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Principles of Foundation Engineering,9780534407520
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Principles of Foundation Engineering

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780534407520

ISBN10:
0534407528
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/22/2003
Publisher(s):
CL Engineering
List Price: $219.66
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Summary

Braja M. Das' Fifth Edition of PRINCIPLES OF FOUNDATION ENGINEERING maintains the careful balance of current research and practical field applications that has made it the leading text in foundation engineering courses. Featuring a wealth of worked-out examples and figures that help students with theory and problem-solving skills, the book introduces civil engineering students to the fundamental concepts and application of foundation analysis design. Throughout, Das emphasizes the judgment needed to properly apply the theories and analysis to the evaluation of soils and foundation design as well as the need for field experience.

Table of Contents

Geotechnical Properties of Soil
1(63)
Introduction
1(1)
Grain-Size Distribution
2(3)
Size Limits for Soils
5(1)
Weight-Volume Relationships
5(4)
Relative Density
9(3)
Atterberg Limits
12(1)
Soil Classification Systems
13(7)
Hydraulic Conductivity of Soil
20(2)
Steady-State Seepage
22(3)
Effective Stress
25(4)
Consolidation
29(5)
Calculation of Primary Consolidation Settlement
34(2)
Time Rate of Consolidation
36(7)
Degree of Consolidation Under Ramp Loading
43(2)
Shear Strength
45(6)
Unconfined Compression Test
51(2)
Comments on Friction Angle, φ'
53(3)
Correlations for Undrained Shear Strength, cu
56(1)
Sensitivity
56(8)
Problems
58(4)
References
62(2)
Natural Soil Deposits and Subsoil Exploration
64(59)
Introduction
64(1)
Natural Soil Deposits
64(1)
Soil Origin
64(1)
Residual Soil
65(1)
Alluvial Deposits
65(3)
Glacial Deposits
68(1)
Aeolian Soil Deposits
69(1)
Organic Soil
69(1)
Subsurface Exploration
70(1)
Purpose of Subsurface Exploration
70(1)
Subsurface Exploration Program
70(3)
Exploratory Borings in the Field
73(4)
Procedures for Sampling Soil
77(10)
Observation of Water Tables
87(1)
Vane Shear Test
87(6)
Cone Penetration Test
93(6)
Pressuremeter Test (PMT)
99(2)
Dilatometer Test
101(4)
Coring of Rocks
105(1)
Preparation of Boring Logs
106(2)
Geophysical Exploration
108(7)
Subsoil Exploration Report
115(8)
Problems
116(4)
References
120(3)
Shallow Foundations: Ultimate Bearing Capacity
123(41)
Introduction
123(1)
General Concept
123(3)
Terzaghi's Bearing Capacity Theory
126(4)
Factor of Safety
130(2)
Modification of Bearing Capacity Equations for Water Table
132(1)
Case History: Ultimate Bearing Capacity in Saturated Clay
133(3)
The General Bearing Capacity Equation
136(3)
Meyerhof's Bearing Capacity, Shape, Depth, and Inclination Factors
139(5)
Effect of Soil Compressibility
144(4)
Eccentrically Loaded Foundations
148(16)
Problems
159(3)
References
162(2)
Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations: Special Cases
164(25)
Introduction
164(1)
Foundation Supported by a Soil with a Rigid Base at Shallow Depth
164(7)
Bearing Capacity of Layered Soils: Strong Soil Underlain by Weaker Soil
171(7)
Bearing Capacity of Foundations on Top of a Slope
178(11)
Problems
184(4)
References
188(1)
Shallow Foundations: Allowable Bearing Capacity and Settlement
189(66)
Introduction
189(1)
Vertical Stress Increase in a Soil Mass Caused by Foundation Load
190(1)
Stress Due to a Concentrated Load
190(1)
Stress Due to a Circularly Loaded Area
191(1)
Stress below a Rectangular Area
192(6)
Average Vertical Stress Increase Due to a Rectangularly Loaded Area
198(4)
