9780127431703

Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases

by ; ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780127431703

  • ISBN10:

    0127431705

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1997-04-24
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases is a handy reference source for scientists, students, and physicians needing reliable, up-to-date information on basic mechanisms, physiology, pathophysiology, and medical issues related to brain vasculature. The book consists of short, specific chapters written by international experts on cerebral vasculature, and presents the information in a comprehensive and easily accessible manner. The book also contains valuable information on practical applications of basic research. Key Features * Presents topics in a comprehensive and accessible format * Written by international authorities on cerebral vasculature * Provides practical applications for researchers

Table of Contents

CONTRIBUTORS xi(8)
PREFACE xix
SECTION I CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW 1(98)
1. Anatomy of Cerebral Circulation
3(2)
Louis Sokoloff
2. Embryogenesis and Angiogenesis
5(3)
Masafumi Tagaya
Gregory J. del Zoppo
3. Vasoactive Mediators of Cerebral Vessels
8(5)
Giora Feuerstein
Ariel Miller
4. Biology of Cerebral Vascular Muscle
13(4)
Frank M. Faraci
Donald Heistad
5. Glial--Vascular Relations
17(4)
Patricia A. Stewart
6. Blood--Brain Barrier Transport Mechanisms
21(4)
William M. Pardridge
7. Brain Edema and the Blood--Brain Barrier
25(4)
Stanley I. Rapoport
8. CSF: Formation, Absorption, Markers, and Relationship to Blood--Brrain Barrier
29(5)
Gary A. Rosenberg
9. Principles and Methods for Measurement of Cerebral Blood Flow: Experimental Methods
34(4)
Costantino Iadecola
10. The Measurement of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism in Human Subjects
38(4)
John Mazziotta
Mark Cohen
Arthur Toga
11. Overview of Cerebrovascular Hemodynamics
42(3)
Patricia D. Hurn
Richard J. Traystman
12. Cerebral Microcirculation
45(6)
Antal G. Hudetz
13. Autoregulation of Cerebral Blood Flow
51(4)
Jean-Marc Chillon
Gary L. Baumbach
14. Regulation of Cerebral Blood Flow by Carbon Dioxide
55(3)
Richard J. Traystman
15. Oxygen and Cerebral Blood Flow
58(2)
Eugene V. Golanov
Donald J. Reis
16. Extrinsic Innervation: Transmitters, Receptors, and Functions--The Sympathetic Nervous System
60(3)
Peter J. Goadsby
Lars Edvinsson
17. Extrinsic Innervation: Transmitters, Receptors, and Functions--The Parasympathetic Nervous System
63(4)
Peter J. Goadsby
Lars Edvinsson
18. Extrinsic Innervation: Transmitters, Receptors, and Functions--The Trigeminovascular System
67(3)
Peter J. Goadsby
Lars Edvinsson
19. Coupling of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
70(5)
Pierre J. Magistretti
20. Regulation of Cerebral Blood Flow by Ions
75(2)
Ulrich Dirnagl
Jens Dreier
21. Adenosine and Its Receptors: Influence on Cerebral Blood Flow
77(3)
H. Richard Winn
22. Serotonin and Its Receptors
80(2)
Gilles Bonvento
Eric T. Mackenzie
23. Acetylcholine and Its Receptors
82(4)
Donald G. Linville
Edith Hamel
24. Catecholamines and Their Receptors
86(5)
Pierre M. Lacombe
Eric T. MacKenzie
25. Neuropeptide Transmitters and Their Receptors
91(2)
James McCulloch
26. Eicosanoids and Cerebrovascular Control
93(3)
David W. Busija
27. Nitric Oxide and the Cerebral Circulation
96(3)
Turgay Dalkara
Michael A. Moskowitz
SECTION II PATHOGENESIS AND PATHOLOGY 99(178)
28. Cell Death: Apoptosis versus Necrosis
