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Principles and Practice of Veterinary Technology

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780323019071

ISBN10:
0323019072
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/5/2004
Publisher(s):
HARCOURT HEALTH SCIENCES-MOSBY
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    Principles and Practice of Veterinary Technology




Summary

This outstanding veterinary technology book, formerly authored by Paul W. Pratt, is back and better than ever in a new second edition from Margi Sirois! Sirois has transformed the authoritative information from the first edition into a comprehensive and user-friendly resource with her unique insights as both an educator and a registered veterinary technician. The result is an indispensable reference book that covers every aspect of veterinary technology practice -- from career development to patient care. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

PART ONE PRINCIPLES OF VETERINARY TECHNOLOGY
1(74)
Overview of Veterinary Technology
3(5)
Education of Veterinary Technicians
3(1)
Nomenclature Describing Veterinary Personnel
3(1)
AVMA Policy on Veterinary Technology Preamble
4(1)
Scope of Veterinary Technician's Duties
4(1)
Career Opportunities for Veterinary Technicians
5(1)
Salary Ranges for Veterinary Technicians
6(1)
Certification, Registration, and Licensing of Veterinary Technicians
6(1)
The Future of Veterinary Technology
6(1)
Veterinary Technician Organizations
6(2)
Ethical, Legal, and Safety Issues in Veterinary Medicine
8(13)
Ethics
8(1)
Ethics of Working With Animals
8(1)
Ethics of the Veterinary Profession
9(1)
Professional Ethics
9(1)
Ethics of Service to the Public
9(1)
Obligations to the Animal Kingdom
10(1)
Law
10(1)
Laws That Ensure the Quality of Veterinary Service
10(1)
Practice Acts
10(1)
Common Law Malpractice
11(1)
Laws That Provide a Safe Business Environment
11(1)
Occupational Safety and Health Act
11(1)
Common Law Ordinary Negligence
11(1)
Medical Waste Management Laws
11(1)
Laws That Maintain a Nonhostile Working Environment
11(1)
Laws That Control the Biomedical Industry
12(1)
Safety
12(1)
Occupational Health and Safety in the Biomedical Industry
12(1)
Occupational Health and Safety Programs
12(1)
Standard Operational Procedures
13(1)
Biosafety Hazard Considerations in Biomedical Laboratories
13(1)
Biosafety Classifications
13(1)
Occupational Health and Safety in Veterinary Practice
14(7)
Machinery and Moving Parts
14(1)
Slips and Falls
14(1)
Lifting
14(1)
Storing Supplies
14(1)
Taxic Substances
14(1)
Heating Devices
14(1)
Eye Safety
14(1)
Hazards of Animal Handling
15(1)
Hazards of Bathing and Dipping
15(1)
Zoonotic Hazards
15(1)
Radiation Hazards
16(1)
Anesthetic Hazards
17(1)
Hazards of Compressed Gases
17(1)
Hazards of Sharp Objects
18(1)
Chemical Hazards
18(1)
Electrical Hazards
19(1)
Personal Safety
20(1)
Practice Management
21(22)
Front Office
21(1)
Office Visit
21(1)
Admitting a Patient
22(1)
Discharging a Patient
22(10)
Billing, Collection, and Credit Management
27(1)
Client Communication
27(2)
Client Surveys
29(1)
Focus Groups and Advisory Boards
29(2)
Value-Added Services
31(1)
Clinic Operations
32(7)
Scheduling of Work
32(1)
Teamwork and Hiring the Best
32(1)
Employee Record Keeping
33(6)
Controlled Substances
39(1)
Vendor Transactions
40(1)
Using Computers
40(1)
Use of a Computer
40(1)
Facility Maintenance
41(2)
Human Interaction in the Veterinary Workplace
43(24)
Communication Process
43(8)
Barriers to Communication
44(1)
Building Effective Listening Skills
45(1)
Assertive Communication Strategies
46(2)
Conflict Management
48(3)
Summary
51(1)
Sexual Harassment
51(1)
Clinic Communication
52(2)
Telephone Etiquette
52(2)
Preparing for the Visit
54(1)
Clinic Exterior
54(1)
Reception Area
54(1)
The Visit
55(3)
Maintaining a Professional Demeanor
55(1)
Informing the Client
55(1)
Ensuring Punctuality
55(1)
Preparing the Examination Room
56(1)
Hospitalizing a Patient
56(1)
Written Estimates
56(1)
Postoperative Instructions
57(1)
Status Report
57(1)
Discharge of Hospitalized Animals