Stress Increase under an Embankment
202(4)
Elastic Settlement
206(1)
Elastic Settlement Based on the Theory of Elasticity
206(7)
Improved Equation for Elastic Settlement
213(4)
Settlement of Sandy Soil: Use of Strain Influence Factor
217(4)
Elastic Settlement of Sandy Soils: Use of Burland and Burbidge's Method
221(1)
Range of Material Parameters for Computing Elastic Settlement
222(2)
Seismic Bearing Capacity and Settlement in Granular Soil
224(5)
Primary Consolidation Settlement
229(1)
Primary Consolidation Settlement Relationships
229(3)
Three-Dimensional Effect on Primary Consolidation Settlement
232(3)
Consolidation Settlement: A Case History
235(2)
Secondary Consolidation Settlement
237(1)
Settlement Due to Secondary Consolidation
237(2)
Allowable Bearing Capacity
239(1)
Allowable Bearing Pressure in Sand Based on Settlement Consideration
239(2)
Field Load Test
241(4)
Presumptive Bearing Capacity
245(1)
Tolerable Settlement of Buildings
246(9)
Problems
248(4)
References
252(3)
Mat Foundations
255(38)
Introduction
255(1)
Combined Footings
255(3)
Common Types of Mat Foundations
258(2)
Bearing Capacity of Mat Foundations
260(3)
Differential Settlement of Mats
263(1)
Field Settlement Observations for Mat Foundations
264(2)
Compensated Foundation
266(4)
Structural Design of Mat Foundations
270(23)
Problems
289(3)
References
292(1)
Lateral Earth Pressure
293(38)
Introduction
293(1)
Lateral Earth Pressure at Rest
294(4)
Active Pressure
298(1)
Rankine Active Earth Pressure
298(5)
Rankine Active Earth Pressure for Inclined Backfill
303(3)
Coulomb's Active Earth Pressure
306(2)
Active Pressure for Wall Rotation about the Top: Braced Cut
308(5)
Passive Pressure
313(1)
Rankine Passive Earth Pressure
313(7)
Rankine Passive Earth Pressure: Inclined Backfill
320(1)
Coulomb's Passive Earth Pressure
321(2)
Comments on the Failure Surface Assumption for Coulomb's Pressure Calculations
323(8)
Problems
328(2)
References
330(1)
Retaining Walls
331(56)
Introduction
331(1)
Gravity and Cantilever Walls
331(1)
Proportioning Retaining Walls
331(3)
Application of Lateral Earth Pressure Theories to Design
334(2)
Equivalent Fluid Method for Determination of Earth Pressure
336(1)
General Comments on Lateral Earth Pressure
336(5)
Stability of Retaining Walls
341(2)
Check for Overturning
343(2)
Check for Sliding along the Base
345(2)
Check for Bearing Capacity Failure
347(9)
Construction Joint and Drainage from Backfill
356(3)
Mechanically Stabilized Retaining Walls
358(1)
Soil Reinforcement
359(1)
Considerations in Soil Reinforcement
359(3)
General Design Considerations
362(1)
Retaining Walls with Metallic Strip Reinforcement
362(8)
Step-by-Step Design Procedure Using Metallic Strip Reinforcement
370(5)
Retaining Walls with Geotextile Reinforcement
375(4)
Retaining Walls with Geogrid Reinforcement
379(2)
General Comments
381(6)
Problems
383(2)
References
385(2)
Sheet Pile Walls
387(52)
Introduction
387(4)
Construction Methods
391(1)
Cantilever Sheet Pile Walls
392(1)
Cantilever Sheet Piling Penetrating Sandy Soils
393(6)
Special Cases for Cantilever Walls Penetrating a Sandy Soil
399(2)
Cantilever Sheet Piling Penetrating Clay
401(5)
Special Cases for Cantilever Walls Penetrating Clay
406(3)
Anchored Sheet Pile Walls
409(1)
Free Earth Support Method for Penetration of Sandy Soil
410(2)
Moment Reduction for Anchored Sheet Pile Walls
412(5)
Computational Pressure Diagram Method for Penetration into Sandy Soil
417(4)
Free Earth Support Method for Penetration of Clay
421(4)
Anchors
425(2)
Holding Capacity of Anchor Plates in Sand
427(6)
Ultimate Resistance of Tiebacks
433(1)
Field Observations for Anchored Sheet Pile Walls
434(5)
Problems
435(3)
References
438(1)
Braced Cuts
