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Prehospital Emergency Care (Book with CD-ROM)

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780835957052

ISBN10:
0835957055
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/1/1999
Publisher(s):
PRENTICE HALL HEALTH

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Summary

Prehospital Emergency Care provides a comprehensive and student-friendly approach to EMT - Basic education. The author takes great care to provide a foundation for the skills needed to be a successful EMT - Basic. In addition, he offers clinical insight throughout the text so students have a better understanding when performing patient assessment and providing patient care. This book is ideal for the EMT-Basic who wants to go above and beyond the DOT requirements.

Table of Contents

Assessment Summaries/Emergency Care Protocols/Algorithms xvi
Features of This Textbook xvii
Acknowledgments xx
Module 1 PREPARATORY
Introduction to Emergency Medical Care
1(11)
The Emergency Medical Services System
3(2)
A Brief History
3(1)
Current Standards
3(2)
The EMT-Basic
5(7)
Roles and Responsibilities
5(2)
Professional Attributes
7(1)
Medical Direction
8(1)
Quality Improvement
9(3)
The Well-Being of the EMT-Basic
12(17)
Emotional Aspects of Emergency Care
14(4)
Death and Dying
14(1)
High Stress Situations
15(1)
Stress Management
15(2)
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
17(1)
Scene Safety
18(7)
Protecting Yourself from Disease
18(5)
Protecting Yourself from Accidental Injury
23(2)
Enrichment
25(4)
Diseases of Concern
25(4)
Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues
29(10)
The Scope of Practice
31(1)
Legal Duties
31(1)
Ethical Responsibilities
32(1)
Issues of Patient Consent and Refusal
32(3)
Advance Directives
32(1)
Types of Consent
32(2)
Refusing Treatment
34(1)
Other Legal Aspects of Emergency Care
35(4)
More About the Duty to Act
35(1)
Abandonment and Negligence
35(1)
Confidentiality
35(1)
Special Situations
36(3)
The Human Body
39(31)
Anatomical Terms
40(2)
Body Systems
42(20)
The Musculoskeletal System
42(9)
The Respiratory System
51(4)
The Circulatory System
55(4)
The Nervous System
59(2)
The Endocrine System
61(1)
The Skin
61(1)
Enrichment
62(8)
The Digestive System
62(2)
The Urinary System
64(1)
The Reproductive System
64(6)
Baseline Vital Signs and History Taking
70(13)
Baseline Vital Signs
72(7)
Breathing (Respiration)
73(1)
Pulse
73(2)
Skin
75(2)
Pupils
77(1)
Blood Pressure
77(2)
Vital Sign Reassessment
79(1)
The Sample History
79(4)
Preparing to Lift and Move Patients
83(9)
Body Mechanics
84(3)
Four Basic Principles
84(1)
Posture and Fitness
85(1)
Communications and Teamwork
86(1)
General Guidelines for Lifting and Moving
87(5)
The Power Lift
87(1)
The Squat Lift
87(2)
One-Handed Carrying Technique
89(1)
Stair-Chair Technique
89(1)
Reaching
89(1)
Pushing and Pulling
90(2)
Module 2 AIRWAY
Airway Management, Ventilation, and Oxygen Therapy
92(36)
Respiratory System Review
94(4)
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
94(2)
Mechanics of Breathing
96(1)
Respiratory Physiology
96(1)
Airway Anatomy in Infants and Children
97(1)
Airway Assessment
98(8)
Opening the Mouth
98(1)
Opening the Airway
99(1)