101(3)
Marcel Leist
Pierluigi Nicotera
29. Selective Neuronal Vulnerability and Infarction in Cerebrovascular Disease
104(3)
William A. Pulsinelli
30. Evolution of the Brain Lesion Induced by Experimental Focal Ischemia
107(4)
Julio H. Garcia
31. Neuronal Damage in Remote Areas after Focal Cerebral Infarct: Retrograde Degeneration and Transsynaptic Death
111(3)
Akira Tamura
Hitoshi Nakayama
32. Astrocyte Reaction to Global Ischemic Brain Injury
114(3)
Christopher D. Lascola
Richard P. Kraig
33. Reactive Microglia and Ischemic Injury
117(7)
Dana Giulian
34. Animal Models of Global and Focal Cerebral Ischemia
124(2)
Myron D. Ginsberg
35. Transgenic Mice
126(3)
Pak H. Chan
36. Understanding Gene Function: Antisense Knockdown versus Homologous Recombination Knockout Techniques
129(4)
Graeme L. Fraser
Claes Wahlestedt
37. Measurements of Microcirculatory Events in the Brain in Vivo
133(3)
Ulrich Dirnagl
38. Imaging Techniques for Focal Ischemic Damage
136(6)
Robert A. Knight
M. Chopp
39. Hypertension
142(3)
Barbro B. Johansson
40. An Overview of Atherosclerosis
145(3)
Kumar Rajamani
Mark Fisher
41. Thrombosis
148(5)
Hans-Peter Haring
Gregory J. Zoppo
42. Cellular Edema
153(3)
A. Baethmann
Frank Staub
43. Vasogenic Brain Edema
156(3)
A. Lorris Betz
44. Acidosis as a Complicating Factor in Cerebral Ischemia
159(4)
Ken-Ichiro Katsura
45. Hyperthermia and brain Ischemia
163(2)
W. Dalton Dietrich
Raul Busto
46. Production of Free Radicals
165(4)
Robert A. Floyd
47. Peri-infarct Depolarization Waves
169(3)
Konstantin-A. Hossmann
48. Cell Calcium Homeostatis and Calcium-Related Ischemic Damage
172(7)
Bo Siesjo
Tibor Kristian
49. Loss of Neuronal Calcium Homeostasis in Ischemia
178(6)
Maria Erecinska
Ian A. Silver
50. Mitochondrial Function and Calcium Sequestration during Reperfusion
184(3)
Neil R. Sims
51. The Excitotoxic Concept
187(3)
Dennis W. Choi
52. Is Calcium Involved in Excitotoxic or Ischemic Neuronal Damage?
190(3)
Michael Tymianski
Rita G. Sattler
53. Lipid Messengers and Prostaglandin Endoperoxide Synthase-2 in Neuronal Cell Death
193(3)
Nicolas G. Bazan
54. The Role of Inositol Phospholipid Metabolites
196(3)
Nobufumi Kawai
Hiroshi Tsubokawa
55. Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors as a Drug Target in Brain Ischemia
199(1)
V. Bruno
A. Copani
G. Battaglia
G. Casabona
F. Nicoletti
56. Lipid Peroxidation
200(5)
Edward D. Hall
57. Methods of Evaluating Protein Oxidation Induced by Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury
205(2)
Pamela S. Cole
Marni E. Harris
John. M. Carney
Nathan C. Hall
D. Allan Butterifield
58. The Role of Nitric Oxide in Cerebral Ischemia
207(2)
Turgay Dallkara
Michael A. Moskowitz
59. Nitric Oxide, Superoxide, and Peroxynitrate in CNS Injury
209(1)
Joseph S. Beckman
60. NO-Related Species: Neuroprotection versus Neurodestruction
210(4)
Stuart A. Lipton
61. Microvascular Patency in Ischemia and Reperfusion
214(3)
Wolfgang Kuschinsky
62. Reperfusion Damage: The Role of PMN Leukocytes
217(3)
Gregory J. del Zoppo
63. Inflammatory Mediators in Brain Microvessels
220(3)
Giora Feuerstein
64. Mechanisms of Acidosis-Related Damage
223(4)
Bo Siesjo
Maj-Lis Smith
65. Aberrant Cell Signaling in the Postischemic Brain: An Integrated View
227(3)
Tadeusz W. Wieloch
Bingren Hu
Mehrdad Schamloo
66. Immediate--Early Gene Expression after Global Cerebral Ischemia and Ischemia Tolerance Induction
230(4)
P. Gass
C. Sommer
M. Kiessling
67. The Heat Shock/Stress Response after Ischemia
234(3)
Thaddeus S. Nowak, Jr.
