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Principles of Biostatistics (with CD-ROM),9780534229023
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Principles of Biostatistics (with CD-ROM)

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780534229023

ISBN10:
0534229026
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
3/9/2000
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $283.95

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Summary

Marcello Pagano and Kimberlee Gauvreau's PRINCIPLES OF BIOSTATISTICS, Second Edition is a concepts-based introduction to statistical procedures that prepares public health, medical, and life sciences students to conduct and evaluate research. With an engaging writing style and helpful graphics, the emphasis is on concepts over formulas or rote memorization. Throughout the book, the authors use practical, interesting examples with real data to bring the material to life.

Author Biography

Marcello Pagano: Harvard School of Public Health. Kimberlee Gauvreau: Harvard Medical School.

Table of Contents

Introduction
1(6)
Overview of the Text
2(3)
Review Exercises
5(2)
Bibliography
6(1)
Data Presentation
7(31)
Types of Numerical Data
7(4)
Nominal Data
7(2)
Ordinal Data
9(1)
Ranked Data
10(1)
Discrete Data
10(1)
Continuous Data
11(1)
Tables
11(4)
Frequency Distributions
12(1)
Relative Frequency
13(2)
Graphs
15(9)
Bar Charts
15(1)
Histograms
16(2)
Frequency Polygons
18(2)
One-Way Scatter Plots
20(1)
Box Plots
21(1)
Two-Way Scatter Plots
22(1)
Line Graphs
22(2)
Further Applications
24(6)
Review Exercises
30(8)
Bibliography
36(2)
Numerical Summary Measures
38(28)
Measures of Central Tendency
38(6)
mean
38(3)
Median
41(1)
Mode
42(2)
Measures of Dispersion
44(4)
Range
44(1)
Interquartile Range
44(2)
Variance and Standard Deviation
46(2)
Coefficient of Variation
48(1)
Grouped Data
48(4)
Grouped Mean
49(2)
Grouped Variance
51(1)
Chebychev's Inequality
52(2)
Further Applications
54(5)
Review Exercises
59(7)
Bibliography
64(2)
Rates and Standardization
66(31)
Rates
66(4)
Standardization of Rates
70(14)
Direct Method of Standardization
72(2)
Indirect Method of Standardization
74(1)
Use of Standardized Rates
75(9)
Further Applications
84(5)
Direct Method of Standardization
86(1)
Indirect Method of Standardization
86(3)
Review Exercises
89(8)
Bibliography
95(2)
Life Tables
97(28)
Computation of the Life Table
97(7)
Column 1
97(2)
Column 2
99(2)
Columns 3 and 4
101(1)
Column 5
102(1)
Column 6
103(1)
Column 7
103(1)
Applications of the Life Table
104(3)
Years of Potential Life Lost
107(4)
Further Applications
111(5)
Review Exercises
116(9)
Bibliography
124(1)
Probability
125(37)
Operations on Events and Probability
125(4)
Conditional Probability
129(2)
Bayes' Theorem
131(4)
Diagnostic Tests
135(9)
Sensitivity and Specificity
136(1)
Applications of Bayes' Theorem
136(4)
ROC Curves
140(1)
Calculation of Prevalence
141(3)
The Relative Risk and the Odds Ratio
144(5)
Further Applications
149(6)
Review Exercises
155(7)
Bibliography
160(2)
Theoretical Probability Distributions
162(34)
Probability Distributions
162(2)
The Binomial Distribution
164(8)
The Poisson Distribution
172(4)
The Normal Distribution
176(9)
Further Applications
185(6)
Review Exercises
191(5)
Bibliography
194(2)
Sampling Distribution of the Mean
196(18)
Sampling Distributions
196(1)
The Central Limit Theorem
197(1)
Applications of the Central Limit Theorem
198(6)
Further Applications
204(6)
Review Exercises
210(4)
Bibliography
213(1)
Confidence Intervals
214(18)
Two-Sided Confidence Intervals
214(5)
One-Sided Confidence Intervals
219(1)
Student's t Distribution
220(5)
Further Applications