Suction Equipment and Technique
100(3)
Airway Adjuncts
103(3)
Assessment of Breathing
106(2)
Adequate Breathing
107(1)
Inadequate Breathing
107(1)
Techniques of Artificial Ventilation
108(8)
Basic Consideration
108(1)
Mouth-to-Mouth Ventilation
109(1)
Mouth-to-Mask Ventilation
110(1)
Bag-Valve-Mask Ventilation
111(3)
Flow-Restricted, Oxygen-Powered Ventilation Device (FROPVD)
114(1)
Automatic Transport Ventilator
115(1)
Oxygen Delivery
116(6)
Oxygen Cylinders
116(1)
Safety Precautions
116(1)
Pressure Regulators
117(1)
Oxygen Humidifiers
117(1)
Oxygen Administration Procedures
117(1)
Terminating Oxygen Therapy
118(1)
Transferring the Oxygen Source: Portable to On-Board
118(1)
Oxygen Delivery Equipment
119(3)
Special Considerations in Airway Management and Ventilation
122(6)
A Patient with a Stoma or Tracheostomy Tube
122(2)
Infants and Children
124(1)
Patients with Facial Injuries
124(1)
Foreign Body Airway Obstruction
124(1)
Dental Appliances
124(4)
Module 3 PATIENT ASSESSMENT
Scene Size-Up
128(18)
Determine Scene Safety
129(9)
Obtain Dispatch Information
130(1)
Take Body Substance Isolation Precautions
130(1)
Consider Scene Characteristics
131(6)
Protect the patient
137(1)
Protect Bystanders
137(1)
Control the Scene
138(1)
Determine the Nature of the Problem
138(3)
Determine the Mechanism of Injury
139(1)
Determine the Nature of the Illness
140(1)
Determine the Number of Patients
141(1)
Gain Scene Control and Establish Rapport
141(5)
Achieve a Smooth Transition of Care
142(1)
Reduce the Patient's Anxiety
142(1)
Maintain Control
143(3)
Patient Assessment
146(70)
Components of the Patient Assessment: An Overview
147(3)
Scene Size-up
150(1)
Initial Assessment
150(3)
Form A General Impression of the Patient
153(2)
Determine if the Patient Is Ill or Injured
153(1)
Obtain the Chief Complaint
154(1)
Identify Immediate Life Threats
154(1)
Establish In-Line Stabilization
155(1)
Position the Patient for Assessment
155(1)
Assess Mental Status
155(3)
Asses the Level of Responsiveness
156(2)
Document the Level of Responsiveness
158(1)
Assess the Airway
158(1)
Determine Airway Status
158(1)
Open the Airway
158(1)
Indications of Partial Airway Occlusion
159(1)
Assess Breathing
159(2)
Assess Rate and Quality of Breathing
159(2)
Assesses Circulation
161(3)
Assess Pulse
161(1)
Identify Major Bleeding
162(1)
Assess Perfusion
162(2)
Establish Patient Priorities
164(1)
Focused History and Physical Exam
165(2)
Focused History and Physical Exam---Trauma Patient
167(1)
Reevaluate the Mechanism of Injury
168(1)
Significant Mechanisms of Injury
169(1)
Trauma Patient with Significant Mechanism of Injury or Critical Finding
169(15)
Continue Spinal Stabilization
169(1)
Consider an Advanced Life Support Request
170(1)
Reconsider the Transport Decision
170(1)
Reassess Mental Status
170(1)
Perform a Rapid Trauma Assessment
171(9)
Assess Baseline Vital Signs
180(1)
Obtain a SAMPLE History
180(1)
Prepare the Patient for Transport
181(1)
Provide Emergency Care
182(1)
Trauma Score
182(2)
Trauma Patient with No Significant Mechanism of Injury or Critical Finding
184(1)
Perform a Focused Trauma Assessment
184(1)
Obtain Baseline Vital Signs and SAMPLE History
184(1)
Sometimes Perform a Rapid Trauma Assessment
185(1)