68. Trophic Factors and Brain Cell Survival
237(3)
Mark P. Mattson
69. Ischemic Tolerance
240(4)
Takaaki Kirino
70. NMDA and AMPA Receptor Antagonists in Global and Focal Ischemia
244(4)
Daniel L. Small
Alastair M. Buchan
71. Sodium Channel Antagonists
248(2)
Brian Meldrum
72. Adenosine Agonists and Antagonists
250(3)
John W. Phillis
73. Phenytoin and Fosphenytoin
253(4)
Charles P. Taylor
74. 21-Aminosteroids
257(4)
Edward D. Hall
75. Free Radical Scavengers and Spin Traps
261(4)
John W. Phillis
76. Cytokines, Growth Factors, Adhesion Molecules, and Inflammation after Ischemia
265(4)
Yasundo Yamasaki
Kyuya Kogure
77. Trophic Factor Treatment for Stroke
269(3)
Jing Mei Ren
Seth P. Finklestein
78. Hypothermic neuroprotection in Cerebral Ischemia
272(5)
Myron D. Ginsberg
SECTION III MEDICAL AND SURGICAL ASPECTS 277(314)
79. Mechanisms of Ischemia in in Situ Vascular Occlusive Disease
279(7)
Sebastian F. Ameriso
Soma Sahai
80. Brain Embolism
286(3)
Veronica Castillo
Julien Bogousslavsky
81. Systemic Hypoperfusion Brain Injury
289(4)
James L. Bernat
82. Anterior Circulation--Large Artery Occlusive Disease and Embolism
293(5)
Michael S. Pessin
83. Posterior Circulation--Large Artery Occlusive Disease and Embolism
298(5)
Robert J. Wityk
84. Small Artery Occlusive Disease
303(4)
Marc Hommel
85. Chronic Vascular Disease of the Brain
307(6)
Louis R. Caplan
86. Stroke and Neoplasia
313(2)
Lisa R. Rogers
87. Stroke and the Eye
315(4)
B. Todd Troost
88. Corticosteroids in Acute Stroke
319(2)
Victor M. Rivera
89. Spinal Stroke
321(3)
Victor M. Rivera
90. Pregnancy, Hormonal Contraception, and Postmenopausal Estrogen Replacement Therapy
324(6)
Stephen J. Kittner
Trudy Bush
91. Ischemic Stroke in the Young
330(3)
Marc I. Chimowitz
92. Stroke and Migraine
333(2)
Joseph P. Broderick
93. Head Pain and Stroke
335(5)
Panayiotis Mitsias
94. Stroke Secondary to Trauma
340(4)
Alex B. Valadka
Claudia S. Robertson
95. Radiation Arteriopathy
344(3)
Marc R. Mayberg
96. Aortic Arch Atherosclerotic Disease: A New Potential Source of Brain Embolism
347(4)
Olivier Heinzlef
Ariel Cohen
Pierre Amarenco
97. Rare Stroke
351(4)
Michael O'Brien
98. Stroke and Seizures/Epilepsy
355(3)
Christopher F. Bladin
J. W. Norris
99. Transient Focal Neurologic Events
358(4)
Gretchen E. Tietjen
100. Pediatric Stroke
362(2)
Ruth Atkinson
101. Vascular Dementias
364(3)
John Stirling Meyer
T. Shirai
H. Akiyama
102. Hypertensive Encephalopathy
367(4)
Barbro B. Johansson
103. White Matter Disorders
371(5)
Gary A. Rosenberg
104. Immune Mediated Neurovascualar Disease
376(5)
Patricia Moore
105. Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome
381(4)
Steven R. Levine
106. Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
385(5)
Marie-Germaine Bousser
107. Spontaneous Dissections of Cervicocephalic Arteries
390(7)
Bahram Mokri
108. The Heart in Stroke
397(2)
Judith A. Hinchey
Anthony J. Furlan
109. Coagulopathies and Stroke
399(2)
William M. Feinberg
Bruce M. Coull
110. Primary Platelet Disorders
401(4)
L. Roderick Anderson
William M. Feinberg
111. Stroke and Sickle Cell Disease
405(5)
Elizabeth A. Sekul
Robert J. Adams
112. CADASIL: Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortial Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy
410(3)
H. Chabriat
113. Toxicity/Substance Abuse
413(4)
Michael A. Sloan
114. Stroke and Infection: Tuberculosis, Brucellosis, and Syphilis
417(6)
Ashraf Al Kurdi
Basim A. Yaqub
115. AIDS and Stroke
423(2)
John C. M. Brust
116. Clinical Aspects of Subrachnoid Hemorrhage
425(7)
Michal R. Chicoine
Ralph G. Dacey, Jr.