57(1)
The Bill
57(1)
Complaints About Charges
57(1)
Hospital Policy
58(1)
Completing the Transaction
58(1)
Client Departure
58(1)
Follow-up
58(1)
File Purging
59(1)
Importance of Persistence
59(1)
The Human Animal Bond
59(2)
Grief Counseling
61(1)
Stages of Grief
61(1)
Denial
61(1)
Bargaining
61(1)
Anger
61(1)
Guilt
61(1)
Sorrow
61(1)
Resolution
62(1)
Loneliness
62(1)
Replacement
62(1)
Assisting Bereaved Pet Owners
62(1)
Acknowledging the Loss
62(2)
Reflection
63(1)
Validating the Loss
63(1)
Attending
63(1)
Effective Listening
63(1)
Achieving Closure
63(1)
Effects of Patient Loss on Staff
64(1)
Compounded Loss
64(3)
Recognizing and Responding to Signals
65(1)
Referring to Mental Health Professionals
65(2)
Veterinary Medical Terminology
67(8)
Introduction to Word Parts
67(1)
Prefix
67(1)
Root Word
67(1)
Combining Forms
67(1)
Combining Vowel
68(1)
Combining Vowel Added to a Suffix
68(1)
Compound Word
68(1)
Using Word Parts to Form Words
68(1)
Use of the Prefix
68(1)
Suffix
68(1)
Compound Word
68(1)
Prefix and Suffix
68(1)
Prefix, Root Word, and Suffix
69(1)
Defining Medical Terms Using Word Analysis
69(1)
Combining Forms for Body Parts
69(1)
Suffixes for Surgical Procedures
70(1)
Suffixes for Diseases or Conditions
70(1)
Prefixes for Diseases or Conditions
70(1)
Plural Endings
71(1)
Suffixes for Instruments, Procedures, and Machines
71(1)
Terms for Direction, Position, and Movement
72(1)
Dental Terminology
73(2)
PART TWO BASIC SCIENCES
75(122)
Anatomy and Physiology
77(44)
General Terminology
77(1)
Cells
78(1)
Epithelial Tissue
78(1)
Connective Tissue
79(1)
Skeleton
80(3)
Types of Bones
80(1)
Common Bone Features
80(1)
Axial Skeleton
81(1)
Appendicular Skeleton
81(1)
Visceral Skeleton
82(1)
Joints
82(1)
Integument
83(1)
Skin
83(1)
Hair
83(1)
Claws and Hooves
83(1)
Horns
83(1)
Circulatory System
83(3)
Blood Vascular System
83(1)
Blood Circulation Pathways
84(2)
Lymphatic Vascular System
86(1)
Respiratory System
86(1)
Upper Respiratory Tract
86(1)
Lower Respiratory Tract
86(1)
Respiratory Mechanisms
87(1)
Digestive System
87(3)
Mouth
87(1)
Esophagus
88(1)
Stomach
88(2)
Intestine
90(1)
Accessory Digestive Organs
90(1)
Nervous System
90(3)
Central Nervous System
91(1)
Peripheral Nervous System
92(1)
Autonomic Nervous System
92(1)
Muscular System
93(1)
Skeletal Muscle
93(1)
Cardiac Muscle
93(1)
Smooth Muscle
93(1)
Senses
94(3)
General Senses
94(1)
Special Senses
94(3)
Endocrine System
97(2)
Hypothalamus
97(1)
Pituitary Gland
97(1)
Thyroid Gland
98(1)
Parathyroid Glands
98(1)
Adrenal Glands
98(1)
Pancreas
98(1)
Gonads
98(1)
Urinary System
99(1)
Kidneys
100(1)
Ureters
100(1)
Urinary Bladder
100(1)
Urethra
100(1)
Reproductive System
100(6)
Male Reproductive System
100(2)
Breeding Soundness Examination of Males
102(1)
Artificial Insemination
102(3)
Female Reproductive System
105(1)
Female Reproduction Physiology: Nonpregnant Animals
106(7)
Anestrus
107(1)
Proestrus
107(1)
Estrus
107(1)
Metestrus
107(1)
Diestrus
107(1)
Reproductive Physiologic Patterns
107(6)
Fertilization and Pregnancy
113(1)
Pregnancy Diagnosis
113(1)
Parturition
113(2)
Milk Production
114(1)
Necropsy Procedure
115(4)
Beginning the Necropsy
115(4)
Anatomic Variations
119(2)
Pigs
119(1)
Cattle
119(1)
Horses
119(2)
Nutrition
121(30)
Energy-Producing Nutrients
121(1)
Proteins
121(1)
Fats
121(1)
Carbohydrates
121(1)
Non-Energy-Producing Nutrients
122(1)
Water
122(1)
Vitamins
122(1)
Minerals
122(1)
Feeding Considerations for Dogs
123(2)
Feeding Methods
123(1)
Feeding the Gestating or Lactating Dog
123(1)
Feeding Puppies
123(1)
Feeding Adult Dogs
123(2)
Feeding Active Dogs
125(1)
Feeding Geriatric Dogs
125(1)
Feeding Overweight Dogs
125(1)
Feeding Considerations for Cats
125(2)
Feeding Kittens
125(2)
Feeding Adult Cats
127(1)
Feeding Cats With Lower Urinary Tract Disease
127(1)
Feeding Geriatric Cats
127(1)
Feeding the Gestating and Lactating Cat
127(1)
Pet Food Considerations
127(4)
Does This Pet Food Produce the Desired Results?
130(1)
How Do You Choose What Pet Food to Feed?
130(1)
Can I Free Feed My Pet?
130(1)
Which is Better to Feed---Canned or Dry?
