Geotechnical Engineering -- A Historical Perspective | |

Geotechnical Engineering Prior to the 18th Century | |

Pre-Classical Period of Soil Mechanics (1700-1776) | |

Classical Soil Mechanics--Phase I (1776-1856) | |

Classical Soil Mechanics--Phase II (1856-1910) | |

Modern Soil Mechanics | |

Geotechnical Engineering After 1927, End of an Era | |

Origin Of Soil And Grain Size | |

Rock Cycle and the Origin of Soil | |

Soil-Particle Size | |

Clay Minerals | |

Specific Gravity (Gs) | |

Mechanical Analysis of Soil | |

Particle-Size Distribution Curve | |

Particle Shape | |

Weight-Volume Relationships | |

Weight-Volume Relationships | |

Relationships Among Unit Weight | |

Void Ratio, Moisture Content, and Specific Gravity | |

Relationships among Unit Weight, Porosity, and Moisture Content | |

Various Unit-Weight Relationships | |

Relative Density | |

Comments on emax and emin | |

Plasticity And Structure Of Soil | |

Introduction | |

Liquid Limit (LL) | |

Plastic Limit (PL) | |

Shrinkage Limit (SL) | |

Liquidity Index and Consistency Index | |

Activity | |

Plasticity Chart | |

Soil Structure | |

Classification Of Soil | |

Textural Classification | |

Classification by Engineering behavior | |

AASHTO Classification System | |

Unified Soil Classification System | |

Summary and Comparison between the AASHTO and Unified Systems | |

Soil Compaction | |

Compaction--General Principles | |

Standard Proctor TeSt. Factors Affecting Compaction | |

Modified Proctor TeSt. Structure of Compacted Clay Soil | |

Effect of Compaction on Cohesive Soil Properties | |

Field Compaction | |

Specifications for Field Compaction | |

Determination of Field Unit Weight of Compaction | |

Compaction of Organic Soil and Waste Materials | |

Special Compaction Techniques | |

Permeability | |

Bernoulli's Equation | |

Darcy's Law | |

Hydraulic Conductivity | |

Laboratory Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity | |

Relationships for Hydraulic Conductivity--Granular Soil | |

Relationships for Hydraulic Conductivity--Cohesive Soils | |

Directional Variation of Permeability | |

Equivalent Hydraulic Conductivity in Stratified Soil | |

Permeability Test in the Field by Pumping from Wells | |

In Situ Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted Clay Soils | |

Seepage | |

Laplace's Equation of Continuity | |

Continuity Equation for Solution of Simple Flow Problems | |

Flow Nets. | |

Seepage Calculation from a Flow Net | |

Flow Nets in Anisotropic Soils | |

Mathematical Solution for Seepage | |

Uplift Pressure Under Hydraulic Structures | |

Seepage Through an Earth Dam on an Impervious Base | |

L. Casagrande's Solution for Seepage through an Earth Dam | |

Filter Design | |

_In Situ_ Stresses | |

Stresses in Saturated Soil without Seepage | |

Stresses in Saturated Soil with Upward Seepage | |

Stresses in Saturated Soil with Downward Seepage | |

Seepage Force | |

Heaving in Soil Due to Flow Around Sheet Piles | |

Use of Filters to Increase the Factor of Safety Against Heave | |

Effective Stress in Partially Saturated Soil | |

Capillary Rise in Soils | |

Effective Stress in the Zone of Capillary Rise | |

Stresses In A Soil Mass | |

Normal and Shear Stresses on a Plane | |

The Pole Method of Finding Stresses Along a Plane | |

Stresses Caused by a Point Load | |

Vertical Stress Caused by a Line Load | |

Vertical Stress Caused by a Horizontal Line Load | |

Vertical Stress Caused by a Strip Load (Finite Width and Infinite Length) | |

Vertical Stress Due to Embankment Loading | |

Vertical Stress Below the Center of a Uniformly Loaded Circular Area | |

Vertical Stress at Any Point Below a Uniformly Loaded Circular Area | |

Vertical Stress Caused by a Rectangularly Loaded Area | |

Stress Isobars | |

Influence Chart for Vertical Pressure | |

Compressibility Of Soil | |

Contact Pressure and Settlement Profile | |

Relations for Elastic Settlement Calculation | |

Fundamentals of Consolidation | |

One-Dimensional Laboratory Consolidation TeSt. Void Ratio-Pressure Plots | |

Normally Consolidated and Overconsolidated Clays | |

Effect of Disturbance on Void Ratio-Pressure Relationship | |

Calculation of Settlement from One-Dimensional Primary Consolidation | |

Compression Index (Cc) | |

Swell Index (Cs) | |

Secondary Consolidation Settlement | |

Time Rate of Consolidation | |

Coefficient of Consolidation | |

Calculation of Consolidation Settlement Under a Foundation | |

A Case History--Settlement Due to a Preload Fill for Construction of Tampa VA Hospital | |