117. Clinical Aspects of Intracerebral Hemorrhage
432(5)
Joseph L. Voelker
Howard H. Kaufman
118. Clinical Aspects of Intraventricular Hemorrhage
437(9)
J. Max Findlay
John H. Wong
119. Clinical Aspects of Subdural Hemorrhage (SDH)
446(4)
Richard Kim
Paul R. Cooper
120. Timing of Surgery and Special Features of Ruptured Anterior Circulation Aneurysm
450(5)
Peter D. LeRoux
Richard H. Winn
121. Surgical Management of the Acutely Ruptured Posterior Circulation Aneurysm
455(7)
Jonas M. Sheehan
Gregory A. Helm
Jason P. Sheehan
Neal F. Kassell
122. Surgical Management of the Patient with a Symptomatic Unruptured Aneurysm
462(8)
Lawrence D. Dickinson
Arthur L. Day
123. Surgical Management of the Patient with an Incidental Asymptomatic Aneurysm
470(5)
Robert A. Solomon
124. Surgical Management of the Patient with a Giant Cerebral Aneurysm
475(5)
Thomas Kopitnik
Duke Samson
125. Surgical Management of Special Aneurysms
480(4)
Charles L. Schnee
Eugene S. Flamm
126. Surgical Management of Aneurysms in the Pediatric Age Group
484(3)
R. Loch MacDonald
127. Unique Features of Aneurysms by Location
487(3)
R. Loch MacDonald
128. Cerebral Vasospasm
490(8)
R. Loch MacDonald
129. Pathology of Cerebral Aneurysms and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
498(5)
Gavin W. Britz
Marc R. Mayberg
130. Management of Intracerebellar Hematomas and Infarcts
503(5)
Christopehr M. Loftus
131. Surgical Management of Pituitary Apoplexy
508(3)
Edward R. Laws, Jr.
132. Surgical Management of Acutely Ruptured Arteriovenous Malformations
511(9)
Michael T. Lawton
Robert F. Spetzler
133. Surgical Management of Unruptured Arteriovenous Malformations
520(5)
Carlos A. David
Robert C. Heros
134. Special Considerations in Treating Arteriovenous Malformations
525(3)
Ghaus M. Malik
135. Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
528(5)
Steven A. Toms
Douglas Chyatte
136. Venous Angiomas
533(3)
Ravish Patwardhan
Neil A. Martin
137. Vein of Galen Abnormalities
536(5)
Jennifer C. Kernan
Gary Nesbit
Stenley L. Barnwell
138. Carotid Cavernous and Other Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas
541(8)
Daniel A> Wecht
Issam A. Awad
139. Caverous Malformations
549(7)
John M. Tew Jr.
Sumeer Sathi
140. Spinal Vascular Malformations
556(11)
Daniel L. Barrow
141. Extracranial Arterial Injury
567(3)
Michael R. Hahn
Richard C. Mendel
L. Philip Carter
142. The Surgical Management of Lesions in the Vertebrobasilar Circulation
570(5)
Fernando G. Diaz
143. Middle Cerebral Artery Embolectomy
575(3)
Fredric B. Meyer
Nicolee C. Fode
144. Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Surgery
578(2)
Bryce Weir
145. Surgery for Ischemic Infarcts
580(2)
Howard Yonas
146. Carotid Endarterectomy
582(4)
James T. Robertson
147. Surgical Aspects of Moyamoya Disease
586(5)
Takanori Fukushima
SECTION IV INVESTIGATION AND MANAGEMENT 591(208)
148. Clinical Diagnosis and General Laboratory Evaluation
593(4)
Louis R. Caplan
149. Cerebral Spinal Fluid in Stroke
597(2)
Juan R. Carhuapoma
K. M. A. Welch
150. Neuroimaging of Stroke
599(12)
Norman J. Beauchamp
R. Nick Bryan
151. Cerebral Arteriography
611(3)
Bharat Mehta
152. Cervical Ultrasound
614(6)
Andrei V. Alexandrov
John W. Norris
153. Transcranial Doppler Sonography and Stroke
620(4)
Rima M. Dafer
Nabih M. Ramadan
154. Cardiac Ultrasound in Stroke Investigation
624(4)
Jonathan L. Halperin
155. Ultrasound Examination of the Aortic Arch in Stroke
628(6)
Marco R. DiTullio