439(32)
Introduction
439(1)
Pressure Envelope for Braced-Cut Design
440(4)
Pressure Envelope for Cuts in Layered Soil
444(1)
Design of Various Components of a Braced Cut
445(6)
Bottom Heave of a Cut in Clay
451(4)
Stability of the Bottom of a Cut in Sand
455(6)
Lateral Yielding of Sheet Piles and Ground Settlement
461(3)
Subway Extension of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA): A Case Study
464(7)
Problems
468(2)
References
470(1)
Pile Foundations
471(107)
Introduction
471(2)
Types of Piles and Their Structural Characteristics
473(9)
Estimating Pile Length
482(2)
Installation of Piles
484(4)
Load Transfer Mechanism
488(1)
Equations for Estimating Pile Capacity
489(2)
Meyerhof's Method for Estimating Qp
491(2)
Vesic's Method for Estimating Qp
493(5)
Janbu's Method for Estimating Qp
498(1)
Coyle and Castello's Method for Estimating Qp in Sand
498(1)
Other Correlations for Calculating Qp with SPT and CPT Results
499(4)
Frictional Resistance (Qs) in Sand
503(3)
Frictional (Skin) Resistance in Clay
506(4)
General Comments and Allowable Pile Capacity
510(2)
Point Bearing Capacity of Piles Resting on Rock
512(7)
Pile Load Tests
519(5)
Comparison of Theory with Field Load Test Results
524(1)
Elastic Settlement of Piles
525(4)
Laterally Loaded Piles
529(14)
Pile-Driving Formulas
543(4)
Stress on Piles during Driving
547(2)
Pile Capacity for Vibration-Driven Piles
549(2)
Negative Skin Friction
551(5)
Group Piles
556(1)
Group Efficiency
556(6)
Ultimate Capacity of Group Piles in Saturated Clay
562(1)
Piles in Rock
563(3)
Elastic Settlement of Group Piles
566(1)
Consolidation Settlement of Group Piles
567(11)
Problems
571(4)
References
575(3)
Drilled-Shaft Foundations
578(51)
Introduction
578(1)
Types of Drilled Shafts
579(1)
Construction Procedures
580(2)
Other Design Considerations
582(3)
Load Transfer Mechanism
585(1)
Estimation of Load-Bearing Capacity
585(4)
Drilled Shafts in Sand: Load-Bearing Capacity
589(10)
Drilled Shafts in Clay: Load-Bearing Capacity
599(8)
Settlement of Drilled Shafts at Working Load
607(2)
Lateral Load-Carrying Capacity
609(10)
Drilled Shafts Extending into Rock
619(10)
Problems
624(4)
References
628(1)
Foundations on Difficult Soils
629(35)
Introduction
629(1)
Collapsible Soil
629(1)
Definition and Types of Collapsible Soil
629(1)
Physical Parameters for Identification
630(4)
Procedure for Calculating Collapse Settlement
634(1)
Foundation Design in Soils Not Susceptible to Wetting
635(2)
Foundation Design in Soils Susceptible to Wetting
637(1)
Case Histories of Stabilization of Collapsible Soil
638(1)
Expansive Soils
639(1)
General Nature of Expansive Soils
639(2)
Laboratory Measurement of Swell
641(5)
Classification of Expansive Soil on the Basis of Index Tests
646(1)
Foundation Considerations for Expansive Soils
646(6)
Construction on Expansive Soils
652(5)
Sanitary Landfills
657(1)
General Nature of Sanitary Landfills
657(1)
Settlement of Sanitary Landfills
658(6)
Problems
660(1)
References
661(3)
Soil Improvement and Ground Modification
664(63)
Introduction
664(1)
General Principles of Compaction
665(3)
Correction for Compaction of Soils with Oversized Particles
668(1)
Field Compaction
669(3)
Compaction Control for Clay Hydraulic Barriers
672(1)
Vibroflotation
673(6)
Precompression
679(10)
Sand Drains
689(7)
An Example of a Sand Drain Application
696(4)
Prefabricated Vertical Drains
700(4)
Lime Stabilization
704(2)
Cement Stabilization
706(2)
Fly-Ash Stabilization
708(1)
Stone Columns
709(5)
Sand Compaction Piles
714(2)
Dynamic Compaction
716(11)
Problems
721(2)
References
723(4)
Appendix A 727(5)
Answers to Selected Problems 732(5)
Index 737(6)
Credits 743


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