiences
29(1)
Providing Developmentally Appropriate Materials
30(3)
Selecting and Using High-Quality Commercial Toys and Equipment
30(1)
Teacher-Made Learning Materials
31(2)
Preparing a Developmentally Appropriate and Curriculum Supportive Physical Setting
33(8)
Guidelines for Arranging the Early Childhood Classroom
34(2)
Arranging the Environment with Areas to Meet Developmental Needs
36(5)
Theories of Learning
41(1)
The Excitement of Early Childhood Learning
42(7)
Experiences
43(1)
Choices and Decisions
44(1)
Curiosity and Questioning
45(1)
Communication and Talking
46(1)
Modeling and Scaffolding
47(1)
Stories
48(1)
Interaction with Others
48(1)
Summary
49(1)
Student Learning Activities
50(1)
Suggested Resources
51(1)
3 Developing Partnerships with Parents
52(18)
Importance of Active Parent Involvement
53(2)
Guidelines for Working Effectively with Parents
55(2)
Strategies for Achieving Family-Friendly Schools and School-Friendly Homes
57(8)
Written Communication
58(1)
Parent Conferences or Conversations
59(2)
Parent Meetings or Parent Education Programs
61(1)
Technology and Telephone Calls
62(1)
Home Visits
62(1)
Parent Involvement and Observation in the Classroom
63(1)
Policy Planning, Decision Making, and Evaluation
64(1)
Parent Resource Centers
65(1)
Summary
65(1)
Student Learning Activities
66(1)
Suggested Resources
66(4)
4 Planning the Curriculum
70(43)
Planning Based on Needs
71(2)
Why?
72(1)
What?
72(1)
How?
73(1)
Assessing Children's Needs
73(5)
Teacher's Role
73(1)
Planning Based on Developmental Needs
73(1)
Assessment Tools
74(4)
Planning
78(10)
Rigid Planning versus Flexible Planning
78(1)
Free Play Including Individual Activities
79(1)
Whole-and Small-Group Activities
80(1)
Cooperative Learning
80(1)
Goals of Cooperative Learning
81(1)
Guidelines for Using Cooperative Learning
81(1)
Dividing Children into Groups
82(1)
Cooperative Learning Strategies
83(1)
Planning Units
83(17)
Theme
83(1)
Projects
84(1)
Unit Plan
85(1)
Webbing or Clustering
86(2)
Activity Plan
88(2)
Daily Schedule of Activities
90(1)
Lesson Plan
91(1)
Curriculum Assessment
100(4)
Assessing the Curriculum
100(1)
Assessing Children's Learning and Involvement
101(1)
Evaluating the Child's Development
102(2)
Evaluating the Teacher
104(1)
Field Trips
104(3)
Guidelines for Field Trips
105(1)
Values and Benefits of Field Trips
105(1)
Planning a Field Trip
105(1)
Suggestions for Field Trips
106(1)
Field Trip Follow-Up
107(1)
Visitors
107(1)
Computers
108(2)
Summary
110(1)
Student Learning Activities
110(1)
Suggested Resources
111(2)
PART TWO PERSONAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT 113(104)
5 People and Their Diversity
116(41)
Teaching and Valuing Diversity
117(5)
Developing the Perspective of Diversity
117(2)
The Teacher
119(1)
Goals of a Classroom Focused on Diversity
120(2)
Gender Bias
122(3)
Stereotyping
123(1)
Inequitable Attention
123(1)
Dividing Students by Gender
124(1)
Linguistic Bias
124(1)
Behavior Expectations
124(1)
Religious Bias
125(1)
Exceptional Children
125(9)
Dealing with Special Needs
126(5)
Programs for Meeting Special Needs
131(3)
Creating a Diverse Curriculum and Classroom
134(3)
Changing Attitudes and Practices of Teachers
134(1)
Selecting Books, Materials, and Resources
134(2)
Exposing Children to the Diversity of Cultures
136(1)
Accepting Language and Dialect Diversity
136(1)
Using the Daily News as a Springboard for Cultural Awareness and Understanding
136(1)
Teaching Differences in Occupations and Lifestyles
136(1)
Modifying Curriculum Approaches to Promote and Facilitate Achievement among Children from Diverse Groups
137(1)
Specific Curriculum Activities
137(3)
Communication Skills
137(1)
Literacy Skills
138(1)
Motor and Physical Skills
138(1)
Creative Arts
138(1)
Dramatic Play