Method of Accelerating Consolidation Settlement | |

Precompression | |

Shear Strength Of Soils | |

Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion | |

Inclination of the Plane of Failure Caused by Shear | |

Laboratory Tests for Determination of Shear Strength Parameters | |

Direct Shear TeSt. Drained Direct Shear Test on Saturated Sand and Clay | |

General Comments on Direct Shear TeSt. Triaxial Shear Test--General | |

Consolidated-Drained Triaxial TeSt. Consolidated-Undrained Triaxial TeSt. Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial TeSt. Unconfined Compression Test on Saturated Clay | |

Empirical Relationships Between Undrained Cohesion and Effective Overburden Pressure | |

Sensitivity and Thixotropy of Clay | |

Strength Anisotropy in Clay | |

Vane Shear TeSt. Other Methods for Determining Undrained Shear Strength | |

Shear Strength of Unsaturated Cohesive Soils | |

Stress Path | |

Lateral Earth Pressure: At-Rest, Rankine And Coulomb | |

At-Rest, Active, and Passive Pressures | |

Earth Pressure At-ReSt. Earth Pressure At-Rest for Partially Submerged Soil | |

Rankine's Theory of Active Pressure | |

Theory of Rankine's Passive Pressure | |

Yielding of Wall of Limited Height | |

A Generalized Case for Rankine Active and Passive Pressures--Granular Backfill | |

Diagrams for Lateral Earth-Pressure Distribution Against Retaining Walls | |

Rankine's Pressure for c -f | |

Soil--Inclined Backfill | |

Coulomb's Active Pressure | |

Graphic Solution for Coulomb's Active Earth Pressure | |

Coulomb's Passive Pressure | |

Active Force on Retaining Walls with Earthquake Forces | |

Common Types of Retaining Walls in the Field | |

Lateral Earth Pressure:Curved Failure Surface | |

Retaining Walls with Friction | |

Properties of a Logarithmic Spiral | |

Procedure for Determination of Passive Earth Pressure. (Pp)--Cohesionless Backfill | |

Coefficient of Passive Earth Pressure (Kp) | |

Passive Force on Walls with Earthquake Forces | |

Braced Cuts--General | |

Determination of Active Thrust on Bracing Systems of Open Cuts--Granular Soil | |

Determination of Active Thrust on Bracing Systems for Cuts--Cohesive Soil | |

Pressure Variation for Design of Sheetings, Struts, and Wales | |

Slope Stability | |

Introduction--Modes of slope failure | |

Factor of Safety | |

Stability of Infinite Slopes | |

Finite Slopes--General | |

Analysis of Finite Slopes with Plane Failure Surfaces (Culmann's Method) | |

Analysis of Finite Slopes with Circular Failure Surfaces--General | |

Mass Procedure--Slopes in Homogeneous Clay Soil | |

Mass Procedure--Stability of Saturated Clay Slopes with Earthquake Forces | |

Mass Procedure--Slopes in Homogeneous Soil | |

Ordinary Method of Slices | |

Bishop's Simplified Method of Slices | |

Stability Analysis by Method of Slices for Steady-State Seepage | |

Other Solutions for Steady-State Seepage Condition | |

A Case History of Slope Failure | |

Morgenstern's Method of Slices for Rapid Drawdown Condition | |

Fluctuation of Factor of Safety of Slopes in Clay Embankment on Saturated Clay | |

Soil-Bearing Capacity For Shallow Foundations | |

Ultimate Soil-Bearing Capacity for Shallow Foundations | |

Terzaghi's Ultimate Bearing Capacity Equation | |

Effect of Groundwater Table | |

Factor of Safety | |

General Bearing Capacity Equation | |

A Case History for Evaluation of the Ultimate Bearing Capacity | |

Ultimate Load for Shallow Foundations Under Eccentric Load | |

Bearing Capacity of Sand Based on Settlement | |

Plate-Load TeSt | |

Landfill Liners And Geosynthetics | |

Landfill Liners--Overview | |

Compaction of Clay Soil for Clay Liner Construction | |

Geosynthetics | |

Geotextiles | |

Geomembranes | |

Geonets. | |

Single Clay Liner and Single Geomembrane Liner Systems | |

Recent Advances in the Liner Systems for Landfills | |

Leachate Removal Systems | |

Closure of Landfills | |

Subsoil Exploration | |

Planning for Soil Exploration | |

Boring Methods | |

Common Sampling Methods | |

Sample Disturbance | |

Correlations for Standard Penetration TeSt. Other In Situ Tests | |

Rock Coring | |

Soil Exploration Report | |

Answers to Selected Problems | |

Index | |

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