130(1)
Nutritional Support for Ill or Debilitated Patients
131(6)
Enteral Nutritional Support
131(2)
Enteral Nutritional Daily Caloric Requirements
133(3)
Parenteral Nutritional Support
136(1)
Feeding Considerations for Small Mammals
137(5)
Feeding Considerations for Reptiles and Amphibians
142(1)
Iguanas
142(1)
Snakes
142(1)
Box Turtles
142(1)
Amphibians
142(1)
Feeding Considerations for Laboratory Animals
142(1)
Nutritional Peculiarities of Livestock
142(3)
Feedstuffs
143(2)
Feed Analysis
145(1)
Feeding Management
145(5)
Dairy Cattle
145(1)
Beef Cattle
146(1)
Nutrition in the Debilitated Calf
146(2)
Horses
148(1)
Pigs
148(1)
Sheep
149(1)
Goats
149(1)
Clinical Nutrition
150(1)
Pathology and Response to Disease
151(12)
Terminology
151(3)
Inflammation and Response to Injury
151(1)
Signs of Inflammation
152(1)
Cells of the Inflammatory Process
152(1)
Inflammatory Exudates
152(1)
Vascular Changes Associated With Inflammation
153(1)
Healing and Repair of Damaged Tissues
153(1)
Pathogens
154(1)
Parasites
154(1)
Bacteria
154(1)
Viruses
154(1)
Nonpathogens
155(1)
Immune Response
155(2)
Humoral Immunity
156(1)
Cell-Mediated Immunity
156(1)
Response to Vaccination
156(1)
Hypersensitivity Reactions
156(1)
Epidemiology
157(1)
Food Hygiene
157(1)
Zoonotic Diseases
158(1)
Disease Transmission
158(3)
Maintenance of Disease
161(1)
Control of Zoonotic Diseases
162(1)
Pharmacology and Pharmacy
163(21)
Drug Names
163(1)
Dosage Forms
163(1)
Prescriptions and Dispensing Medication
164(1)
Writing Prescriptions
164(1)
Components of a Prescription
164(1)
Containers for Dispensing Medication
164(1)
Calculating Drug Doses
164(2)
Storing and Handling Drugs in the Pharmacy
166(1)
Storing and Prescribing Controlled Substances
167(1)
Handling Toxic Drugs
167(1)
Therapeutic Range
167(1)
Dosage Regimen
167(1)
Routes of Administration
168(1)
Movement of Drug Molecules in the Body
168(1)
How Drugs Exert Their Effect
169(1)
Drugs Affecting the Gastrointestinal Tract
169(2)
Emetics
169(1)
Antiemetics
169(1)
Antidiarrheals
170(1)
Adsorbents and Protectants
170(1)
Laxatives, Lubricants, and Stool Softeners
170(1)
Antacids and Antiulcer Drugs
171(1)
Ruminatorics and Antibloat Medications
171(1)
Drugs Affecting the Cardiovascular System
171(1)
Antiarrhythmic Drugs
171(1)
Positive Inotropic Agents
171(1)
Vasodilators
172(1)
Diuretics
172(1)
Drugs Affecting the Respiratory System
172(1)
Antitussives
172(1)
Bronchodilators
173(1)
Drugs Affecting the Endocrine System
173(1)
Drugs Used to Treat Hypothyroidism
173(1)
Drugs Used to Treat Hyperthyroidism
174(1)
Endocrine Pancreatic Drugs
174(1)
Drugs Used to Treat Hypoadrenocorticism
174(1)
Drugs Used to Treat Hyperadrenocorticism
174(1)
Drugs Affecting Reproduction
174(1)
Drugs Affecting the Nervous System
175(2)
Anesthetics
175(1)
Tranquilizers and Sedatives
176(1)
Analgesics
176(1)
Anticonvulsants
176(1)
Central Nervous System Stimulants
177(1)
Antimicrobials
177(2)
Penicillins
177(1)
Cephalosporins
177(1)
Bacitracins
178(1)
Aminoglycosides
178(1)
Fluoroquinolones
178(1)
Tetracyclines
178(1)
Sulfonamides and Potential Sulfonamides
178(1)
Lincosamides
178(1)
Macrolides
178(1)
Metronidazole
179(1)
Nitrofurans
179(1)
Chloramphenicol and Fluorfenicol
179(1)
Rifampin
179(1)
Antifungals
179(1)
Amphotericin B and Nystatin
179(1)
Flucytosine
179(1)
Fluconazole, Ketoconazole, and Itraconazole
179(1)
Griseofulvin
179(1)
Disinfectants and Antiseptics
179(1)
Phenols
179(1)
Alcohols
179(1)
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
180(1)
Chlorine Compounds
180(1)
Iodophors
180(1)
Biguanides
180(1)
Antiparasitics
180(2)
Internal Antiparasitics
180(1)
External Antiparasitics
181(1)
Antiinflammatories
182(2)
Glucocorticoids
182(1)
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
182(1)
Other Antiinflammatories
183(1)
Behavior
184(13)
What is Behavior, and Where Does It Come From?
184(1)
Preventing Behavior Problems in Companion Animals
185(2)
Housetraining
185(2)
Preventing Destructive Behavior by Cats
187(3)
Height
188(1)
Orientation
189(1)
Texture
189(1)
Preventing Destructive Behavior by Dogs
190(1)
Appealing Toys
190(1)
Preventing Aggressive Behavior Problems
190(2)
Puppy Tests
191(1)
Dominance Exercises
192(1)
Castration
192(1)
Socialization
192(1)
Providing Problem Prevention Services
192(2)
Providing Problem Resolution Services
194(1)
Referring Cases to Behavior Specialists
194(3)
Evaluating Referral Resources
194(1)
Making the Referral
195(2)
PART THREE CLINICAL SCIENCES
197(124)
Hematology and Hemostasis
199(28)
Laboratory Instrumentation and Equipment
199(1)
Laboratory Safety
199(1)
Quality Control
200(2)
Test Selection and Test Conditions
201(1)
Sample Quality
202(1)
Technician Skill
202(1)
Electrical Power Surges
202(1)
Equipment Maintenance
