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Principles of Foundation Engineering

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534954031

ISBN10:
0534954030
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/30/1998
Publisher(s):
CL Engineering
List Price: $170.33
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Summary

Building on the success of preceding editions, the Fourth Edition of PRINCIPLES OF FOUNDATION ENGINEERING maintains the careful balance of current research and practical field applications that has made it a leading text in foundation engineering courses throughout the country and internationally. Strengthened with many more worked-out examples and figures to aid student comprehension of theory and practical problem-solving skills, the Fourth Edition features expanded coverage of ultimate and allowable bearing capacity (in Chapters 3 and 4), and new Chapters 6 and 7 on lateral pressure theory and retaining wall design. New field observations have been added to each chapter. Both SI and English units are used throughout.

Table of Contents

Geotechnical Properties of Soil and of Reinforced Soil
1(78)
1.1 Introduction
1(1)
1.2 Grain-Size Distribution
2(3)
1.3 Size Limits for Soils
5(1)
1.4 Weight-Volume Relationships
6(3)
1.5 Relative Density
9(6)
1.6 Atterberg Limits
15(2)
1.7 Soil Classification Systems
17(8)
1.8 Hydraulic Conductivity of Soil
25(3)
1.9 Steady-State Seepage
28(2)
1.10 Filter Design Criteria
30(2)
1.11 Effective Stress Concept
32(3)
1.12 Capillary Rise in Soil
35(1)
1.13 Consolidation--General
36(8)
1.14 Consolidation Settlement Calculation
44(2)
1.15 Time Rate of Consolidation
46(9)
1.16 Shear Strength
55(6)
1.17 Unconfined Compression Test
61(1)
1.18 Comments on Shear Strength Parameters
62(4)
1.19 Sensitivity
66(2)
1.20 Soil Reinforcement--General
68(1)
1.21 Considerations for Soil Reinforcement
69(3)
Problems
72(4)
References
76(3)
Natural Soil Deposits and Subsoil Exploration
79(73)
2.1 Introduction
79(1)
Natural Soil Deposits 79(11)
2.2 Soil Origin
79(1)
2.3 Residual Soil
80(1)
2.4 Alluvial Deposits
80(4)
2.5 Glacial Deposits
84(2)
2.6 Aeolian Soil Deposits
86(1)
2.7 Organic Soil
87(1)
2.8 Some Local Terms for Soils
87(3)
Subsurface Exploration 90(62)
2.9 Purpose of Soil Exploration
90(1)
2.10 Subsurface Exploration Program
90(4)
2.11 Exploratory Borings in the Field
94(4)
2.12 Procedures for Sampling Soil
98(10)
2.13 Observation of Water Tables
108(3)
2.14 Vane Shear Test
111(4)
2.15 Cone Penetration Test
115(7)
2.16 Pressuremeter Test (PMT)
122(3)
2.17 Dilatometer Test
125(2)
2.18 Coring of Rocks
127(3)
2.19 Preparation of Boring Logs
130(2)
2.20 Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity in the Field
132(3)
2.21 Geophysical Exploration
135(8)
2.22 Subsoil Exploration Report
143(1)
2.23 Problems
144(5)
References
149(3)
THREE Shallow Foundations: Ultimate Bearing Capacity
152(67)
3.1 Introduction
152(1)
3.2 General Concept
152(4)
3.3 Terzaghi's Bearing Capacity Equations for Water Table
159(2)
3.4 Modification of Bearing Capacity Equations for Water Table
159(2)
3.5 Case History: Ultimate Bearing Capacity in Saturated Clay
161(3)
3.6 Factor of Safety
164(2)
3.7 The General Bearing Capacity Equation
166(6)
3.8 Effect of Soil Compressibility
172(4)
3.9 Eccentrically Loaded Foundations
176(11)