Focused History and Physical Exam---Medical Patient
185(1)
Unresponsive Medical Patient
186(6)
Perform a Rapid Medical Assessment
187(3)
Assess Baseline Vital Signs
190(1)
Position the Patient
191(1)
Obtain a SAMPLE History
191(1)
Provide Emergency Care
192(1)
Make a Transport Decision
192(1)
Responsive Medical Patient
192(2)
Assess Patient Complaints: OPQRST
192(1)
Obtain a SAMPLE History
193(1)
Perform a Focused Medical Assessment
193(1)
Assess Baseline Vital Signs
193(1)
Provide Emergency Care
193(1)
Make a Transport Decision
193(1)
Detailed Physical Exam
194(1)
When to Perform a Detailed Physical Exam
195(1)
How to Perform a Detailed Physical Exam
195(12)
Perform the Detailed Physical Exam
196(10)
Reassess Vital Signs
206(1)
Continue Emergency Care
206(1)
Ongoing Assessment
207(1)
Purposes of the Ongoing Assessment
207(2)
Detect Any Change in Condition
208(1)
Identify Any Missed Injuries or Conditions
208(1)
Adjust the Emergency Care
209(1)
Repeat the Initial Assessment
209(1)
Reassess Mental Status
209(1)
Reassess the Airway
209(1)
Reassess Breathing
209(1)
Reassess Circulation
209(1)
Reestablish Patient Priorities
210(1)
Reassess and Record Vital Signs
210(1)
Repeat the Focused Assessment for Other Complaints
210(1)
Check Interventions
210(1)
Note Trends in Patient Condition
211(1)
Communication and Documentation
211(5)
Assessment of Geriatric Patients
216(19)
Effects of Aging on Body Systems
217(3)
The Cardiovascular System
218(1)
The Respiratory System
218(1)
The Musculoskeletal System
218(1)
The Neurological System
218(1)
The Gastrointestinal System
219(1)
The Renal System
220(1)
The Integumentary System
220(1)
Assessment of the Geriatric Patient
220(5)
The Scene Size-up
220(1)
The Initial Assessment
221(1)
The Focused History and Physical Exam; The Detailed Physical Exam
222(2)
Emergency Medical Care and Ongoing Assessment
224(1)
Special Geriatric Assessment Findings
225(10)
Assessment Finding: Chest Pain or Absence of Chest Pain
225(1)
Assessment Finding: Shortness of Breath
226(2)
Assessment Finding: Altered Mental Status
228(2)
Assessment Finding: Signs of Trauma or Shock
230(1)
Assessment Finding: Environmental Temperature Extremes
231(1)
Assessment Finding: Geriatric Abuse
231(4)
Communication
235(12)
Components of an Emergency Communications System
237(2)
Base Station
237(1)
Mobile Transmitter/Receivers
237(1)
Portable Transmitter/Receivers
237(1)
Repeaters
237(1)
Digital Equipment
238(1)
Cellular Telephones
238(1)
Broadcast Regulations
238(1)
System Maintenance
239(1)
Communicating within the System
239(3)
Ground Rules for Radio Communication
240(1)
Dispatch
240(1)
Medical Personnel
241(1)
Interpersonal Communications
242(2)
Taking Charge
242(1)
Communicating with the Patient
243(1)
Special Circumstances
243(1)
Enrichment
244(3)
Radio Codes
244(1)
Times
244(1)
Radio Terms
244(3)
Documentation
247(11)
Reasons for Documentation
249(1)
Medical Uses
249(1)
Administrative Uses
249(1)
Legal Uses
249(1)
Educational and Research Uses
249(1)
The Prehospital Care Report
249(4)
PCR Formats
249(1)
PCR Data
250(3)
Legal Concerns
253(2)
Confidentiality
253(1)
Refusal of Treatment
253(1)
Falsification
254(1)
Special Situations
255(3)
Multiple-Casualty Incidents
255(1)
Special Reports
255(3)
