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Principles Of Pharmacology For Medical Assisting,9781401880170

Principles Of Pharmacology For Medical Assisting

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9781401880170

ISBN10:
1401880177
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/2005
Publisher(s):
CENGAGE Delmar Learning
List Price: $202.33

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Summary

Principles of Pharmacology for Medical Assisting, Fourth Edition is the only pharmacology book written specifically for medical assistants. It describes the scope of practice, follows the latest Standards and Guidelines for CAAHEP accreditation, and has a new full-color presentation. New content in this edition includes the addition of 230 new drugs with classifications, the removal of out-of-date drugs, content on herbals and supplements, sample drug labels, information on syringes and safety needles, topical material such as obesity, and an emphasis on patient teaching and safety precautions. The book includes special features such as competency-based objectives, practice problems for reinforcement of concepts, performance checklists for procedures, spotlight on health, Web sites, and self-assessments.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xiii
Section 1
Numerals and Fractions
3(14)
Objectives
3(1)
Vocabulary
3(1)
Arabic and Roman Numerals
4(1)
Fractions
5(2)
Relative Values of Fractions
7(1)
Addition of Fractions
8(2)
Subtraction of Fractions
10(1)
The Process of Cancellation
11(1)
Multiplication of Fractions
11(2)
Division of Fractions
13(1)
Review Problems
14(2)
Self-Assessment
16(1)
Decimal Fractions
17(18)
Objectives
17(1)
Vocabulary
17(1)
Understanding Decimal Fractions
18(1)
Reading and Writing Decimal Fractions
18(2)
Expressing a Common Fraction as a Decimal Fraction
20(1)
Expressing a Decimal Fraction as a Common Fraction
21(1)
Addition of Decimals
22(1)
Subtraction of Decimals
22(1)
Multiplication of Decimals
23(1)
Division of Decimals
24(6)
Percentage
30(2)
Determining Quantity if a Percent Is Given
32(1)
Review Problems
32(2)
Self-Assessment
34(1)
Ratio and Proportion
35(7)
Objectives
35(1)
Vocabulary
35(1)
Understanding Ratio
36(1)
Understanding Proportion
37(3)
Review Problems
40(1)
Self-Assessment
41(1)
The Metric System
42(11)
Objectives
42(1)
Vocabulary
42(1)
Introduction
43(1)
Metric System Guidelines
43(1)
The Language of the Metric System
43(1)
Fundamental Units
44(3)
Conversion
47(2)
Calculating Dosage According to Kilogram of Body Weight
49(1)
Review Problems
50(2)
Self-Assessment
52(1)
Household Measures
53(6)
Objectives
53(1)
Vocabulary
53(1)
Household Measures
54(2)
Conversion
56(1)
Review Problems
57(1)
Self-Assessment
57(2)
Temperature Equivalents
59(4)
Objectives
59(1)
Vocabulary
59(1)
Introduction
60(1)
Converting a Fahrenheit Reading to the Celsius Scale
60(1)
Converting a Celsius Reading to the Fahrenheit Scale
61(1)
Review Problems
62(1)
Self-Assessment
62(1)
Calculating Adult Dosages: Oral and Parenteral Forms
63(10)
Objectives
63(1)
Vocabulary
63(1)
Introduction
64(1)
Routes of Administration
64(1)
Weight and Volume
65(1)
Calculating Adult Dosage
65(3)
Medications Measured in Units
68(1)
How to Calculate Unit Dosages
69(1)
Review Problems
70(1)
Self-Assessment
71(2)
Calculating Children's Dosages
73(10)
Objectives
73(1)
Vocabulary
73(1)
Introduction
74(1)
Guidelines for Administering Pediatric Medications
74(2)
Calculating Children's Dosages
76(3)
Review Problems
79(1)
Self-Assessment
79(4)
Section 2
Drug Sources, Schedules, and Dosages
83(18)
Objectives
83(1)
Vocabulary
83(1)
Introduction
84(1)
Drugs
84(1)
Sources of Drugs
85(2)
Herbs and Supplements
87(4)
Drug Legislation
91(3)
Drug References
94(3)
Drug Dosage
97(1)
Review Questions
98(3)
Forms of Drugs and How They Act
101(13)
Objectives
101(1)
Vocabulary
101(1)
Introduction
102(4)
Routes of Administration
106(1)
Classification of Drugs/Therapeutic Action
107(1)
Principal Actions of Drugs
107(4)
Factors That Affect Drug Action
111(1)
Undesirable Actions of Drugs
111(1)
Review Questions
112(2)
The Medication Order
114(11)
Objectives
114(1)
Vocabulary
114(1)
Introduction
115(1)
The Medication Order
115(3)
The Medication Label
118(4)
Abbreviations
122(1)
Review Questions
122(3)
Medication Administration Essentials
125(14)
Objectives
125(1)
Vocabulary
125(1)
Legal Implications
126(1)
The ``Six Rights'' of Proper Drug Administration
126(2)
Essential Medication Guidelines
128(3)
Safe Storage of Medications
131(3)
Documentation of Drug Administration
134(1)
Ethical Considerations
135(1)
Medication Error
135(2)
Review Questions
137(2)
Administration of Nonparenteral Medications
139(26)
Objectives
139(1)
Vocabulary
139(1)
Introduction
140(1)
Oral Medications
140(1)
Equipment and Supplies
141(1)
Administration of Oral Medications
142(6)
Administration of Ophthalmic Medications
148(3)