3.10 Bearing Capacity of Layered Soils--Stronger Soil Underlain by Weaker Soil
187(8)
3.11 Bearing Capacity of Foundations on Top of a Slope
195(2)
3.12 Seisimic Bearing Capacity and Settlement in Granular Soil
197(5)
Recent Advances in Bearing Capacity of Foundations on Reinforced Soil 202(17)
3.13 Foundation on Sand with Geotextile Reinforcement
202(2)
3.14 Foundation on Sturated Clay(phi=0) with Geotextile Reinforcement
204(1)
3.15 Foundation on Sand with Geogrid Reinforcement
205(5)
3.16 Strip Foundations on Saturated Clay (phi=0) with Geogrid Reinforcement
210(2)
3.17 General Remarks
212(1)
Problems
212(5)
References
217(2)
FOUR Shallow Foundations: Allowable Bearing Capacity and Settlement
219(74)
4.1 Introduction
219(1)
Vertical Stress Increases in a Soil Mass Caused by Foundation Load 220(20)
4.2 Stress Due to Concentrated Load
220(1)
4.3 Stress Due to a Circularlly Loaded Area
221(1)
4.4 Stress Below a Rectangular Area
222(7)
4.5 Average Vertical Stress Increase Due to a Rectangularly Loaded Area
229(4)
4.6 Stress Increase Under an Embankment
233(4)
4.7 Stress Increase Due to Any Type of Loading
237(3)
Settlement Calculation 240(18)
4.8 Elastic Settlement Based on the Theory of Elasticity
240(5)
4.9 Elastic Settlement of Foundations on Saturated Clay
245(2)
4.10 Settlement of Sandy Soil: Use of Strain Influence Factor
247(3)
4.11 Range of Material Parameters for Computing Elastic Settlement
250(1)
4.12 Consolidation Settlement
251(3)
4.13 Skempton-Bjerrum Modification for Consolidation Settlement
254(2)
4.14 Consolidation Settlement--General Comments and a Case History
256(2)
Allowable Bearing Capacity 258(10)
4.15 Allowable Bearing Pressure in Sand Based on Settlement Consideration
258(3)
4.16 Field Load Test
261(6)
4.17 Presumptive Bearing Capacity
267(1)
4.18 Tolerable Settlement of Buildings
267(1)
Foundation with Soil Reinforcement 268(25)
4.19 Shallow Foundation on Soil with Reinforcement
268(2)
4.20 Strip Foundation on Granular Soil Reinforced by Metallic Strips
270(7)
4.21 Factor of Safety of Ties Against Breaking and Pullout
277(2)
4.22 Design Procedure for Strip Foundation on Reinforced Earth
279(7)
Problems
286(4)
References
290(3)
FIVE Mat Foundations
293(41)
5.1 Introduction
293(3)
5.2 Common Types of Mat Foundations
296(1)
5.3 Bearing Capacity of Mat Foundations
297(6)
5.4 Differential Settlement of Mats
303(1)
5.5 Field Settlement Observations for Mat Foundations
304(3)
5.6 Compensated Foundations
307(3)
5.7 Structural Design of Mat Foundations
310(20)
Problems
330(3)
References
333(1)
SIX Lateral Earth Pressure
334(53)
6.1 Introduction
334(1)
6.2 Lateral Earth Pressure at Rest
335(5)
Active Pressure 340(22)
6.3 Rankine Active Earth Pressure
340(7)
6.4 Rankine Active Earth Pressure for Inclined Backfill
347(3)
6.5 Coulomb's Active Earth Pressure
350(8)
6.6 Active Earth Pressure for Earthquake Conditions
358(5)
6.7 Lateral Earth Pressure Due to Surcharge
363(2)
6.8 Active Pressure for Wall Rotation About Top--Braced Cut
365(2)
6.9 Active Earth Pressure for Translation of Retaining Wall--Granular Backfill
367(5)
Passive Pressure 372(15)
6.10 Rankine Passive Earth Pressure
372(5)
6.11 Rankine Passive Earth Pressure--Inclined Backfill
377(1)
6.12 Coulomb's Passive Earth Pressure
378(2)
6.13 Comments on the Failure Surface Assumption for Coulomb's Pressure Calculations
380(3)
Problems