139(1)
Food Activities
139(1)
Math Skills
140(1)
Personal and Social Skills
140(1)
Cultural Comparisons
140(1)
Prosocial Skills
140(2)
Approach to Teaching
142(8)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
142(4)
Activities and Experiences
146(4)
Summary
150(1)
Student Learning Activities
151(1)
Suggested Resources
152(5)
6 Myself and My Family
157(27)
A Healthy Self-Esteem
158(4)
Generalizations regarding Self-Esteem
158(1)
Suggestions for Building Children's Self-Esteem
159(2)
Each Child Is Unique
161(1)
Stress in Children and Developing Resiliency
162(5)
Children's Reactions to Stress
163(1)
Helping Children Cope with Stress
164(1)
Fostering Resiliency in Children
165(2)
Character Education
167(1)
Approach to Teaching
168(10)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
168(1)
Activities and Experiences
169(9)
Summary
178(1)
Student Learning Activities
179(1)
Suggested Resources
180(4)
7 Myself and My Body
184(33)
Physical Fitness
184(2)
Fitness, Motor, and Movement Guidelines
186(2)
Fundamental Physical Movements
186(3)
Locomotor Movements
186(1)
Axial Movements
187(1)
Using Locomotor and Axial Movements
188(1)
Fitness and Motor Activities
188(1)
Physical Games
189(2)
Examples of Active Games
189(2)
Outdoor Activities
191(1)
General Health and Safety Issues
191(2)
Health Education Curriculum
191(2)
Nutrition and Food Experiences
193(7)
Nutrition Education
194(1)
Values of Food Experiences
195(1)
Seven Basic Nutrition Concepts
196(3)
Food Activities
199(1)
Food Activity Guidelines
200(1)
Approach to Teaching
200(11)
Fruits and Vegetables
200(2)
Grain, Rice, and Pasta Products
202(2)
Dairy Products
204(2)
Protein Products
206(2)
Activities and Experiences
208(3)
Summary
211(1)
Student Learning Activities
211(1)
Suggested Resources
212(5)
PART THREE COGNITIVE AND LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT 217(206)
8 Language and Literacy Development
220(41)
Development of Early Language
221(3)
Semantics
223(1)
Syntax
223(1)
Literacy Development
224(8)
Whole-Language Approach
224(5)
Encouraging Literacy Development
229(3)
Listening and Speaking
232(5)
Listening
232(1)
Speaking
232(1)
Activities for Listening and Speaking
232(5)
Reading and Writing
237(15)
Reading
238(2)
Writing
240(2)
Activities for Reading and Writing
242(5)
Other Activities in Language Arts
247(5)
Summary
252(1)
Student Learning Activities
253(1)
Suggested Resources
254(7)
9 Science Experiences
261(34)
The Teacher
261(1)
Daily Science Experiences
262(1)
Values of Science Activities
263(1)
Teaching Methods
264(4)
Some Do's and Don'ts
266(2)
Teaching about Environmental Concepts
268(3)
Activities and Experiences
271(1)
Teaching about Air
271(4)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
271(1)
Activities and Experiences
271(4)
Teaching about Fire
275(2)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
276(1)
Teaching about Light and Shadows
277(1)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
277(1)
Activities and Experiences
278(1)
Teaching about Magnets
278(2)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
279(1)
Activities and Experiences
279(1)
Teaching about Rocks
280(2)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
281(1)
Activities and Experiences
281(1)
Teaching about Water
282(6)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
283(1)
Activities and Experiences
284(4)
Science Experiments Unrelated to Specific Units
288(2)
Summary
290(1)
Student Learning Activities
290(1)
Suggested Resources
291(4)
10 More Science
295(56)
Teaching about Weight and Balance
295(7)
Daily Experiences with Weight and Balance
296(1)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
297(1)
Activities and Experiences
298(4)
Teaching about Color
302(8)
Color Concepts and Labels
