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Principles of Geotechnical Engineering,9780534951795
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Principles of Geotechnical Engineering

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534951795

ISBN10:
0534951791
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/5/1997
Publisher(s):
CL-Engineering
List Price: $151.33
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Summary

Braja M. Das' PRINCIPLES OF GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING provides civil engineering students and professionals with an overview of soil properties and mechanics, combined with a study of field practices and basic soil engineering procedures. Through four editions, this book has distinguished itself by its exceptionally clear theoretical explanations, realistic worked examples, thorough discussions of field testing methods, and extensive problem sets, making this book a leader in its field. Das's goal in revising this best-seller has been to reorganize and revise existing chapters while incorporating the most up-to-date information found in the current literature. Additionally, Das has added numerous case studies as well as new introductory material on the geological side of geotechnical engineering, including coverage of soil formation.

Table of Contents

ONE SOILS AND ROCKS
1(37)
1.1 Preview
1(2)
1.2 Rock Cycle and the Origin of Soil
3(5)
1.3 Soil-Particle Size
8(2)
1.4 Clay Minerals
10(8)
1.5 Specific Gravity (Gs)
18(1)
1.6 Mechanical Analysis of Soil
18(9)
1.7 Particle-Size Distribution Curve
27(5)
1.8 Particle Shape
32(1)
Problems
33(3)
References
36(2)
TWO WEIGHT-VOLUME RELATIONSHIPS, PLASTICITY, AND STRUCTURE OF SOIL
38(44)
2.1 Weight-Volume Relationships
38(3)
2.2 Relationships Among Unit Weight, Void Ratio, Moisture Content, and Specific Gravity
41(3)
2.3 Relationships Among Unit Weight, Porosity, and Moisture Content
44(1)
2.4 Various Unit-Weight Relationships
45(7)
2.5 Relative Density
52(3)
2.6 Consistency of Soil
55(9)
2.7 Liquidity Index and Consistency Index
64(1)
2.8 Activity
65(3)
2.9 Plasticity Chart
68(2)
2.10 Soil Structure
70(6)
2.11 General Comments
76(1)
Problems
77(3)
References
80(2)
THREE CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL
82(22)
3.1 Textural Classification
82(3)
3.2 Classification by Engineering Behavior
85(1)
3.3 AASHTO Classification System
85(5)
3.4 Unified Soil Classification System
90(8)
3.5 Comparison Between the AASHTO and Unified Systems
98(3)
Problems
101(2)
References
103(1)
FOUR SOIL COMPACTION
104(55)
4.1 Compaction -- General Principles
104(1)
4.2 Standard Proctor Test
105(4)
4.3 Factors Affecting Compaction
109(4)
4.4 Modified Proctor Test
113(4)
4.5 Structure of Compacted Clay Soil
117(1)
4.6 Effect of Compaction on Clay Soil Properties
118(7)
4.7 Field Compaction
125(5)
4.8 Specifications for Field Compaction
130(3)
4.9 Determination of Field Unit Weight of Compaction
133(8)
4.10 Compaction of Organic Soil and Waste Materials
141(5)
4.11 Special Compaction Techniques
146(7)
4.12 General Comments
153(2)
Problems
155(2)
References
157(2)
FIVE FLOW OF WATER IN SOIL: PERMEABILITY AND SEEPAGE
159(68)
5.1 Bernoulli's Equation
159(2)
5.2 Darcy's Law
161(3)
5.3 Hydraulic Conductivity
164(1)
5.4 Laboratory Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity
165(2)
5.5 Effect of Water Temperature on k
167(5)
5.6 Empirical Relations for Hydraulic Conductivity
172(7)
5.7 Directional Variation of Permeability
179(2)
5.8 Equivalent Hydraulic Conductivity in Stratified Soil
181(6)
5.9 Considerations for Hydraulic Conductivity of Clayey Soils in Field Compaction
187(5)
5.10 Moisture Content-Unit Weight Criteria for Clay Liner Construction
192(1)
5.11 Permeability Test in the Field by Pumping from Wells
193(6)
5.12 Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity from Auger Holes
199(1)
5.13 Laplace's Equation of Continuity
200(3)
5.14 Continuity Equation for Solution of Simple Flow Problems
203(3)
5.15 Flow Nets
206(4)
5.16 Flow Nets in Anisotropic Soil
210(3)
5.17 Mathematical Solution for Seepage