383(3)
References
386(1)
Retaining Walls
387(66)
7.1 Introduction
387(2)
Gravity and Cantilever Walls 389(35)
7.2 Proportioning Retaining Walls
389(1)
7.3 Application of Lateral Earth Pressure Theories to Design
390(2)
7.4 Stability Checks
392(19)
7.5 Other Types of Possible Retaining-Wall Failure
411(4)
7.6 Comments Relating to Stability
415(3)
7.7 Drainage From the Backfill of the Retaining Wall
418(1)
7.8 Provision of Joints in Retaining-Wall Construction
419(1)
7.9 Gravity Retaining-Wall Design for Earthquake Conditions
420(4)
Mechanically Stabilized Retaining Walls 424(29)
7.10 General Design Considerations
424(1)
7.11 Retaining Walls with Metallic Strip Reinforcement
424(8)
7.12 Step-by-Step Design Procedure (Metallic Strip Reinforcement)
432(6)
7.13 Retaining Walls with Geotextile Reinforcement
438(5)
7.14 Retaining Walls with Geogrid Reinforcement
443(4)
7.15 General Comments
447(1)
Problems
448(3)
References
451(2)
EIGHT Sheet Pile Structures
453(111)
8.1 Introduction
453(2)
Sheet Pile Walls 455(64)
8.2 Construction Methods
455(2)
8.3 Cantilever Sheet Pile Walls--General
457(1)
8.4 Cantilever Sheet Piling Penetrating Sandy Soils
458(6)
8.5 Special Cases for Cantilever Walls (Penetrating a Sandy Soil)
464(5)
8.6 Cantilever Sheet Piling Penetrating Clay
469(4)
8.7 Special Cases for Cantilever Walls (Penetrating Clay)
473(3)
8.8 Anchored Sheet Pile Wall--General
476(1)
8.9 Free Earth Support Method for Penetration into Sandy Soil
480(6)
8.10 Design Charts for Free Earth Support Method (Penetration into Sandy Soil)
480(6)
8.11 Moment Reduction for Anchored Sheet Pile Walls
486(4)
8.12 Free Earth Support Method for Penetration of Clay
490(3)
8.13 Computational Pressure Diagram Method (for Penetration into Sandy Soil)
493(4)
8.14 Fixed Earth Support Method for Penetration into Sandy Soil
497(4)
8.15 Field Observations for Anchored Sheet Pile Walls
501(3)
8.16 Anchors--General
504(2)
8.17 Holding Capacity of Anchor Plates and Beams in Sand
506(9)
8.18 Ultimate Resistance of Anchor Plates and Beams in Clay (phi=0 Condition)
515(4)
8.19 Ultimate Resistance of Tie Backs
519(1)
Braced Cuts 519(45)
8.20 Braced Cuts--General
519(2)
8.21 Pressure Envelope for Braced-Cut Design
521(4)
8.22 Design of Various Components of a Braced Cut
525(9)
8.23 Bottom Heaving of a Cut in Clay
534(5)
8.24 Stability of the Bottom of a Cut in Sand
539(3)
8.25 Lateral Yielding of Sheet Piles and Ground Settlement
542(4)
8.26 Case Studies of Braced Cuts
546(10)
Problems
556(5)
References
561(3)
NINE Pile Foundations
564(110)
9.1 Introduction
564(2)
9.2 Types of Piles and Their Structural Characteristics
566(8)
9.3 Estimating Pile Length
574(1)
9.4 Installation of Piles
575(3)
9.5 Load Transfer Mechanism
578(3)
9.6 Equations for Estimating Pile Capacity
581(3)
9.7 Meyerhof's Method--Estimation of Q(p)
584(3)
9.8 Vesic's Method--Estimation of Q(P)
587(1)
9.9 Janbu's Method--Estimation of Q(P)
588(1)
9.10 Coyle and Castello's Method--Estimation of Q(p) in Sand
589(1)
9.11 Frictional Resistance (Q(s)) in Sand
590(3)
9.12 Frictional (Skin) Resistance in Clay
593(4)
9.13 General Comments and Allowable Pile Capacity
597(1)
9.14 Point Bearing Capacity of Piles Resting on Rock
598(7)
9.15 Pile Load Tests
605(3)
9.16 Comparison of Theory with Field Load Test Results
608(7)
9.17 Settlement of Piles
615(3)
9.18 Pullout Resistance of Piles