Module 4 MEDICAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND OBSTETRICS/ GYNECOLOGY
General Pharmacology
258(11)
Administering Medications
259(1)
Medications Commonly Administered by the EMT-B
260(1)
Medications Carried on the EMS Unit
260(1)
Medications Prescribed for the Patient
260(1)
Medication Names
260(1)
Routes of Administration
261(1)
Medication Forms
262(1)
Essential Medication Information
263(1)
Indications
263(1)
Contraindications
263(1)
Dose
264(1)
Administration
264(1)
Actions
264(1)
Side Effects
264(1)
Key Steps in Administering Medication
264(2)
Obtain an Order from Medical Direction
264(1)
Select the Proper Medication
265(1)
Verify the Patient's Prescription
265(1)
Check the Expiration Date
265(1)
Check for Discoloration or Impurities
265(1)
Verify the Form, Route, and Dose
265(1)
Documentation
266(1)
Reassessment Following Administration
266(1)
Sources of Medication Information
266(3)
Respiratory Emergencies
269(24)
Breathing Difficulty
271(9)
Assessment and Care: Breathing Difficulty
271(5)
Metered Dose Inhalers
276(4)
Breathing Difficulty in the Infant or Child
280(4)
Breathing Difficulty in the Infant or Child: Assessment and Care
280(4)
Enrichment
284(9)
Assessing Breath Sounds
284(1)
Conditions That Cause Breathing Difficulty
284(9)
Cardiac Emergencies
293(19)
Circulatory System Anatomy and Physiology
295(5)
The Heart
295(1)
The Cardiac Conduction System
296(1)
The Blood Vessels
297(2)
The Blood
299(1)
Blood Pressure
299(1)
Inadequate Circulation
300(1)
Cardiac Compromise
300(3)
Assessment and Care: Cardiac Compromise
300(1)
Nitroglycerin
301(2)
Enrichment
303(9)
Conditions That May Cause Cardiac Emergencies
303(9)
Automated External Defibrillation
312(21)
Cardiac Arrest
314(2)
The Chain of Survival
314(2)
Automated External Defibrillation
316(3)
Types of Defibrillators
316(2)
Analysis of Cardiac Rhythms
318(1)
When and When Not to Use the AED
319(1)
Recognizing and Treating Cardiac Arrest
319(6)
Assessment and Care: Cardiac Arrest
319(1)
Performing Defibrillation
320(4)
Transporting the Cardiac Arrest Patient
324(1)
Providing for Advanced Cardiac Life Support
325(1)
Special Considerations for the AED
325(4)
Safety Considerations
325(1)
AED Maintenance
325(1)
Training and Skills Maintenance
326(1)
Medical Direction and the AED
326(3)
Enrichment
329(4)
The Electrocardiogram
329(1)
Energy Levels of Defibrillators
330(1)
Cardiac Pacemakers
330(1)
Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators
330(3)
Altered Mental Status---Diabetic Emergencies
333(15)
Altered Mental Status with Unknown History
335(2)
Assessment and Care: Altered Mental Status with Unknown History
335(1)
Conditions That May Cause an Altered Mental Status
336(1)
Altered Mental Status with a History of Diabetes
337(3)
Assessment and Care: Altered Mental Status with a History of Diabetes
338(2)
Oral Glucose
340(1)
Enrichment
340(8)
Conditions That May Cause an Altered Mental Status in the Diabetic Patient
340(8)
Altered Speech, Sensory, or Motor Function: Stroke Emergency
348(13)
Neurologic Deficit Resulting from Nontraumatic Brain Injury
349(4)
Assessment and Care: Altered Mental Status with Loss of Speech, Sensory, or Motor Function
349(4)
Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack
