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Primate Behavioral Ecology,9780205200191

Primate Behavioral Ecology

by ;
ISBN13:

9780205200191

ISBN10:
0205200192
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $46.00
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Summary

"Primate Behavioral Ecology," described as "an engaging, cutting-edge exposition," incorporates exciting new discoveries and the most up-to-date approaches in its introduction to the field and its applications of behavioral ecology to primate conservation. One reviewer declares, ""I can't imagine teaching a course on primate behavior or ecology without this text."" This unique, comprehensive, single-authoredtext integrates the basics of evolutionary, ecological, and demographic perspectives with contemporary noninvasive molecular and hormonal techniques to understand how different primates behave and the significance of these insights for primate conservation. Examples are drawn from the "classic" primate field studies and more recent studies on previously neglected species from across the primate order, illustrating the vast behavioral variation that we now know exists and the gaps in our knowledge that future studies will fill.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Introduction to Primate Studies
1(34)
Primates as Study Subjects
8(1)
Descriptive Studies
9(15)
Anthropocentric Perspectives
10(4)
Comparative Biology
14(2)
Early Classification Schemes
16(5)
Field and Captive Studies
21(3)
Evolutionary Models and Problem-Oriented Studies
24(9)
Sociobiology and Behavioral Ecology
26(1)
Testing Predictions about Behavioral Adaptations
27(6)
Conservation Applications
33(2)
Traits, Trends, and Taxonomy
35(32)
Distinguishing Traits
37(11)
Allometric Scaling of Brain and Body Size
38(4)
Other Morphological Traits
42(6)
Cladistic Analyses
48(15)
Major Taxonomic Groups
49(12)
Systematics
61(2)
Phylogenetic Analyses of Behavior
63(4)
Evidence Related to Diet
63(1)
Evidence Related to Mating Systems
64(1)
Evidence Related to Dispersal Patterns
65(2)
Primates Past to Present
67(24)
Evolutionary History
68(2)
The Cenozoic Period
70(11)
Paleocene Uncertainties
70(1)
Eocene Emergents
70(2)
Eocene-Oligocene Origins
72(1)
Oligocene Diversity
73(1)
Miocene Monkeys and Apes
73(3)
Pliocene Highlights
76(1)
Pleistocene Glaciations
76(2)
Holocene
78(3)
Interpreting Diversity Today
81(10)
Intraspecific Variation
82(1)
Local Population Variability
82(8)
Implications for Primate Behavioral Ecology
90(1)
Evolution and Social Behavior
91(42)
Natural Selection
93(21)
Sources of Genetic Variation
94(9)
Genetic versus Environmental Influences
103(11)
Kin Selection and Reciprocal Altruism
114(14)
Altruism and the Challenge of Group Selection
114(1)
Selfish Benefits of Helping Kin
115(8)
Benefits of Helping Nonkin
123(5)
Individual Strategies and Social Organizations
128(5)
Conflict and Cooperation among Same-Sexed Individuals
129(3)
Conflicts between the Sexes
132(1)
Evolution and Sex
133(35)
Sexual Selection
135(4)
Sexual Dimorphism
139(2)
Phylogenetic Constraints
139(1)
Ecological Constraints
139(2)
Mating Patterns
141(18)
Mating Patterns When Females are Solitary
141(9)
Mating Patterns When Females Form Groups
150(9)
Female Mating Strategies
159(6)
Sperm and Fertilization
160(1)
Food and Safety from Predators
160(1)
Allies against Aggression
160(1)
Parental Investment
161(1)
Good Genes
162(1)
Sexual Signals
162(3)
Male Rank and Reproductive Success
165(3)
Food and Females
168(27)
Food Quality
171(13)
Energy and Nutrients
172(1)
Digestibility and Edibility
173(3)
Body Size Energetics and Turnover Rates
176(5)
Reproductive Energetics
181(3)
The Spatial Distribution of Foods
184(4)
Patch Size and Feeding Efficiency
184(3)
Effects of Patch Density
187(1)
The Temporal Availability of Foods
188(4)
Behavioral Adjustments to Food Seasonality
189(2)
Reproductive Seasonality
191(1)
Interpreting Diets and Their Behavioral Correlates
192(3)
Evaluating ``Critical Functions''
193(1)
Effects of Altered Habitats
194(1)
Female Strategies
195(34)
Ecology of Female Relationships
197(4)
Types of Relationships
197(1)
Within- and Between-Group Competition
198(3)
Social Dynamics in Female Groups
201(22)
Matrilineal Societies
201(13)
Life without Kin
214(9)
Population Consequences of Female Strategies
223(6)
Habitat Fragmentation
223(3)
Reproductive Implications
226(1)
Manipulating Sex Ratios
226(3)
Male Strategies
229(24)
Ecology of Male Relationships
230(6)
Types of Relationships
231(2)
Within- and Between-Group Competition
233(3)
Social Dynamics among Males
236(14)
Patrilineal Societies
236(8)
When Males Disperse
244(6)
Population Consequences
250(3)
Developmental Stages
253(19)
Fertilization to Birth
254(1)
Infancy
255(8)
Maternal Care
257(1)
Paternal Care
257(2)
Alloparental Care
259(4)
Weaning Conflict
263(3)
Juvenile Challenges
266(6)
Staying Alive
267(2)
Social Skills
269(2)
Population Consequences of Sex Differences in Mortality
271(1)
Communication and Cognition
272(30)
Components of Communication Systems
275(1)
Modes of Primate Communication
276(13)
Tactile Communication
277(1)
Visual Communication
278(3)
Olfactory Communication
281(1)
Vocal Communication
282(7)
Cognition
289(9)
Learning and Imitation
289(1)
Ecological Intelligence
290(4)
Social Intelligence
294(4)
Implications for the Ethical Treatment of Primates
298(4)
Community Ecology
302(19)
Primate Communities
302(13)
Niche Divergence
304(2)
Polyspecific Associations
306(9)
Primate---Plant Interactions
315(4)
Pollination
316(1)
Seed Dispersal
317(2)
Conservation of Communities
319(2)
Conservation
321(18)
Threats to Primates
322(6)
Habitat Disturbances
323(2)
Hunting Pressures
325(3)
Conservation Policies
328(4)
Economic Incentives
328(1)
Increasing Public Awareness
329(1)
Nongovernmental Organizations
330(2)
Noninvasive Research
332(5)
Reproductive Biology
334(2)
From Paternity to Population Genetics
336(1)
The Next Millennium
337(2)
Bibliography 339(34)
Glossary 373(8)
Name Index 381(4)
Subject Index 385


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