202(1)
Record Keeping
202(1)
Sample Collection
202(2)
Collection Equipment
203(1)
Sample Type
204(1)
Anticoagulants
204(1)
Formation and Functions of Blood and Blood Cells
204(2)
Erythropoiesis
205(1)
Hemoglobin Synthesis
205(1)
Leukopoiesis
205(1)
Complete Blood Count
206(6)
Cell Counts
206(3)
Hemoglobin Testing, PCV, and RBC Indices
209(1)
Total Plasma Protein Determination
210(1)
Erythrocyte Indices
211(1)
Differential Blood Film
212(3)
Evaluating the Blood Film
212(1)
Examining the Blood Smear
213(2)
Erythrocyte Morphology
215(2)
Morphologic Variation in Size
215(1)
Morphologic Variation in Shape
215(1)
Morphologic Variation in Color
216(1)
Variation in Cell Behavior
216(1)
Other Abnormalities
216(1)
Parasites
217(1)
Leukocyte Morphology
217(2)
Morphologic Variation in Leukocytes
217(1)
Variations in Leukocyte Morphology
218(1)
Platelets
219(2)
Platelet Counting Methods
219(1)
Miscellaneous Hematologic Tests
220(1)
Bone Marrow Examination
221(1)
Hemostasis
222(2)
Hemostatic Defects
223(1)
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
224(1)
Assessment of Coagulation and Hemostasis
224(1)
Activated Clotting Time
224(1)
Buccal Mucosal Bleeding Time
224(1)
Fibrinogen Determination
224(1)
Prothrombin Time Test
225(1)
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time Test
225(1)
PIVKA Test
225(1)
Fibrin Degradation Products and D-Dimer Test
226(1)
Clinical Chemistry and Serology
227(21)
Sample Collection
227(1)
Blood Collection
227(1)
Sample Type
228(1)
Whole Blood
228(1)
Plasma
228(1)
Serum
228(1)
Laboratory Selection
229(1)
Laboratory Equipment
230(1)
Features and Benefits of Common Analyzer Types
230(1)
Types of Photometric Testing
231(1)
Hepatobiliary Function Testing
231(9)
Protein
232(2)
Enzyme Analyses
234(2)
Kidney Function Testing
236(1)
Pancreatic Function Testing
236(4)
Basic Principles of Immunology
240(2)
Role of White Blood Cells in Immunity
241(1)
Types of Immunologic Tests
242(3)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
242(1)
Immunochromatography
243(1)
Agglutination Test
243(1)
Precipitation Tests
243(1)
Coombs' Test
244(1)
Antinuclear Antibody Test
244(1)
Serum Protein Electrophoresis
245(1)
Antibody Titers
245(1)
Common Errors and Artifacts
245(1)
Sample Quality
246(1)
Washing
246(1)
Incubation
246(1)
Storage
246(1)
Choosing a Test Kit
246(1)
Test Significance
247(1)
Microbiology, Cytology, and Urinalysis
248(28)
Microbiology
248(1)
Characteristics of Bacteria
248(1)
Mycology
248(1)
Materials Needed for the In-House Microbiology Lab
249(6)
Sample Processing Materials
252(1)
Culture Media
252(1)
Stains
253(1)
Additional Materials
254(1)
Innoculating Culture Media
254(1)
Incubating Bacterial Cultures
254(1)
Biochemical Test Materials
254(1)
Immunologic Testing
255(1)
Antimicrobial Sensitivity Testing
256(1)
Quality Control Concerns
256(1)
Cytology
256(1)
Collection and Preparation of Samples From Tissues and Masses
256(2)
Impression Smears
256(1)
Scrapings
257(1)
Swabbings
257(1)
Fine-Needle Aspiration
257(1)
Preparation Techniques for Solid Samples
258(1)
Collection and Preparation of Fluid Samples
258(10)
Transtracheal and Bronchial Washes
258(2)
Staining of Cytology Specimens
260(1)
Examination of Cytology Specimens
261(5)
Vaginal Cytology
266(1)
Semen Evaluation
266(2)
Histology
268(1)
Urinalysis
268(1)
Sample Collection
268(1)
The Complete Urinalysis
269(7)
Specific Gravity
269(1)
Biochemical Testing
270(1)
Microscopic Examination of Urine Sediment
270(1)
Elements in Urinary Sediment
271(5)
Veterinary Parasitology
276(31)
Parasitology
276(1)
Classification of Parasites
276(12)
Kingdom Protista,Subkingdom Protozoa
277(1)
Kingdom Animalia
278(10)
Diagnostic Techniques in Parasitology
288(19)
Sample Collection and Handling
290(1)
Evaluation of Fecal Specimens
290(6)
Evaluation of Blood Samples
296(11)
Preventive Medicine
307(14)
Husbandry
307(4)
Temperature, Light, and Ventilation
307(3)
Housing
310(1)
Nutrition
311(1)
Animal Identification
311(1)
Vaccination or Use of Preventive Medicine
311(2)
Vaccination
312(1)
Use of Preventive Medication
313(1)
Sanitation
313(1)
Factors Predisposing to Disease
314(7)
Genetic Factors
314(1)
Dietary Factors
314(1)
Environmental Factors
314(1)
Metabolic Factors
315(1)
Wellness Programs
315(6)
PART FOUR CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
321(214)
Physical Restraint
323(22)
Restraint and Handling of Dogs
323(4)
Canine Behavior
323(1)
Danger Potential
323(1)
Mechanical Devices
323(2)
Restraint Techniques
325(2)
Restraint and Handling of Cats
327(4)
Feline Behavior
327(1)
Danger Potential
327(1)
Mechanical Devices
327(1)
Distraction Techniques
328(1)
Restraint Techniques
329(2)
Restraint and Handling of Small Mammals
331(1)
Danger Potential