353(4)
Stroke
353(2)
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
355(2)
Enrichment
357(4)
Causes of Stroke
357(4)
Seizures and Syncope
361(13)
Seizure
362(7)
Assessment and Care: Altered Mental Status and Seizure
363(6)
Syncope
369(2)
Enrichment
371(3)
Types of Seizures
371(3)
Allergic Reaction
374(16)
Allergic Reaction
376(14)
Causes of Allergic Reaction
376(1)
Assessment and Care: Allergic Reaction
377(5)
Epinephrine Auto-Injector
382(8)
Poisoning Emergencies
390(18)
Poisons and Airway Management
392(1)
Ingested Poisons
392(3)
Assessment and Care: Ingested Poisons
392(3)
Activated Charcoal
395(1)
Inhaled Poisons
395(3)
Assessment and Care: Inhaled Poisons
397(1)
Injected Poisons
398(1)
Assessment and Care: Injected Poisons
399(1)
Absorbed Poisons
399(2)
Assessment and Care: Absorbed Poisons
400(1)
Enrichment
401(7)
Food Poisoning
401(2)
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
403(2)
Poisonous Plants
405(1)
Poison Control Centers
405(3)
Drug and Alcohol Emergencies
408(16)
Drug and Alcohol Emergencies
409(7)
Assessment and Care: Drug and Alcohol Emergencies
410(6)
Managing a Violent Drug or Alcohol Patient
416(1)
Enrichment
416(8)
Drug Withdrawal
418(1)
The Alcoholic Syndrome
418(2)
The Withdrawal Syndrome
420(1)
Special Considerations for PCP and Cocaine
420(4)
Acute Abdominal Pain
424(14)
Abdominal Structure and Function
425(1)
Acute Abdominal Pain
426(6)
Assessment and Care: Acute Abdominal Pain
428(4)
Conditions That May Cause Acute Abdominal Pain
432(6)
Appendicitis
432(1)
Pancreatitis
432(2)
Cholecystitis
434(1)
Intestinal Obstruction
434(1)
Hernia
434(1)
Ulcer
434(1)
Esophageal Varices
435(1)
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)
435(1)
Vomiting and Diarrhea
435(3)
Environmental Emergencies
438(30)
Heat and Cold Emergencies
439(2)
Regulation of Temperature
439(2)
Exposure to Cold
441(10)
Generalized Hypothermia
442(1)
Local Cold Injury
443(2)
Assessment and Care: Cold-Related Emergency
445(6)
Exposure to Heat
451(10)
Hyperthermia
451(4)
Assessment and Care: Heat-Related Emergency
455(6)
Bites and Stings
461(1)
Assessment and Care: Bites and Stings
461(1)
Enrichment
462(6)
Heat Cramps
462(1)
Snakebite
462(1)
Insect Bites and Stings
463(1)
Marine Life Bites and Sting
464(4)
Drowning, Near-Drowning, and Diving Emergencies
468(14)
Water-Related Emergencies
469(8)
Near-Drowning and Drowning
470(1)
Safety Measures in Water-Related Emergencies
471(1)
Possible Spine Injury
472(1)
Resuscitation
472(1)
Assessment and Care: Water-Related Emergencies
473(4)
Enrichment
477(5)
Deep-Water Diving Emergencies
477(5)
Behavioral Emergencies
482(17)
Behavioral Problems
484(2)
Behavioral Change
484(1)
Psychiatric Problems
484(1)
Violence
485(1)
Dealing with Behavioral Emergencies
486(8)
Basic Principles
486(1)
Techniques for Treating Behavioral Emergency Patients
487(1)
Assessment and Care: Behavioral Emergencies
488(4)
Restraining a Patient
492(2)
Legal Considerations
494(5)
Consent
494(1)
Refusal of Care
495(1)
Using Reasonable Force
495(1)
Police and Medical Direction
495(1)
False Accusations
496(3)
Obstetric and Gynecological Emergencies
499(30)
Childbirth and Obstetric Emergencies
501(21)
Anatomy of Pregnancy
501(1)
Stages of Labor