213(1)
5.18 Uplift Pressure Under Hydraulic Structures
214(2)
5.19 Seepage Through an Earth Dam on an Impervious Base
216(3)
Problems
219(6)
References
225(2)
SIX EFFECTIVE STRESS CONCEPTS
227(29)
6.1 Stresses in Saturated Soil without Seepage
227(4)
6.2 Stresses in Saturated Soil with Seepage
231(5)
6.3 Seepage Force
236(5)
6.4 Use of Filters to Increase the Factor of Safety Against Heave
241(2)
6.5 Selection of Filter Material
243(1)
6.6 Capillary Rise in Soils
244(3)
6.7 Effective Stress in the Zone of Capillary Rise
247(2)
6.8 Effective Stress in Partially Saturated Soil
249(2)
6.9 General Comments
251(1)
Problems
251(4)
References
255(1)
SEVEN STRESSES IN A SOIL MASS
256(47)
7.1 Normal and Shear Stresses on a Plane
256(4)
7.2 The Pole Method of Finding Stresses Along a Plane
260(3)
7.3 Stress Caused by a Point Load
263(4)
7.4 Westergaard's Solution for Vertical Stress Caused by a Point Load
267(2)
7.5 Vertical Stress Caused by a Line Load
269(3)
7.6 Vertical Stress Caused by a Strip Load (Finite Width and Infinite Length)
272(5)
7.7 Vertical Stress Caused by a Linearly Increasing Load (Finite Width and Infinite Length)
277(3)
7.8 Vertical Stress Below the Center of a Uniformly Loaded Circular Area
280(3)
7.9 Vertical Stress at Any Point Below a Uniformly Loaded Circular Area
283(3)
7.10 Vertical Stress Caused by a Rectangularly Loaded Area
286(7)
7.11 Influence Chart for Vertical Pressure
293(2)
7.12 General Comments
295(1)
Problems
296(6)
References
302(1)
EIGHT COMPRESSIBILITY OF SOIL
303(63)
8.1 Fundamentals of Consolidation
303(4)
8.2 One-Dimensional Laboratory Consolidation Test
307(3)
8.3 Void Ratio-Pressure Plots
310(2)
8.4 Normally Consolidated and Overconsolidated Clays
312(2)
8.5 Effect of Disturbance on Void Ratio-Pressure Relationship
314(3)
8.6 Influence of Other Factors on Void Ratio-Pressure Relationship
317(2)
8.7 Calculation of Settlement from One-Dimensional Primary Consolidation
319(2)
8.8 Compression Index (Cc)
321(1)
8.9 Swell Index (Cs)
322(6)
8.10 Settlement from Secondary Consolidation
328(3)
8.11 Time Rate of Consolidation
331(7)
8.12 Coefficient of Consolidation
338(4)
8.13 General Discussion of Determination of Cv
342(7)
8.14 Calculation of Consolidation Settlement Under a Foundation
349(1)
8.15 Immediate Settlement Calculation Based on Elastic Theory
350(3)
8.16 Total Foundation Settlement
353(1)
8.17 Some Case Histories
354(5)
Problems
359(5)
References
364(2)
NINE SHEAR STRENGTH OF SOIL
366(67)
9.1 Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criteria
366(4)
9.2 Direct Shear Test
370(4)
9.3 Drained Direct Shear Test on Saturated Sand and Clay
374(2)
9.4 General Comments on Direct Shear Test
376(6)
9.5 Triaxial Shear Test-General
382(1)
9.6 Consolidated-Drained Triaxial Test
383(8)
9.7 Friction Angles XXX and XXX for Clays
391(2)
9.8 Consolidated-Undrained Triaxial Test
393(6)
9.9 Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial Test
399(3)
9.10 Unconfined Compression Test on Saturated Clay
402(2)
9.11 General Comments on Triaxial Tests
404(1)
9.12 Stress Path
405(5)
9.13 Vane Shear Test
410(5)
9.14 Effect of the Rate of Rotation of Vane on Undrained Shear Strength
415(2)
9.15 Other Methods for Determining Undrained Shear Strength
417(1)
9.16 Strength Anisotropy in Clay
418(1)
9.17 Sensitivity and Thixotropy of Clay
419(4)
9.18 Empirical Relationships Between Undrained Cohesion (Cu) and Effective Overburden Pressure XXX
423(3)
9.19 Shear Strength of Unsaturated Cohesive Soils
426(1)
Problems
427(4)
References
431(2)
TEN LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE
433(68)
10.1 Earth Pressure at Rest
433(4)
10.2 Rankine's Theory of Active Pressure
437(4)
10.3 Theory of Rankine's Passive Pressure
441(3)
10.4 Effect of Wall Yielding
444(3)
10.5 Diagrams for Lateral Earth Pressure Distribution Against Retaining Walls
447(15)
10.6 Lateral Pressure on Retaining Walls from Surcharges-Based on Theory of Elasticity
462(5)
10.7 Coulomb's Earth Pressure Theory
467(5)
10.8 Graphic Solution for Coulomb's Active Earth Pressure
472(4)