331(1)
Mechanical Devices
331(1)
Restraint Techniques
331(1)
Hamsters, Mice, Gerbils, Guinea Pigs, and Rats
331(1)
Rabbits
332(1)
Danger Potential
332(1)
Restraint Techniques
332(1)
Ferrets
333(1)
Danger Potential
333(1)
Restraint Techniques
333(1)
Restraint and Handling of Birds
333(1)
Danger Potential
333(1)
Restraint Techniques for Large Birds
333(1)
Mechanical Devices
334(1)
Restraint Techniques for Small to Medium Birds
334(1)
Restraint and Handling of Horses
334(6)
Equine Behavior
334(1)
Body Language
335(1)
Danger Potential
335(1)
Mechanical Devices
335(1)
Distraction Techniques
336(1)
Restraint Techniques
337(3)
Restraint and Handling of Cattle
340(1)
Bovine Behavior
340(1)
Danger Potential
340(1)
Mechanical Devices
340(1)
Restraint Techniques
341(1)
Restraint and Handling of Goats
341(1)
Caprine Behavior
341(1)
Restraint Techniques
342(1)
Restraint and Handling of Sheep
342(1)
Ovine Behavior
342(1)
Restraint Techniques
342(1)
Restraint and Handling of Pigs
343(2)
Porcine Behavior
343(1)
Danger Potential
343(1)
Restraint Techniques
343(2)
Patient History and Physical Examination
345(13)
Technician-Client Interaction
345(3)
Communicating With Clients
345(1)
Obtaining a History
346(2)
Physical Examination
348(5)
Primary Techniques for Physical Examination
348(2)
General Survey
350(1)
Vital Signs
350(3)
Systematic Approach to Physical Examination
353(2)
Examination of the Head and Neck
354(1)
Examination of the Trunk and Forelimbs
354(1)
Examination of the Thorax
354(1)
Examination of the Abdomen
355(1)
Examination of the Hind Limbs
355(1)
Examination of the External Genitalia and Perineum
355(1)
Physical Examination in Emergencies
355(3)
Triage, Primary Survey, and Secondary Survey
355(3)
Diagnostic Imaging
358(29)
Radiography
358(1)
X-Ray Generation
358(1)
X-Ray Tube Anatomy
358(5)
Anode Heel Effect
358(1)
Radiographic Quality
359(1)
Radiographic Density
359(1)
Radiographic Contrast
359(1)
Radiographic Detail
360(1)
Distortion
360(1)
Scatter Radiation
361(2)
Exposure Variables
363(1)
mAs
363(1)
Kilovoltage Peak
364(1)
Focal-Film Distance
364(1)
Object-Film Distance
364(1)
Radiographic Film and Screens
364(2)
X-Ray Film
364(1)
Intensifying Screens
365(1)
X-Ray Equipment
366(1)
Fluoroscopy
367(1)
Radiation Safety
367(1)
Terminology
368(1)
Darkroom Techniques
368(6)
Darkroom Setup
368(2)
Film Identification
370(1)
Safelights
370(1)
Processing Chemistry
371(1)
Manual Processing
372(1)
Automatic Processing
373(1)
Silver Recovery
373(1)
Radiographic Artifacts
374(1)
Radiographic Positioning and Terminology
374(1)
Oblique Projections
374(1)
Contrast Studies
374(4)
Positive-Contrast Media
374(3)
Negative-Contrast Media
377(1)
Double-Contrast Procedures
378(1)
Diagnostic Ultrasound
378(3)
Transducers
378(1)
Display Modes
378(1)
Terminology Describing Echotexture
378(1)
Patient Preparation
379(1)
Instrument Controls
379(1)
Artifacts
380(1)
Endoscopy
381(1)
Types of Endoscopes
381(1)
Rigid Endoscopes
381(1)
Flexible Endoscopes
382(1)
Purchasing an Endoscope
382(1)
The Endoscopy Room
383(1)
Accessory Instruments
383(1)
Cleaning a Flexible Endoscope
383(1)
Storing an Endoscope
384(1)
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
384(1)
Patient Preparation
384(1)
Obtaining Samples
385(1)
Colonoscopy
385(1)
Airway Endoscopy
385(2)
Anesthesia and Perioperative Analgesia
387(34)
Role of Veterinary Technicians
387(1)
Indications for Anesthesia, Sedation, and Analgesia
387(6)
Coming to Terms with Pain
387(1)
Effects of Pain
388(1)
Predicting and Recognizing Pain in Animals
388(1)
Pain-Relief Modalities
388(5)
Goals of an Anesthetic-Analgesic Plan
393(1)
Fundamentals of Anesthesia
393(1)
Steps of Anesthesia
393(18)
Patient Evaluation
393(3)
Patient Preparation
396(1)
Equipment and Supplies
396(9)
Preanesthetic Medication
405(1)
Induction
406(2)
Maintenance
408(3)
Recovery
411(1)
Anesthetic Monitoring
411(6)
Monitoring of Anesthetic Equipment
411(1)
Monitoring Anesthetic Depth
411(1)
Monitoring Physiologic Conditions
412(4)
Responding to Adverse Events
416(1)
Inhalation Anesthetic Techniques
417(4)
Goals of Proper Technique
417(1)
Induction Technique
417(1)
Endotracheal Intubation
417(1)
Maintenance of Anesthesia
418(2)
Recovery from Anesthesia
420(1)
Principles of Surgical Nursing
421(32)
General Surgical Principles
421(1)
Basic Surgical Terminology
421(2)
Abdominal Incisions
421(1)
Common Surgical Procedures
422(1)
Preoperative and Postoperative Considerations
423(1)
Preoperative Evaluation
423(1)
Postoperative Evaluation
423(1)
Postoperative Complications
423(1)
Aseptic Technique
424(2)
Contamination and Infection
424(1)
Rules of Aseptic Technique
424(1)
Sterilization and Disinfection
425(1)
Quality Control for Sterilization and Disinfection
426(2)