502(1)
Assessment and Care: Predelivery Emergency
503(4)
Assessment and Care: Active Labor and Normal Delivery
507(6)
Assessment and Care: Active Labor with Abnormal Delivery
513(2)
Assessment and Care: The Newborn Infant
515(7)
Gynecological Emergencies
522(2)
Assessment and Care: Gynecological Emergency
522(2)
Enrichment
524(5)
More About Predelivery Emergencies
524(5)
Module 5 TRAUMA
Mechanisms of Injury: Kinetics of Trauma
529(19)
The Kinetics of Trauma
530(3)
Mass and Velocity
530(1)
Acceleration and Deceleration
531(1)
Energy Changes Form and Direction
531(1)
Impacts
532(1)
Mechanisms of Injury
533(11)
Vehicle Collisions
533(9)
Falls
542(1)
Penetrating Injuries
542(2)
Blast Injuries
544(1)
The Golden Hour
544(4)
Bleeding and Shock
548(21)
The Circulatory System
550(1)
The Heart, Blood Vessels, and Blood
550(1)
Perfusion
550(1)
External Bleeding
550(7)
Severity
550(1)
Types of Bleeding
550(2)
Assessment and Care: External Bleeding
552(1)
Methods of Controlling External Bleeding
553(3)
Bleeding from the Nose, Ears, or Mouth
556(1)
Internal Bleeding
557(1)
Severity
557(1)
Assessment and Care: Internal Bleeding
557(1)
Shock (Hypoperfusion)
558(4)
Assessment and Care: Shock (Hypoperfusion)
558(4)
Enrichment
562(7)
Hemophilia
562(1)
More about Shock
562(7)
Soft Tissue Injuries
569(22)
The Skin
571(1)
Closed Soft Tissue Injuries
571(2)
Contusions
571(1)
Hematomas
571(1)
Crush Injuries
571(1)
Assessment and Care: Closed Soft Tissue Injuries
572(1)
Open Soft Tissue Injuries
573(8)
Abrasions
573(1)
Lacerations
573(1)
Avulsions
574(1)
Amputations
574(1)
Penetrations/Punctures
574(1)
Crush Injuries
575(1)
Assessment and Care: Open Soft Tissue Injuries
576(5)
Dressings and Bandages
581(4)
Dressings
581(1)
Bandages
581(1)
Pressure Dressings
582(1)
General Principles of Dressing and Bandaging
582(3)
Enrichment
585(6)
Other Soft Tissue Injuries
585(6)
Burn Emergencies
591(19)
The Skin: Structure and Function Review
593(1)
Airway, Breathing, and Circulation
593(1)
Classifying Burns by Depth
593(2)
Superficial Burns
594(1)
Partial Thickness Burns
594(1)
Full Thickness Burns
594(1)
Determining the Severity of Burn Injuries
595(6)
Body Surface Area Percentage
595(1)
Burn Injury Location
596(1)
Age and Preexisting Medical Conditions
596(2)
Assessment and Care: Burn Injuries
598(3)
Chemical Burns
601(1)
Electrical Burns
602(2)
Enrichment
604(6)
Circulatory System
604(1)
Respiratory System
604(1)
Renal System (Kidneys)
604(1)
Nervous and Musculoskeletal Systems
604(1)
Gastrointestinal System
604(6)
Musculoskeletal Injuries
610(24)
Musculoskeletal System Review
611(2)
The Muscles
611(1)
Tendons and Ligaments
612(1)
The Skeletal System
612(1)
Injuries to Bones and Joints
613(2)
Mechanism of Injury
613(1)
Assessment and Care: Bone or Joint Injuries
613(2)
Basics of Splinting
615(19)
General Rules of Splinting
617(3)
Splinting Equipment
620(2)
Hazards of Improper Splinting
622(1)
Splinting Long Bone Injuries
622(2)
Splinting Joint Injuries
624(1)
Traction Splinting
624(1)
Splinting Specific Injuries
624(10)
Injuries to the Head
634(17)
Anatomy of the Skull and Brain
635(2)
The Skull
635(1)
The Brain
636(1)
Types of Head Injury
637(7)
Scalp Injuries
637(1)
Skull Injuries
637(1)
Brain Injuries
637(1)
