9780878932023

A Primer of Ecological Genetics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780878932023

  • ISBN10:

    087893202X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2/1/2004
  • Publisher: SINAUER ASSOC INC
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Summary

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Covers the basic concepts in population and quantitative genetics, including measuring selection on phenotypic characters. Focuses on methods applicable to field studies of ecologically important traits. For graduate students. Softcover. DNLM: Genetics, Population.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Symbols xiii
Introduction
1(8)
What is Ecological Genetics?
1(2)
Overview of the Book
3(1)
Basic Genetic Terms
4(5)
Population genetics I: Genetic variation, random and nonrandom mating
9(38)
What is Population Genetics?
9(2)
What are populations and why are they important?
9(2)
Genetic Variation
11(1)
Measuring Genetic Variation: Genetic Markers
12(10)
Visible polymorphisms
13(1)
Molecular markers
13(1)
Protein electrophoresis
14(2)
DNA markers
16(6)
Measuring Genetic Variation: Simple Summary Statistics
22(2)
Organization of Genetic Variation within Populations
24(7)
Random mating
25(1)
Assumptions of the Hardy-Weinberg model
25(1)
What Is a Model?
26(1)
Deriving the Hardy-Weinberg equations
27(4)
Uses of the Hardy-Weinberg Model: Tests for Departure from HWE
31(5)
A Brief Introduction to Statistics
32(3)
Recessive alleles hidden in heterozygotes
35(1)
Nonrandom Mating
36(7)
Assortative mating
36(1)
Inbreeding
37(6)
Problems
43(1)
Suggested Readings
44(1)
Chapter References
44(3)
Population genetics II: Changes in allele frequency
47(50)
Mutation
47(1)
Migration
48(4)
Genetic Drift
52(14)
Random genetic drift
52(3)
Population differentiation
55(2)
F-statistics
57(3)
Calculation of F-Statistics
60(2)
Effective population size (Ne)
62(3)
Inbreeding with random mating in small populations
65(1)
Natural Selection: Selection on Genotypes
66(11)
Example of Inbreeding Depression Due to Genetic Drift
66(1)
Fitness
67(2)
How does selection at one locus change allele frequencies at that locus?
69(2)
Overdominance or heterozygote advantage
71(5)
Frequency dependent selection
76(1)
Population Genetics: Synthesis
77(2)
Interactions Between the Four Evolutionary Forces
79(10)
Mutation--selection balance
79(2)
Selection vs. migration
81(1)
Selection vs. genetic drift
81(3)
Migration vs. genetic drift
84(1)
Methods of measuring gene flow
85(1)
Selection, genetic drift, and gene flow: Wright's shifting balance theory
86(3)
Problems
89(3)
Suggested Readings
92(1)
Suggested Readings Questions
92(2)
Chapter References
94(3)
Quantitative genetics I: Genetic variation
97(40)
Mendelian Basis of Continuous Traits
97(15)
Different types of gene action
103(1)
How can we quantify gene action?
104(2)
Population mean
106(2)
Population variance
108(3)
Breeding value
111(1)
Heritability
112(3)
Estimating Additive Variance and Heritability
115(18)
Offspring--parent regression
116(2)
Regression Details
118(2)
Maternal and paternal effects
120(1)
Sibling analyses
121(1)
Analysis of Variance (Anova)
122(9)
Comparison of methods
131(2)
Problems
133(1)
Suggested Readings
134(1)
Suggested Readings Questions
134(1)
Chapter References
135(2)
Quantitative genetics II: Advanced topics
137(52)
Phenotypic Plasticity and Genotype-by-Environment Interaction
138(7)
Two-Way Anova
141(4)
Multiple Subpopulations---Differentiation vs. Adaptive Plasticity
145(5)
Correlations Among Traits
150(13)
Sources of genetic covariance among traits
155(5)
What can cause linkage disequilibrium?
160(1)
Mechanisms of genetic correlations in nature
160(3)
Artificial Selection
163(7)
Advantages and disadvantages of artificial selection
169(1)
QTL Mapping
170(10)
Problems
180(3)
Suggested Readings
183(1)
Suggested Readings Questions
184(2)
Chapter References
186(3)
Natural selection on phenotypes
189(42)
The Chicago School Approach to Phenotypic Evolution
191(5)
Selective Agents and Targets
196(19)
Multiple traits; direct and indirect selection
199(1)
Selection gradients
200(5)
Experimental manipulation
205(3)
Correlational selection
208(3)
How do we study selective agents?
211(4)
Notes on the Study of Adaptation
215(1)
Synthesis: Predicting Short-Term Phenotypic Evolution
216(7)
Summary of Bivariate Relationships in Ecological Genetics
217(6)
The Future of Ecological Genetics
223(1)
Problems
224(2)
Suggested Readings
226(1)
Suggested Readings Questions
227(2)
Chapter References
229(2)
Applied ecological genetics
231(38)
Conservation Genetics
232(13)
What is the unit to be conserved?
233(2)
How do genetic factors directly affect extinction risk?
235(6)
Adaptation to environmental change in the future
241(3)
Conservation genetics in the future
244(1)
Evolution of Invasive Species
245(3)
Transgene Escape
248(5)
Establishment of transgenes in wild populations
250(1)
Fitness effects of transgenes
250(2)
Strategies to reduce transgene escape risk
252(1)
Evolution of Resistance to Pesticides and Antibiotics
253(9)
Selection
254(3)
Genetic variance and covariance
257(2)
Gene flow and population structure
259(1)
Resistance management
260(2)
The Future of Applied Ecological Genetics
262(1)
Suggested Readings
263(1)
Suggested Readings Questions
263(2)
Chapter References
265(4)
Appendix 269(2)
Glossary 271(13)
Index 284

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