Chemical Indicators
426(1)
Biological Testing
426(1)
Steam Sterilization
426(2)
Care and Maintenance of Surgical Instruments and Supplies
428(3)
Instrument Cleaning
428(1)
Instrument Lubricating and Autoclaving
428(1)
Wrapping Instrument Packs
429(1)
Gas Sterilization
430(1)
Cold Chemical Sterilization
430(1)
Folding and Wrapping Gowns
430(1)
Folding and Wrapping Drapes
431(1)
Storing Sterilized Items
431(1)
Preparation of the Operative Site
431(3)
Positioning
433(1)
Sterile Skin Preparation
433(1)
Preparation of the Surgical Team
434(6)
Surgical Attire
434(1)
The Surgical Scrub
435(2)
Gowning
437(1)
Gloving
437(3)
Surgical Assisting
440(2)
Draping and Organizing the Instrument Table
440(1)
Draping
440(1)
Unwrapping or Opening Sterile Items
441(1)
Unwrapping Sterile Items in Paper or Plastic or Plastic Peel-Back Pouches
442(1)
Surgical Instruments
442(4)
Scalpels and Blades
442(1)
Scissors
443(1)
Needle Holders
444(1)
Tissue Forceps
444(1)
Hemostatic Forceps
444(1)
Retractors
445(1)
Miscellaneous Instruments
446(1)
Instruments for Large-Animal Surgery
446(1)
Wound Closure and Hemostasis
446(4)
Absorbable Suture Materials
447(1)
Nonabsorbable Suture Materials
448(1)
Suture Needles
449(1)
Other Materials Used in Wound Closure
450(1)
Tissue Adhesives
450(1)
Ligating Clips and Staples
450(1)
Surgical Mesh
451(1)
Hemostatic Techniques and Materials
451(1)
Suture Removal
451(2)
Emergency and Critical Care
453(18)
Emergency Readiness and Preparation
453(1)
Facility
453(1)
Staff
454(1)
Client
454(1)
Hospital Care
454(2)
Triage
454(1)
Initial Evaluation
454(1)
Primary Survey and Resuscitation
454(1)
Airway/Breathing
454(1)
Circulation
455(1)
Dysfunction/Disability
455(1)
Examination
455(1)
Secondary Survey
455(1)
Definitive Management
455(1)
Emergencies
456(4)
Cardiovascular Emergencies
456(1)
Acute Abdomen Emergencies
457(1)
Poisonings and Intoxications
458(1)
Urogenital Emergencies
459(1)
Endocrine System Emergencies
459(1)
Emergency Procedures
460(1)
Endotracheal Intubation
460(1)
Tracheostomy Tube Placement
460(1)
Thoracentesis
460(1)
Chest Tube Placement
460(1)
Oxygen Therapy
460(2)
Overview
460(1)
Indications
460(1)
Methods of Oxygen Administration
460(2)
Fugular Catheterization
462(1)
Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage
462(1)
Critical Care
462(8)
Patient Assessment/Monitoring
463(4)
Critical Care Nursing Protocols
467(3)
Summary
470(1)
Management of Wounds, Fractures, and Other Injuries
471(17)
Wound Healing
471(2)
Phases of Wound Healing
471(1)
Types of Wound Healing
471(1)
Wound Contamination and Infection
472(1)
Wound Categories
472(1)
Use of Antibacterials
473(1)
Wound Management
473(3)
First Aid
473(1)
Wound Assessment
473(1)
Clipping
474(1)
Scrubbing
474(1)
Wound Lavage
474(1)
Anesthesia and Analgesia
474(1)
Debridement
475(1)
Drainage
475(1)
Wound Closure
476(2)
Closure With Sutures
476(1)
Nonclosure
477(1)
Covering Wounds
478(2)
Principles of Bandage Application
478(1)
Bandage Components
479(1)
Orthopedic Bandages and Splints
480(3)
Robert Fones Compression Bandage
480(1)
Soft Padded and Coaptation Bandages
481(1)
Spica Splint
481(1)
Schroeder-Thomas Splint
481(1)
Ehmer Sling
482(1)
Modified Ehmer Sling
483(1)
Velpeau Sling
483(1)
Casts
483(2)
Indications
483(1)
Materials
483(1)
Technique
483(2)
Maintaining Bandages, Splints, and Casts
485(1)
Home Care of Bandages
485(1)
Bandages, Cast, and Splint Removal
485(1)
Management of Specific Wound Types
485(3)
Penetrating Wounds
485(1)
Snakebites
486(1)
Burns
486(1)
Bite Wounds
487(1)
Decubital Ulcers
487(1)
Fluid Therapy and Blood Transfusions
488(25)
Fluid Therapy
488(2)
Fluid Distribution
488(1)
Electrolytes
489(1)
Acid-Base Balance
489(1)
Clinical Aspects of Fluid Therapy
490(8)
Determining the Need for Fluid Therapy
490(2)
Fluid Choices
492(1)
Indications for Fluid Therapy
493(2)
Routes of Fluid Administration
495(2)
Volume and Rate of Fluid Administration
497(1)
Total Parenteral Nutrition
498(1)
Transfusion Medicine
498(3)
Clinical Evaluation of Bleeding
499(2)
Whole Blood and Blood Components
501(4)
Fresh Whole Blood
502(1)
Stored Whole Blood
502(1)
Packed Red Blood Cells
502(2)
Platelet-Rich Plasma
504(1)
Fresh-Frozen Plasma/Frozen Plasma
505(1)
Cryoprecipitate
505(1)
Oxyglobin Solution
505(1)
Blood Types
505(1)
Canine Blood Types
505(1)
Feline Blood Types
506(1)
Sources of Donor Blood
506(1)
Canine Blood Donors
507(1)
Feline Blood Donors
507(1)
Blood Collection
507(3)
Anticoagulant-Preservative Solutions
507(1)
Blood Collection Systems
508(2)
Blood Administration
510(3)
Blood typing and Crossmatching
510(1)
Preparing Blood for Transfusion
510(1)
Transfusion Volume
510(1)
Administration Routes
511(1)
Administration Rates
511(1)
Transfusion Reactions
511(2)
Dentistry
513(22)
Oral Anatomy
