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Ideal for students with no prior experience with musical notation and music theory, Principles of Music presents a series of lessons that proceeds step by step through music fundamentals. Taking a keyboard-oriented approach, it focuses on the basics-musical notation of rhythm and pitch, major and minor scales, key signatures, intervals, triads, and seventh chords-providing the necessary background for more advanced study in music theory. In addition to lessons in pitch notation and tonal materials, the book also covers the basics of rhythm and meter through separate lessons and performance exercises that reinforce rhythm reading. While rooted in a repertory of Western art music-with excerpts from great works by composers ranging from Bach to Bernstein-the text also encourages students to explore other works, and other musical traditions, with lists of suggested further listening at the end of each lesson.
Distinctive Features * "HELP" boxes provide information that is essential to understanding and completing the written exercises that appear at the end of each lesson * "CREATE!" sections present suggestions for exploring central concepts in imaginative ways, including improvisation and model composition * Marginal icons direct students to streaming audio recordings on the book's website (www.oup.com/us/lambert), underscoring how listening helps them understand musical concepts
Instructors: Help your students practice and master basic music theory skills with Oxford's online Music Theory Skill Builder. Specially priced packages are available for this text. Contact your Oxford University Press representative for more information.
Philip Lambert is Professor of Music at Baruch College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York. He is the author of Alec Wilder; To Broadway, To Life! The Musical Theater of Bock and Harnick; Inside the Music of Brian Wilson: The Songs, Sounds, and Influences of the Beach Boys' FoundingGenius; and The Music of Charles Ives. He was editor of Theory & Practice volumes 19-21 (1994-1996), and Music Theory Spectrum volumes 20-22 (1998-2000).
Table of Contents
Preface 1. The Piano Keyboard The C Key / Names of the White Keys / The Chromatic Scale 2. Accidentals Names of the Black Keys / Summary of Names for White and Black Keys 3. Half and Whole Steps Steps in Music / Spelling Conventions for Half- and Whole-Steps / The Whole-Tone Scale 4. Rhythm and Meter Notation of Rhythm / Patterns and Groupings / Notation of Meter Beats and Beams/ Learning and Performing Rhythms / Tempo 5. Staffs and Clefs Treble Clef / Bass Clef / The Grand Staff / Octave Designations / C Clefs 6. More Rhythm and Meter Stress Patterns and Meter / Dotted Notes / The Anacrusis / Rests 7. The Notational System Pitch Resources / Steps on the Staff 8. The Major Mode Key and Tonic / The Diatonic Modes / Structure of the Major Scale / Scale Construction / The Major Scales / Scale Degree Names / Transposition / Transposition of the Diatonic Modes 9. Major Key Signatures The Key Signature / Formatting Key Signatures / The Circle of Keys 10. Compound Meter The Three-Part Division of the Beat / Counting Compound Meter / Fluctuating Beat Divisions 11. The Minor Mode Structure of the Minor Scale / Scale Families / The Minor Scales / Minor Scale Construction / The Sound of Minor 12. Minor Key Signatures Relative Key Signatures / All Minor Key Signatures / Circle of Keys for Major and Minor 13. More About Minor Parallel Major and Minor / Harmonic Minor / Melodic Minor / Summary of the Forms of Minor 14. Unbalanced Meter Measure Divisions / Notational Issues 15. Intervals I Note Connections / Interval Distance / Quality / Size in Half Steps 16. Intervals II Minor Intervals / Methodology I / Interval Inversion / Methodology II 17. Intervals III Intervals Outside of the Key / Augmented and Diminished 1, 4, 5, and 8 / Augmented and Diminished 2, 3, 6, and 7 / Summaries of Interval Types / Methodology / Augmented and Diminished Intervals Under Inversion 18. Intervals IV Intervals in Musical Practice / Scale-Degree Pairs / Compound Intervals / Summary 19. Irregularities of Rhythm and Meter Free Rhythm / Irregular Meter 20. Triads Three-Note Groupings / Triad Characteristics / Major and Minor Triads / Augmented and Diminished Triads / The Circle of Triads / Methodology 21. Triads in Practice Expressing Triads / Some Examples / Methodology 22. Triads in Major Keys Scale-Degree Combinations / Roman Numeral Notation / Chord Functions 23. Triads in Minor Keys Triad Formations Using Minor Scales / Additional Considerations for Minor 24. Triad Inversion The Principle of Chord Inversion / Forming and Recognizing Triad Inversions / Symbolizing Triad Inversions / Methodology / Choral Texture 25. Dominant 7th Chords Enriching Triads / Principles of Construction / Inversion of 7th Chords / Five Types of 7th Chords 26. Music in Motion Composers and Performers / Syncopation Appendix A: Glossary Appendix B: A Brief Guide to Common Musical Symbols and Markings Appendix C: Mini-Dictionary of Score Indications Appendix D: Fifteen Character Pieces Index