Shunichi Homma
Ralph Sacco
156. Single Photon Emission Tomography (SPECT) in Cerebrovascualr Disease
634(2)
Tom Skyhoj Olsen
Niels A. Lassen
157. PET CBF Investigation of Stroke
636(4)
Richard Frackowiak
158. Functional Magnetic Reasonance Imaging in the Investigation of Brain Recovery and Recorganization after Ischemic Infarct
640(4)
Yue Cao
159. Metabolic Studies Using PET in Stroke Investigation
644(6)
Colin P. Derdeyn
William J. Powers
160. Metabolism: Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Spectroscopic Imaging
650(10)
Peter B. Barker
161. Cardiac Electrophysiology in Stroke Investigation
660(7)
Charles R. Webb
162. Neuropsychological Aspects of Stroke
667(2)
Gregory G. Brown
Sandra S. Kindermann
163. Investigation of Autonomic Dysfunction in Acute Stroke
669(2)
Melina De Marinis
164. Emergency Strategies
671(4)
Thomas Kwiatkowski
Richard B. Libman
165. General Treatment of Stroke in Intensive Care Settings
675(3)
John B. Terry
Daniel F. Hanley
166. Physiologic Monitoring of Stroke in Intensive Care Settings
678(6)
John B. Terry
Daniel F. Hanley
167. Evaluation of Stroke Patients in Intensive Care Settings
684(3)
John B. Terry
Daniel F. Hanley
168. Management of Hypertension in Stroke
687(2)
Susan C. Fagan
169. Management of Diabetes in Stroke
689(3)
Fred W. Whitehouse
170. Management of Cardiac/ECG Complications of Stroke
692(4)
Stephen M. Oppenheimer
171. Management of Dysautonomia/Hypotension
696(3)
Milena De Marinis
172. Management of Cerebral Edema/ICP in Stroke
699(4)
Robert J. Gewirtz
Gary K. Steinberg
173. Depression, Psychosis, and Agitation in Stroke
703(3)
Robert G. Robinson
Sergio Paradiso
174. Management of Seizures in Acute Stroke
706(2)
Brien Smith
175. Management of Lipid Metabolism
708(4)
John A. Sandin III
Mustafa k. Baskaya
Robert J. Dempsey
176. Mechanisms of Antiplatelet Agents and the Prevention Of Stroke
712(4)
Cathy M. Helgason
177. Anticoagulants in Stroke Treatment
716(12)
David G. Sherman
Daniel Lalonde
178. Thrombolysis for Acute Ischemic Stroke
728(3)
Thomas Brott
Joseph P. Broderick
Rashmi Kothari
179. Current Clinical Status of Cytoprotection
731(6)
David Chiu
James Grotta
180. Management of Acute Stroke with Hyperosmolar Agents
737(3)
Toshitaka Shirai
John Stirling Meyer
Hisanao Akiyama
181. Stroke Rehabilitation
740(4)
Fletcher McDowell
182. Rehabilitation: Occupational Therapy for Stroke
744(3)
Janet L. Poole
183. Rehabilitation: Physical Therapy for Stroke
747(4)
Sandra J. Olney
Cally S. Martin
184. Epidemiology and Risk Factor Management
751(6)
Philip A Wolf
185. The Prevention of Ischemic Stroke
757(5)
H. J. M. Barnett
H. E. Meldrum
186. Management of Asymptomatic Extracranial Carotid Artery Disease
762(3)
Karis Murros
James F. Toole
187. Stroke-in-Evolution
765(2)
J. K. Roberts
J. P. Mohr
188. Management of Vascular Dementia
767(4)
Raymond T. F. Cheung
Valdimir Hachinski
189. Basilar Thrombosis
771(3)
D. J. Thomas
190. Stroke Units
774(2)
Harry H. Mansbach
191. Cardiopulmonary Arrest Resuscitation
776(7)
Robert W. Neumar
Kevin R. Ward
192. Cerebrovascular Complications of Cardiac Surgery
783(3)
Denise Barbut
Louis R. Caplan
193. Management of Atrial Fibrillation
786(5)
Robert G. Hart
194. Emerging Treatments for Stroke
791(3)
Justin A. Zivin
195. Endovascular Therapy for the Treatment of Cerebrovascular Disease
794(5)
Lee R. Gulterman
Kevin J. Gibbons
James L. Budny
L.N. Hopkins
Index 799

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