513(3)
Teeth
513(2)
Periodontium
515(1)
Periodontal Disease
516(2)
Dental Instruments
517(1)
Polishing Equipment
518(1)
Oral Radiography
518(2)
Prophylaxis and Periodontal Therapy
520(1)
Procedure
520(1)
Polishing
521(1)
Fluoride Application
521(1)
Sealants
521(1)
Dental Records
522(1)
Radiographs
522(1)
Home Dental Care
522(1)
Food and Chew Toys
523(1)
Treatment of Common Oral Problems
524(1)
Periodontal Surgery
524(1)
Tooth Extraction
524(1)
Root Canal Therapy
525(1)
Caries
526(1)
Resorptive Lesions in Animals
526(1)
Congenital Problems
527(1)
Oral Trauma
527(1)
Oral Tumors
528(1)
Orthodontics
529(1)
Systemic Problems Affecting the Oral Cavity
530(1)
Dentistry in Other Species
531(1)
Rabbits and Rodents
531(1)
Horses
532(1)
Safety in the Workplace
532(1)
Marketing in Veterinary Dentistry
533(2)
PART FIVE NURSING CARE
535(136)
Nursing Care of Dogs and Cats
537(32)
General Care of Dogs and Cats
537(6)
Attending to Physical Needs
537(1)
Attending to Psychological Needs
537(1)
Monitoring Vital Signs and Elimination
537(2)
Gastrointestinal Monitoring
539(1)
Nutritional Support
539(1)
Grooming and Skin Care
539(4)
Administering Medications
543(13)
Topical Administration
543(1)
Oral Administration
543(1)
Rectal Administration
544(1)
Nasal Administration
545(1)
Ophthalmic Application
545(1)
Otic Application
545(1)
Parenteral Administration
545(3)
Epidural Administration
548(1)
Intravenous Catheterization
548(4)
Urinary Tract Catheterization
552(3)
Orogastric Intubation
555(1)
Nasoesophageal Intubation
556(1)
Endotracheal Administration
556(1)
Nursing Care of Recumbent Patients
556(4)
Preventative Care
557(3)
Nursing Care of Critical Patients
560(2)
Head Trauma and Seizure Patients
560(1)
Spinal Trauma
560(1)
Blood Pressure Monitoring
560(1)
Central Venous Pressure
560(1)
Pain Control
560(1)
Respiratory Support
561(1)
Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy
562(3)
Local Hypothermia/Cold Therapy
563(1)
Local Hyperthermia/Heat Therapy
563(1)
Combination Therapy
563(1)
Passive Exercise
563(1)
Active Exercise
564(1)
Hydrotherapy
564(1)
Nursing Care of Neonatal Patients
565(2)
Examination
565(1)
Resuscitation
565(2)
Nursing Care of Geriatric Patients
567(2)
The Effects of Aging
567(1)
Geriatric Criteria
567(1)
Handling
567(1)
Drug Therapy
567(1)
Anesthesia
568(1)
Client Education
568(1)
Euthanasia Methods
568(1)
Nursing Care of Horses
569(16)
General Care of Horses
569(1)
Feeding and Watering
569(1)
Bedding
569(1)
Fly Control
570(1)
Exercise
570(1)
Grooming
570(1)
Hoof Picking
570(1)
Monitoring Patients
570(1)
Care of Recumbent Horses
571(4)
Bandaging
572(1)
Foot Wraps
572(2)
Tail Bandages
574(1)
Abdominal Bandages
575(1)
Collecting Blood Samples
575(1)
Administration of Medication
576(8)
Oral Administration
576(1)
Nasogastric Intubation
576(1)
Parenteral Injections
577(2)
Adverse Reactions
579(1)
Intravenous Catheterization
579(1)
Sites
579(1)
Catheter Care
579(1)
Catheter Complications
579(3)
Intravenous Infusions
582(2)
Medication of the Eye
584(1)
Nursing Care of Food Animals, Camelids, and Ratites
585(27)
General Care of Cattle
585(1)
Common Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques
585(7)
Oral Administration of Medication
585(2)
Intravenous Injection
587(1)
Intravenous Catheterization
587(1)
Intramuscular Injection
588(1)
Subcutaneous Injection
588(1)
Intradermal Injection
589(1)
Intramammary Infusion
589(1)
Intranasal Insufflation
589(1)
Intrauterine Medication
590(1)
Jugular Venipuncture
590(1)
Coccygeal Venipuncture
591(1)
Subcutaneous Abdominal Venipuncture
592(1)
General Care of Sheep
592(1)
Hoof Trimming
593(1)
Crutching
593(1)
Common Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques
593(3)
Oral Administration of Medication
593(1)
Intravenous Injection
594(1)
Intravenous Catheterization
595(1)
Intramuscular Injection
595(1)
Subcutaneous Injection
595(1)
Intradermal Injection
595(1)
Intraperitoneal Injection
596(1)
Intramammary Infusion
596(1)
Urine Collection
596(1)
General Care of Goats
596(1)
Common Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques
597(3)
Oral Administration of Medication
597(1)
Parenteral Injection
598(1)
Intravenous Injection
598(1)
Jugular Venipuncture and Catheterization
598(1)
Intramuscular Injection
598(1)
Subcutaneous Injection
599(1)
Intradermal Injection
599(1)
Intrauterine Infusion
599(1)
Intramammary Infusion
599(1)
Urine and Milk Collection
599(1)
General Care of Swine
600(1)
Overview of Swine Production
600(1)
Breeding Stock
600(1)
Common Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques
601(3)
Oral Administration of Medication
601(1)
Intravenous Injection
601(1)
Intramuscular Injection
602(1)
Subcutaneous Injection
602(1)
Intranasal Injection
602(1)
Blood Collection
