

1  (6) 


2  (3) 


5  (2) 


6  (1) 


7  (31) 


7  (4) 


7  (2) 


9  (1) 


10  (1) 


10  (1) 


11  (1) 


11  (4) 


12  (1) 


13  (2) 


15  (9) 


15  (1) 


16  (2) 


18  (2) 


20  (1) 


21  (1) 


22  (1) 


22  (2) 


24  (6) 


30  (8) 


36  (2) 

Numerical Summary Measures 


38  (28) 

Measures of Central Tendency 


38  (6) 


38  (3) 


41  (1) 


42  (2) 


44  (4) 


44  (1) 


44  (2) 

Variance and Standard Deviation 


46  (2) 


48  (1) 


48  (4) 


49  (2) 


51  (1) 


52  (2) 


54  (5) 


59  (7) 


64  (2) 

Rates and Standardization 


66  (31) 


66  (4) 


70  (14) 

Direct Method of Standardization 


72  (2) 

Indirect Method of Standardization 


74  (1) 

Use of Standardized Rates 


75  (9) 


84  (5) 

Direct Method of Standardization 


86  (1) 

Indirect Method of Standardization 


86  (3) 


89  (8) 


95  (2) 


97  (28) 

Computation of the Life Table 


97  (7) 


97  (2) 


99  (2) 


101  (1) 


102  (1) 


103  (1) 


103  (1) 

Applications of the Life Table 


104  (3) 

Years of Potential Life Lost 


107  (4) 


111  (5) 


116  (9) 


124  (1) 


125  (37) 

Operations on Events and Probability 


125  (4) 


129  (2) 


131  (4) 


135  (9) 

Sensitivity and Specificity 


136  (1) 

Applications of Bayes' Theorem 


136  (4) 


140  (1) 

Calculation of Prevalence 


141  (3) 

The Relative Risk and the Odds Ratio 


144  (5) 


149  (6) 


155  (7) 


160  (2) 

Theoretical Probability Distributions 


162  (34) 

Probability Distributions 


162  (2) 

The Binomial Distribution 


164  (8) 


172  (4) 


176  (9) 


185  (6) 


191  (5) 


194  (2) 

Sampling Distribution of the Mean 


196  (18) 


196  (1) 

The Central Limit Theorem 


197  (1) 

Applications of the Central Limit Theorem 


198  (6) 


204  (6) 


210  (4) 


213  (1) 


214  (18) 

TwoSided Confidence Intervals 


214  (5) 

OneSided Confidence Intervals 


219  (1) 


220  (5) 


225  (2) 


227  (5) 


230  (2) 


232  (27) 


232  (3) 

TwoSided Tests of Hypotheses 


235  (3) 

OneSided Tests of Hypotheses 


238  (1) 


239  (4) 


243  (3) 


246  (3) 


249  (5) 


254  (5) 


257  (2) 


259  (26) 


260  (5) 


265  (7) 


266  (4) 


270  (2) 


272  (6) 


278  (7) 


282  (3) 


285  (17) 

OneWay Analysis of Variance 


285  (7) 


285  (3) 


288  (4) 

Multiple Comparisons Procedures 


292  (2) 


294  (4) 


298  (4) 


301  (1) 


302  (21) 


302  (3) 

The Wilcoxon SignedRank Test 


305  (3) 

The Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test 


308  (4) 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Nonparametric Methods 


312  (1) 


312  (5) 


317  (6) 


321  (2) 


323  (19) 

Normal Approximation to the Binomial Distribution 


324  (1) 

Sampling Distribution of a Proportion 


325  (2) 


327  (2) 


329  (1) 


330  (2) 

Comparison of Two Proportions 


332  (3) 


335  (3) 


338  (4) 


341  (1) 


342  (32) 


342  (7) 


342  (5) 


347  (2) 


349  (3) 


352  (5) 


357  (3) 


360  (6) 


366  (8) 


372  (2) 


374  (24) 


374  (2) 

The MantelHaenszel Method 


376  (11) 


377  (4) 


381  (3) 


384  (3) 


387  (6) 


393  (5) 


396  (2) 


398  (17) 


398  (2) 

Pearson's Correlation Coefficient 


400  (4) 

Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficent 


404  (3) 


407  (5) 


412  (3) 


414  (1) 


415  (34) 


415  (5) 


420  (12) 

The Population Regression Line 


420  (2) 

The Method of Least Squares 


422  (3) 

Inference for Regression Coefficients 


425  (3) 

Inference for Predicted Values 


428  (4) 


432  (6) 

The Coefficient of Determination 


432  (1) 


433  (2) 


435  (3) 


438  (5) 


443  (6) 


447  (2) 


449  (21) 


449  (9) 

The LeastSquares Regression Equation 


450  (2) 

Inference for Regression Coefficients 


452  (1) 


453  (2) 


455  (2) 


457  (1) 


458  (2) 


460  (5) 


465  (5) 


469  (1) 


470  (18) 


471  (5) 


472  (1) 


473  (3) 

Multiple Logistic Regression 


476  (2) 


478  (3) 


481  (3) 


484  (4) 


487  (1) 


488  (26) 


489  (6) 


495  (4) 


499  (4) 


503  (8) 


511  (3) 


512  (2) 


514  


514  


515  


515  


516  


517  


517  


517  


520  


524  


525  
Appendix A 



A1  
Appendix B 



B1  
Index 

I1  