618(5)
9.19 Laterally Loaded Piles
623(14)
9.20 Pile-Driving Formulad
637(6)
9.21 Negative Skin Friction
643(5)
Group Piles 648(26)
9.22 Group Efficiency
648(7)
9.23 Ultimate Capacity of Group Piles in Saturated Clay
655(2)
9.24 Piles in Rock
657(2)
9.25 Consolidation Settlement of Group Piles
659(4)
9.26 Elastic Settlement of Group Piples
663(1)
9.27 Uplift Capacity of Group Piles
664(2)
9.28 Problems
666(4)
References
670(4)
TEN Drilled-Shaft and Caisson Foundations
674(54)
10.1 Introduction
674(1)
Drilled Shafts 675(40)
10.2 Types of Drilled Shafts
675(1)
10.3 Construction Procedures
676(3)
10.4 Other Design Considerations
679(1)
10.5 Load Transfer Mechanism
680(2)
10.6 Estimation of Load-Bearing Capacity--General
682(1)
10.7 Drilled Shafts in Sand--Load-Bearing Capacity
683(12)
10.8 Drilled Shafts in Clay- Load Bearing Capacity
695(7)
10.9 Settlement of Drilled Shafts at Working Load
702(2)
10.10 Uplit Capacity of Drilled Shafts
704(5)
10.11 Lateral Load- Carrying Capacity
709(2)
10.12 Drilled Shafts Extending into Rock
711(4)
Caissons 715(13)
10.13 Types of Caissons
715(3)
10.14 Thickness of Concreate Seal in Open Caissons
718(4)
10.15 Problems
722(5)
10.16 References
727(1)
ELEVEN Foundations on Difficult Soils
728(36)
11.1 Introduction
728(1)
Collapsible Soil 728(11)
11.2 Definition and Types of Collapsible Soil
728(1)
11.3 Physical Parameters for Identification
729(4)
11.4 Procedure for Calculating Collapse Settlement
733(1)
11.5 Foundation Design in Soils Not Susceptible to Wetting
734(2)
11.6 Foundation Design in Soils Susceptible to Wetting
736(1)
11.7 Case Histories of Stabilization of Collapsible Soil
737(2)
Expansive Soils 739(18)
11.8 Expansive Soils- General
739(1)
11.9 Laboratary Measurement of Swell
740(6)
11.10 Classification of Expansive Soil Based on Index Tests
746(1)
11.11 Foundation Consideration for Expansive Soils
746(1)
11.12 Construction on Expansive Soils
752(5)
Sanitary Landfills 757(7)
11.13 Sanitary Landfills- General
757(1)
11.14 Settlement of Sanitary Landfills
757(2)
Problems
759(2)
References
761(3)
TWELVE Soil Improvement and Ground Modification
764(65)
12.1 Introduction
764(1)
12.2 Compaction- General Principles
765(3)
12.3 One- Point Method of Obtaining y d (max)
768(4)
12.4 Correction for Compaction of Soils with Oversized Particles
772(1)
12.5 Field Compaction
772(5)
12.6 Compaction Control for City Hydraulic Barriers
777(4)
12.7 Vibroflotation
781(7)
12.8 Precompression- General Considerations
788(8)
12.9 Sand Drains
796(7)
12.10 An Example of a Sand Drain Application
803(4)
12.11 Prefabricated Vertical Drains (PVDs)
807(1)
12.12 Lime Stabilization
807(6)
12.13 Cement Stabilization
813(2)
12.14 Fly Ash Stabilization
815(1)
12.15 Stone Columns
815(4)
12.16 Sand Compaction Piles
819(1)
12.17 Dynamic Compaction
820(5)
Problems
825(2)
References
827(2)
APPENDICES 829(21)
Appendix A Conversion Factors 829(3)
A.1 Conversion Factors from English to SI Units 829(1)
A.2 Conversion Factors from SI to English Units 830(2)
Appendix B Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations 832(4)
Appendix C Sheet Pile Sections 836(2)
Appendix D Pile Foundations 838(2)
Appendix E Design Curves for Prefabricated Vertical Drains (PVDs) 846(4)
Answers to Selected Problems 850(5)
Index 855


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