603(1)
General Care of Camelids
604(3)
Anatomic and Physiologic Characteristics
604(1)
Neonatal Care
605(1)
Behavior, Handling, and Restraint
606(1)
Herd Health
607(1)
Common Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques
607(1)
Oral Administration of Medication
607(1)
Intravenous Injection
607(1)
Intramuscular Injection
607(1)
Subcutaneous Injection
608(1)
Blood Collection
608(1)
Urine Collection
608(1)
General Care of Ratites
608(2)
Visual Evaluation
608(1)
Physical Examination
609(1)
Restraint
609(1)
Common Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques
610(2)
Oral Administration of Medication
610(1)
Administration of Injections
610(1)
Blood Collection and Catheterization
610(1)
Fluid Therapy
611(1)
Nursing Care of Cage Birds, Reptiles, and Amphibians
612(41)
Cage Birds
612(1)
Role of the Veterinary Practice in Bird Care
613(1)
Basic Pet Bird Behavior
614(1)
Avian Anatomy
615(2)
Feathers and Skin
615(1)
Musculoskeletal System
615(1)
Respiratory System
615(2)
Digestive System
617(1)
Urinary System
617(1)
Reproductive System
617(1)
Circulatory System
617(1)
Special Senses
617(1)
Restraint
617(3)
Restraint Techniques
619(1)
Capture Techniques
619(1)
Physical Examination
620(2)
Grooming
622(2)
Bathing
622(1)
Nail Trimming
622(1)
Wing Clipping
623(1)
Beak Trimming
624(1)
Identification Techniques
624(1)
Leg Bands
624(1)
Microchips
624(1)
Administering Medication
625(2)
Parenteral Injection
625(1)
Intravenous Injection and Blood Collection
625(1)
Oral Medication
626(1)
Topical Medication
626(1)
Sinus Flushes
627(1)
Nebulization Therapy
627(1)
Care of Pediatric Cage Birds
627(4)
The Avian Neonate
627(2)
Common Problems in Neonatal and Pediatric Cage Birds
629(2)
Care of Geriatric Cage Birds
631(1)
Effects of Aging
632(1)
Anesthesia
632(3)
Avian Respiratory Tract
632(1)
Preanesthesia Evaluation
633(1)
Anesthetic Agents
633(1)
Induction of Anesthesia
634(1)
Monitoring the Anesthetized Bird
634(1)
Recovery
635(1)
Potential Anesthesia Problems
635(1)
Anesthetic Emergencies
635(1)
Avian Radiographic Techniques
635(3)
Equipment Used for Avian Radiographs
635(1)
Radiographic Technique
636(1)
Gastrointestinal Radiographic Studies
637(1)
Standing Radiograph
637(1)
Ultrasound Technique
638(1)
Avian Surgical Techniques
638(1)
Presurgical Evaluations
638(1)
Avian Surgical Equipment
638(1)
Surgical Site Preparation and Drapes
638(1)
Recovery of the Surgical Patient
639(1)
Common Surgical Procedures
639(1)
Endoscopy
639(1)
Reproductive Surgery
639(1)
Sinus Surgery
639(1)
Common Traumatic Injuries
639(2)
Beak Injuries and Repair
639(1)
Crop Repair
640(1)
Foreign Bodies
640(1)
Setting Fractures
640(1)
Feather Cysts
640(1)
Tumor Removal
641(1)
Emergencies in Avian Practice
641(1)
Patient Evaluation
641(1)
Suggested Emergency Equipment
641(1)
Shock and Fluid Therapy Guidelines
641(1)
Common Emergency Procedures
642(1)
Broken Blood Feathers
642(1)
Wing Fractures
642(1)
Leg Fractures
642(1)
Cat Attacks
643(1)
Bird Attacks
643(1)
Poisoning
643(1)
Exposure to Toxic Fumes
643(1)
Heavy Metal Poisoning
643(1)
Ingested Poisons
643(1)
Poisonous Plants
644(1)
Reproductive Disorders
644(1)
Egg Binding
644(1)
Egg Yolk Peritonitis
644(1)
Gastrointestinal Problems
644(1)
Crop Burns
644(1)
Regurgitation
644(1)
Miscellaneous Problems
645(1)
Acute Dyspnea
645(1)
Seizures
645(1)
Nonspecific Illness
645(1)
Reptiles and Amphibians
645(1)
Biology
645(1)
Reptiles
645(1)
Amphibians
645(1)
Housing
646(1)
Reptiles
646(1)
Amphibians
647(1)
Feeding
647(1)
Herbivores
647(1)
Carnivores
647(1)
Insectivores
648(1)
Omnivores
648(1)
Amphibians
648(1)
General Nursing and Medical Care
648(5)
Restraint
648(1)
Diagnostic Techniques
649(1)
Treatment Techniques
650(3)
Nursing Care of Orphaned and Injured Wild Animals
653(6)
General Considerations
653(1)
History
653(1)
Physical Examination of Wildlife
653(1)
Legal Constraints
653(1)
Releasability
654(1)
Diagnostic Testing
654(1)
Care of Orphaned Wildlife
654(1)
Care of Injured Adult Wildlife
655(1)
Chemical Restraint and Anesthesia
656(1)
Care of Poisoned Wildlife
656(1)
Care of Wildlife in Captivity
657(2)
Return to the Wild
657(2)
Nursing Care of Small Mammals
659(12)
General Considerations
659(1)
Housing
659(2)
Sanitation
661(1)
Diet
661(1)
Rodents
661(7)
Mice
662(1)
Rats
662(2)
Hamsters
664(1)
Gerbils
664(1)
Guinea Pigs
665(1)
Chinchillas
666(1)
Rabbits
666(1)
Ferrets
667(1)
General Nursing Care
668(1)
Diagnostic and Treatment Techniques
668(2)
Venipuncture
668(1)
Force-Feeding
669(1)
Administration of Medications
669(1)
Antibiotics
670(1)
Vaccines
670(1)
Fecal Analysis
670(1)
Urine Collection
670(1)
Identification Methods Used in Research Animals
670(1)
Anesthesia
670(1)
Index 671


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