225(2)
Review Exercises
227(5)
Bibliography
230(2)
Hypothesis Testing
232(27)
General Concepts
232(3)
Two-Sided Tests of Hypotheses
235(3)
One-Sided Tests of Hypotheses
238(1)
Types of Error
239(4)
Power
243(3)
Sample Size Estimation
246(3)
Further Applications
249(5)
Review Exercises
254(5)
Bibliography
257(2)
Comparison of Two Means
259(26)
Paired Samples
260(5)
Independent Samples
265(7)
Equal Variances
266(4)
Unequal Variances
270(2)
Further Applications
272(6)
Review Exercises
278(7)
Bibliography
282(3)
Analysis of Variance
285(17)
One-Way Analysis of Variance
285(7)
The Problem
285(3)
Sources of Variation
288(4)
Multiple Comparisons Procedures
292(2)
Further Applications
294(4)
Review Exercises
298(4)
Bibliography
301(1)
Nonparametric Methods
302(21)
The Sign Test
302(3)
The Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test
305(3)
The Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test
308(4)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Nonparametric Methods
312(1)
Further Applications
312(5)
Review Exercises
317(6)
Bibliography
321(2)
Inference on Proportions
323(19)
Normal Approximation to the Binomial Distribution
324(1)
Sampling Distribution of a Proportion
325(2)
Confidence Intervals
327(2)
Hypothesis Testing
329(1)
Sample Size Estimation
330(2)
Comparison of Two Proportions
332(3)
Further Applications
335(3)
Review Exercises
338(4)
Bibliography
341(1)
Contingency Tables
342(32)
The Chi-Square Test
342(7)
2 x 2 Tables
342(5)
r x c Tables
347(2)
McNemar's Test
349(3)
The Odds Ratio
352(5)
Berkson's Fallacy
357(3)
Further Applications
360(6)
Review Exercises
366(8)
Bibliography
372(2)
Multiple 2 x 2 Tables
374(24)
Simpson's Paradox
374(2)
The Mantel-Haenszel Method
376(11)
Test of Homogeneity
377(4)
Summary Odds Ratio
381(3)
Test of Association
384(3)
Further Applications
387(6)
Review Exercises
393(5)
Bibliography
396(2)
Correlation
398(17)
The Two-Way Scatter Plot
398(2)
Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
400(4)
Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficent
404(3)
Further Applications
407(5)
Review Exercises
412(3)
Bibliography
414(1)
Simple Linear Regression
415(34)
Regression Concepts
415(5)
The Model
420(12)
The Population Regression Line
420(2)
The Method of Least Squares
422(3)
Inference for Regression Coefficients
425(3)
Inference for Predicted Values
428(4)
Evaluation of the Model
432(6)
The Coefficient of Determination
432(1)
Residual Plots
433(2)
Transformations
435(3)
Further Applications
438(5)
Review Exercises
443(6)
Bibliography
447(2)
Multiple Regression
449(21)
The Model
449(9)
The Least-Squares Regression Equation
450(2)
Inference for Regression Coefficients
452(1)
Evaluation of the Model
453(2)
Indicator Variables
455(2)
Interaction Terms
457(1)
Model Selection
458(2)
Further Applications
460(5)
Review Exercises
465(5)
Bibliography
469(1)
Logistic Regression
470(18)
The Model
471(5)
The Logistic Function
472(1)
The Fitted Equation
473(3)
Multiple Logistic Regression
476(2)
Indicator Variables
478(3)
Further Applications
481(3)
Review Exercises
484(4)
Bibliography
487(1)
Survival Analysis
488(26)
The Life Table Method
489(6)
The Product-Limit Method
495(4)
The Log-Rank Test
499(4)
Further Applications
503(8)
Review Exercises
511(3)
Bibliography
512(2)
Sampling Theory
514
Sampling Schemes
514
Simple Random Sampling
515
Systematic Sampling
515
Stratified Sampling
516
Cluster Sampling
517
Nonprobability Sampling
517
Sources of Bias
517
Further Applications
520
Review Exercises
524
Bibliography
525
Appendix A
Tables
A-1
Appendix B
Data Sets
B-1
Index I-1


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