Administration of Otic Medications
151(2)
Administration of Nasal Medications
153(1)
Administration of Rectal Medications
154(1)
Special Delivery Medications
154(1)
Administering Drugs by Inhalation
155(3)
Administration of Oxygen
158(1)
Methods of Oxygen Delivery
159(2)
Oxygen Safety Precautions
161(1)
Administering Drugs by Local Application
161(1)
Review Questions
162(3)
Parenteral Equipment and Supplies
165(34)
Objectives
165(1)
Vocabulary
165(1)
Introduction
166(1)
Parts of a Syringe
166(1)
Classification of Syringes
166(4)
Preventing Needlestick Injuries in Health Care Settings
170(3)
Measuring Medication in a Syringe
173(1)
Hypodermic Needles
174(4)
Preparing Equipment and Supplies for an Injection
178(12)
Mixing Two Medications in One Syringe-Needle Unit
190(7)
Review Questions
197(2)
Administration of Parenteral Medications
199(26)
Objectives
199(1)
Vocabulary
199(1)
Introduction
200(1)
Advantages of the Parenteral Route
200(1)
Disadvantages of the Parenteral Route
200(1)
Preparing the Patient for an Injection
201(1)
Patient Assessment
202(1)
Site Selection
202(2)
Marking the Correct Site for Intramuscular Injection
204(3)
Basic Guidelines for the Administration of Injections
207(10)
``Z''-Track Method of Intramuscular Injection
217(2)
Special Considerations for the Administration of Insulin
219(1)
Principles of Intravenous (IV) Therapy
219(3)
Review Questions
222(3)
Allergy: An Overview
225(14)
Objectives
225(1)
Vocabulary
225(1)
Introduction
226(1)
Appearance of Symptoms
226(1)
Allergic Rhinitis
227(1)
Diagnosis
227(3)
Treatment
230(1)
Administration of Allergenic Extracts
231(2)
Review Questions
233(6)
Section 3
Antibiotic Agents
239(31)
Objectives
239(1)
Vocabulary
239(1)
Introduction
240(2)
Spotlight: Group A Streptococcal (GAS) Disease
242(2)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
244(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
245(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
245(1)
Treatment of Infectious Diseases
245(2)
Adverse Reactions
247(2)
Major Antibiotic Groupings
249(15)
Additional Antibiotics
264(2)
Spot Check
266(1)
Antiseptics and Disinfectants
266(1)
Review Questions
267(2)
Web Sites
269(1)
Antifungal, Antiviral, and Immunizing Agents
270(27)
Objectives
270(1)
Vocabulary
270(1)
Introduction
271(1)
Antifungal Agents
271(1)
Antiviral Agents
272(8)
Antiretroviral Agents
280(3)
Spotlight: HIV in Babies and Children
283(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
284(1)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
285(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
286(1)
Immunization
287(6)
Spot Check
293(1)
Review Questions
294(2)
Web Sites
296(1)
Antineoplastic Agents
297(20)
Objectives
297(1)
Vocabulary
297(1)
Introduction
298(1)
Spotlight: Breast Cancer
298(1)
Spotlight: Abnormal Conditions of the Prostate Gland
299(3)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
302(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
303(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
303(1)
Chemotherapy with Antineoplastic Agents
304(3)
Care of Chemotherapy Patients
307(2)
Classifications of Antineoplastic Agents
309(2)
Combination Chemotherapy
311(2)
Other Forms of Treatment for Cancer
313(1)
Cancer Treatment of the Future
313(1)
Spot Check
314(1)
Review Questions
314(2)
Web Sites
316(1)
Vitamins and Minerals
317(19)
Objectives
317(1)
Vocabulary
317(1)
Introduction
318(1)
Five Major Food Groups
319(2)
Spotlight: Proper Nutrition--A Plan to Improve Health
321(2)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
323(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
324(2)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
326(1)
Vitamins
327(1)
Minerals
327(5)
Spot Check
332(1)
Review Questions
333(2)
Web Sites
335(1)
Psychotropic Agents
336(27)
Objectives
336(1)
Vocabulary
336(1)
Introduction
337(1)
Spotlight: Stress and Anxiety
337(2)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
339(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
340(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
340(1)
Antianxiety Agents
340(3)
Antidepressant Agents
343(10)
Antimanic Agent(s)
353(2)
Antipsychotic Agents
355(4)
Spot Check
359(1)
Review Questions
360(2)
Web Sites
362(1)
Substance Abuse
363(22)
Objectives
363(1)
Vocabulary
363(1)
Introduction
364(1)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
365(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
366(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
367(1)
Some Substances Being Abused
367(1)
Groups of Drugs
368(8)
Spotlight: Prescription Drug Abuse and Addiction
376(1)
Recognizing Substance Abuse
377(1)
Substance Abuse in the Workplace
377(1)
Organizations and Help Groups
378(1)
Spot Check
379(1)
Review Questions
380(2)
Web Sites
382(3)
Section 4
Medications Used for Musculoskeletal System Disorders
385(22)
Objectives
385(1)
Vocabulary