Assessment and Care: Head Injuries
638(6)
Enrichment
644(7)
More about Brain Injuries
644(7)
Injuries to the Spine
651(38)
The Anatomy and Physiology of Spine Injury
653(13)
The Nervous System
653(1)
The Skeletal System
654(1)
Assessment and Care: Spine Injury
655(11)
Guidelines for Immobilization
666(16)
Tools
666(1)
Immobilization Techniques
667(15)
Special Considerations
682(4)
Helmets
682(2)
Infants and Children
684(2)
Enrichment
686(3)
Neurogenic Shock (Spinal Shock)
686(3)
Eye, Face and Neck Injuries
689(21)
Anatomy of the Eye, Face and Neck
691(2)
The Eye
691(1)
The Face
691(1)
The Neck
691(2)
Eye, Face, and Neck Injuries
693(17)
Assessment and Care: Eye, Face, and Neck Injuries
693(1)
Injuries to the Eye
694(7)
Injuries to the Face
701(4)
Injuries to the Neck
705(5)
Chest, Abdomen, and Genitalia Injuries
710(27)
The Chest
712(10)
Anatomy of the Chest
712(1)
Chest Injuries
712(2)
Assessment and Care: Chest Injuries
714(8)
The Abdomen
722(5)
Anatomy of the Abdominal Cavity
722(2)
Abdominal Injuries
724(1)
Assessment and Care: Abdominal Injuries
724(3)
The Genitalia
727(2)
Enrichment
729(8)
Conditions That May Result from Chest Injury
729(8)
Agricultural and Industrial Emergencies
737(11)
Response to Agricultural and Industrial Emergencies
738(2)
Assessment and Care: Agricultural and Industrial Emergencies
738(2)
Characteristics of Agricultural Accidents
740(6)
Mechanisms of Injury
741(1)
Stabilizing and Shutting Down Agricultural Equipment
741(3)
Agricultural Storage Devices
744(1)
Injuries from Livestock
745(1)
Industrial Rescue
746(2)
Module 6 INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Infants and Children
748(43)
Dealing with Caregivers
750(1)
Dealing with the Child
750(18)
Developmental Characteristics
750(2)
Anatomical Differences
752(2)
Airway and Breathing Problems in Infants and Children
754(2)
Assessment and Care: Respiratory Emergencies
756(12)
Medical Problems Common to Infants and Children
768(7)
Seizures
768(1)
Altered Mental Status
768(2)
Poisonings
770(1)
Fever
771(1)
Shock (Hypoperfusion)
771(1)
Near-Drowning
772(2)
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
774(1)
Trauma in Infants and Children
775(5)
Trauma and the Infant's or Child's Anatomy
776(1)
Child Abuse and Neglect
777(3)
Infants and Children with Special Needs
780(2)
Tracheostomy Tubes
780(1)
Home Artificial Ventilators
781(1)
Central Lines
781(1)
Gastrostomy Tubes
782(1)
Shunts
782(1)
Taking Care of Yourself
782(1)
Enrichment
783(8)
Pediatric Respiratory Emergencies
783(2)
Infectious Diseases
785(1)
Pediatric Field Scoring
785(1)
Infant and Child Car Seats in Trauma
786(1)
Four-Point Immobilization of an Infant or Child
787(4)
Module 7 OPERATIONS
Moving Patients
791(19)
Lifting and Moving Patients
792(6)
Emergency Moves
793(1)
Urgent Moves
794(1)
Nonurgent Moves
795(3)
Packaging for Transportation
798(9)
Equipment
798(8)
Patient Positioning
806(1)
Enrichment
807(3)
Packaging Patients for Air Transport
807(3)
Ambulance Operations
810(21)
Driving the Ambulance
812(2)
Laws, Regulations, and Ordinances
812(1)
Driving Excellence
812(2)
Warning Devices
814(1)
Colors and Markings
814(1)
Warning Lights and Emergency Lights
814(1)
Using Your Siren
815(1)
Using Your Air Horn
815(1)