303(1)
Teaching Color Concepts
303(2)
Psychological Influences of Color
305(1)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
305(1)
Activities and Experiences
306(4)
Teaching about Temperature, Weather, and Seasons
310(17)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
312(1)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching Seasons
313(4)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching Weather
317(6)
Activities and Experiences
323(4)
Teaching Sensory-Related Concepts
327(17)
Smell and Taste
327(2)
Smell
329(3)
Taste
332(2)
Texture (Touch)
334(5)
Sound (Hearing)
339(5)
Summary
344(1)
Student Learning Activities
345(1)
Suggested Resources
346(5)
11 Animals and Plants
351(30)
Teaching about Animals
352(13)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
354(3)
Activities and Experiences
357(1)
Unit and Project Plans on Animals
358(7)
Teaching about Plants
365(10)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
366(1)
Activities and Experiences
367(3)
Unit Plans on Plants
370(5)
Summary
375(1)
Student Learning Activities
376(1)
Suggested Resources
376(5)
12 Problem Solving and Mathematics
381(42)
Guidelines for Incorporating Problem-Solving and Mathematics Competencies in the Early Childhood Curriculum
382(1)
Use of Computers in Mathematics and Problem Solving
383(1)
Teaching Mathematics
384(2)
Classification
386(1)
Seriation
386(1)
Spatial Relationships
386(1)
Temporal Relationships
386(1)
Teaching Number Concepts
386(4)
Becoming Aware of the Sound and Sequence of Numbers (Counting) and Developing One-to-One Correspondence
387(1)
Understanding the Meaning behind Numbers
387(1)
Recognizing Numeral Symbols
387(1)
Ordering Numerals and Sets
388(1)
Comparing and Conserving Numbers
389(1)
Ordinal Numbers
389(1)
Adding Sets
389(1)
Subtracting Sets
390(1)
Teaching about Units of Measure
390(1)
Linear Measure
390(1)
Liquid Measure
390(1)
Teaching about Money
390(11)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching Numbers, Units of Measure, and Money
391(1)
Activities and Experiences
392(9)
Teaching about Time
401(4)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
402(1)
Activities and Experiences
403(2)
Teaching about Shape
405(6)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
407(1)
Activities and Experiences
408(3)
Teaching about Size
411(6)
Concepts and Ideas for Teaching
413(1)
Activities and Experiences
414(3)
Summary
417(1)
Student Learning Activities
417(1)
Suggested Resources
418(5)
PART FOUR AESTHETIC/CREATIVE DEVELOPMENT 423(53)
13 Music and Movement
426(30)
Music Goals
427(2)
Songs and Singing
429(9)
Variety in Singing
431(1)
Specific Kinds of Songs
432(6)
Musical Games
438(1)
Rhythm Activities
438(7)
Body Instruments
439(1)
Rhythm Instruments
440(4)
Specific Activities with Rhythm
444(1)
Creative or Expressive Movements
445(2)
Movement Interpretations
446(1)
Musical Dramatizations
447(1)
Musical Instruments
447(1)
Listening and Development of Appreciation for Music
448(1)
Summary
449(1)
Student Learning Activities
449(1)
Suggested Resources
450(6)
14 Creativity, Art, and Dramatic Activities
456(20)
Values of Children's Artwork
457(1)
Fostering Creativity through the Arts
458(3)
Preparing and Organizing Art Activities
461(1)
Materials for Art Activities
462(7)
Surfaces
462(1)
Finger Painting
463(1)
Foot Painting
463(1)
Painting and Printing
463(2)
Collages
465(1)
Sculpturing
466(1)
Miscellaneous Art Activities
467(2)
Dramatic Play
469(4)
Free Dramatic Play
469(2)
Creative Dramatics
471(1)
Puppets
472(1)
Summary
473(1)
Student Learning Activities
473(1)
Suggested Resources
474(2)
Appendix A Lesson Plans 476(18)
Appendix B Recipes for Food Experiences 494(8)
References 502(19)
Index 521


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