10.9 Approximate Analysis of Active Force on Retaining Walls
476(2)
10.10 Effect of Wall Friction on Passive Pressure
478(2)
10.11 Properties of a Logarithmic Spiral
480(1)
10.12 Passive Earth Pressure Against Retaining Walls with Curved Failure Surface
481(5)
10.13 Braced Cuts
486(3)
10.14 Determination of Active Thrust on Bracing Systems of Open Cuts in Granular Soil
489(2)
10.15 Determination of Active Thrust on Bracing Systems for Cuts in Cohesive Soil
491(1)
10.16 Pressure Variation for Design of Sheetings, Struts, and Wales
492(3)
Problems
495(5)
References
500(1)
ELEVEN DYNAMIC LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE
501(19)
11.1 Active Force on Retaining Walls with Earthquake Forces
501(4)
11.2 Location of the Line of Action of the Resultant Force, P(ae)
505(2)
11.3 Design of Retaining Wall Based on Tolerable Lateral Displacement
507(2)
11.4 Dynamic Earth Pressure Distribution Behind a Wall Rotating About the Top
509(2)
11.5 P(ae) for c-XXX Soil Backfill
511(4)
11.6 Passive Force on Retaining Walls with Earthquake Forces
515(3)
Problems
518(1)
References
519(1)
TWELVE SOIL-BEARING CAPACITY FOR SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS
520(47)
12.1 Ultimate Soil-Bearing Capacity for Shallow Foundations
522(2)
12.2 Terzaghi's Ultimate Bearing Capacity Equation
524(6)
12.3 Effect of Groundwater Table
530(1)
12.4 Factor of Safety
530(6)
12.5 General Bearing Capacity Equation
536(6)
12.6 A Case History for Evaluation of the Ultimate Bearing Capacity
542(1)
12.7 Ultimate Load for Shallow Foundations Under Eccentric Load (One-Way Eccentricity)
543(4)
12.8 Foundations Subjected to Two-Way Eccentricity
547(1)
12.9 Plate Load Test-A Field Test
547(4)
12.10 Bearing Capacity of Sand Based on Settlement
551(3)
12.11 Bearing Capacity of Foundations on a Slope
554(6)
12.12 General Comments
560(1)
Problems
561(4)
References
565(2)
THIRTEEN SLOPE STABILITY
567(60)
13.1 Factor of Safety
567(4)
13.2 Stability of Infinite Slopes without Seepage
571(3)
13.3 Stability of Infinite Slopes with Seepage
574(3)
13.4 Finite Slopes-General
577(1)
13.5 Analysis of Finite Slopes with Plane Failure Surfaces (Culmann's Method)
578(4)
13.6 Slopes with Water in the Tensile Crack
582(1)
13.7 Analysis of Finite Slopes with Circular Failure Surfaces-General
583(2)
13.8 Mass Procedure-Slopes in Homogeneous Clay Soil With XXX = 0
585(9)
13.9 Mass Procedure-Slopes in Homogeneous Soil With XXX greater than 0
594(5)
13.10 Ordinary Method of Slices
599(3)
13.11 Bishop's Simplified Method of Slices
602(3)
13.12 Stability Analysis by Method of Slices for Steady State Seepage
605(1)
13.13 Bishop and Morgenstern's Solution for Stability of Simple Slopes with Seepage
606(2)
13.14 Morgenstern's Method of Slices for Rapid Drawdown Condition
608(1)
13.15 Spencer's Solution for Stability of Simple Slopes with Seepage
609(5)
13.16 Fluctuation of Factor of Safety of Slopes in Clay Embankment on Saturated Clay
614(4)
13.17 Case Histories of Slope Failure
618(3)
Problems
621(5)
References
626(1)
FOURTEEN LANDFILL LINERS AND GEOSYNTHETICS
627(15)
14.1 Landfill Liners-Overview
627(1)
14.2 Geosynthetics
628(1)
14.3 Geotextiles
628(3)
14.4 Geomembranes
631(3)
14.5 Geonets
634(1)
14.6 Single Clay Liner and Single Geomembrane Liner Systems
634(2)
14.7 Recent Advances in the Liner Systems for Landfills
636(1)
14.8 Leachate Removal Systems
637(3)
14.9 Closure of Landfills
640(1)
14.10 General Comments
641(1)
References
641(1)
FIFTEEN SUBSOIL EXPLORATION
642(30)
15.1 Planning for Soil Exploration
642(2)
15.2 Boring Methods
644(4)
15.3 Common Sampling Methods
648(4)
15.4 Sample Disturbance
652(1)
15.5 Correlations for Standard Penetration Test
653(6)
15.6 Other in situ Tests
659(7)
15.7 Rock Coring
666(2)
15.8 Soil Exploration Report
668(2)
Problems
670(1)
References
671(1)
APPENDICES 672(26)
APPENDIX A: Conversion Factors 672(3)
APPENDIX B: Braced Cuts 675(2)
APPENDIX C: Factor of Safety for Slopes 677(17)
APPENDIX D: Rankine Active and Passive Earth Pressure 694(4)
Answers to Selected Problems 698(9)
Index 707


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