385(1)
Introduction
386(1)
Spotlight: Exercise--Benefits and Injuries
386(2)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
388(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
388(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
389(1)
Anti-inflammatory Drugs
389(9)
Agents Used to Treat Gout
398(1)
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
399(2)
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
401(1)
Skeletal Muscle Stimulants
401(2)
Spot Check
403(1)
Review Questions
403(3)
Web Sites
406(1)
Medications Used for Gastrointestinal System Disorders
407(22)
Objectives
407(1)
Vocabulary
407(1)
Introduction
408(1)
Spotlight: Ulcers and Helicobacter pylori Bacteria
409(1)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
410(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
410(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
411(1)
Antiulcer Agents
411(1)
Antacids
411(2)
Histamine H2-Receptor Antagonist
413(3)
Mucosal Protective Medications
416(1)
Gastric Acid-Pump Inhibitors
417(1)
Laxatives
418(3)
Antidiarrheal Agents
421(1)
Anthelmintics
422(1)
Antiprotozoal Agents
423(2)
Antiemetics
425(1)
Emetics
425(1)
Spot Check
426(1)
Review Questions
426(2)
Web Sites
428(1)
Medications Used for Circulatory System Disorders
429(31)
Objectives
429(1)
Vocabulary
429(1)
Introduction
430(1)
Spotlight: Heart Disease
431(2)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
433(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
434(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
434(1)
How Drugs Affect the Heart
435(7)
Drugs That Affect the Blood
442(9)
Agents Used in Treating Megaloblastic Anemias
451(3)
Antihyperlipidemic Agents
454(2)
Spot Check
456(1)
Review Questions
457(2)
Web Sites
459(1)
Medications That Affect the Respiratory System
460(27)
Objectives
460(1)
Vocabulary
460(1)
Introduction
461(1)
Antihistamines
462(3)
Decongestants
465(1)
Antitussives
466(2)
Expectorants and Mucolytics
468(3)
Bronchodilators
471(3)
Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists (Blockers)
474(2)
Anticholinergic Agents
476(1)
Glucocorticoids
476(1)
Spotlight: Tuberculosis
477(4)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
481(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
482(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
483(1)
Spot Check
483(1)
Review Questions
484(2)
Web Sites
486(1)
Diuretics and Medications Used for Urinary System Disorders
487(24)
Objectives
487(1)
Vocabulary
487(1)
Introduction
488(2)
Diuretics
490(7)
Spotlight: Urinary Tract Infections: Cystitis
497(2)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
499(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
500(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
500(1)
Spot Check
501(1)
Urinary Tract Antibacterials
502(2)
Urinary Tract Antiseptics
504(3)
Miscellaneous Agents
507(1)
Selected Agents That Discolor Urine
507(1)
Review Questions
507(3)
Web Sites
510(1)
Medications Used in Treatment of Endocrine Disorders
511(24)
Objectives
511(1)
Vocabulary
511(1)
Introduction
512(1)
The Pituitary
512(1)
The Thyroid
513(3)
The Parathyroids
516(1)
The Adrenals
516(1)
The Pancreas (Islets of Langerhans)
517(1)
Spotlight: Diabetes Mellitus
517(3)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
520(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
521(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
522(1)
Insulin
522(3)
Spot Check
525(1)
Oral Hypoglycemic Agents
525(4)
Thiazolidinediones
529(1)
Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors
530(1)
Meglitinides
531(1)
Hyperglycemic Agents
532(1)
Review Questions
532(2)
Web Sites
534(1)
Medications That Affect the Nervous System
535(29)
Objectives
535(1)
Vocabulary
535(1)
Introduction
536(1)
Spotlight: Pain
537(2)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
539(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
540(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
540(1)
Analgesics
541(2)
Analgesic-Antipyretics
543(2)
Spot Check
545(1)
Sedatives and Hypnotics
546(3)
Antiparkinsonian Drugs
549(4)
Alzheimer's Disease
553(1)
Anticonvulsants
554(3)
Anesthetics
557(1)
Ophthalmic Drugs
557(1)
Drugs Used in Vertigo, Motion Sickness, and Vomiting
558(3)
Review Questions
561(2)
Web Sites
563(1)
Medications That Affect the Reproductive System
564(23)
Objectives
564(1)
Vocabulary
564(1)
Introduction
565(1)
Female Hormones
565(6)
Hormone Replacement Therapy
571(2)
Spotlight: Birth Control
573(2)
Oral Contraceptives
575(1)
Male Hormones
576(2)
Erectile Dysfunction
578(2)
Drugs Used During Labor and Delivery
580(1)
Special Considerations: The Older Adult
581(1)
Special Considerations: The Child
582(1)
Critical Thinking Questions and Activities
582(1)
Spot Check
583(1)
Review Questions
583(2)
Web Sites
585(2)
Drug Index 587(9)
General Index 596


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