Phases of an Ambulance Call
815(9)
Daily Pre-Run Preparation
815(2)
Dispatch
817(1)
En Route to the Scene
817(1)
At the Scene
818(2)
En Route to the Receiving Facility
820(2)
At the Receiving Facility
822(1)
En Route to the Station
822(1)
Post Run
822(2)
Air Medical Transport
824(3)
When to Request Air Medical Transport
825(1)
Information Needed When Requesting Air Medical Transport
825(1)
Setting Up a Landing Zone
825(2)
Enrichment
827(4)
Changing Conditions
827(1)
Carbon Monoxide in Ambulances
828(3)
Gaining Access and Extrication
831(15)
Planning Ahead
832(1)
Dispatch
832(1)
Location
832(1)
Motor Vehicle Collisions
833(1)
Sizing Up the Scene
833(4)
Personal Protective Equipment
833(1)
Scene Safety
833(1)
Locating All Patients
834(1)
Vehicle Safety
834(3)
Gaining Access
837(1)
Residential Access
837(1)
Motor Vehicle Access
837(1)
Extrication
838(2)
The Role of the EMT-B
838(1)
Caring for the Patient
839(1)
Enrichment
840(6)
Stabilizing a Vehicle
840(1)
Extricating a Patient
841(5)
Hazardous Materials Emergencies
846(19)
Identifying Hazardous Materials
847(8)
What Is a Hazardous Material?
847(4)
Placards and Shipping Papers
851(1)
Using Your Senses
851(1)
Resources
852(2)
Training Required by Law
854(1)
Guidelines for Hazardous Materials Rescues
855(5)
General Rules
855(1)
Incident Management
855(4)
Emergency Procedures
859(1)
Enrichment
860(5)
Radiation Emergencies
860(5)
Multiple-Casualty Incidents
865(14)
Multiple-Casualty Incidents
866(3)
Establishing Incident Management
867(1)
Positioning Arriving Vehicles
868(1)
Triage
869(5)
Initial Assessment
869(1)
Priority Levels
869(2)
Treatment
871(1)
Staging and Transportation
872(1)
Communications
873(1)
Follow-Through
873(1)
Reducing Stress
873(1)
Disaster Management
874(1)
Enrichment
874(5)
Requirements of Effective Disaster Assistance
874(1)
Warning and Evacuation
874(1)
Disaster Communications Systems
874(1)
The Psychological Impact of Disasters
875(4)
Module 8 ADVANCED AIRWAY ELECTIVE
Advanced Airway Management
879(42)
Airway and Respiratory Anatomy and Physiology
881(3)
Airway Anatomy
881(2)
Airway Anatomy in Infants and Children
883(1)
Basic Airway Management
884(1)
Oropharyngeal Suctioning
884(1)
Orotracheal Intubation
885(11)
Advantages
885(1)
Indications
885(1)
Body Substance Isolation
886(1)
Equipment
886(3)
Sellick's Maneuver (Cricoid Pressure)
889(1)
Endotracheal Tube Insertion in an Adult
890(5)
Complications
895(1)
Orotracheal Intubation in Infants and Children
896(4)
Indications in Infants and Children
896(1)
Anatomical Considerations
896(1)
Equipment for Infants and Children
897(1)
Endotracheal Tube Insertion in an Infant or Child
898(2)
Nasogastric Intubation in Infants and Children
900(2)
Indications
900(1)
Contraindications
900(1)
Equipment
900(1)
Insertion
900(2)
Complications
902(1)
Orotracheal Suctioning
902(2)
Indications
902(1)
Suctioning Technique
902(2)
Complications
904(1)
Enrichment
904(17)
Alternative Intubation Techniques
904(3)
Alternative Advanced Airway Adjuncts
907(14)
Appendix 1 Basic Life Support 921(14)
Introduction
921(1)
Basic Life Support
921(9)
Obstructed Airway Emergencies
930(5)
Appendix 2 National Registry Skill Sheets 935
Glossary GL-1
Index IN-2


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